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CentOS 6.5 x64 RHCS/GFS配置

Linux操作系统 作者:luashin 时间:2016-03-20 19:44:05 0 删除 编辑

实验环境:   
CentOS 6.5 x64 RHCS/GFS2

配置说明: 本文出自: http://www.linuxidc.com

1. 通过Openfiler实现iscsi共享存储   
2. 通过VMware ESXi5 虚拟fence实现fence功能。    
3. 结合Centos 6.5 vmware-fence-soap实现RHCS fence设备功能。    
4. 通过搭建RHCS实验环境测试GFS2功能。 
node01:192.168.0.181
node02:192.168.0.182
storage:192.168.0.187


一、准备基础环境

1. 网络环境准备

node01,node02节点

# cat /etc/hosts

192.168.0.181  node01.abc.com node01    
192.168.0.182  node01.abc.com node02

2. 配置YUM安装源

(1) 挂载光盘ISO

# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt

(2) 配置YUM客户端

说明: 通过本地光盘做为yum安装源。

# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel.repo

[rhel]   
name=rhel6    
baseurl=file:///mnt    
enabled=1    
gpgcheck=0

(3) openfiler iscsi存储配置

iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:tsn.dea898a36535

配置略,规划磁盘空间如下:   
qdisk 100MB    
data  150GB

(4) node01,node02挂载存储

# yum -y install iscsi-initiator-utils   
# chkconfig iscsid on && service iscsid start

# iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p 192.168.0.187   
192.168.0.187:3260,1 iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:tsn.dea898a36535

# iscsiadm -m node -T iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:tsn.dea898a36535 -p 192.168.0.187 –l

 

二、RHCS软件包的安装

1. 在node01上安装luci及RHCS软件包

1) node01(管理节点)安装RHCS软件包,luci是管理端软件包,只在管理端安装。

yum -y install luci cman odcluster ricci gfs2-utils rgmanager lvm2-cluster

2) node02 安装RHCS软件包

yum -y install cman odcluster ricci gfs2-utils rgmanager lvm2-cluster

3) node01, node02更改个节点ricci用户密码

echo "ricci" | passwd --stdin ricci

4) 配置RHCS服务开机启动

chkconfig ricci on   
chkconfig rgmanager on    
chkconfig cman on    
service ricci start    
service rgmanager start    
service cman start

#启动过程如下:

正在启动 oddjobd:                                        [确定]   
generating SSL certificates...  done    
Generating NSS database...  done    
启动 ricci:                                              [确定]    
Starting Cluster Service Manager:                          [确定]    
Starting cluster:     
  Checking if cluster has been disabled at boot...        [确定]    
  Checking Network Manager...                            [确定]    
  Global setup...                                        [确定]    
  Loading kernel modules...                              [确定]    
  Mounting configfs...                                    [确定]    
  Starting cman... xmlconfig cannot find /etc/cluster/cluster.conf    
                                                          [失败]    
Stopping cluster:     
  Leaving fence domain...                                [确定]    
  Stopping gfs_controld...                                [确定]    
  Stopping dlm_controld...                                [确定]    
  Stopping fenced...                                      [确定]    
  Stopping cman...                                        [确定]    
  Unloading kernel modules...                            [确定]    
  Unmounting configfs...                                  [确定]    

2. 在node01管理节点上安装启动luci服务

1) 启动luci服务

chkconfig luci on   
service luci start

Adding following auto-detected host IDs (IP addresses/domain names), corresponding to `node01' address, to the configuration of self-managed certificate `/var/lib/luci/etc/cacert.config' (you can change them by editing `/var/lib/luci/etc/cacert.config', removing the generated certificate `/var/lib/luci/certs/host.pem' and restarting luci):   
        (none suitable found, you can still do it manually as mentioned above)

Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key   
writing new private key to '/var/lib/luci/certs/host.pem'    
Start luci...                                              [确定]    
Point your web browser to https://node01:8084 (or equivalent) to access luci

2) 配置管理地址, RHCS 6版本采用root用户密码登录。

https://node01:8084    
root/111111

 

三、RHCS集群配置

1. 添加集群

登录进管理界面,点击Manage Clusters --> Create 填入如下内容:

Cluster Name: gfs

NodeName        Password    RicciHostname      Ricci Port   
node01.abc.com  111111      node01.abc.com    11111    
node02.abc.com  111111      node01.abc.com    11111

选中如下选项,然后提交   
Use locally installed packages.

