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Oracle RAC19.3补丁升级19.7

原创 Oracle 作者:DBhanG 时间:2020-07-08 22:52:26 1 删除 编辑

Oracle 19.3RAC升级19.7

1.Opatch 升级:

Opatch版本需求12.2.0.1.19或更高版本

下载Opatch升级包 p6880880_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip到/oracle/soft目录下,权限775


节点一:

GI Opatch升级:

//root用户执行,grid用户权限不足

//移动旧版本OPatch

[root@rac1 crs_1]# mv \$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch  /tmp/OPatch_grid

//解压也需要用root解压,grid用户权限不足

[root@rac1 soft]# unzip p6880880_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d /oracle/grid/crs_1/

// 修改权限用户属组为grid.oinstall

[root@rac1 crs_1]# chown grid.oinstall OPatch/ -R

// 版本查看:

[grid@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch version

OPatch Version: 12.2.0.1.21

OPatch succeeded.


数据库 Opatch升级:

//用oracle用户即可

//移动旧版本OPatch

[oracle@rac1 db_1]$ mv \$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/  /tmp/OPatch_oracle

//解压新版本OPatch

[oracle@rac1 soft]$unzip p6880880_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME

// 版本查看:

[oracle@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch version

OPatch Version: 12.2.0.1.21

OPatch succeeded.


节点二:

GI Opatch升级:

//root用户执行,grid用户权限不足

//移动旧版本OPatch

[root@rac2 crs_1]# mv \$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch  /tmp/OPatch_grid

//解压也需要用root解压,grid用户权限不足

[root@rac2 soft]# unzip p6880880_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d /oracle/grid/crs_1/

修改权限用户属组为grid.oinstall

[root@rac2 crs_1]# chown grid.oinstall OPatch/ -R

版本查看:

[grid@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatch version

OPatch Version: 12.2.0.1.21

OPatch succeeded.


数据库 Opatch升级:

//用oracle用户即可

//移动旧版本OPatch

[oracle@rac2 db_1]$ mv \$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/  /tmp/OPatch_oracle

//解压新版本OPatch

[oracle@rac2 soft]$unzip p6880880_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip -d $ORACLE_HOME

版本查看:

[oracle@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatch version

OPatch Version: 12.2.0.1.21

OPatch succeeded.


2. 检查 GI 主页和数据库主页的清单信息的一致性

以各自的Oracle Home所有者身份运行以下命令以检查一致性。

节点一:

[grid@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME

[Oracle@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME

节点二:

[grid@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME

[Oracle@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory -detail -oh $ORACLE_HOME


3. 下载并解压缩补丁

p30899722_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip

节点一:

[grid@rac1 soft]$ unzip p30899722_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip

节点二:

[grid@rac2 soft]$ unzip p30899722_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip


4. 进行 OPatch 冲突检测

GI

[grid@rac1 soft]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30869156/

[grid@rac1 soft]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30894985/

[grid@rac1 soft]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30869304/

[grid@rac1 soft]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30898856/

[grid@rac1 soft]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.21

Copyright (c) 2020, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

PREREQ session

Oracle Home       : /oracle/grid/crs_1

Central Inventory : /oracle/oraInventory

   from           : /oracle/grid/crs_1/oraInst.loc

OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.21

OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0

Log file location : /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_15-33-38PM_1.log

This command doesn't support System Patch.

OPatch failed with error code 21

根据opatch CheckSystemSpace Command For Grid Infrastructure RU Fails With: "This command doesn't support System Patch"

 (Doc ID 2634165.1) //不需要检测


数据库:

[oracle@rac1 30899722]$  $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30869156/

[oracle@rac1 30899722]$  $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -phBaseDir 30899722/30894985/

5. 运行 OPatch SystemSpace 检查

节点一:

对于 GI 主目录:

1.创建 /tmp/patch_list_gihome.txt  具有以下内容的文件:

/oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

/oracle/soft/30899722/30894985

/oracle/soft/30899722/30869304

/oracle/soft/30899722/30898856

/oracle/soft/30899722/

 

2.运行opatch命令以检查Grid Infrastructure Home中是否有足够的可用空间:

[grid@rac1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckSystemSpace -phBaseFile /tmp/patch_list_gihome.txt

/tmp/patch_list_gihome.txt

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.21

Copyright (c) 2020, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

PREREQ session

Oracle Home       : /oracle/grid/crs_1

Central Inventory : /oracle/oraInventory

   from           : /oracle/grid/crs_1/oraInst.loc

OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.21

OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0

Log file location : /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-32-24PM_1.log

This command doesn't support System Patch.

