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PostgreSQL 源码解读(96)- 分区表#3(数据插入路由#3-获取分区键值)

原创 PostgreSQL 作者:husthxd 时间:2018-11-27 16:38:18 0 删除 编辑

本节介绍了ExecPrepareTupleRouting->ExecFindPartition->FormPartitionKeyDatum函数,该函数获取Tuple的分区键值。

一、数据结构

ModifyTable
通过插入、更新或删除,将子计划生成的行应用到结果表。

/* ----------------
 *   ModifyTable node -
 *      Apply rows produced by subplan(s) to result table(s),
 *      by inserting, updating, or deleting.
 *      通过插入、更新或删除,将子计划生成的行应用到结果表。
 *
 * If the originally named target table is a partitioned table, both
 * nominalRelation and rootRelation contain the RT index of the partition
 * root, which is not otherwise mentioned in the plan.  Otherwise rootRelation
 * is zero.  However, nominalRelation will always be set, as it's the rel that
 * EXPLAIN should claim is the INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE target.
 * 如果最初命名的目标表是分区表,则nominalRelation和rootRelation都包含分区根的RT索引,计划中没有另外提到这个索引。
 * 否则,根关系为零。但是,总是会设置名义关系,nominalRelation因为EXPLAIN应该声明的rel是INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE目标关系。
 * 
 * Note that rowMarks and epqParam are presumed to be valid for all the
 * subplan(s); they can't contain any info that varies across subplans.
 * 注意,rowMarks和epqParam被假定对所有子计划有效;
 * 它们不能包含任何在子计划中变化的信息。
 * ----------------
 */
typedef struct ModifyTable
{
    Plan        plan;
    CmdType     operation;      /* 操作类型;INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE */
    bool        canSetTag;      /* 是否需要设置tag?do we set the command tag/es_processed? */
    Index       nominalRelation;    /* 用于EXPLAIN的父RT索引;Parent RT index for use of EXPLAIN */
    Index       rootRelation;   /* 根Root RT索引(如目标为分区表);Root RT index, if target is partitioned */
    bool        partColsUpdated;    /* 更新了层次结构中的分区关键字;some part key in hierarchy updated */
    List       *resultRelations;    /* RT索引的整型链表;integer list of RT indexes */
    int         resultRelIndex; /* 计划链表中第一个resultRel的索引;index of first resultRel in plan's list */
    int         rootResultRelIndex; /* 分区表根索引;index of the partitioned table root */
    List       *plans;          /* 生成源数据的计划链表;plan(s) producing source data */
    List       *withCheckOptionLists;   /* 每一个目标表均具备的WCO链表;per-target-table WCO lists */
    List       *returningLists; /* 每一个目标表均具备的RETURNING链表;per-target-table RETURNING tlists */
    List       *fdwPrivLists;   /* 每一个目标表的FDW私有数据链表;per-target-table FDW private data lists */
    Bitmapset  *fdwDirectModifyPlans;   /* FDW DM计划索引位图;indices of FDW DM plans */
    List       *rowMarks;       /* rowMarks链表;PlanRowMarks (non-locking only) */
    int         epqParam;       /* EvalPlanQual再解析使用的参数ID;ID of Param for EvalPlanQual re-eval */
    OnConflictAction onConflictAction;  /* ON CONFLICT action */
    List       *arbiterIndexes; /* 冲突仲裁器索引表;List of ON CONFLICT arbiter index OIDs  */
    List       *onConflictSet;  /* SET for INSERT ON CONFLICT DO UPDATE */
    Node       *onConflictWhere;    /* WHERE for ON CONFLICT UPDATE */
    Index       exclRelRTI;     /* RTI of the EXCLUDED pseudo relation */
    List       *exclRelTlist;   /* 已排除伪关系的投影列链表;tlist of the EXCLUDED pseudo relation */
} ModifyTable;

ResultRelInfo
ResultRelInfo结构体
每当更新一个现有的关系时,我们必须更新关系上的索引,也许还需要触发触发器。ResultRelInfo保存关于结果关系所需的所有信息,包括索引。

