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行列转换之大全~~~

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:junsansi 时间:2007-04-19 00:00:00 0 删除 编辑
之前发个了oracle和sql server的简单行转列,俺关注了一段时间,搜索了oracle下各种行列转换的情况,列出示例来供有心人参考。

--行列转换 行转列
DROP TABLE t_change_lc;
CREATE TABLE t_change_lc (card_code VARCHAR2(3), q NUMBER, bal NUMBER);

INSERT INTO t_change_lc
SELECT '001' card_code, ROWNUM q, trunc(dbms_random.VALUE * 100) bal FROM dual CONNECT BY ROWNUM <= 4
UNION
SELECT '002' card_code, ROWNUM q, trunc(dbms_random.VALUE * 100) bal FROM dual CONNECT BY ROWNUM <= 4;

SELECT * FROM t_change_lc;

SELECT a.card_code,
SUM(decode(a.q, 1, a.bal, 0)) q1,
SUM(decode(a.q, 2, a.bal, 0)) q2,
SUM(decode(a.q, 3, a.bal, 0)) q3,
SUM(decode(a.q, 4, a.bal, 0)) q4
FROM t_change_lc a
GROUP BY a.card_code
ORDER BY 1;

--行列转换 列转行
DROP TABLE t_change_cl;
CREATE TABLE t_change_cl AS
SELECT a.card_code,
SUM(decode(a.q, 1, a.bal, 0)) q1,
SUM(decode(a.q, 2, a.bal, 0)) q2,
SUM(decode(a.q, 3, a.bal, 0)) q3,
SUM(decode(a.q, 4, a.bal, 0)) q4
FROM t_change_lc a
GROUP BY a.card_code
ORDER BY 1;

SELECT * FROM t_change_cl;

SELECT t.card_code,
t.rn q,
decode(t.rn, 1, t.q1, 2, t.q2, 3, t.q3, 4, t.q4) bal
FROM (SELECT a.*, b.rn
FROM t_change_cl a,
(SELECT ROWNUM rn FROM dual CONNECT BY ROWNUM <= 4) b) t
ORDER BY 1, 2;

--行列转换 行转列 合并
DROP TABLE t_change_lc_comma;
CREATE TABLE t_change_lc_comma AS SELECT card_code,'quarter_'||q AS q FROM t_change_lc;

SELECT * FROM t_change_lc_comma;

SELECT t1.card_code, substr(MAX(sys_connect_by_path(t1.q, ';')), 2) q
FROM (SELECT a.card_code,
a.q,
row_number() over(PARTITION BY a.card_code ORDER BY a.q) rn
FROM t_change_lc_comma a) t1
START WITH t1.rn = 1
CONNECT BY t1.card_code = PRIOR t1.card_code
AND t1.rn - 1 = PRIOR t1.rn
GROUP BY t1.card_code;

--行列转换 列转行 分割
DROP TABLE t_change_cl_comma;
CREATE TABLE t_change_cl_comma AS
SELECT t1.card_code, substr(MAX(sys_connect_by_path(t1.q, ';')), 2) q
FROM (SELECT a.card_code,
a.q,
row_number() over(PARTITION BY a.card_code ORDER BY a.q) rn
FROM t_change_lc_comma a) t1
START WITH t1.rn = 1
CONNECT BY t1.card_code = PRIOR t1.card_code
AND t1.rn - 1 = PRIOR t1.rn
GROUP BY t1.card_code;

SELECT * FROM t_change_cl_comma;

SELECT t.card_code,
substr(t.q,
instr(';' || t.q, ';', 1, rn),
instr(t.q || ';', ';', 1, rn) - instr(';' || t.q, ';', 1, rn)) q
FROM (SELECT a.card_code, a.q, b.rn
FROM t_change_cl_comma a,
(SELECT ROWNUM rn FROM dual CONNECT BY ROWNUM <= 100) b
WHERE instr(';' || a.q, ';', 1, rn) > 0) t
ORDER BY 1, 2;

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/7607759/viewspace-22216/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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