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linux vnc配置

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:Dodd 时间:2013-07-23 23:42:59 0 删除 编辑

Last login: Tue Jul 23 21:43:24 2013 from 192.168.88.1
[root@node1 ~]#
安装vncserver rpm包:

[root@node1 ~]# ll
total 1752
-rw-------. 1 root root    2105 Jun  6 22:36 anaconda-ks.cfg
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Desktop
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Documents
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Downloads
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   67215 Jun  6 22:36 install.log
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root   12558 Jun  6 22:33 install.log.syslog
drwxrwxrwx  9  406 disk    4096 Jul 23 21:56 lrzsz-0.12.20
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  280938 Dec  3  2011 lrzsz-0.12.20.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Music
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Pictures
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Public
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Templates
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 1112724 Nov 10  2011 tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64.rpm
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root    4096 Jun  6 14:44 Videos
[root@node1 ~]#
[root@node1 ~]#
[root@node1 ~]# rpm -ihv tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64.rpm
warning: tigervnc-server-1.0.90-0.17.20110314svn4359.el6.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 RSA/SHA256 Signature, key ID fd431d51: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:tigervnc-server        ########################################### [100%]
[root@node1 ~]#
[root@node1 ~]#

 

[root@node1 ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/vncservers

# The VNCSERVERS variable is a list of display:user pairs.
#
# Uncomment the lines below to start a VNC server on display :2
# as my 'myusername' (adjust this to your own).  You will also
# need to set a VNC password; run 'man vncpasswd' to see how
# to do that.
#
# DO NOT RUN THIS SERVICE if your local area network is
# untrusted!  For a secure way of using VNC, see this URL:
# http://kbase.redhat.com/faq/docs/DOC-7028

# Use "-nolisten tcp" to prevent X connections to your VNC server via TCP.

# Use "-localhost" to prevent remote VNC clients connecting except when
# doing so through a secure tunnel.  See the "-via" option in the
# `man vncviewer' manual page.

 VNCSERVERS="1:root"
 VNCSERVERARGS[2]="-geometry 800x600 -nolisten tcp -localhost"
~                                                                                                                                          
红色部分两行必须要打开注释启用。

VNCSERVERARGS不能与VNCSERVERS同一个端口。

修改vnc password:

                                                                                                                                        
[root@node1 sysconfig]# vncpasswd
Password:
Verify:
[root@node1 sysconfig]#
[root@node1 sysconfig]# cd ~

启动服务一次,生成 /root/.vnc/xstartup:

[root@node1 .vnc]#
[root@node1 .vnc]# vncserver
xauth:  creating new authority file /root/.Xauthority
xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "node1:1" in "add" command

New 'node1:1 (root)' desktop is node1:1

Creating default startup script. /root/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /root/.vnc/node1:1.log

[root@node1 .vnc]#
[root@node1 .vnc]# ll
total 16
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1327 Jul 23 22:38 node1:1.log
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    5 Jul 23 22:38 node1:1.pid
-rw------- 1 root root    8 Jul 23 22:37 passwd
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  654 Jul 23 22:38 xstartup

修改xstartup文件:

[root@node1 .vnc]# vi xstartup

#!/bin/sh

[ -r /etc/sysconfig/i18n ] && . /etc/sysconfig/i18n
export LANG
export SYSFONT
vncconfig -iconic &
unset SESSION_MANAGER
unset DBUS_SESSION_BUS_ADDRESS
OS=`uname -s`
if [ $OS = 'Linux' ]; then
  case "$WINDOWMANAGER" in
    *gnome*)
      if [ -e /etc/SuSE-release ]; then
        PATH=$PATH:/opt/gnome/bin
        export PATH
      fi
      ;;
  esac
fi
if [ -x /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ]; then
  exec /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
fi
if [ -f /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ]; then
  exec sh /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc
fi
[ -r $HOME/.Xresources ] && xrdb $HOME/.Xresources
xsetroot -solid grey
xterm -geometry 80x24+10+10 -ls -title "$VNCDESKTOP Desktop" &
#twm &
gnome-session &
~                                                                                                                                         

将默认的twm注释掉,添加gnome-session &项。


 

手工kill掉vncserver进程,再重启vncserver:


[root@node1 .vnc]# vncserver -list

TigerVNC server sessions:

X DISPLAY #     PROCESS ID
:1              5599
[root@node1 .vnc]# vncserver -kill :1
Killing Xvnc process ID 5599
[root@node1 .vnc]#

[root@node1 ~]# service vncserver start  或者 vncserver start 或者 /etc/init.d/vncserver start
Starting VNC server: 2:root xauth: (stdin):1:  bad display name "node1:2" in "add" command


New 'node1:2 (root)' desktop is node1:2

Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /root/.vnc/node1:2.log

                                                           [  OK  ]
[root@node1 ~]#
[root@node1 ~]# vncserver -list       

TigerVNC server sessions:

X DISPLAY #     PROCESS ID
:2              8340

启动client端:

1.jpg

2.jpg

3.jpg

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