说明:这步会生成集群配置文件/etc/cluster/cluster.conf

2. 添加Fence Devices

说明:    
   RHCS要实现完整的集群功能,必须要实现fence功能。由于非物理服务器配置等条件限制,特使用VMware ESXi5.X的虚拟fence来实现fence设备的功能。    
正是由于有了fence设备可以使用,才得以完整测试RHCS功能。

(1)登录进管理界面,点击cluster-> Fence Devices->   
(2)选择"Add 选择VMware Fencing(SOAP Interface)    
(3)Name "ESXi_fence"    
(4)IP Address or Hostname "192.168.0.21"(ESXi地址)    
(5)Login "root"    
(6)Password "111111"

3. 节点绑定Fence设备

添加节点一fence

1) 点击node01.abc.com节点,Add Fence Method,这里填node01_fence;   
2) 添加一个fence instance,选择"ESXi_fence" VMware Fencing(SOAP Interface)    
3) VM NAME "kvm_node01"    
4) VM UUID "564d6fbf-05fb-1dd1-fb66-7ea3c85dcfdf"  选中ssl

说明: VMNAME: 虚拟机名称,VM UUID: 虚拟机.vmx文件中"   
uuid.location"值, 采用下面的字符串的格式。

# /usr/sbin/fence_vmware_soap -a 192.168.0.21 -z -l root -p xjj876543 -n kvm_node2 -o list   
kvm_node2,564d4c42-e7fd-db62-3878-57f77df2475e    
kvm_node1,564d6fbf-05fb-1dd1-fb66-7ea3c85dcfdf

添加节点二fence

1) 点击node02.abc.com节点,Add Fence Method,这里填node02_fence;   
2) 添加一个fence instance,选择"ESXi_fence" VMware Fencing(SOAP Interface)    
3) VM NAME "kvm_node02"    
4) VM UUID "564d4c42-e7fd-db62-3878-57f77df2475e" 选中ssl

#手动测试fence功能示例:

# /usr/sbin/fence_vmware_soap -a 192.168.0.21 -z -l root -p xjj876543 -n kvm_node02 -o reboot    
Status: ON

选项:   
-o : list,status,reboot等参数

4. 添加Failover Domains配置

Name "gfs_failover"   
Prioritized    
Restricted    
node01.abc.com    1     
node02.abc.com    1

5. 配置GFS服务

(1) GFS服务配置

分别在node01,node02启动CLVM的集成cluster锁服务

lvmconf --enable-cluster    
chkconfig clvmd on

service clvmd start    
Activating VG(s):  No volume groups found      [  OK  ]

(2) 在任意一节点对磁盘进行分区,划分出sdc1。然后格式化成gfs2.

node01节点上:

# pvcreate /dev/sdc1   
  Physical volume "/dev/sdc1" successfully created

# pvs   
  PV        VG      Fmt  Attr PSize  PFree  
  /dev/sda2  vg_node01 lvm2 a--  39.51g      0     
  /dev/sdc1          lvm2 a--  156.25g 156.25g

# vgcreate gfsvg /dev/sdc1   
  Clustered volume group "gfsvg" successfully created

# lvcreate -l +100%FREE -n data gfsvg   
  Logical volume "data" created

node02节点上:   
# /etc/init.d/clvmd start

(3) 格式化GFS文件系统

node01节点上:

[root@node01 ~]# mkfs.gfs2 -p lock_dlm -t gfs:gfs2 -j 2 /dev/gfsvg/data  
This will destroy any data on /dev/gfsvg/data.    
It appears to contain: symbolic link to `../dm-2'

Are you sure you want to proceed? [y/n] y

Device:                    /dev/gfsvg/data   
Blocksize:                4096    
Device Size                156.25 GB (40958976 blocks)    
Filesystem Size:          156.25 GB (40958975 blocks)    
Journals:                  2    
Resource Groups:          625    
Locking Protocol:          "lock_dlm"    
Lock Table:                "gfs:gfs2"    
UUID:                      e28655c6-29e6-b813-138f-0b22d3b15321

说明:    
gfs:gfs2这个gfs就是集群的名字,gfs2是定义的名字,相当于标签。    
-j是指定挂载这个文件系统的主机个数,不指定默认为1即为管理节点的,这里实验有两个节点

6. 挂载GFS文件系统

node01,node02 上创建GFS挂载点

# mkdir /vmdata

(1)node01,node02手动挂载测试,挂载成功后,创建文件测试集群文件系统情况。   
# mount.gfs2 /dev/gfsvg/data /vmdata

