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Solaris8安装笔记

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:yangtingkun 时间:2007-02-14 00:00:00 0 删除 编辑

最近成天和操作系统打交道。今天在一台机器上安装了一下Solaris8,发现整个安装过程还是很容易的。

第一次安装Solaris系统,简单记录一下安装步骤。


首先,从使用STOP + A启动到OK状态,然后boot cdrom,准备安装:

{0} ok boot cdrom
Resetting ...

系统从光盘启动,检测硬件后,进入交互安装过程,首先是语言选择:

Select a Language

0. English
1. French
2. German
3. Italian
4. Japanese
5. Korean
6. Simplified Chinese
7. Spanish
8. Swedish
9. Traditional Chinese

Please make a choice (0 - 9), or press h or ? for help: 0

Select a Locale

0. English (C - 7-bit ASCII)
1. Albania (ISO8859-2)
2. Australia (ISO8859-1)
3. Belgium-Flemish (ISO8859-1)
4. Belgium-Flemish (ISO8859-15 - Euro)
5. Bosnia (ISO8859-2)
6. Brazil (ISO8859-1)
7. Bulgaria (ISO8859-5)
8. Canada-English (ISO8859-1)
9. Catalan,Spain (ISO8859-1)
10. Catalan,Spain (ISO8859-15 - Euro)
11. Croatia (ISO8859-2)
12. Czech Republic (ISO8859-2)
13. Denmark (ISO8859-1)
14. Denmark (ISO8859-15 - Euro)
15. Egypt (ISO8859-8)
16. Estonia (ISO8859-15)
17. Finland (ISO8859-1)
18. Finland (ISO8859-15 - Euro)

Press Return to show more choices.
Please make a choice (0 - 51), or press h or ? for help: 0

这些选择了英文,ASCII7编码。

What type of terminal are you using?
1) ANSI Standard CRT
2) DEC VT52
3) DEC VT100
4) Heathkit 19
5) Lear Siegler ADM31
6) PC Console
7) Sun Command Tool
8) Sun Workstation
9) Televideo 910
10) Televideo 925
11) Wyse Model 50
12) X Terminal Emulator (xterms)
13) Other
Type the number of your choice and press Return: 3

然后是选择终端方式,由于使用了串口,这里选择VT100。然后系统进入安装阶段:

首先是网络选择,根据系统提示的信息进行选择,并在主机名称、IP地址和子网掩码等地方填入相应的值,当网络部分配置完成,会出现一个确认信息,如果确认无误,按F2继续,如果需要修改部分内容按F4进行修改。

Confirm Information

> Confirm the following information. If it is correct, press F2;
to change any information, press F4.


Networked: Yes
Use DHCP: No
Primary network interface: ce0
Host name: racnode2
IP address: 172.25.13.144
System part of a subnet: Yes
Netmask: 255.255.0.0
Enable IPv6: No

下面是安全策略的选择,这里选择采用UNIX系统本身的安全策略:

Confirm Information

> Confirm the following information. If it is correct, press F2;
to change any information, press F4.


Configure Kerberos Security: No

接着是网络服务的配置,这里没有进行配置:

Confirm Information

> Confirm the following information. If it is correct, press F2;
to change any information, press F4.


Name service: None

然后是设置时区和时间:

Confirm Information

> Confirm the following information. If it is correct, press F2;
to change any information, press F4.


Time zone: PRC
Date and time: 2007-02-12 17:05:00

系统开始进行安装:

System identification is completed.
Starting Solaris installation program...
Executing JumpStart preinstall phase...
Searching for SolStart directory...
Checking rules.ok file...
Using begin script: install_begin
Using finish script: patch_finish
Executing SolStart preinstall phase...
Executing begin script "install_begin"...
Begin script install_begin execution completed.

提示软件安装类型,F2选择升级安装,F4选择初始安装:

Solaris Interactive Installation

This system is upgradable, so there are two ways to install the Solaris
software.

The Upgrade option updates the Solaris software to the new release, saving
as many modifications to the previous version of Solaris software as
possible. Back up the system before using the Upgrade option.

The Initial option overwrites the system disks with the new version of
Solaris software. This option allows you to preserve any existing file
systems. Back up any modifications made to the previous version of Solaris
software before starting the Initial option.

After you select an option and complete the tasks that follow, a summary of
your actions will be displayed. If you want to install the system with a
Flash archive, select Initial.

然后是软件安装方法,这里选择标准安装:

Solaris Interactive Installation

You'll be using the initial option for installing Solaris software on the
system. The initial option overwrites the system disks when the new Solaris
software is installed.

On the following screens, you can accept the defaults or you can customize
how Solaris software will be installed by:

- Selecting the type of Solaris software to install
- Selecting disks to hold software you've selected
- Specifying how file systems are laid out on the disks

After completing these tasks, a summary of your selections (called a
profile) will be displayed.

