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Oracle undo表空间切换(ZT)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:season0891 时间:2011-08-09 11:03:35 0 删除 编辑

转自:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2011-03/33290.htm

Oracle的AUM(Auto Undo Management)从出生以来就经常出现只扩展,不收缩(shrink)的情况(通常我们可以设置足够的UNDO表空间大小,然后取消其自动扩展属性),在实际的环境中遇到undo表空间为断上涨,报警短信不断。

1.确认文件

SQL> select file_name,bytes/1024/1024 from dba_data_files
  2  where tablespace_name like 'UNDOTBS1';

FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BYTES/1024/1024
---------------
+ORADG/danaly/datafile/undotbs1.265.600173875
          27810


2.检查UNDO Segment状态

SQL> select usn,xacts,rssize/1024/1024/1024,hwmsize/1024/1024/1024,shrinks
  2  from v$rollstat order by rssize;

       USN      XACTS RSSIZE/1024/1024/1024 HWMSIZE/1024/1024/1024    SHRINKS
---------- ---------- --------------------- ---------------------- ----------
         0          0            .000358582             .000358582          0
         2          0            .071517944             .071517944          0
         3          0             .13722229              .13722229          0
         9          0            .236984253             .236984253          0
        10          0            .625144958             .625144958          0
         5          1            1.22946167             1.22946167          0
         8          0            1.27175903             1.27175903          0
         4          1            1.27895355             1.27895355          0
         7          0            1.56770325             1.56770325          0
         1          0            2.02474976             2.02474976          0
         6          0             2.9671936              2.9671936          0

11 rows selected.


3.创建新的UNDO表空间

SQL> create undo tablespace undotbs2;

Tablespace created.


4.切换UNDO表空间为新的UNDO表空间

SQL> alter system set undo_tablespace=undotbs2 scope=both;

System altered.


此处使用spfile需要注意,以前曾经记录过这样一个案例:Oracle诊断案例-Spfile案例一则
5.等待原UNDO表空间所有UNDO SEGMENT OFFLINE

SQL> select usn,xacts,status,rssize/1024/1024/1024,hwmsize/1024/1024/1024,shrinks
  2 from v$rollstat order by rssize;


       USN      XACTS STATUS          RSSIZE/1024/1024/1024 HWMSIZE/1024/1024/1024    SHRINKS
---------- ---------- --------------- --------------------- ---------------------- ----------
        14          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        19          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        11          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        12          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        13          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        20          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        15          1 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        16          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        17          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        18          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
         0          0 ONLINE                     .000358582             .000358582          0

       USN      XACTS STATUS          RSSIZE/1024/1024/1024 HWMSIZE/1024/1024/1024    SHRINKS
---------- ---------- --------------- --------------------- ---------------------- ----------
         6          0 PENDING OFFLINE             2.9671936              2.9671936          0

12 rows selected.


再看:

11:32:11 SQL> /

       USN      XACTS STATUS          RSSIZE/1024/1024/1024 HWMSIZE/1024/1024/1024    SHRINKS
---------- ---------- --------------- --------------------- ---------------------- ----------
        15          1 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        11          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        12          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        13          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        14          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        20          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        16          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        17          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        18          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
        19          0 ONLINE                     .000114441             .000114441          0
         0          0 ONLINE                     .000358582             .000358582          0

11 rows selected.

Elapsed: 00:00:00.00


6.删除原UNDO表空间

11:34:00 SQL> drop tablespace undotbs1 including contents;

Tablespace dropped.

Elapsed: 00:00:03.13

以下是自己实际操作;

-- 操作步骤
1.创建undo表空间
create undo tablespace undotbs2 datafile '/dev/vgdata01/rlv_ora_log11';
alter tablespace undotbs2 add datafile '/dev/vgdata01/rlv_ora_log12';
alter tablespace undotbs2 add datafile '/dev/vgdata01/rlv_ora_log13';
2.切换undo表空间
alter system set undo_tablespace=undotbs2 scope=both;
3.删除原表空间
drop tablespace undotbs1 including contents;
4.原表空间及数据文件:
/dev/vgdata01/rlv_ora_rbs01 UNDOTBS1

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