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SVN

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:xuexiaogang 时间:2015-08-10 10:40:34 0 删除 编辑

先决条件

已经完成Centos6.5操作系统安装和配置,已经完成yum源安装和配置。

6、软件版本

  1. 操作系统版本

    Linux Centos6.5 2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64 (简称 Centos 6.5

  2. 服务器端SVN版本

    subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64

  3. 客户端SVN版本

    TortoiseSVN-1.8.11.26392-x64-svn-1.8.13

7、服务器端安装Subversion软件

  1. yum源配置

cat /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

[base]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Base

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

[updates]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

[extras]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

[centosplus]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

[contrib]

name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib

mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib

gpgcheck=1

enabled=0

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

 

  1. 软件安装

yum install -y subversion

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, security

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

 * base: mirrors.skyshe.cn

 * extras: mirrors.pubyun.com

 * updates: mirrors.skyshe.cn

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package subversion.x86_64 0:1.6.11-12.el6_6 will be installed

--> Processing Dependency: apr >= 1.3.0 for package: subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64

--> Processing Dependency: libneon.so.27()(64bit) for package: subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64

--> Processing Dependency: libaprutil-1.so.0()(64bit) for package: subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64

--> Processing Dependency: libapr-1.so.0()(64bit) for package: subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64

--> Running transaction check

---> Package apr.x86_64 0:1.3.9-5.el6_2 will be installed

---> Package apr-util.x86_64 0:1.3.9-3.el6_0.1 will be installed

---> Package neon.x86_64 0:0.29.3-3.el6_4 will be installed

--> Processing Dependency: libpakchois.so.0()(64bit) for package: neon-0.29.3-3.el6_4.x86_64

--> Running transaction check

---> Package pakchois.x86_64 0:0.4-3.2.el6 will be installed

--> Finished Dependency Resolution

 

Dependencies Resolved

 

==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================

 Package                                                           Arch                                                          Version                                                                Repository                                                      Size

==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================

Installing:

 subversion                                                        x86_64                                                        1.6.11-12.el6_6                                                         updates                                                        2.3 M

Installing for dependencies:

 apr                                                               x86_64                                                        1.3.9-5.el6_2                                                           base                                                           123 k

 apr-util                                                          x86_64                                                        1.3.9-3.el6_0.1                                                         base                                                            87 k

 neon                                                              x86_64                                                        0.29.3-3.el6_4                                                         base                                                           119 k

 pakchois                                                          x86_64                                                        0.4-3.2.el6                                                             base                                                            21 k

 

Transaction Summary

==============================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================================

Install       5 Package(s)

 

Total download size: 2.6 M

Installed size: 12 M

Downloading Packages:

(1/5): apr-1.3.9-5.el6_2.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                                                   | 123 kB     00:01    

(2/5): apr-util-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                                            |  87 kB     00:00    

(3/5): neon-0.29.3-3.el6_4.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                                                 | 119 kB     00:00    

(4/5): pakchois-0.4-3.2.el6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                                                |  21 kB    00:00    

(5/5): subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                                                                                          | 2.3 MB     00:01    

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        240 kB/s | 2.6 MB     00:11    

warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID c105b9de: NOKEY

Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

Importing GPG key 0xC105B9DE:

 Userid : CentOS-6 Key (CentOS 6 Official Signing Key) <centos-6-key@centos.org>

 Package: centos-release-6-5.el6.centos.11.1.x86_64 (@anaconda-CentOS-201311272149.x86_64/6.5)

 From   : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing : apr-1.3.9-5.el6_2.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1/5

  Installing : apr-util-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2/5

  Installing : pakchois-0.4-3.2.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3/5

  Installing : neon-0.29.3-3.el6_4.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                                4/5

  Installing : subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                         5/5

  Verifying  : neon-0.29.3-3.el6_4.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1/5

  Verifying  : subversion-1.6.11-12.el6_6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2/5

  Verifying  : pakchois-0.4-3.2.el6.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3/5

  Verifying  : apr-util-1.3.9-3.el6_0.1.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                           4/5

  Verifying  : apr-1.3.9-5.el6_2.x86_64                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5/5

 

Installed:

  subversion.x86_64 0:1.6.11-12.el6_6                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 

Dependency Installed:

  apr.x86_64 0:1.3.9-5.el6_2                                      apr-util.x86_64 0:1.3.9-3.el6_0.1                                      neon.x86_64 0:0.29.3-3.el6_4                                      pakchois.x86_64 0:0.4-3.2.el6                                    

 

Complete!