/*
 * ResultRelInfo
 * ResultRelInfo结构体
 *
 * Whenever we update an existing relation, we have to update indexes on the
 * relation, and perhaps also fire triggers.  ResultRelInfo holds all the
 * information needed about a result relation, including indexes.
 * 每当更新一个现有的关系时,我们必须更新关系上的索引,也许还需要触发触发器。
 * ResultRelInfo保存关于结果关系所需的所有信息,包括索引。
 * 
 * Normally, a ResultRelInfo refers to a table that is in the query's
 * range table; then ri_RangeTableIndex is the RT index and ri_RelationDesc
 * is just a copy of the relevant es_relations[] entry.  But sometimes,
 * in ResultRelInfos used only for triggers, ri_RangeTableIndex is zero
 * and ri_RelationDesc is a separately-opened relcache pointer that needs
 * to be separately closed.  See ExecGetTriggerResultRel.
 * 通常,ResultRelInfo是指查询范围表中的表;
 * ri_RangeTableIndex是RT索引,而ri_RelationDesc只是相关es_relations[]条目的副本。
 * 但有时,在只用于触发器的ResultRelInfos中,ri_RangeTableIndex为零(NULL),
 *   而ri_RelationDesc是一个需要单独关闭单独打开的relcache指针。
 *   具体可参考ExecGetTriggerResultRel结构体。
 */
typedef struct ResultRelInfo
{
    NodeTag     type;

    /* result relation's range table index, or 0 if not in range table */
    //RTE索引
    Index       ri_RangeTableIndex;

    /* relation descriptor for result relation */
    //结果/目标relation的描述符
    Relation    ri_RelationDesc;

    /* # of indices existing on result relation */
    //目标关系中索引数目
    int         ri_NumIndices;

    /* array of relation descriptors for indices */
    //索引的关系描述符数组(索引视为一个relation)
    RelationPtr ri_IndexRelationDescs;

    /* array of key/attr info for indices */
    //索引的键/属性数组
    IndexInfo **ri_IndexRelationInfo;

    /* triggers to be fired, if any */
    //触发的索引
    TriggerDesc *ri_TrigDesc;

    /* cached lookup info for trigger functions */
    //触发器函数(缓存)
    FmgrInfo   *ri_TrigFunctions;

    /* array of trigger WHEN expr states */
    //WHEN表达式状态的触发器数组
    ExprState **ri_TrigWhenExprs;

    /* optional runtime measurements for triggers */
    //可选的触发器运行期度量器
    Instrumentation *ri_TrigInstrument;

    /* FDW callback functions, if foreign table */
    //FDW回调函数
    struct FdwRoutine *ri_FdwRoutine;

    /* available to save private state of FDW */
    //可用于存储FDW的私有状态
    void       *ri_FdwState;

    /* true when modifying foreign table directly */
    //直接更新FDW时为T
    bool        ri_usesFdwDirectModify;

    /* list of WithCheckOption's to be checked */
    //WithCheckOption链表
    List       *ri_WithCheckOptions;

    /* list of WithCheckOption expr states */
    //WithCheckOption表达式链表
    List       *ri_WithCheckOptionExprs;

    /* array of constraint-checking expr states */
    //约束检查表达式状态数组
    ExprState **ri_ConstraintExprs;

    /* for removing junk attributes from tuples */
    //用于从元组中删除junk属性
    JunkFilter *ri_junkFilter;

    /* list of RETURNING expressions */
    //RETURNING表达式链表
    List       *ri_returningList;

    /* for computing a RETURNING list */
    //用于计算RETURNING链表
    ProjectionInfo *ri_projectReturning;

    /* list of arbiter indexes to use to check conflicts */
    //用于检查冲突的仲裁器索引的列表
    List       *ri_onConflictArbiterIndexes;

    /* ON CONFLICT evaluation state */
    //ON CONFLICT解析状态
    OnConflictSetState *ri_onConflict;

    /* partition check expression */
    //分区检查表达式链表
    List       *ri_PartitionCheck;

    /* partition check expression state */
    //分区检查表达式状态
    ExprState  *ri_PartitionCheckExpr;

    /* relation descriptor for root partitioned table */
    //分区root根表描述符
    Relation    ri_PartitionRoot;

    /* Additional information specific to partition tuple routing */
    //额外的分区元组路由信息
    struct PartitionRoutingInfo *ri_PartitionInfo;
} ResultRelInfo;

PartitionRoutingInfo
PartitionRoutingInfo结构体
分区路由信息,用于将元组路由到表分区的结果关系信息。

/*
 * PartitionRoutingInfo
 * PartitionRoutingInfo - 分区路由信息
 * 
 * Additional result relation information specific to routing tuples to a
 * table partition.
 * 用于将元组路由到表分区的结果关系信息。
 */
typedef struct PartitionRoutingInfo
{
    /*
     * Map for converting tuples in root partitioned table format into
     * partition format, or NULL if no conversion is required.
     * 映射,用于将根分区表格式的元组转换为分区格式,如果不需要转换,则转换为NULL。
     */
    TupleConversionMap *pi_RootToPartitionMap;

    /*
     * Map for converting tuples in partition format into the root partitioned
     * table format, or NULL if no conversion is required.
     * 映射,用于将分区格式的元组转换为根分区表格式,如果不需要转换,则转换为NULL。
     */
    TupleConversionMap *pi_PartitionToRootMap;

