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为oracle 10.1.0.3 打 Critical Patch Update for April 2005

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:orchidllh 时间:2005-04-14 00:00:00 0 删除 编辑

昨天收到metalink的邮件:
The Critical Patch Update for April 2005 is now available. Oracle strongly recommends applying the patches as soon as possible.

首先给我的一个还没有上线的10.1.0.3数据库打上patch:


上传opatch工具:p2617419_10102_GENERIC.zip
解压在oracle目录下面:
[oracle@bj34 oracle]$ unzip p2617419_10102_GENERIC.zip
Archive:  p2617419_10102_GENERIC.zip
   creating: OPatch/
   creating: OPatch/docs/
  inflating: OPatch/docs/FAQ        
  inflating: OPatch/docs/Users_Guide.txt 
  inflating: OPatch/docs/bt1.txt    
  inflating: OPatch/docs/bt2.txt    
   creating: OPatch/jlib/
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/opatch.jar 
   creating: OPatch/perl_modules/
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/Apply.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/AttachHome.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/Command.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/LsInventory.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/Query.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/RollBack.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/Version.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/XML.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/perl_modules/opatchIO.pm 
  inflating: OPatch/opatch          
  inflating: OPatch/opatch.pl       
  inflating: OPatch/opatch.bat      
  inflating: OPatch/emdpatch.pl     
  inflating: OPatch/README.txt      
   
将这个路径加到oracle的path中:
:/home/oracle/OPatch

执行opatch lsinventory检查工具能否正常执行。
[oracle@bj34 4193286]$ opatch lsinventory

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 1.0.0.0.52
Copyright (c) 2005 Oracle Corporation. All Rights Reserved..

We recommend you refer to the OPatch documentation under
OPatch/docs for usage reference. We also recommend using
the latest OPatch version. For the latest OPatch version
and other support related issues, please refer to document
293369.1 which is viewable from metalink.oracle.com

Oracle Home = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1
Location of Oracle Universal Installer components = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui
Location of OraInstaller.jar  = "/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/jlib"
Oracle Universal Installer shared library = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/lib/linux/liboraInstaller.so
Location of Oracle Inventory Pointer = /etc/oraInst.loc
Location of Oracle Inventory = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/inventory
Path to Java = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/jre/1.4.2/bin/java
Log file = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/.patch_storage//*.log

Result:


There is no Interim Patch


OPatch succeeded.

将oracle patch上传到oracle目录下面:p4193286_10103_LINUX.zip
解压在oracle目录下面:
[oracle@**** oracle]$ unzip p4193286_10103_LINUX.zip
Archive:  p4193286_10103_LINUX.zip
  inflating: 4193286/amdcpu.sql     
  inflating: 4193286/catcpu.sql     
  inflating: 4193286/catcpu_rollback.sql 
   creating: 4193286/etc/
   creating: 4193286/etc/config/
  inflating: 4193286/etc/config/actions 
  inflating: 4193286/etc/config/inventory 
   creating: 4193286/etc/xml/
  inflating: 4193286/etc/xml/GenericActions.xml 
  inflating: 4193286/etc/xml/ShiphomeDirectoryStructure.xml 
  inflating: 4193286/exfcpu.sql     
   creating: 4193286/files/
   creating: 4193286/files/dm/
   creating: 4193286/files/dm/admin/
   .......
  
shutdown 数据库、stop监听

打patch:
[oracle@**** oracle]$ cd 4193286
[oracle@**** 4193286]$ opatch apply
PERL5LIB=/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/perl/lib/5.6.1:/home/oracle/OPatch/perl_modules; export PERL5LIB
/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/perl/bin/perl /home/oracle/OPatch/opatch.pl apply
Oracle Home = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1
Location of Oracle Inventory = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/inventory
Oracle Universal Installer shared library = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/lib/linux/liboraInstaller.so
Path to Java = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/jre/1.4.2/bin/java
Location of Oracle Inventory Pointer = /etc/oraInst.loc
Location of Oracle Universal Installer components = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui
Required Jar File under Oracle Universal Installer = jlib/OraInstaller.jar


OPatch Version 1.0.0.0.50
Perl Version 5.006001

/home/oracle/OPatch/opatch.pl version: 1.0.0.0.50
Copyright (c) 2001-2004 Oracle Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

Some commands below are not in your path:
  Command= fuser
  Path= /usr/kerberos/bin:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/X11R6/bin:/home/oracle/bin:/home/oracle/bin:/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/bin:/home/oracle/OPatch

ERROR: OPatch failed because of Path problem.

