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vSphere export openstack

原创 Openstack 作者:口壤迅坎 时间:2020-09-28 13:40:26 0 删除 编辑

  说明:如果vSphere上的VM使用虚拟硬盘是scsi接口,需要安装virtio模块,并加载,如果是ide则不需要安装。(如果ide接口安装并加载virtio到系统后,在openstack中同样无法启动!!!)

  一、安装模块

  /sbin/dracut--force--verbose--add-drivers"virtio virtio_ring virtio_pci"/boot/initramfs-3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64.img 3.10.0-327.el7.x86_64

  modprobe virio

  modprobe virtio_pci

  二、使用voftool工具从VSphere Center导出ovf模板

  1.从此地址下载

  2.添加权限chmod a+x VMware-ovftool-4.1.0-2459827-lin.x86_64.bundle

  3.安装工具./VMware-ovftool-4.1.0-2459827-lin.x86_64.bundle.

  4.导出虚拟机ovf模板

  [root compute04 5_126]#ovftool--disableVerification--noSSLVerify--powerOffSource vi://user:password ip/path/to/Resources/05.xxxx/5.126-xxxx1-centos7 5_126.ovf

  Opening VI source:vi://administrator%40vc.com ip/path/to/Resources/05.xxxxxx5.126-xxxxxx1-centos7

  Powering off VM:5.126-1-centos7

  Opening OVF target:5_126.ovf

  Writing OVF package:5_126.ovf

  Transfer Completed

  Completed successfully

  [root compute04 5_126]#ls

  5_126-disk1.vmdk 5_126-disk2.vmdk 5_126.mf 5_126.ovf

  三、创建卷

  1、创建系统卷

  说明:所创建卷的大小一定在大于等于vm硬盘

  create--display-name 5_126_os 20

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  |Property|Value|

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  |p_w_uploads|[]|

  |availability_zone|nova|

  |bootable|false|

  |consistencygroup_id|None|

  |created_at|2017-04-01T06:16:33.000000|

  |description|None|

  |encrypted|False|

  |id|2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55|

  |metadata|{}|

  |migration_status|None|

  |multiattach|False|

  |name|5_126_os|

  |os-vol-host-attr:host|None|

  |os-vol-mig-status-attr:migstat|None|

  |os-vol-mig-status-attr:name_id|None|

  |os-vol-tenant-attr:tenant_id|f3419d1896284d15af004b1ad6222a9a|

  |replication_status|disabled|

  |size|20|

  |snapshot_id|None|

  |source_volid|None|

  |status|creating|

  |updated_at|None|

  |user_id|0e28446136b742a8849c6a54675e6ee8|

  |volume_type|None|

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  2.导入系统硬盘

  #cinder set-bootable 2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55 true

  #cinder list

  +--------------------------------------+-----------+----------------+------+-------------+----------+--------------------------------------+

  |ID|Status|Name|Size|Volume Type|Bootable|Attached to|

  +--------------------------------------+-----------+----------------+------+-------------+----------+--------------------------------------+

  |231b0af3-5a28-4ded-a211-517bbc0c5e41|available|tomcat_volume1|10|-|false||

  |2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55|available|5_126_os|20|-|true||

  |2ea90de4-fad9-4185-af93-6e0580edc846|in-use|test02|20|-|false|340a66bf-2c0c-45e3-91c0-7108931a78e3|

  +--------------------------------------+-----------+----------------+------+-------------+----------+--------------------------------------+

  [root compute04 5_126]#rbd-p volumes rm volume-2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55

  2017-04-01 14:21:17.472336 7f85e4ce17c0-1 asok(0x410f9c0)AdminSocketConfigObs::init:failed:AdminSocket::bind_and_listen:failed to bind the UNIX domain socket to'/var/run/ceph/guests/ceph-client.admin.10234.68221936.asok':(2)No such file or directory

  Removing p_w_picpath:100%complete...done.

  [root compute04 5_126]#qemu-img convert-p/path/to/5_126-disk1.vmdk-O rbd rbd:volumes/volume-2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55

  (100.00/100%)

  3.创建数据卷

  #cinder create--display-name 5_126_data 20

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  |Property|Value|

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  |p_w_uploads|[]|

  |availability_zone|nova|

  |bootable|false|

  |consistencygroup_id|None|

  |created_at|2017-04-01T06:28:07.000000|

  |description|None|

  |encrypted|False|

  |id|675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf|

  |metadata|{}|

  |migration_status|None|

  |multiattach|False|

  |name|5_126_data|

  |os-vol-host-attr:host|None|

  |os-vol-mig-status-attr:migstat|None|

  |os-vol-mig-status-attr:name_id|None|

  |os-vol-tenant-attr:tenant_id|f3419d1896284d15af004b1ad6222a9a|

  |replication_status|disabled|

  |size|20|

  |snapshot_id|None|

  |source_volid|None|

  |status|creating|

  |updated_at|None|

  |user_id|0e28446136b742a8849c6a54675e6ee8|

  |volume_type|None|

  +--------------------------------+--------------------------------------+

  [root compute04 5_126]#rbd-p volumes rm volume-675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf

