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bash scripts(1)

原创 Java 作者:VampireAlchemis 时间:2007-01-13 14:23:22 0 删除 编辑

Example 2-1. cleanup: A script to clean up the log files in /var/log

# cleanup
# Run as root, of course.

cd /var/log
cat /dev/null > messages
cat /dev/null > wtmp
echo "Logs cleaned up."

Example 2-2. cleanup: An enhanced and generalized version of above script.

#!/bin/bash
# cleanup, version 2
# Run as root, of course.

LOG_DIR=/var/log
ROOT_UID=0     # Only users with $UID 0 have root privileges.
LINES=50       # Default number of lines saved.
E_XCD=66       # Can't change directory?
E_NOTROOT=67   # Non-root exit error.


if [ "$UID" -ne "$ROOT_UID" ]
then
  echo "Must be root to run this script."
  exit $E_NOTROOT
fi  

if [ -n "$1" ]
# Test if command line argument present (non-empty).
then
  lines=$1
else  
  lines=$LINES # Default, if not specified on command line.
fi  


#  Stephane Chazelas suggests the following,
#+ as a better way of checking command line arguments,
#+ but this is still a bit advanced for this stage of the tutorial.
#
#    E_WRONGARGS=65  # Non-numerical argument (bad arg format)
#
#    case "$1" in
#    ""      ) lines=50;;
#    *[!0-9]*) echo "Usage: `basename $0` file-to-cleanup"; exit $E_WRONGARGS;;
#    *       ) lines=$1;;
#    esac
#
#* Skip ahead to "Loops" to understand this.


cd $LOG_DIR

if [ `pwd` != "$LOG_DIR" ]  # or   if [ "$PWD" != "LOG_DIR" ]
                            # Not in /var/log?
then
  echo "Can't change to $LOG_DIR."
  exit $E_XCD
fi  # Doublecheck if in right directory, before messing with log file.

# far better is:
# ---
# cd /var/log || {
#   echo "Cannot change to necessary directory." >&2
#   exit $E_XCD;
# }




tail -$lines messages > mesg.temp # Saves last section of message log file.
mv mesg.temp messages             # Becomes new log directory.


# cat /dev/null > messages
#* No longer needed, as the above method is safer.

cat /dev/null > wtmp  # > wtemp   has the same effect.
echo "Logs cleaned up."

exit 0
#  A zero return value from the script upon exit
#+ indicates success to the shell.
[@more@]li

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