(2)配置开机自动挂载   
# vim /etc/fstab    
/dev/gfsvg/data /vmdata gfs2 defaults 0 0

[root@node01 vmdata]# df -h

Filesystem                    Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on   
/dev/mapper/vg_node01-lv_root  36G  3.8G  30G  12% /    
tmpfs                        1.9G  32M  1.9G  2% /dev/shm    
/dev/sda1                    485M  39M  421M  9% /boot    
/dev/gfsvg/data              157G  259M  156G  1% /vmdata

7. 配置表决磁盘

说明:   
#表决磁盘是共享磁盘,无需要太大,本例采用/dev/sdc1 100MB来进行创建。

[root@node01 ~]# fdisk -l

Disk /dev/sdb: 134 MB, 134217728 bytes   
5 heads, 52 sectors/track, 1008 cylinders    
Units = cylinders of 260 * 512 = 133120 bytes    
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes    
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes    
Disk identifier: 0x80cdfae9

  Device Boot      Start        End      Blocks  Id  System   
/dev/sdb1              1        1008      131014  83  Linux

(1) 创建表决磁盘

[root@node01 ~]# mkqdisk -c /dev/sdb1 -l myqdisk   
mkqdisk v0.6.0    
Writing new quorum disk label 'myqdisk' to /dev/sdc1.    
WARNING: About to destroy all data on /dev/sdc1; proceed [N/y] ? y    
Initializing status block for node 1...    
Initializing status block for node 2...    
Initializing status block for node 3...    
Initializing status block for node 4...    
Initializing status block for node 5...    
Initializing status block for node 6...    
Initializing status block for node 7...    
Initializing status block for node 8...    
Initializing status block for node 9...    
Initializing status block for node 10...    
Initializing status block for node 11...    
Initializing status block for node 12...    
Initializing status block for node 13...    
Initializing status block for node 14...    
Initializing status block for node 15...    
Initializing status block for node 16...

(2) 查看表决磁盘信息

[root@node01 ~]# mkqdisk -L   
mkqdisk v3.0.12.1

/dev/block/8:17:   
/dev/disk/by-id/scsi-14f504e46494c455242553273306c2d4b72697a2d544e6b4f-part1:    
/dev/disk/by-path/ip-192.168.0.187:3260-iscsi-iqn.2006-01.com.openfiler:tsn.dea898a36535-lun-0-part1:    
/dev/sdb1:    
        Magic:                eb7a62c2    
        Label:                myqdisk    
        Created:              Thu Jan  1 23:42:00 2015    
        Host:                node02.abc.com    
        Kernel Sector Size:  512    
        Recorded Sector Size: 512

(3) 配置表决磁盘qdisk

# 进入管理界面Manage Clusters -->  gfs  -->  Configure  -->  QDisk

Device      : /dev/sdc1

Path to program : ping -c3 -t2 192.168.0.253   
Interval        : 3    
Score          : 2    
TKO            : 10    
Minimum Score  : 1

# 点击apply

(4) 启动qdisk服务

chkconfig qdiskd on   
service qdiskd start     
clustat -l

[root@node01 ~]# clustat -l

Cluster Status for gfs @ Thu Jan  1 23:50:53 2015   
Member Status: Quorate

Member Name                                                    ID  Status   
------ ----                                                    ---- ------    
node01.abc.com                                                      1 Online, Local    
node02.abc.com                                                      2 Online    
/dev/sdb1                                                          0 Online, Quorum Disk

 

