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Knoppix Hard Disk Installation HOWTO

原创 IT综合 作者:coolwinds 时间:2005-05-27 12:36:01 0 删除 编辑
今天刚刚Down了一个Knoppix 3.82 版本试用感觉非常不错啊^_^ ,为了延长光驱使用寿命,可以用以下方法将之安装到硬盘上^_^[@more@]Knoppix Hard Disk Installation HOWTO by David McNab here is a link to the original page Introduction System Requirements Installation Procedure What is Linux? Introduction Full GNU/Linux Desktop installed in 20 minutes flat! No more excuses for running W--dows! Knoppix is a remarkable Linux 'demo' distribution, in that it can run totally from a CD, without disturbing any existing software or disks on the system it's running on. Even better, Knoppix can auto-detect hardware as it starts up, and does quite a good job of configuring this hardware. And still better, Knoppix is chock-full of the best desktop software which GNU/Linux has to offer - office software, games, productivity suites, software development tools, multimedia - you name it! After seeing a Knoppix demo, many users decide that they'd like to have Knoppix permanently installed on their system. This HOWTO gives a simple step-by-step guide to putting Knoppix on the hard disk, with the added bonus that it will run faster from then on. This guide covers a couple of obvious points which are strangely missing from the Knoppix website, and will help you to go from first boot to a fully set up GNU/Linux desktop in 20 minutes flat! System Requirements To install and run Knoppix on your PC, you'll need: Pentium-class processor, preferably 300MHz+ 64MB RAM A spare partition on your disk, min 3GB (of course) a Knoppix CD Installation Procedure To get Knoppix installed onto your hard drive: Boot the Knoppix CD. When the boot prompt comes up, choose your language. Most of us speak English, so we'll type: boot: knoppix lang=en then press ENTER (you don't type the 'boot:' part, of course) Wait till the system is fully launched, including the KDE desktop Press CTRL-ALT-F1, to get a root console. You should see a shell prompt Type: knx-hdinstall Follow the guided installation menus. This will include: Creating a Linux partition (at least 2.5GB Creating a Linux Swap partition (at least 256MB) 'Mounting' the Linux partition as root Initialising the swap partition Copying all the required files (automatically) Setting up networking Setting passwords Setting up the bootloader (Note: take care with this stage - it could render your system incapable of booting into Windows. If you really need Windows, then it might be a good idea to set up GRUB Bootloader with a 'chainloader' entry, so that you can dual boot. Working this out is an exercise left to the reader - there are too many possible scenarios for me to cover in this short guide. Also see man grub and the files in /usr/share/doc/grub) Rebooting (without the CD) When you've rebooted Knoppix from your hard disk, click on the KDE Control Centre icon in the launcher at the bottom of the screen (icon of a colour monitor with a card in front of it) Within the Control Center, click on Personliche Einstellungen Click on Land und Sprache Choose the locale and language of your choice Click on Andwenden at bottom of that window Close and restart the Control Center Click on Peripherals, then Keyboard, and choose your preferred keyboard layout (which will probably be US.English. Click OK and close the window Press CTRL-ALT-F2 to get to the root console, and log in as root (using the password you chose when you ran the installer) (Optional) - type apt-get update (followed by ENTER). This will update your list of available packages, and takes about 5-10 minutes. Hey, presto, you've got a fully installed GNU/Linux desktop From here on in, you'll probably want to fine-tune a few things, set up themes, backgrounds etc. But most of the hard work is already done for you! And lastly, note that Knoppix is based on Debian, which is arguably the finest GNU/Linux infrastructure available. To learn more about your system, and how to add/change/remove software, go to the Debian website and read the documents. If you get really stuck, start up X-Chat and log into irc.debian.org or irc.openprojects.net and join channel #debian. That is one busy chat room, with Debian Linux experts present 24/7, willing to help.

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