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Oracle穿越incarnation恢复数据

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:season0891 时间:2013-06-06 11:28:11 0 删除 编辑
http://www.2cto.com/database/201107/96545.html

当进行不完全恢复后,可能没达到恢复的要求,这个时候数据库已经被resetlogs方式打开过了,如果在进行不完全恢复前没有对数据库进行全库备份,这个时候又想恢复上一个incarnation的某些数据,在这种场景下就需要进行incarnation穿越,下面来演示下这个场景!
一:准备实验基础数据
1. SQL> create table t043_incarnation(a varchar2(20)) tablespace example; 
2. Table created. 
3. 
4. SQL> insert into t043_incarnation values ('corss  successful'); 
5. 1 row created. 
6. 
7. SQL> commit; 
8. Commit complete. 
9. 
10. SQL> create table t043_other (a number) tablespace example; 
11. Table created. 
12. 
13. SQL> insert into t043_other values (1); 
14. 1 row created. 
15. 
16. SQL> insert into t043_other values (2); 
17. 1 row created. 
18. 
19. SQL> commit; 
20. Commit complete. 
21. 
22. SQL> alter system switch logfile; 
23. System altered. 
24. 
25. SQL> insert into t043_other values (3); 
26. 1 row created. 
27. 
28. SQL> alter system switch logfile; 
29. System altered. 
30. 
31. SQL> select sysdate from dual; 
32. 
33. SYSDATE 
34. ------------------- 
35. 2011-07-17-21:22:30 
36. 
37. SQL> truncate table t043_incarnation; 
38. Table truncated. 
39. 
40. SQL> archive log list; 
41. Database log mode              Archive Mode 
42. Automatic archival             Enabled 
43. Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST 
44. Oldest online log sequence     64 
45. Next log sequence to archive   66 
46. Current log sequence           66 
47. SQL> insert into t043_other values (4); 
48. 1 row created. 
49. 
50. SQL> commit; 
51. Commit complete. 
52. 
53. SQL> alter system switch logfile; 
54. System altered. 
55. 
56. SQL> insert into t043_other values (5); 
57. 1 row created. 
58. 
59. SQL> alter system switch logfile; 
60. System altered. 
61. 
62. SQL> commit; 
63. Commit complete. 
64. 
65. SQL> alter system switch logfile; 
66. System altered.
二:删除全部控制文件第67号归档日志文件,这样进行恢复的时候就必须进行不完全恢复
1. [oracle@rhel6 2011_07_17]$ pwd 
2. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17 
3. [oracle@rhel6 2011_07_17]$ rm -i o1_mf_1_67_725rmcx1_.arc  
4. rm: remove regular file `o1_mf_1_67_725rmcx1_.arc'? y 
5. [oracle@rhel6 2011_07_17]$ rm -rf /u01/app/oradata/ora10g/control0* 
6. 
7. SQL> shutdown abort; 
8. ORACLE instance shut down. 
9. SQL> startup 
10. ORACLE instance started. 
11. 
12. Total System Global Area  629145600 bytes 
13. Fixed Size                  2022824 bytes 
14. Variable Size             205521496 bytes 
15. Database Buffers          415236096 bytes 
16. Redo Buffers                6365184 bytes 
17. ORA-00205: error in identifying control file, check alert log for more info
三:使用控制文件二进制自动备份进行恢复,也可以使用trace脚本,由于归档日志丢失的原因,都需要进行不完全恢复
1. RMAN> restore controlfile from autobackup; 
2. Starting restore at 2011-07-17-21:28:29 
3. using target database control file instead of recovery catalog 
4. allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1 
5. channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=154 devtype=DISK
6. 
7. recovery area destination: /u01/app/flash_recovery_area 
8. database name (or database unique name) used for search: ORA10G 
9. channel ORA_DISK_1: autobackup found in the recovery area 
10. channel ORA_DISK_1: autobackup found: /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/autobackup/2011_07_17/o1_mf_s_756768121_725rhvkf_.bkp 
11. channel ORA_DISK_1: control file restore from autobackup complete 
12. output filename=/u01/app/oradata/ora10g/control01.ctl 
13. output filename=/u01/app/oradata/ora10g/control02.ctl 
14. output filename=/u01/app/oradata/ora10g/control03.ctl 
15. Finished restore at 2011-07-17-21:28:34 
16. 
17. RMAN> alter database mount; 
18. database mounted 
19. released channel: ORA_DISK_1 
20. 
21. RMAN> list incarnation; 
22. 
23. List of Database Incarnations 
24. DB Key  Inc Key DB Name  DB ID            STATUS  Reset SCN  Reset Time 
25. ------- ------- -------- ---------------- --- ---------- ---------- 
26. 1       1       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  1          2005-10-22-21:44:08 
27. 2       2       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  525876     2011-02-12-18:37:43 
28. 3       3       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  7781117    2011-05-23-13:24:09 
29. 4       4       ORA10G   4061806388       CURRENT 7787669    2011-05-23-15:51:11 
30. 
31. 
32. RMAN> restore database; 
33. Starting restore at 2011-07-17-21:29:21 