OPatch failed with error code 21


解决:根据Mos2634165.1 修改 /tmp/patch_list_gihome.txt文件

/oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

/oracle/soft/30899722/30894985

/oracle/soft/30899722/30869304

/oracle/soft/30899722/30898856

再次执行即可。

[grid@rac1 ~]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckSystemSpace -phBaseFile /tmp/patch_list_gihome.txt


对于数据库主目录:

1.创建/tmp/patch_list_dbhome.txt 具有以下内容的文件:

/oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

/oracle/soft/30899722/30894985


2.运行opatch命令以检查数据库主页中是否有足够的可用空间:

[oracle@rac1 ~]$$ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckSystemSpace -phBaseFile /tmp/patch_list_dbhome.txt

如果OPatch报告 Prereq "checkSystemSpace" failed. ,则清理系统空间,因为所需的空间量不可用。

如果OPatch报告 Prereq "checkSystemSpace" passed. ,则无需采取任何措施。进行补丁安装。

节点二同节点一做相同操作。


6. 一次性补丁冲突检测与解决

使用 root 用户执行:

[root@rac1 OPatch]# ./opatchauto apply /oracle/soft/30899722/ -analyze

OPatchauto session is initiated at Sat Jun 27 23:49:53 2020

System initialization log file is /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-27_11-50-00PM.log.

Session log file is /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-27_11-52-11PM.log

The id for this session is 9MKG

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

Patch applicability verified successfully on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

Patch applicability verified successfully on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Verifying SQL patch applicability on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

SQL patch applicability verified successfully on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

OPatchAuto successful.

--------------------------------Summary--------------------------------

Analysis for applying patches has completed successfully:

Host:rac1

RAC Home:/oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

Version:19.0.0.0.0

==Following patches were SKIPPED:

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869304

Reason: This patch is not applicable to this specified target type - "rac_database"

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30898856

Reason: This patch is not applicable to this specified target type - "rac_database"

==Following patches were SUCCESSFULLY analyzed to be applied:

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30894985

Log: /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-28PM_1.log

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

Log: /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-28PM_1.log

Host:rac1

CRS Home:/oracle/grid/crs_1

Version:19.0.0.0.0

==Following patches were SUCCESSFULLY analyzed to be applied:

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30894985

Log: /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-27PM_1.log

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869304

Log: /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-27PM_1.log

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30898856

Log: /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-27PM_1.log

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

Log: /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-27_23-53-27PM_1.log

OPatchauto session completed at Sat Jun 27 23:57:26 2020

Time taken to complete the session 7 minutes, 34 seconds

节点二同节点一做相同操作。


7. 自动补丁安装

[root@rac1 OPatch]# ./opatchauto apply /oracle/soft/30899722

[root@rac2 OPatch]# ./opatchauto apply /oracle/soft/30899722

// 使用自动打补丁方式,不需要手动将修改后的 SQL 文件加载到数据库。

// 补丁安装完成后,查看补丁信息。

[grid@rac1 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinv

Patch  30894985     : applied on Sun Jun 28 00:50:04 CST 2020

Unique Patch ID:  23451591

Patch description:  "OCW RELEASE UPDATE 19.7.0.0.0 (30894985)"

   Created on 10 Apr 2020, 05:35:01 hrs PST8PDT

 

Patch  30869304     : applied on Sun Jun 28 00:48:22 CST 2020

Unique Patch ID:  23391523

Patch description:  "ACFS RELEASE UPDATE 19.7.0.0.0 (30869304)"

   Created on 16 Feb 2020, 07:11:33 hrs PST8PDT

 

Patch  30869156     : applied on Sun Jun 28 00:39:18 CST 2020

Unique Patch ID:  23493838

Patch description:  "Database Release Update : 19.7.0.0.200414 (30869156)"

   Created on 6 Apr 2020, 23:20:53 hrs PST8PDT

8. 补丁安装时需要的问题:

节点一成功

节点二失败:

Start applying binary patch on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Failed while applying binary patches on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Execution of [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] patch action failed, check log for more details. Failures:

Patch Target : rac2->/oracle/grid/crs_1 Type[crs]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /oracle/grid/crs_1, host: rac2.