8SVN配置修改

  1. 新建资源仓库

mkdir -p /home/svn/repo

svnadmin create /home/svn/repo

 

  1. 修改passwd配置文件

添加用户及密码

vim /home/svn/repo/conf/passwd

### This file is an example password file for svnserve.

### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the

### example below it contains one section labelled [users].

### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

 

[users]

# harry = harryssecret

# sally = sallyssecret

admin = admin123

 

shenhaiming = 12345678

xuguoxuan = 12345678

wangxiaolin = 12345678

fuzhengxi = 12345678

wuhuiling = 12345678

xuexiaogang = 12345678

wangpeng = 12345678

wenchu = 12345678

 

  1. 修改authz配置文件

为用户配置权限

vim /home/svn/repo/conf/authz

### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.

### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization

### files.

### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and

### (optional) repository specified by the section name.

### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to:

###  - a single user,

###  - a group of users defined in a special [groups] section,

###  - an alias defined in a special [aliases] section,

###  - all authenticated users, using the '$authenticated' token,

###  - only anonymous users, using the '$anonymous' token,

###  - anyone, using the '*' wildcard.

###

### A match can be inverted by prefixing the rule with '~'. Rules can

### grant read ('r') access, read-write ('rw') access, or no access

### ('').

 

[aliases]

# joe = /C=XZ/ST=Dessert/L=Snake City/O=Snake Oil, Ltd./OU=Research Institute/CN=Joe Average

 

[groups]

# harry_and_sally = harry,sally

# harry_sally_and_joe = harry,sally,&joe

 

# [/foo/bar]

# harry = rw

# &joe = r

# * =

 

# [repository:/baz/fuz]

# @harry_and_sally = rw

# * = r

ywteam = shenhaiming,xuguoxuan,wangxiaolin,fuzhengxi,wuhuiling,xuexiaogang,wangpeng,wenchu

 

[/]

admin = rw

 

[repo:/运维组]

@ywteam = rw

~

 

  1. 修改svnserve.conf配置文件

vim /home/svn/repo/conf/svnserve.conf

### This file controls the configuration of the svnserve daemon, if you

### use it to allow access to this repository.  (If you only allow

### access through http: and/or file: URLs, then this file is

### irrelevant.)

 

### Visit http://subversion.tigris.org/ for more information.

 

[general]

### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated

### and authenticated users.  Valid values are "write", "read",

### and "none".  The sample settings below are the defaults.

anon-access = none

auth-access = write

### The password-db option controls the location of the password

### database file.  Unless you specify a path starting with a /,

### the file's location is relative to the directory containing

### this configuration file.

### If SASL is enabled (see below), this file will NOT be used.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.

password-db = passwd

### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization

### rules for path-based access control.  Unless you specify a path

### starting with a /, the file's location is relative to the the

### directory containing this file.  If you don't specify an

### authz-db, no path-based access control is done.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.

authz-db = authz

### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.

### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should

### have the same password database, and vice versa.  The default realm

### is repository's uuid.

realm = /home/svn/repo/

 

[sasl]

### This option specifies whether you want to use the Cyrus SASL

### library for authentication. Default is false.

### This section will be ignored if svnserve is not built with Cyrus

### SASL support; to check, run 'svnserve --version' and look for a line

### reading 'Cyrus SASL authentication is available.'

# use-sasl = true

### These options specify the desired strength of the security layer

### that you want SASL to provide. 0 means no encryption, 1 means

### integrity-checking only, values larger than 1 are correlated

### to the effective key length for encryption (e.g. 128 means 128-bit

### encryption). The values below are the defaults.

# min-encryption = 0

# max-encryption = 256

~

9、启用和关闭SVN服务

  1. 启用SVN服务

    svnserve -d -r /home/svn/

     

  2. 确认SVN服务端口

    netstat -nalp | grep 3690

    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:3690                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      24427/svnserve

     

  3. 关闭SVN服务

    ps -ef | grep svn

    root      24427      1  0 12:39 ?        00:00:00 svnserve -d -r /home/svn/

    root      24769   1905  0 14:33 pts/1    00:00:00 grep svn

     

    kill -9 24427

     

  4. SVN数据库迁移

    称之为SVN全库操作,或称SVN全局备份并恢复,版本库数据的移植:svnadmin dumpsvnadmin load

    导出:

    $svnadmin dump repos > dumpfile //将指定的版本库导出成文件dumpfile

    新建:

    $svnadmin create newrepos

    导入:

    $svnadmin load newrepos < dumpfile

9SVN客户端安装和使用

详见SVN客户端使用手册

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工学学士,工程硕士 。从业10余年,设计、实施和运维高并发的数据架构,单机处理超过100亿量级的数据库。目前从事负责高可用、业务连续性和高并发数据架构设计和运维管理。任公司高级系统架构师。Oracle 还MySQL的OCP OCP讲师, ITPUB论坛内存数据库版主;

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