34. Starting implicit crosscheck backup at 2011-07-17-21:29:21 
35. allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1 
36. channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=154 devtype=DISK
37. Crosschecked 1 objects 
38. ——————————其他输出省略—————————— 
39. 
40. SQL> recover database using backup controlfile until cancel; 
41. ORA-00279: change 9022073 generated at 07/17/2011 21:20:26 needed for thread 1 
42. ORA-00289: suggestion : 
43. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_64_%u_.arc 
44. ORA-00280: change 9022073 for thread 1 is in sequence #64 
45. 
46. Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL} 
47. 
48. ORA-00279: change 9022129 generated at 07/17/2011 21:21:35 needed for thread 1 
49. ORA-00289: suggestion : 
50. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_65_%u_.arc 
51. ORA-00280: change 9022129 for thread 1 is in sequence #65 
52. ORA-00278: log file 
53. '/u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_64_725rh0wy_. 
54. arc' no longer needed for this recovery 
55. 
56. Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL} 
57. 
58. ORA-00279: change 9022148 generated at 07/17/2011 21:22:01 needed for thread 1 
59. ORA-00289: suggestion : 
60. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_66_%u_.arc 
61. ORA-00280: change 9022148 for thread 1 is in sequence #66 
62. ORA-00278: log file 
63. '/u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_65_725rhtt9_. 
64. arc' no longer needed for this recovery 
65. 
66. Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL} 
67. 
68. ORA-00279: change 9022403 generated at 07/17/2011 21:23:46 needed for thread 1 
69. ORA-00289: suggestion : 
70. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_67_%u_.arc 
71. ORA-00280: change 9022403 for thread 1 is in sequence #67 
72. ORA-00278: log file 
73. '/u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_66_725rm33n_. 
74. arc' no longer needed for this recovery 
75. 
76. Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL} 
77. 
78. ORA-00308: cannot open archived log 
79. '/u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_67_%u_.arc' 
80. ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status 
81. Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory 
82. Additional information: 3 
83. 
84. SQL> recover database using backup controlfile until cancel; 
85. ORA-00279: change 9022403 generated at 07/17/2011 21:23:46 needed for thread 1 
86. ORA-00289: suggestion : 
87. /u01/app/flash_recovery_area/ORA10G/archivelog/2011_07_17/o1_mf_1_67_%u_.arc 
88. ORA-00280: change 9022403 for thread 1 is in sequence #67 
89. 
90. Specify log: {=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL} 
91. cancel 
92. Media recovery cancelled.
四:恢复完后打开数据库,发现之前被truncate的表没有被成功恢复,这个时候就需要进行incarnation穿越
1. SQL> alter database open resetlogs; 
2. Database altered. 
3. 
4. SQL> select * from t043_other; 
5. 
6.          A 
7. ---------- 
8.          1 
9.          2 
10.          3 
11.          4 
12.           
13.           
14. SQL> select * from t043_incarnation; 
15. no rows selected    
五:关闭数据库后将数据库启动在mount状态,利用rman进行incarnation穿越,恢复t043_incarnation表
1. SQL> shutdown immediate 
2. Database closed. 
3. Database dismounted. 
4. ORACLE instance shut down. 
5. SQL> startup mount 
6. ORACLE instance started. 
7. 
8. Total System Global Area  629145600 bytes 
9. Fixed Size                  2022824 bytes 
10. Variable Size             209715800 bytes 
11. Database Buffers          411041792 bytes 
12. Redo Buffers                6365184 bytes 
13. Database mounted. 
14. 
15. [oracle@rhel6 ~]$ rman target / 
16. Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Sun Jul 17 21:34:14 2011 
17. Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved. 
18. connected to target database: ORA10G (DBID=4061806388) 
19. 
20. RMAN> list incarnation; 
21. 
22. using target database control file instead of recovery catalog 
23. 
24. List of Database Incarnations 
25. DB Key  Inc Key DB Name  DB ID            STATUS  Reset SCN  Reset Time 
26. ------- ------- -------- ---------------- --- ---------- ---------- 
27. 1       1       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  1          2005-10-22-21:44:08 
28. 2       2       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  525876     2011-02-12-18:37:43 
29. 3       3       ORA10G   4061806388       PARENT  7781117    2011-05-23-13:24:09 

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