8. 测试GFS

1)node02节点上执行

# echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger

2)node01节点上查看日志记录

# tail -f /var/log/messages    
Jan  2 01:37:47 node01 ricci: startup succeeded    
Jan  2 01:37:47 node01 rgmanager[2196]: I am node #1    
Jan  2 01:37:47 node01 rgmanager[2196]: Resource Group Manager Starting    
Jan  2 01:37:47 node01 rgmanager[2196]: Loading Service Data    
Jan  2 01:37:49 node01 rgmanager[2196]: Initializing Services    
Jan  2 01:37:49 node01 rgmanager[2196]: Services Initialized    
Jan  2 01:37:49 node01 rgmanager[2196]: State change: Local UP    
Jan  2 01:37:49 node01 rgmanager[2196]: State change: node02.abc.com UP    
Jan  2 01:37:52 node01 polkitd[3125]: started daemon version 0.96 using authority implementation `local' version `0.96'    
Jan  2 01:37:52 node01 rtkit-daemon[3131]: Sucessfully made thread 3129 of process 3129 (/usr/bin/pulseaudio) owned by '42' high priority at nice level -11.    
Jan  2 01:40:52 node01 qdiskd[1430]: Assuming master role    
Jan  2 01:40:53 node01 qdiskd[1430]: Writing eviction notice for node 2    
Jan  2 01:40:54 node01 qdiskd[1430]: Node 2 evicted    
Jan  2 01:40:55 node01 corosync[1378]:  [TOTEM ] A processor failed, forming new configuration.    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 corosync[1378]:  [QUORUM] Members[1]: 1    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 corosync[1378]:  [TOTEM ] A processor joined or left the membership and a new membership was formed.    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 kernel: dlm: closing connection to node 2    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 corosync[1378]:  [CPG  ] chosen downlist: sender r(0) ip(192.168.0.181) ; members(old:2 left:1)    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 corosync[1378]:  [MAIN  ] Completed service synchronization, ready to provide service.    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 kernel: GFS2: fsid=gfs:gfs2.1: jid=0: Trying to acquire journal lock...    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 fenced[1522]: fencing node node02.abc.com    
Jan  2 01:40:57 node01 rgmanager[2196]: State change: node02.abc.com DOWN    
Jan  2 01:41:11 node01 fenced[1522]: fence node02.abc.com success    
Jan  2 01:41:12 node01 kernel: GFS2: fsid=gfs:gfs2.1: jid=0: Looking at journal...    
Jan  2 01:41:12 node01 kernel: GFS2: fsid=gfs:gfs2.1: jid=0: Done    
Jan  2 01:41:30 node01 corosync[1378]:  [TOTEM ] A processor joined or left the membership and a new membership was formed.    
Jan  2 01:41:30 node01 corosync[1378]:  [QUORUM] Members[2]: 1 2    
Jan  2 01:41:30 node01 corosync[1378]:  [QUORUM] Members[2]: 1 2    
Jan  2 01:41:30 node01 corosync[1378]:  [CPG  ] chosen downlist: sender r(0) ip(192.168.0.181) ; members(old:1 left:0)    
Jan  2 01:41:30 node01 corosync[1378]:  [MAIN  ] Completed service synchronization, ready to provide service.    
Jan  2 01:41:38 node01 qdiskd[1430]: Node 2 shutdown    
Jan  2 01:41:50 node01 kernel: dlm: got connection from 2    
Jan  2 01:41:59 node01 rgmanager[2196]: State change: node02.abc.com UP

说明:fence功能正常,期间GFS文件系统正常。

9. 配置文件

# cat /etc/cluster/cluster.conf

点击(此处)折叠或打开

  1. <?xml version="1.0"?>
  2. <cluster config_version="9" name="gfs">
  3.         <clusternodes>
  4.                 <clusternode name="node01.abc.com" nodeid="1">
  5.                         <fence>
  6.                                 <method name="node01_fence">
  7.                                         <device name="ESXi_fence" port="kvm_node1" ssl="on" uuid="564d6fbf-05fb-1dd1-fb66-7ea3c85dcfdf"/>
  8.                                 </method>
  9.                         </fence>
  10.                 </clusternode>
  11.                 <clusternode name="node02.abc.com" nodeid="2">
  12.                         <fence>
  13.                                 <method name="node02_fence">
  14.                                         <device name="ESXi_fence" port="kvm_node2" ssl="on" uuid="564d4c42-e7fd-db62-3878-57f77df2475e"/>
  15.                                 </method>
  16.                         </fence>
  17.                 </clusternode>
  18.         </clusternodes>
  19.         <cman expected_votes="3"/>
  20.         <fencedevices>
  21.                 <fencedevice agent="fence_vmware_soap" ipaddr="192.168.0.21" login="root" name="ESXi_fence" passwd="111111"/>
  22.         </fencedevices>
  23.         <rm>
  24.                 <failoverdomains>
  25.                         <failoverdomain name="gfs_failover" nofailback="1" ordered="1">
  26.                                 <failoverdomainnode name="node01.abc.com" priority="1"/>
  27.                                 <failoverdomainnode name="node02.abc.com" priority="1"/>
  28.                         </failoverdomain>
  29.                 </failoverdomains>
  30.         </rm>
  31.         <quorumd device="/dev/sdb1" min_score="1">
  32.                 <heuristic interval="3" program="ping -c3 -t2 192.168.0.253" score="2" tko="10"/>
  33.         </quorumd>
  34. </cluster>

         



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