Command failed:  /oracle/grid/crs_1/OPatch/opatchauto  apply /oracle/soft/30899722 -oh /oracle/grid/crs_1 -target_type cluster -binary -invPtrLoc /oracle/grid/crs_1/oraInst.loc -jre /oracle/grid/crs_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /oracle/grid/crs_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_rac2_crs_1.ser -analyzedresult /oracle/grid/crs_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_analyze_rac2_crs_1.ser

Command failure output:

==Following patches FAILED in apply:

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

Log: /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-28_01-27-06AM_1.log

Reason: Failed during Patching: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: ApplySession failed in system modification phase... 'ApplySession::apply failed: java.io.IOException: oracle.sysman.oui.patch.PatchException: java.io.FileNotFoundException: /oracle/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml (Permission denied)'

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

OPATCHAUTO-68061: The orchestration engine failed.

OPATCHAUTO-68061: The orchestration engine failed with return code 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: Check the log for more details.

OPatchAuto failed.

OPatchauto session completed at Sun Jun 28 01:36:27 2020

Time taken to complete the session 31 minutes, 32 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42

 

solution:观察节点1与节点2 /oracle/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml权限差异,并将节点二修改成与节点一一致。


[root@rac2 OPatch]# ./opatchauto resume

Start applying binary patch on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Failed while applying binary patches on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Execution of [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] patch action failed, check log for more details. Failures:

Patch Target : rac2->/oracle/grid/crs_1 Type[crs]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /oracle/grid/crs_1, host: rac2.

Command failed:  /oracle/grid/crs_1/OPatch/opatchauto  apply /oracle/soft/30899722 -oh /oracle/grid/crs_1 -targerid/crs_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /oracle/grid/crs_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_rac2_crs_1.seranalyze_rac2_crs_1.ser

Command failure output:

==Following patches FAILED in apply:

Patch: /oracle/soft/30899722/30869156

Log:

Reason: Failed during Patching: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/oracle/grid/crs_1//oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist.

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

OPATCHAUTO-68061: The orchestration engine failed.

OPATCHAUTO-68061: The orchestration engine failed with return code 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: Check the log for more details.

OPatchAuto failed.

OPatchauto session completed at Sun Jun 28 10:44:27 2020

Time taken to complete the session 0 minute, 50 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42


查看补丁信息: ( 也出现错误 )

[grid@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory 

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.2.0.1.21

Copyright (c) 2020, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /oracle/grid/crs_1

Central Inventory : /oracle/oraInventory

   from           : /oracle/grid/crs_1/oraInst.loc

OPatch version    : 12.2.0.1.21

OUI version       : 12.2.0.7.0

Log file location : /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2020-06-28_10-54-39AM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2020-06-28_10-54-39AM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Inventory load failed... OPatch cannot load inventory for the given Oracle Home.

LsInventorySession failed: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/oracle/grid/crs_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/oracle/grid/crs_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist.


根据MOS2286025.1 solution:

从节点1拷贝

[grid@rac1 oneoffs]$ scp -r 30869156/  rac2:/oracle/grid/crs_1/inventory/oneoffs/

在节点2再次resume

 

[grid@rac2 OPatch]$ ./opatchauto resume

OPatchauto session is initiated at Sun Jun 28 11:10:27 2020

Session log file is /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-28_11-10-28AM.log

Resuming existing session with id V8YC

OPATCHAUTO-68116: Failed to save patch session.

OPATCHAUTO-68116: Failed to save patch session file /oracle/grid/crs_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/V8YC.json

OPATCHAUTO-68116: Check log for more information.

OPatchAuto failed.

OPatchauto session completed at Sun Jun 28 11:10:37 2020

Time taken to complete the session 0 minute, 11 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42


再次执行一次错误消失:

[root@rac2 OPatch]#  ./opatchauto resume

OPatchauto session is initiated at Sun Jun 28 17:28:56 2020

Session log file is /oracle/grid/crs_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-28_05-28-56PM.log

Resuming existing session with id V8YC

Start applying binary patch on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Binary patch applied successfully on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Checking shared status of home.....

Starting CRS service on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

CRS service started successfully on home /oracle/grid/crs_1

Preparing home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1 after database service restarted

No step execution required.........

Trying to apply SQL patch on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

SQL patch applied successfully on home /oracle/app/product/19.3.0/db_1

OPatchAuto successful.


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