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inbound connection timed out (ORA-3136)错误诊断[zt]

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:lorikyo 时间:2019-05-28 21:39:05 0 删除 编辑
WARNING: inbound connection timed out (ORA-3136)

参考metalink上的345197.1文章,内容如下:

Symptoms

The Oracle Net 10g parameters SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT and INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername default to 0 (indefinite) in 10.1.  To address Denial of Service (DOS) issues,  the parameters were set to have a default of 60 (seconds) in Oracle 10.2.

If applications are longer than 60 secs to authenticate with the Oracle database, the errors occur.The following may be seen in the alert log: WARNING: inbound connection timed out (ORA-3136)

SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT is set to a value in seconds and determines how long a client has to provide the necessary authentication information to a database.

INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername is set to a value in seconds and determines how long a client has to complete its connect request to the listener after the network connection has been established.

To protect both the listener and the database server, Oracle Corporation recommends setting INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername in combination with the SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter.

Cause

Whenever default timeouts are assigned to a parameter, there may be cases where this default does not work well with a particular application. However, some type of timeout on the connection establishment is necessary to combat Denial of Service attacks on the database.  In this case, SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT__TIMEOUT and INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername were given default values of 60 seconds in Oracle 10.2.  It is these timeout values that can cause the errors described in this note.

Also note that it is possilbe the reason the database is slow to authenticate, may be due to an overloaded Oracle database or node.


Solution
Set the parameters SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT and INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername to 0 (indefinite) or to an approprate value for the application yet still combat DOS attacks (120 for example). 

These parameters are set on the SERVER side:
listener.ora: INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listenername
sqlnet.ora:   SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT

Further tuning of these parameters may be needed is the problem persists

Metalink上给出的解决方案如下:
1. set INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_ =0 in listener.ora
2. set SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT = 0 in sqlnet.ora of server.
3. stop and start both listener and database.
4. Now try to connect to DB and observe the behaviour

以下是Oracle官方文档的一段:

SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT
Use the SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter to specify the time, in seconds, for a client to connect with the database server and provide the necessary authentication information.

If the client fails to establish a connection and complete authentication in the time specified, then the database server terminates the connection. In addition, the database server logs the IP address of the client and an ORA-12170: TNS:Connect timeout occurred error message to the sqlnet.log file. The client receives either an ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact or an ORA-12637: Packet receive failed error message.

Without this parameter, a client connection to the database server can stay open indefinitely without authentication. Connections without authentication can introduce possible denial-of-service attacks, whereby malicious clients attempt to flood database servers with connect requests that consume resources.

To protect both the database server and the listener, Oracle Corporation recommends setting this parameter in combination with the INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name parameter in the listener.ora file. When specifying values for these parameters, consider the following recommendations:

Set both parameters to an initial low value.
Set the value of the INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name parameter to a lower value than the SQLNET.INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter.
For example, you can set INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_listener_name to 2 seconds and INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT parameter to 3 seconds. If clients are unable to complete connections within the specified time due to system or network delays that are normal for the particular environment, then increment the time as needed.


修改listener的inbound_connect_timeout参数的方法


方法一:
$ lsnrctl

LSNRCTL for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on 29-OCT-2007 10:00:57

Copyright (c) 1991, 2006, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Welcome to LSNRCTL, type "help" for information.

LSNRCTL> help
The following operations are available
An asterisk (*) denotes a modifier or extended command:

start               stop                status             
services            version             reload             
save_config         trace               spawn              
change_password     quit                exit               
set*                show*              

LSNRCTL> show
The following operations are available after show
An asterisk (*) denotes a modifier or extended command:

rawmode                     displaymode                
rules                       trc_file                   
trc_directory               trc_level                  
log_file                    log_directory              
log_status                  current_listener           
inbound_connect_timeout     startup_waittime           
snmp_visible                save_config_on_stop        
dynamic_registration       

LSNRCTL> show inbound_connect_timeout
Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
LISTENER parameter "inbound_connect_timeout" set to 60
The command completed successfully

LSNRCTL> set inbound_connect_timeout 0
Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
LISTENER parameter "inbound_connect_timeout" set to 0
The command completed successfully

LSNRCTL> show inbound_connect_timeout
Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
LISTENER parameter "inbound_connect_timeout" set to 0
The command completed successfully

LSNRCTL> set save_config_on_stop on   #表示修改参数永久生效,否则只是临时生效,下次重启监听又还原为原来的值了

LSNRCTL> exit


方法二:
修改listener.ora文件,加入:  INBOUND_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_LISTENER_NAME=0


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