    /*
     * Slot to store tuples in partition format, or NULL when no translation
     * is required between root and partition.
     * 以分区格式存储元组的slot.在根分区和分区之间不需要转换时为NULL。
     */
    TupleTableSlot *pi_PartitionTupleSlot;
} PartitionRoutingInfo;

TupleConversionMap
TupleConversionMap结构体,用于存储元组转换映射信息.


typedef struct TupleConversionMap
{
    TupleDesc   indesc;         /* 源行类型的描述符;tupdesc for source rowtype */
    TupleDesc   outdesc;        /* 结果行类型的描述符;tupdesc for result rowtype */
    AttrNumber *attrMap;        /* 输入字段的索引信息,0表示NULL;indexes of input fields, or 0 for null */
    Datum      *invalues;       /* 析构源数据的工作空间;workspace for deconstructing source */
    bool       *inisnull;       //是否为NULL标记数组
    Datum      *outvalues;      /* 构造结果的工作空间;workspace for constructing result */
    bool       *outisnull;      //null标记
} TupleConversionMap;

二、源码解读

FormPartitionKeyDatum函数获取Tuple的分区键值,返回键值values[]数组和是否为null标记isnull[]数组.


/* ----------------
 *      FormPartitionKeyDatum
 *          Construct values[] and isnull[] arrays for the partition key
 *          of a tuple.
 *          构造values[]数组和isnull[]数组
 *
 *  pd              Partition dispatch object of the partitioned table
 *  pd              分区表的分区分发器(dispatch)对象
 *
 *  slot            Heap tuple from which to extract partition key
 *  slot            从其中提前分区键的heap tuple
 *
 *  estate          executor state for evaluating any partition key
 *                  expressions (must be non-NULL)
 *  estate          解析分区键表达式(必须非NULL)的执行器状态
 *
 *  values          Array of partition key Datums (output area)
 *                  分区键Datums数组(输出参数)
 *  isnull          Array of is-null indicators (output area)
 *                  is-null标记数组(输出参数)
 *
 * the ecxt_scantuple slot of estate's per-tuple expr context must point to
 * the heap tuple passed in.
 * estate的per-tuple上下文的ecxt_scantuple必须指向传入的heap tuple
 * ----------------
 */
static void
FormPartitionKeyDatum(PartitionDispatch pd,
                      TupleTableSlot *slot,
                      EState *estate,
                      Datum *values,
                      bool *isnull)
{
    ListCell   *partexpr_item;
    int         i;

    if (pd->key->partexprs != NIL && pd->keystate == NIL)
    {
        /* Check caller has set up context correctly */
        //检查调用者是否已正确配置内存上下文
        Assert(estate != NULL &&
               GetPerTupleExprContext(estate)->ecxt_scantuple == slot);

        /* First time through, set up expression evaluation state */
        //第一次进入,配置表达式解析器状态
        pd->keystate = ExecPrepareExprList(pd->key->partexprs, estate);
    }

    partexpr_item = list_head(pd->keystate);//获取分区键表达式状态
    for (i = 0; i < pd->key->partnatts; i++)//循环遍历分区键
    {
        AttrNumber  keycol = pd->key->partattrs[i];//分区键属性编号
        Datum       datum;// typedef uintptr_t Datum;sizeof(Datum) == sizeof(void *) == 4 or 8
        bool        isNull;//是否null

        if (keycol != 0)//编号不为0
        {
            /* Plain column; get the value directly from the heap tuple */
            //扁平列,直接从堆元组中提取值
            datum = slot_getattr(slot, keycol, &isNull);
        }
        else
        {
            /* Expression; need to evaluate it */
            //表达式,需要解析
            if (partexpr_item == NULL)//分区键表达式状态为NULL,报错
                elog(ERROR, "wrong number of partition key expressions");
            //获取表达式值
            datum = ExecEvalExprSwitchContext((ExprState *) lfirst(partexpr_item),
                                              GetPerTupleExprContext(estate),
                                              &isNull);
            //切换至下一个
            partexpr_item = lnext(partexpr_item);
        }
        values[i] = datum;//赋值
        isnull[i] = isNull;
    }

    if (partexpr_item != NULL)//参数设置有误?报错
        elog(ERROR, "wrong number of partition key expressions");
}



/*
 * slot_getattr - fetch one attribute of the slot's contents.
 * slot_getattr - 提取slot中的某个属性值
 */
static inline Datum
slot_getattr(TupleTableSlot *slot, int attnum,
             bool *isnull)
{
    AssertArg(attnum > 0);

    if (attnum > slot->tts_nvalid)
        slot_getsomeattrs(slot, attnum);