提示fuser命令没有找到,该命令在/sbin目录下面,将该目录加到用户的path中,再执行
[oracle@bj34 4193286]$ opatch apply

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 1.0.0.0.52
Copyright (c) 2005 Oracle Corporation. All Rights Reserved..

We recommend you refer to the OPatch documentation under
OPatch/docs for usage reference. We also recommend using
the latest OPatch version. For the latest OPatch version
and other support related issues, please refer to document
293369.1 which is viewable from metalink.oracle.com

Oracle Home = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1
Location of Oracle Universal Installer components = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui
Location of OraInstaller.jar  = "/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/jlib"
Oracle Universal Installer shared library = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/lib/linux/liboraInstaller.so
Location of Oracle Inventory Pointer = /etc/oraInst.loc
Location of Oracle Inventory = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/inventory
Path to Java = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/jre/1.4.2/bin/java
Log file = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/.patch_storage//*.log

Backing up comps.xml ...

OPatch detected non-cluster Oracle Home from the inventory and will patch the local system only.


Please shut down Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME
(Oracle Home = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1)
Is this system ready for updating?
Please respond Y|N >
y
Patching...

Updating inventory...
Backing up comps.xml ...


OPatch succeeded.

执行opatch lsinventory察看patch是否正确安装:
[oracle@bj34 4193286]$ opatch lsinventory

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 1.0.0.0.52
Copyright (c) 2005 Oracle Corporation. All Rights Reserved..

We recommend you refer to the OPatch documentation under
OPatch/docs for usage reference. We also recommend using
the latest OPatch version. For the latest OPatch version
and other support related issues, please refer to document
293369.1 which is viewable from metalink.oracle.com

Oracle Home = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1
Location of Oracle Universal Installer components = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui
Location of OraInstaller.jar  = "/home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/jlib"
Oracle Universal Installer shared library = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/oui/lib/linux/liboraInstaller.so
Location of Oracle Inventory Pointer = /etc/oraInst.loc
Location of Oracle Inventory = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/inventory
Path to Java = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/jre/1.4.2/bin/java
Log file = /home/oracle/product/10.1.0/db_1/.patch_storage//*.log

Result:


  Installed Patch List:
  =====================
  1) Patch 4193286 applied on Mon Apr 25 11:42:00 CST 2005
      [ Base Bug(s): 4003062 4125530 3906246 3965635 3528288 3756949 4048145 4006984 3925449 3909356 3878841 4199450 3878754 4167241 3889519 3878756 3483420 3878793 4193286 3897017 4105639 3925450 4125581 4125549 3878810 4167230 3878817 3458489 4167233 3878835 4118781 3878749 3878839 3878766 4008180 4167237 4057733 3878783 4008181 4008182 4167239 4125511 3111225  ]


OPatch succeeded.

启动数据库,执行catcpu.sql,log里面发现一些错误。
SQL> spool logfile
SQL> @catcpu.sql

[lisa@**** 4193286]$ grep -n 'ORA-' logfile.lst
452:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
461:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
533:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
545:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
563:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
609:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
618:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
659:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
668:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
678:ORA-04043: object MDPRVT_IDX does not exist
853:ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object

安装文档提到这些错误可以忽略:
9. The following ignorable errors may be encountered during execution of catcup.sql and catcpu_rollback.sql

ORA-00942: table or view does not exist
ORA-04043: object does not exist
ORA-01917: user or role 'XDB' does not exist
ORA-01435: user does not exist
ORA-00955: name is already used by an existing object
ORA-04043: Object Missing.
ORA-01430: column being added already exists in table

重启数据库,察看警告日志,没有发现异常,启动监听,至此patch打完了。
如果准备充分的话,当掉数据库到重新启动大约也就20分钟,还是比较顺利的。

备注:20050425
今天察看安装文档,发现要求的opatch版本比我使用的要新,还是特别标注的,不知道有什么不同,重新下载了新的opatch,卸掉原来的patch,重新打patch,并没有什么特别的地方。
但是在运行了一段时间以后,发现我的admin/*/bdump下面有个文件centdb_mmon_9603.trc一直在写,基本上每分钟都写:
内容大致如下:
*** 2005-04-25 15:00:56.580
Unable to schedule a MMON slave at: Auto Flush Main 1
  Attempt to create slave process failed.
  Can happen for several reasons:
    - No process state objects
    - Reached OS set limits
    - A shutdown was going on
  Check alert log for more details.

查询了alert.log和udump下面,并没有什么特别的东西,查询了metalink,也没有人提到,最后我重新启动了数据库就好了。可能是打完了patch还是需要重启数据库的吧。

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