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【实验】利用系统自带脚本utlsampl.sql创建scott用户及样本数据

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:secooler 时间:2009-03-04 13:38:09 0 删除 编辑
很多的演示程序都是以scott用户及其用户下的表做例子的,于是,快速的创建这个用户和初始化表中的数据是必须的。在Oracle 10g环境中这个过程很简便,只需要以sys用户执行一下$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql脚本就OK了。

下面我来演示一下这个过程。以便你我参考。

1.
确认一下数据库的版本,同时查看一下系统中是否已经存在scott用户
sys@ora10g> select * from v$version;

BANNER
----------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - 64bi
PL/SQL Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
CORE    10.2.0.3.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 10.2.0.3.0 - Production

sys@ora10g> select USERNAME,ACCOUNT_STATUS,DEFAULT_TABLESPACE,TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE,CREATED from dba_users where USERNAME = 'SCOTT';

no rows selected

2.创建 脚本路径$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql
sys@ora10g> @?/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql

Table created.


Table created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


Table created.


Table created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


1 row created.


Commit complete.

Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
ora10g@linux5 /home/oracle$

3.验证用户是否创建成功
sys@ora10g> select USERNAME,ACCOUNT_STATUS,DEFAULT_TABLESPACE,TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE,CREATED from dba_users where USERNAME = 'SCOTT';

USERNAME ACCOUNT_STATUS DEFAULT_TABLESPACE TEMPORARY_TABLESPACE CREATED
-------- -------------- ------------------ -------------------- ---------
SCOTT    OPEN           USERS              TEMP                 05-MAR-09

sys@ora10g> conn scott/tiger
Connected.
scott@ora10g>
scott@ora10g> select * from cat;

TABLE_NAME                     TABLE_TYPE
------------------------------ -----------
DEPT                           TABLE
EMP                            TABLE
BONUS                          TABLE
SALGRADE                       TABLE

4.【附录】
utlsampl.sql脚本内容
$ cat $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlsampl.sql
Rem Copyright (c) 1990, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2001 by Oracle Corporation
Rem NAME
REM    UTLSAMPL.SQL
Rem  FUNCTION
Rem  NOTES
Rem  MODIFIED
Rem     menash     02/21/01 -  remove unnecessary users for security reasons
Rem     gwood      03/23/99 -  make all dates Y2K compliant
Rem     jbellemo   02/27/97 -  dont connect as system
Rem     akolk      08/06/96 -  bug 368261: Adding date formats
Rem     glumpkin   10/21/92 -  Renamed from SQLBLD.SQL
Rem     blinden   07/27/92 -  Added primary and foreign keys to EMP and DEPT
Rem     rlim       04/29/91 -         change char to varchar2
Rem     mmoore     04/08/91 -         use unlimited tablespace priv
Rem     pritto     04/04/91 -         change SYSDATE to 13-JUL-87
Rem   Mendels    12/07/90 - bug 30123;add to_date calls so language independent
Rem
rem
rem $Header: utlsampl.sql 21-feb-01.18:15:30 menash Exp $ sqlbld.sql
rem
SET TERMOUT OFF
SET ECHO OFF

rem CONGDON    Invoked in RDBMS at build time.   29-DEC-1988
rem OATES:     Created: 16-Feb-83

DROP USER SCOTT CASCADE;
DROP USER ADAMS CASCADE;
DROP USER JONES CASCADE;
DROP USER CLARK CASCADE;
DROP USER BLAKE CASCADE;
GRANT CONNECT,RESOURCE,UNLIMITED TABLESPACE TO SCOTT IDENTIFIED BY TIGER;
DROP PUBLIC SYNONYM PARTS;

CONNECT SCOTT/TIGER
CREATE TABLE DEPT
       (DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT PK_DEPT PRIMARY KEY,
        DNAME VARCHAR2(14) ,
        LOC VARCHAR2(13) ) ;
CREATE TABLE EMP
       (EMPNO NUMBER(4) CONSTRAINT PK_EMP PRIMARY KEY,
        ENAME VARCHAR2(10),
        JOB VARCHAR2(9),
        MGR NUMBER(4),
        HIREDATE DATE,
        SAL NUMBER(7,2),
        COMM NUMBER(7,2),
        DEPTNO NUMBER(2) CONSTRAINT FK_DEPTNO REFERENCES DEPT);
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
        (10,'ACCOUNTING','NEW YORK');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES (20,'RESEARCH','DALLAS');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
        (30,'SALES','CHICAGO');
INSERT INTO DEPT VALUES
        (40,'OPERATIONS','BOSTON');
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7369,'SMITH','CLERK',7902,to_date('17-12-1980','dd-mm-yyyy'),800,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7499,'ALLEN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('20-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1600,300,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7521,'WARD','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('22-2-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,500,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7566,'JONES','MANAGER',7839,to_date('2-4-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2975,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7654,'MARTIN','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('28-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1250,1400,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7698,'BLAKE','MANAGER',7839,to_date('1-5-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2850,NULL,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7782,'CLARK','MANAGER',7839,to_date('9-6-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),2450,NULL,10);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7788,'SCOTT','ANALYST',7566,to_date('13-JUL-87','dd-mm-rr')-85,3000,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7839,'KING','PRESIDENT',NULL,to_date('17-11-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),5000,NULL,10);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7844,'TURNER','SALESMAN',7698,to_date('8-9-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),1500,0,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7876,'ADAMS','CLERK',7788,to_date('13-JUL-87', 'dd-mm-rr')-51,1100,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7900,'JAMES','CLERK',7698,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),950,NULL,30);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7902,'FORD','ANALYST',7566,to_date('3-12-1981','dd-mm-yyyy'),3000,NULL,20);
INSERT INTO EMP VALUES
(7934,'MILLER','CLERK',7782,to_date('23-1-1982','dd-mm-yyyy'),1300,NULL,10);
CREATE TABLE BONUS
        (
        ENAME VARCHAR2(10)      ,
        JOB VARCHAR2(9)  ,
        SAL NUMBER,
        COMM NUMBER
        ) ;
CREATE TABLE SALGRADE
      ( GRADE NUMBER,
        LOSAL NUMBER,
        HISAL NUMBER );
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (1,700,1200);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (2,1201,1400);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (3,1401,2000);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (4,2001,3000);
INSERT INTO SALGRADE VALUES (5,3001,9999);
COMMIT;
EXIT

-- The End --

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