    *isnull = slot->tts_isnull[attnum - 1];

    return slot->tts_values[attnum - 1];
}


/*
 * This function forces the entries of the slot's Datum/isnull arrays to be
 * valid at least up through the attnum'th entry.
 * 这个函数强制slot的Datum/isnull数组的条目至少在attnum的第一个条目上是有效的。
 */
static inline void
slot_getsomeattrs(TupleTableSlot *slot, int attnum)
{
    if (slot->tts_nvalid < attnum)
        slot_getsomeattrs_int(slot, attnum);
}


/*
 * slot_getsomeattrs_int - workhorse for slot_getsomeattrs()
 * slot_getsomeattrs_int - slot_getsomeattrs()函数的实际实现
 */
void
slot_getsomeattrs_int(TupleTableSlot *slot, int attnum)
{
    /* Check for caller errors */
    //检查调用者输入参数是否有误
    Assert(slot->tts_nvalid < attnum); /* slot_getsomeattr checked */
    Assert(attnum > 0);
    //attnum参数判断
    if (unlikely(attnum > slot->tts_tupleDescriptor->natts))
        elog(ERROR, "invalid attribute number %d", attnum);

    /* Fetch as many attributes as possible from the underlying tuple. */
    //从元组中获取尽可能多的属性。
    slot->tts_ops->getsomeattrs(slot, attnum);

    /*
     * If the underlying tuple doesn't have enough attributes, tuple descriptor
     * must have the missing attributes.
     * 如果底层元组没有足够的属性,那么元组描述符必须具有缺少的属性。
     */
    if (unlikely(slot->tts_nvalid < attnum))
    {
        slot_getmissingattrs(slot, slot->tts_nvalid, attnum);
        slot->tts_nvalid = attnum;
    }
}

三、跟踪分析

测试脚本如下

-- Hash Partition
drop table if exists t_hash_partition;
create table t_hash_partition (c1 int not null,c2  varchar(40),c3 varchar(40)) partition by hash(c1);
create table t_hash_partition_1 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 0);
create table t_hash_partition_2 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 1);
create table t_hash_partition_3 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 2);
create table t_hash_partition_4 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 3);
create table t_hash_partition_5 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 4);
create table t_hash_partition_6 partition of t_hash_partition for values with (modulus 6,remainder 5);

insert into t_hash_partition(c1,c2,c3) VALUES(20,'HASH0','HAHS0');

启动gdb,设置断点

(gdb) b FormPartitionKeyDatum
Breakpoint 5 at 0x6e30d2: file execPartition.c, line 1087.
(gdb) b slot_getattr
Breakpoint 6 at 0x489d9b: file heaptuple.c, line 1510.
(gdb) c
Continuing.

Breakpoint 5, FormPartitionKeyDatum (pd=0x2e1bfa0, slot=0x2e1b8a0, estate=0x2e1aeb8, values=0x7fff4e2407a0, 
    isnull=0x7fff4e240780) at execPartition.c:1087
1087        if (pd->key->partexprs != NIL && pd->keystate == NIL)

循环,根据分区键获取相应的键值

1087        if (pd->key->partexprs != NIL && pd->keystate == NIL)
(gdb) n
1097        partexpr_item = list_head(pd->keystate);
(gdb) 
1098        for (i = 0; i < pd->key->partnatts; i++)
(gdb) 
1100            AttrNumber  keycol = pd->key->partattrs[i];
(gdb) 
1104            if (keycol != 0)
(gdb) 
1107                datum = slot_getattr(slot, keycol, &isNull);

进入函数slot_getattr

(gdb) step

Breakpoint 6, slot_getattr (slot=0x2e1b8a0, attnum=1, isnull=0x7fff4e240735) at heaptuple.c:1510
1510        HeapTuple   tuple = slot->tts_tuple;

获取结果,分区键值为20

...
(gdb) p *isnull
$31 = false
(gdb) p slot->tts_values[attnum - 1]
$32 = 20

返回到FormPartitionKeyDatum函数中

(gdb) n
1593    }
(gdb) 
FormPartitionKeyDatum (pd=0x2e1bfa0, slot=0x2e1b8a0, estate=0x2e1aeb8, values=0x7fff4e2407a0, isnull=0x7fff4e240780)
    at execPartition.c:1119
1119            values[i] = datum;

完成调用

1119            values[i] = datum;
(gdb) n
1120            isnull[i] = isNull;
(gdb) 
1098        for (i = 0; i < pd->key->partnatts; i++)
(gdb) 
1123        if (partexpr_item != NULL)
(gdb) 
1125    }
(gdb) 
ExecFindPartition (resultRelInfo=0x2e1b108, pd=0x2e1c5b8, slot=0x2e1b8a0, estate=0x2e1aeb8) at execPartition.c:282
282         if (partdesc->nparts == 0)

DONE!

四、参考资料

PG 11.1 Source Code.
注: doxygen上的源代码与PG 11.1源代码并不一致,本节基于11.1进行分析.

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