# 行列转换总结

Caizhuoyi
1.

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

A.

B.

C.

2.

CREATE TABLE t_col_row(
ID INT,
c1 VARCHAR2(10),
c2 VARCHAR2(10),
c3 VARCHAR2(10));
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (1, 'v11', 'v21', 'v31');
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (2, 'v12', 'v22', NULL);
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (3, 'v13', NULL, 'v33');
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (4, NULL, 'v24', 'v34');
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (5, 'v15', NULL, NULL);
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (6, NULL, NULL, 'v35');
INSERT INTO t_col_row VALUES (7, NULL, NULL, NULL);
COMMIT;
SELECT * FROM t_col_row;
2.1
UNION ALL

SELECT id, 'c1' cn, c1 cv
FROM t_col_row
UNION ALL
SELECT id, 'c2' cn, c2 cv
FROM t_col_row
UNION ALL
SELECT id, 'c3' cn, c3 cv FROM t_col_row;

WHERE COLUMN IS NOT NULL 即可。
2.2
MODEL

SELECT id, cn, cv FROM t_col_row
MODEL
RETURN UPDATED ROWS
PARTITION BY (ID)
DIMENSION BY (0 AS n)
MEASURES ('xx' AS cn,'yyy' AS cv,c1,c2,c3)
RULES UPSERT ALL
(
cn[1] = 'c1',
cn[2] = 'c2',
cn[3] = 'c3',
cv[1] = c1[0],
cv[2] = c2[0],
cv[3] = c3[0]
)
ORDER BY ID,cn;
2.3
COLLECTION

CREATE TYPE cv_pair AS OBJECT(cn VARCHAR2(10),cv VARCHAR2(10));
CREATE TYPE cv_varr AS VARRAY(8) OF cv_pair;
SELECT id, t.cn AS cn, t.cv AS cv
FROM t_col_row,
TABLE(cv_varr(cv_pair('c1', t_col_row.c1),
cv_pair('c2', t_col_row.c2),
cv_pair('c3', t_col_row.c3))) t
ORDER BY 1, 2;
3.

CREATE TABLE t_row_col AS
SELECT id, 'c1' cn, c1 cv
FROM t_col_row
UNION ALL
SELECT id, 'c2' cn, c2 cv
FROM t_col_row
UNION ALL
SELECT id, 'c3' cn, c3 cv FROM t_col_row;
SELECT * FROM t_row_col ORDER BY 1,2;
3.1
AGGREGATE FUNCTION

SELECT id,
MAX(decode(cn, 'c1', cv, NULL)) AS c1,
MAX(decode(cn, 'c2', cv, NULL)) AS c2,
MAX(decode(cn, 'c3', cv, NULL)) AS c3
FROM t_row_col
GROUP BY id
ORDER BY 1;
MAX聚集函数也可以用sum、min、avg等其他聚集函数替代。

SELECT mgr, deptno, empno, ename FROM emp ORDER BY 1, 2;
SELECT mgr,
deptno,
MAX(decode(empno, '7788', ename, NULL)) "7788",
MAX(decode(empno, '7902', ename, NULL)) "7902",
MAX(decode(empno, '7844', ename, NULL)) "7844",
MAX(decode(empno, '7521', ename, NULL)) "7521",
MAX(decode(empno, '7900', ename, NULL)) "7900",
MAX(decode(empno, '7499', ename, NULL)) "7499",
MAX(decode(empno, '7654', ename, NULL)) "7654"
FROM emp
WHERE mgr IN (7566, 7698)
AND deptno IN (20, 30)
GROUP BY mgr, deptno
ORDER BY 1, 2;

ID CN_1 CV_1 CN_2 CV_2 CN_3 CV_3
1 c1 v11 c2 v21 c3 v31
2 c1 v12 c2 v22 c3
3 c1 v13 c2 c3 v33
4 c1 c2 v24 c3 v34
5 c1 v15 c2 c3
6 c1 c2 c3 v35
7 c1 c2 c3

SELECT id,
MAX(decode(rn, 1, cn, NULL)) cn_1,
MAX(decode(rn, 1, cv, NULL)) cv_1,
MAX(decode(rn, 2, cn, NULL)) cn_2,
MAX(decode(rn, 2, cv, NULL)) cv_2,
MAX(decode(rn, 3, cn, NULL)) cn_3,
MAX(decode(rn, 3, cv, NULL)) cv_3
FROM (SELECT id,
cn,
cv,
row_number() over(PARTITION BY id ORDER BY cn, cv) rn
FROM t_row_col)
GROUP BY ID;
3.2
PL/SQL

p_rows_column_real用于前述的第一种不限定列的转换；
p_rows_column用于前述的第二种不限定列的转换。
CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE pkg_dynamic_rows_column AS
TYPE refc IS REF CURSOR;
PROCEDURE p_print_sql(p_txt VARCHAR2);
FUNCTION f_split_str(p_str VARCHAR2, p_division VARCHAR2, p_seq INT)
RETURN VARCHAR2;
PROCEDURE p_rows_column(p_table IN VARCHAR2,
p_keep_cols IN VARCHAR2,
p_pivot_cols IN VARCHAR2,
p_where IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
p_refc IN OUT refc);
PROCEDURE p_rows_column_real(p_table IN VARCHAR2,
p_keep_cols IN VARCHAR2,
p_pivot_col IN VARCHAR2,
p_pivot_val IN VARCHAR2,
p_where IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
p_refc IN OUT refc);
END;
/
CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY pkg_dynamic_rows_column AS
PROCEDURE p_print_sql(p_txt VARCHAR2) IS
v_len INT;
BEGIN
v_len := length(p_txt);
FOR i IN 1 .. v_len / 250 + 1 LOOP
dbms_output.put_line(substrb(p_txt, (i - 1) * 250 + 1, 250));
END LOOP;
END;
FUNCTION f_split_str(p_str VARCHAR2, p_division VARCHAR2, p_seq INT)
RETURN VARCHAR2 IS
v_first INT;
v_last INT;
BEGIN
IF p_seq < 1 THEN
RETURN NULL;
END IF;
IF p_seq = 1 THEN
IF instr(p_str, p_division, 1, p_seq) = 0 THEN
RETURN p_str;
ELSE
RETURN substr(p_str, 1, instr(p_str, p_division, 1) - 1);
END IF;
ELSE
v_first := instr(p_str, p_division, 1, p_seq - 1);
v_last := instr(p_str, p_division, 1, p_seq);
IF (v_last = 0) THEN
IF (v_first > 0) THEN
RETURN subst[@more@]

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