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RMAN恢复案例:无恢复目录,丢失全部数据文件、控制文件、日志文件恢复

原创 Oracle 作者:blue_prince 时间:2005-01-06 15:45:07 0 删除 编辑

                RMAN恢复案例:无恢复目录,丢失全部数据文件、控制文件、日志文件恢复

1、模拟介质损坏:
SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> host ls /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE
archive        control02.ctl  indx01.dbf  redo02.log    undotbs01.dbf
control01.ctl  control03.ctl  redo01.log  system01.dbf  users01.dbf

[@more@]

SQL> host rm /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/*.log

SQL> host rm /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/*.dbf

SQL>  host rm /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/*ctl

SQL>  host ls /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE
archive
2、启动报错:
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area   64033912 bytes
Fixed Size                   451704 bytes
Variable Size              37748736 bytes
Database Buffers           25165824 bytes
Redo Buffers                 667648 bytes
ORA-00205: error in identifying controlfile, check alert log for more info

3、进行控制文件还原:
[oracle@Linux1 rman_backup]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

Copyright (c) 1995, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: XUE (not mounted)

RMAN>  set DBID=285819149

RMAN>  restore controlfile from '/opt/rman_backup/control.bak';

Starting restore at 05-JAN-05

using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: copied controlfile copy
replicating controlfile
input filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/control01.ctl
output filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/control02.ctl
output filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/control03.ctl
Finished restore at 05-JAN-05
4、装载数据库:

RMAN> alter database mount;

database mounted

RMAN> list backup;


List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
1       Full    200M       DISK        00:01:21     24-DEC-04     
        BP Key: 1   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20041224T094925
        Piece Name: /u01/oracle/oradata/rman_backup/db.dbf
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 24-DEC-04
  List of Datafiles in backup set 1
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  1       Full 251176     24-DEC-04 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/system01.dbf
  2       Full 251176     24-DEC-04 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/undotbs01.dbf
  3       Full 251176     24-DEC-04 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/indx01.dbf
  4       Full 251176     24-DEC-04 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/users01.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
2       Full    72K        DISK        00:00:03     31-DEC-04     
        BP Key: 2   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20041231T114559
        Piece Name: /u01/oracle/product/9.2.0/dbs/df_546349559_3_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 2
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  4       Full 388777     26-DEC-04 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/users01.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
3       Full    1M         DISK        00:00:01     31-DEC-04     
        BP Key: 3   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag:
        Piece Name: /u01/oracle/product/9.2.0/dbs/c-285819149-20041231-00
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 24-DEC-04

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
4       Full    176K       DISK        00:00:12     04-JAN-05     
        BP Key: 4   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20050104T152505
        Piece Name: /u01/oracle/product/9.2.0/dbs/df_546708305_5_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 4
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  3       Full 419690     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/indx01.dbf
  4       Full 419690     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/users01.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
5       Full    74M        DISK        00:00:19     04-JAN-05     
        BP Key: 5   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20050104T152505
        Piece Name: /u01/oracle/product/9.2.0/dbs/df_546708305_6_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 5
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  2       Full 419689     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/undotbs01.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
6       Full    74M        DISK        00:00:13     04-JAN-05     
        BP Key: 6   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20050104T153556
        Piece Name: /opt/rman_backup/df_546708956_8_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 6
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  2       Full 420191     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/undotbs01.dbf
  3       Full 420191     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/indx01.dbf
  4       Full 420191     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/users01.dbf

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
7       Full    128M       DISK        00:00:21     04-JAN-05     
        BP Key: 7   Status: AVAILABLE   Tag: TAG20050104T153556
        Piece Name: /opt/rman_backup/df_546708971_9_1
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 24-DEC-04
  List of Datafiles in backup set 7
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  1       Full 420214     04-JAN-05 /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/system01.dbf

5、进行数据库还原及恢复:
RMAN> restore database;

Starting restore at 05-JAN-05

using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backupset restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
restoring datafile 00002 to /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/undotbs01.dbf
restoring datafile 00003 to /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/indx01.dbf
restoring datafile 00004 to /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/opt/rman_backup/df_546708956_8_1 tag=TAG20050104T153556 params=NULL
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backupset restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
restoring datafile 00001 to /u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/system01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/opt/rman_backup/df_546708971_9_1 tag=TAG20050104T153556 params=NULL
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete
Finished restore at 05-JAN-05

RMAN> recover database;

Starting recover at 05-JAN-05
using channel ORA_DISK_1

starting media recovery

archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/66.arc thread=1 sequence=66
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/67.arc thread=1 sequence=67
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/68.arc thread=1 sequence=68
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/69.arc thread=1 sequence=69
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/70.arc thread=1 sequence=70
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/71.arc thread=1 sequence=71
archive log filename=/u01/oracle/oradata/XUE/archive/72.arc thread=1 sequence=72
unable to find archive log
archive log thread=1 sequence=73
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of recover command at 01/05/2005 17:18:33
RMAN-06054: media recovery requesting unknown log: thread 1 scn 492279
6、重置日志方式打开数据库,恢复成功:

RMAN> alter database open resetlogs;

database opened

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