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怎样巧记不规则动词

原创 IT综合 作者:kitesky 时间:2007-01-05 17:58:41 0 删除 编辑

转自:昆明理工大学大学外语部

http://fce.kmust.edu.cn/view.aspx?id=66eaa340-a467-485f-84c5-adaa9e7291f8

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(1)原形、过去式、过去分词相同:

cast/cost/cut/hit/hurt/let/put/broadcast/burst/read/red/set/shut/spread/thrust/upset

(2)原形、过去式相同,过去分词不同:

beat/beat/beaten

(3)原形、过去分词相同,过去式不同:

come/came/come become/became/become

run/ran/run overcome/overcame/overcome

(4)原形不同,过去式,过去分词相同:

feel/felt/felt sleep/slept/slept

leave/left/left smell/smelt/smelt

keep/kept/kept creep/crept/crept

kneel/knelt/knelt sweep/swept/swept

spell/spelt/spelt weep/wept/wept

catch/caught/caught fight/fought/fought

teach/taught/taught think/thought/thought

stand/stood/stood lay/laid/laid

understand/understood/understood pay/paid/paid

bleed/bled/bled say/said/said

feed/fed/fed stick/stuck/stuck

lead/led/led strike/struck/struck

meet/met/met tell/told/told

learn/learnt/learnt sell/sold/sold

learn/learned/learned win/won/won

burn/burnt/burnt wind/wound/wound

burn/burned/burned have(has)/had/had

deal/dealt/dealt hear/heard/heard

mean/meant/meant lean/leant/leant

dream/dreamt/dreamt lean/ leaned/leaned

bend/bent/bent shine/shone/shone

build/built/built shoot/shot/shot

lend/lent/lent show/showed/shown,

spend/spent/spent show/showed//showed

flee/fled/fled sit/sat/sat

speed/sped/sped lose/lost/lost

speed/speeded/speeded dig/dug/dug

spit/spit/spit hold/held/held

spit/spat/spat get/got/got(AmE gotten)

bring/brought/brought find/found/found

light/lit/lit make/made/made

light/lighted/lighted buy/bought/bought

(5)三者均不同:

drive/drove/driven blow/blew/blown

rise/rose/risen fly/flew/flown

wake woke/woken grow/grew/grown

do/did/done know/knew/known

go/went/gone throw/threw/thrown

see/saw/seen prove/proved/proven

eat/ate/eaten break/broke/broken

fall/fell/fallen choose/chose/chosen

give/gave/given freeze/froze/frozen

shake/shook/shaken speak/spoke/spoken

take/took/taken steal/stole/stolen

mistake/mistook/mistaken weave/wove/woven

forbid/forbad/forbidden begin/began/begun

forget/forgot/forgotten drink/drank/drunk

ride/rode/ridden ring/rang/rung

hide/hid/hidden sing/sang/sung

write/wrote/written sink/sank/sunk

wear/wore/worn swim/swam/swum

(6)相同动词因其过去式、过去分词有两形式而产生不同词义:

speed过去式、过去分词有两种:

sped/sped快行 speeded/speeded加速

light过去式,过去分词有两种:

lit/lit点着(表语) lighted/lighted供电,点燃的(定语)

shine过去式、过去分词有两种:

shone/shone/照耀 shined/shined擦亮

hang过去式、过去分词有两种:

hung/hung悬挂 hanged/hanged绞死

(7)drunken,stricken,sunken已转为形容词常作定语

a~ sot酒鬼 in a~manner摇摇晃晃地

(8)lie躺卧lay/lain/lying(现在分词)

lie撒谎 lied/lied/lying

lay放,下蛋laid/laid/laying

(9)come,become,overcome属不规则变化,但welcome属规则动词,其过去式、过去分词为:welcomed,welcomed

(10)fly,blow不是规则变化,但flow(流)是规则变化,过去式、过去分词为flowed,flowed.

(11) find发现 found found

found创建 founded founded

wind绕 wound wound

wound伤害 wounded wounded

see看见 saw seen

saw锯 sawed sawed

bear作“出生”, 过去分词有两种:born,borne,

borne用于have之后及带有by的被动句中;

born用于be born in/on/at中。

作“出生”,以外意义,其形式为bear/bore/borne忍受。

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/66009/viewspace-888524/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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