When the user creates a droplet from a vanilla image (in our case: CentOS 6.4 x64), additional system administration work is needed before a Ruby on Rails application can be run and become available online. This tutorial provides the necessary steps to make that happen.
In order to go through this tutorial, a virtual server with at least 1 GB of RAM is a minimum requirement, because Passenger commands in step #3 are memory intensive.
Also, the tutorial assumes that the user has root access to the VPS (either as a user with root privileges or as the system root).
This tutorial is not intended for production node setup. It involves development library installation and ad hoc compilation on the machine, which is not a good practice when you're setting up a production environment."
Step One – Apache Setup
It all starts with the web server and the simplest way to install Apache is to pull it from the yum repository:
yum -y install httpd
After the installation is done, the system should be configured to automatically run Apache on system boot:
chkconfig httpd on
Without this setting, the httpd service needs to be started manually each time the droplet is rebooted.
The next step is to configure Apache to expect incoming requests by editing its configuration file:
In the editor, near the bottom, locate and uncomment the line containing: NameVirtualHost *:80
Save and exit the editor. Apache is ready to be started now:
service httpd start
Voilà! Accessing droplet’s IP address in a web browser will show Apache’s welcome page.
Step Two – Ruby 2.0 and Rails 4.0 Setup
Setting up Apache was an easy stroll. It’s even simpler to setup Ruby, followed by Rails.
The quickest way is to use Ruby Version Manager (RVM) to maintain multiple Ruby environments on the
machine. The latest stable version of RVM is downloaded and installed like this:
curl -sSL https://rvm.io/mpapis.asc | gpg2 --import -
curl -L get.rvm.io | bash -s stable
If RVM is supposed to be used by all users, there is a shell script available for the job:
Additionally, installing RVM’s requirements is necessary and this command will install various development packages and dependencies:
At this point, RVM is fully initialized and ready for use.
Currently, the latest Ruby version is 2.0.0 and the corresponding RVM command that installs it is:
rvm install ruby-2.0.0-p648
It will download and install the Ruby environment. After the installation and even though it is the only version installed at this point, it should be configured as the default environment:
rvm use 2.0.0 --default
Rails is distributed as a Ruby gem and adding it to the local system is extremely simple:
gem install rails
A quick version check will yield output similar to this one:
[user@server ~]$ ruby -v ruby 2.0.0p353 (2013-11-22 revision 43784) [x86_64-linux] [user@server ~]$ rails -v Rails 4.0.1
Step Three – Phusion Passenger Setup
Phusion Passenger (commonly shortened to Passenger or referred to as mod_passenger) is an application server and it is often used to power Ruby sites. Its code is distributed in form of a Ruby gem, which is then compiled on the target machine and installed into Apache as a module.
First, the gem needs to be installed on the system:
gem install passenger
Before the Apache module is compiled, two dependency packages need to be installed as well:
yum -y install curl-devel httpd-devel
The environment is now ready for the compilation. The process takes a few minutes and it’s started by the following command:
Note that this script will not install the module really. It will compile module’s binary and place it under
gem’s path. The path will be printed on screen and it needs to be copy-pasted into Apache’s config file
The output will be similar to this one:
LoadModule passenger_module /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.0.0-p353/gems/passenger- 4.0.26/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so PassengerRoot /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.0.0-p353/gems/passenger-4.0.26 PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/local/rvm/wrappers/ruby-2.0.0-p353/ruby
cat >> /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf << EOF LoadModule passenger_module /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.0.0-p648/gems/passenger-5.0.28/buildout/apache2/mod_passenger.so PassengerRoot /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.0.0-p648/gems/passenger-5.0.28 PassengerDefaultRuby /usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.0.0-p648/wrappers/ruby EOF
Placing those lines at the bottom of the file will do just fine. Save the change and restart Apache:
service httpd restart
Two green OK messages mark completion of the environment setup. Congrats!
Finally – A Rails App Example
It’s always good to do a smoke test and using Rails’ app skeleton generator is an ideal tool for that task. It requires sqlite’s development package to be installed:
yum -y install sqlite-devel
The simplest location to place the test application code is Apache’s web root folder:
In this folder, test application code is generated under the “helloapp” folder:
rails new helloapp cd helloapp
Gems required by the Ruby application are installed by positioning in application’s root and running the bundle installer:
Also, the development database needs to be initialized by the migration tool:
One final visit to Apache’s config file (/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf)
is needed. A virtual host section is missing and it must be added at the
RackEnv development ServerName www.yourhost.com # !!! Be sure to point DocumentRoot to 'public'! DocumentRoot /var/www/html/helloapp/public # This relaxes Apache security settings. AllowOverride all # MultiViews must be turned off. Options -MultiViews
Save the change and restart Apache once again:
service httpd restart
Go to the virtual server’s IP address in your browser and you should see the “Welcome aboard – You’re riding Ruby on Rails!” welcome message.