There are two ways to install your Solaris software:

- "Standard" installs your system from a standard Solaris Distribution.
- "Flash" installs your system from one or more Flash Archives.

然后选择语言支持:

Select Geographic Regions

Select the geographic regions for which support should be installed.

> [ ] Australasia
> [ ] Northern Europe
> [ ] Western Europe
> [ ] Central Europe
> [ ] North America
V [/] Asia
[ ] Japanese EUC (ja)
[ ] Japanese PC Kanji (ja_JP.PCK)
[ ] Japanese UTF-8 (ja_JP.UTF-8)
[ ] Korean EUC
[ ] Korean UTF-8
[ ] Simplified Chinese EUC
[X] Simplified Chinese GB18030/GBK
[ ] Simplified Chinese UTF-8
[ ] Thai
[ ] Traditional Chinese BIG5

下面是安装软件的选择:

Select Software

Select the Solaris software to install on the system.

NOTE: After selecting a software group, you can add or remove software by
customizing it. However, this requires understanding of software
dependencies and how Solaris software is packaged. The software groups
displaying 64-bit contain 64-bit support.

[X] Entire Distribution plus OEM support 64-bit 1523.00 MB (F4 to Custom
ize [ ] Entire Distribution 64-bit ................. 1489.00 MB
[ ] Developer System Support 64-bit ............ 1439.00 MB
[ ] End User System Support 64-bit ............. 1014.

下面一个关键步骤是磁盘空间分配,根据Oracle的提示完成磁盘划分后,Solaris会给出一个汇总信息,确定按F2,修改按F4

Profile

The information shown below is your profile for installing Solaris software.
It reflects the choices you've made on previous screens.

============================================================================

Installation Option: Initial
Boot Device: c1t0d0
Client Services: None

Locales: Simplified Chinese GB18030/GBK

Software: Solaris 8, Entire Distribution plus OEM sup

File System and Disk Layout: / c1t0d0s0 15271 MB
/var c1t0d0s1 1024 MB
swap c1t0d0s3 8193 MB
/export/home c1t0d0s7 10241 MB

最后选择启动方式,交互部分告一段落:

Reboot After Installation?

After Solaris software is installed, the system must be rebooted. You can
choose to have the system automatically reboot, or you can choose to
manually reboot the system if you want to run scripts or do other
customizations before the reboot. You can manually reboot a system by using
the reboot(1M) command.


[X] Auto Reboot
[ ] Manual Reboot

F2开始进行安装过程:

Preparing system for Solaris install

Configuring disk (c1t0d0)
- Creating Solaris disk label (VTOC)

Creating and checking UFS file systems
- Creating / (c1t0d0s0)
- Creating /var (c1t0d0s1)
- Creating /export/home (c1t0d0s7)

Beginning Solaris software installation

安装过程中会提示输入root密码:

You will be prompted to type the root password twice; for security, the password
will not be displayed on the screen as you type it.

> If you do not want a root password, press RETURN twice.

Root password:


Re-enter your root password.


Press Return to continue.

安装完第一张盘,会提示换盘,根据提示信息进行换盘,然后继续安装:

Please specify the media from which you will install Solaris 8 Software 2 of 2
(2/02 SPARC Platform Edition).

Alternatively, choose the selection for "Skip" to skip this disc and go on to
the next one.

Media:

1. CD/DVD
2. Network File System
3. Skip

Media [1]: 1

Please insert the CD/DVD for Solaris 8 Software 2 of 2 (2/02 SPARC Platform
Edition).

After you insert the disc, please press Enter.

重启后,安装完成,这是可以登陆到系统中了:

Rebooting with command: boot
Boot device: /pci@9,600000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0/disk@w21000004cfd9e4b8,0:a File and args:
SunOS Release 5.8 Version Generic_108528-13 64-bit
Copyright 1983-2001 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
configuring IPv4 interfaces: ce0.
Hostname: racnode2
Configuring /dev and /devices
Configuring the /dev directory (compatibility devices)
The system is coming up. Please wait.
checking ufs filesystems
/dev/rdsk/c1t0d0s7: is clean.
mount: /tmp already mounted
rm: Unable to remove directory /tmp: File exists
mkdir: Failed to make directory "/tmp"; File exists
Starting IPv4 routing daemon.
starting rpc services: rpcbind done.
Setting netmask of ce0 to 255.255.0.0
Setting default IPv4 interface for multicast: add net 224.0/4: gateway racnode2
syslog service starting.
Print services started.
Feb 12 18:23:18 racnode2 sendmail[238]: My unqualified host name (racnode2) unknown; sleeping for retry
volume management starting.
The system is ready.

racnode2 console login: Feb 12 18:24:18 racnode2 sendmail[238]: unable to qualify my own domain name (racnode2) -- using short name

racnode2 console login: root
Password:
Feb 12 18:29:50 racnode2 login: ROOT LOGIN /dev/console
Sun Microsystems Inc. SunOS 5.8 Generic Patch October 2001
#

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