Minimum configuration to post a journal in FI
Minimum configuration to see expenses by cost center / post through to the CO Module
Minimum configuration to post to sub ledgers (AR, AP)
Minimum configuration to post from logistics modules to FI/CO (similar concept for other modules)
FI the Financials module can be thought as the 'core' of any integrated SAP System because everything that has a monetary impact in the other modules (where the 'real' business operates) flows through to FI - usually in real time and automatically through the configuration. Usually there is pressure to get going with the prototyping asap. When the other modules start prototyping their transactions, the SAP system is going to want to post the financial impact to FI. Thus the sooner that you (the FI/CO configurer) can get some core FI/CO configuration going the better for all.
Remember all SAP configuration is essentially maintaining entries in a variety of linked tables. Usually you need to maintain each little link or entry step by step. Some new SAP configurers expect the transactions to be as 'complete' as a user transaction - configuration is different. In R/2 days we had to just know what tables to maintain - count yourself lucky that you have the IMG now!
Following are some guidelines (in increasing levels of functionality) to the FI minimum configuration or master data setup for a new company code. Follow the logical path in the IMG
1. Minimum configuration to post a journal in FI:
(The assumption is that you do not want to copy either the standard SAP company or an existing company code because it will copy across too much that is not similar or not required and therefore too much cleanup will be required).
Item to be decided
Code of company code (4 Digit Alphanumeric)
You could setup new one later, copying the configuration
Code of Chart of Accounts
Not very visible, but the maintainers of the chart may want to decide this name
Length of the GL A/c number and the account number range guidelines, possibly also the numbers of some key accounts required for automatic postings (see below)
SAP allows 10 digits, however 5-7 appears to be the normal range. Typically the number of accounts should be in the low hundreds. Decide on the ranges of numbers for each type of account as much as you can so that the team can start getting used to them. EG: standard SAP usually has 4xxxxx as expense accounts, 11xxxx as Bank Related accounts etc.
Define the company code
Define the name for a chart of accounts
Maintain the global parameters
IMG - Use standard SAP variants for the parameters to start with & update later
Define the default amount tolerances
IMG - Define for a blank group - so any new test user can post during prototyping
Define document number ranges
IMG - Copy from the standard ranges
Create some of the minimum accounts needed to start off with.
GL Master data:
Suggest you create with reference from the standard chart and company code and use those specifications (account groups, fields status groups etc) for now, so that these accounts will be reasonably appropriately setup.
Now you should at least be able to post a GL journal. To test I suggest you use balance sheet accounts only, since you will not have setup the cost elements for the expense accounts. All projects would at least be using the Cost center and Cost Element functionality of CO as a minimum. So - on to the next step.
Item to be decided
Structure of standard cost center hierarchy
The structure should follow the organizations intended responsibility reporting hierarchy (the budgetary responsibility). Allow the appropriate number of levels.
Hierarchy node name coding
The coding of the nodes is quite important because they can be used to report on the levels in the standard reports, and so will be very visible to the users
Useful to begin following the intended standards ASAP so that test data looks as real as possible.
Define the controlling area
IMG, not very visible to users, if you are only going to have one, you could default it later
Assign the company code to the controlling area
Create the beginnings of the standard cost center hierarchy
Create a representative set of cost centers, assigning them to the appropriate node in the cost center hierarchy
Create all the expense accounts as primary cost elements
Either in the IMG - for all GL accounts in a specific range, or individually in the CO - Cost Center Master data
Now you should be able to post a GL document (journal) to an expense account and code it to the cost center. The posting should then be viewable via
Item to be decided
GL Account Number of Control accounts
see account number range comments above
Create the AP and AR Control accounts in the GL
see account creation comments above
Create a couple of customer and vendor accounts
If using SD and MM too, inform the SD and MM analysts so that they can complete the account creation on the SD/MM side for the customer and vendor respectively.
Now you should be able to post a FI-AR customer invoice and an FI-AP vendor invoice.
Item to be decided
SD and MM organization structure and relationship to the FI/CO elements
Not a trivial decision, and may require rework, so at this stage, decide on a simple best guess with the SD/MM team to get you going
Assign the SD and MM organization to the FI/CO elements
IMG; to get prototyping going you need at least 1 set of working relationships that the whole team can work with (EG: 1 Sales Area, 1 Purchasing Organization, 1 Plant etc)
Maintain the basic automatic account determination for each module
IMG; For example : Revenue Account Determination for SD. As the modules test or prototype expanded functionality, the SAP will look for the accounts to which it should post. You could maintain on an as needed basis. The SAP documentation and configuration does not always explain clearly which piece of account determination is used for which type of functionality, so it is sometimes difficult to be pro-active. being reactive has the benefit that hopefully each side (e.g.: MM and FI) can develop an understanding of what the business transaction is and therefore where it should be posting. Otherwise the MM person may not even be aware that he has generated a certain type of posting ! (You'd be amazed at some of the lack of ownership from a logistics consultant for the financial postings that they generate).
Now the other modules will be able to process a thin 'path' using agreed organization elements and base functionality, all the way through to FI.
Congratulations - you now have enough absolutely mandatory FI configured for the start of prototyping !
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