ITPub博客

首页 > 数据库 > Oracle > ORA-19909(一次DataGuard Failover导致的故障

ORA-19909(一次DataGuard Failover导致的故障

原创 Oracle 作者:abstractcyj 时间:2020-06-10 22:21:42 0 删除 编辑

      某医院客户,核心数据库有两个备库。因想将其中一个备库主机挪作测试使用,所以,想把数据库切换成读写模式。这样,就涉及到了做备库的failover动作。这个failover是在另外一个备库,主库都存活的情况下进行的。

      Faiover进行得很顺利。Failover之后,修改了此数据库的DG的几个参数,当天以为事情就这么完了。

      第二日,客户告知另一个备库的数据没有同步。于是登录过去,看到告警日志中有如下错误

      

MRP0: Incarnation has changed! Retry recovery...

Errors in file /oradata/u01/app/diag/rdbms/orcldg/orcl/trace/orcl_pr00_3272.trc:

ORA-19906: recovery target incarnation changed during recovery

Managed Standby Recovery not using Real Time Apply

Recovery interrupted!

Recovered data files to a consistent state at change 19274002051

Tue Jun 09 16:37:39 2020

 started logmerger process

Tue Jun 09 16:37:39 2020

Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply

Warning: Recovery target destination is in a sibling branch

of the controlfile checkpoint. Recovery will only recover

changes to datafiles.

Datafile 1 (ckpscn 19274002051) is orphaned on incarnation#=3

MRP0: Detected orphaned datafiles! 

Recovery will possibly be retried after flashback...

Errors in file /oradata/u01/app/diag/rdbms/orcldg/orcl/trace/orcl_pr00_27714.trc:

ORA-19909: datafile 1 belongs to an orphan incarnation

ORA-01110: data file 1: '/oradata/datafile/system01.dbf'


通过RMAN查看incarnation

connected to target database: ORCL (DBID=1385973181)


RMAN> list incarnation;


using target database control file instead of recovery catalog


List of Database Incarnations

DB Key  Inc Key DB Name  DB ID            STATUS  Reset SCN  Reset Time

------- ------- -------- ---------------- --- ---------- ----------

1       1       ORCL     1385973181       PARENT  1          13-SEP-14

2       2       ORCL     1385973181       PARENT  4733207525 12-FEB-15

3       3       ORCL     1385973181       CURRENT 8619762801 08-JUL-17

4       4       ORCL     1385973181       ORPHAN  19273953428 09-JUN-20


其中incarnation 4正是昨天做failover产生的。

解决起来其实也相对较为简单:

reset database incarnation to 3;

然后在开启日志应用即可

Wed Jun 10 11:10:26 2020

RFS[5]: Assigned to RFS process 19310

RFS[5]: Allowing overwrite of partial archivelog for thread 2 sequence 40151

RFS[5]: Opened log for thread 2 sequence 40151 dbid 1385973181 branch 948759254

Completed: alter database recover managed standby database using current logfile disconnect

Archived Log entry 72765 added for thread 2 sequence 40151 rlc 948759254 ID 0x5d2e975e dest 2:

Media Recovery Log /oradata/arch/2_40151_948759254.dbf

Media Recovery Waiting for thread 1 sequence 1748

Archivelog record exists, but no file is found

RFS[5]: Opened log for thread 1 sequence 36160 dbid 1385973181 branch 948759254

Archived Log entry 72766 added for thread 1 sequence 36160 rlc 948759254 ID 0x5d2e975e dest 2:

MRP0: Log being waited on was inappropriate for recovery. Retry recovery...

Errors in file /oradata/u01/app/diag/rdbms/orcldg/orcl/trace/orcl_pr00_19224.trc:

ORA-16426: Recovery requested an incorrect log from which to apply redo data.

Managed Standby Recovery not using Real Time Apply

Wed Jun 10 11:10:34 2020

Recovery interrupted!

Wed Jun 10 11:10:54 2020

 started logmerger process

Wed Jun 10 11:10:55 2020

Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply

Parallel Media Recovery started with 16 slaves

Waiting for all non-current ORLs to be archived...

All non-current ORLs have been archived.

Media Recovery Log /oradata/arch/2_40151_948759254.dbf

Media Recovery Log /oradata/arch/1_36160_948759254.dbf

Media Recovery Log /oradata/arch/2_40152_948759254.dbf

Media Recovery Log /oradata/arch/1_36161_948759254.dbf


此次故障,应当在做failover之前修改主备库的DG相关参数。作为数据库工程师,应该考虑更为周全。

幸而影响范围较小。




来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/8520577/viewspace-2697498/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

全部评论
曾从事java方向开发多年。近年已经转入数据库方向。主要擅长SQL优化,Oracle数据库问题诊断,Oracle备份与恢复等。服务于医药物流,医院等行业

注册时间:2010-01-26

  • 博文量
    571
  • 访问量
    888691