  2017-04-01 14:29:10.726135 7fe708cf27c0-1 asok(0x3e0a9c0)AdminSocketConfigObs::init:failed:AdminSocket::bind_and_listen:failed to bind the UNIX domain socket to'/var/run/ceph/guests/ceph-client.admin.10554.65055728.asok':(2)No such file or directory

  Removing p_w_picpath:100%complete...done.

  4.导入数据盘

  [root compute04 5_126]#qemu-img convert-p/path/to/5_126/5_126-disk2.vmdk-O rbd rbd:volumes/volume-

  675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf

  (100.00/100%)

  四、从卷启动vm主机

  1.从卷启动vm

  #nova boot--flavor 2 boot_vol--boot-volume 2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55--availability-zone nova:compute07--security-groups default--nic net-id=4df49be9-ace6-413a-9c6b-0ec055056c76

  +--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

  |Property|Value|

  +--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

  |OS-DCF:diskConfig|MANUAL|

  |OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone|nova|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host|-|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hostname|boot-vol|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname|-|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name|instance-00000073|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:kernel_id||

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:launch_index|0|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:ramdisk_id||

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:reservation_id|r-1ww9vdyg|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:root_device_name|-|

  |OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:user_data|-|

  |OS-EXT-STS:power_state|0|

  |OS-EXT-STS:task_state|scheduling|

  |OS-EXT-STS:vm_state|building|

  |OS-SRV-USG:launched_at|-|

  |OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at|-|

  |accessIPv4||

  |accessIPv6||

  |adminPass|Xk4PCWqDzksU|

  |config_drive||

  |created|2017-04-01T06:31:09Z|

  |description|-|

  |flavor|m1.small(2)|

  |hostId||

  |host_status||

  |id|e9001768-5f7a-4bdb-b4ab-9bb53be6361b|

  |p_w_picpath|Attempt to boot from volume-no p_w_picpath supplied|

  |key_name|-|

  |locked|False|

  |metadata|{}|

  |name|boot_vol|

  |os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached|[{"id":"2be0eaee-ca53-4d03-96a4-caae1c011a55","delete_on_termination":false}]|

  |progress|0|

  |security_groups|default|

  |status|BUILD|

  |tenant_id|f3419d1896284d15af004b1ad6222a9a|

  |updated|2017-04-01T06:31:10Z|

  |user_id|0e28446136b742a8849c6a54675e6ee8|

  +--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

  2.附加数据卷

  #nova volume-attach e9001768-5f7a-4bdb-b4ab-9bb53be6361b 675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf

  +----------+--------------------------------------+

  |Property|Value|

  +----------+--------------------------------------+

  |device|/dev/vdb|

  |id|675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf|

  |serverId|e9001768-5f7a-4bdb-b4ab-9bb53be6361b|

  |volumeId|675d155f-43be-4465-8e48-44a5ec3c12bf|

  +----------+--------------------------------------+

  五、验证结果

  #ssh root 10.1.200.105

  The authenticity of host'10.1.200.105(10.1.200.105)'can't be established.

  ECDSA key fingerprint is 63:ae:8b:0c:4b:3f:92:73:18:d4:47:db:cf:ff:1a:e2.

  Are you sure you want to continue connecting(yes/no)?yes

  Warning:Permanently added'10.1.200.105'(ECDSA)to the list of known hosts.

  root 10.1.200.105's password:

  [root host-10-1-200-105~]#df-h

  Filesystem Size Used Avail Use%Mounted on

  /dev/mapper/centos-root 14G 986M 13G 7%/

  devtmpfs 910M 0 910M 0%/dev

  tmpfs 920M 0 920M 0%/dev/shm

  tmpfs 920M 8.4M 912M 1%/run

  tmpfs 920M 0 920M 0%/sys/fs/cgroup

  /dev/vdb 16G 33M 16G 1%/mnt

  /dev/vda1 497M 124M 374M 25%/boot

  tmpfs 184M 0 184M 0%/run/user/0

  [root host-10-1-200-105~]#cd/tmp/

  [root host-10-1-200-105 tmp]#cd/mnt/

  [root host-10-1-200-105 mnt]#ls

  123

  [root host-10-1-200-105 mnt]#


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