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Step-to-Step Installation of 10G RAC on RedHat AS 3.0 – Single Node(二)

原创 数据库开发技术 作者:chenmolin 时间:2004-11-18 12:46:22 0 删除 编辑

- Hardware Cluster Installation Mode:

                     Select "Cluster Installation"

                     Click "Select All" to select all servers: dbtest1

- Installation Type:

                     Select "Standard Edition".

- Product-specific Prerequisite Checks:

                     Make sure that the status of each Check is set to "Succeeded".

If openmotif shows a warning, ignore it.

- Database Configuration:

                     Select "Do not create a starter database".

[@more@]

- Setup Privileges Window:

                     VIP Configuration Assistant Tool:

                     (This Assistant tool will come up only once when root.sh is executed the

first time in your RAC cluster)

                         - Network Interfaces:  Selected both interfaces, eth0.

                         - Virtual IPs for cluster notes: 

                                                Node Name:     dbtest1

                                                IP Alias Name: dbvip

                                                IP address:    192.168.203.244

                                                Subnet Mask:   255.255.255.0

 

l        Download and Apply Oracle 10G Software 10.1.0.3 Patch

 

Stop all services

1.       Stop listener.

2.       Stop instances on all nodes.

3.       Stop ASM instance by: $ srvctl stop asm –n dbtest1

4.       Stop node apps by: $ srvctl stop nodeapps –n dbtest1

5.       Stop CRS by: # /etc/init.d/init.crs stop

l        Creat a standalone database.

 

Setting Oracle environment variables.

        $ echo export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.1.0/db_1 >> ~/.bash_profile

        $ echo export PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin >> ~/.bash_profile

        $ . ~/.bash_profile

   

    $ dbca

- Welcome Screen:  

                          Select "Oracle Single Instance Database"

- Operations:     

                          Select "Create Database"

- Database Templates:

                    Select "General Purpose".

- Database Identification:

                       Global Database Name: orcl

                       SID: orcl1

- Management Option: 

                    Select "Use Database Control for Database Management".

- Database Credentials:

                        Select "Use the Same Password for All Accounts". Enter the password and

make sure the password does not start with a digit number.

- Storage Options:   

                    Select "Automatic Storage Management (ASM)".

- Create ASM Instance:

                       Enter the SYS password for the ASM instance.

                       Select the default parameter file (IFILE):

                       "{ORACLE_BASE}/admin/+ASM/pfile/init.ora"

 

                       At this point DBCA will create and start the ASM instance on all RAC nodes.

                       Click OK to create and start the ASM instance.

- ASM Disk Groups:

    - Click "Create New"

                          Create Disk Group Window:

                             - Click "Change Disk Discovery Path".

                             - Enter "ORCL:VOL*" for Disk Discovery Path.

                               The discovery string for finding ASM disks must be prefixed with "ORCL:", and in my example the ASM disks VOL1.

                             - Enter Disk Group Name: ORCL_DATA1

                             - Check the candidate: "ORCL:VOL1".

                       - Check the new created disk group "ORCL_DATA1".

- Database File Locations:

                       Select "Use Oracle-Managed Files"

                       Database Area: +ORCL_DATA1

- Recovery Configuration:

                       Don’t select any recovery options.

-   Database Services:

                      Click "Add" and enter a Service Name: I entered "orcltest".

                       Select TAF Policy "Basic".

 

l        Convert Database to RAC

 

Shutdown database orcl1

$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs

$ mv initorcl1.ora initorcl.ora

 

Edit initorcl.ora as following:

SPFILE='+ORCL_DATA1/orcl/spfileorcl1.ora'

*.shared_pool_size = 65M

*.cluster_database = TRUE

*.cluster_database_instances = 4

orcl1.instance_name = orcl1

orcl2.instance_name = orcl2

orcl1.instance_number = 1

orcl2.instance_number = 2

*.service_names = "orcl"

orcl1.thread = 1

orcl2.thread = 2

orcl1.local_listener = "(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=192.168.203.219)(port=1521))"

orcl1.remote_listener = "(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=192.168.203.219)(port=1522))"

orcl2.local_listener = "(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=192.168.203.219)(port=1522))"

orcl2.remote_listener = "(address=(protocol=tcp)(host=192.168.203.219)(port=1521))"

orcl1.undo_tablespace = UNDOTBS1

orcl2.undo_tablespace = UNDOTBS2

 

$ ln –s initorcl.ora initorcl1.ora

$ ln –s initorcl.ora initorcl2.ora

$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl1

$ sqlplus “/ as sysdba”

SQL> startup

SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catclust.sql

 

Recreate control file if you defined maxinstances to be 1 when you created the single instance database.

 

SQL> alter database add logfile thread 2 group 4 size 10M, group 5 size 10M, group 6 size 10M;

SQL> alter database enable public thread 2;

SQL> create undo tablespace undotbs2 datafile size 25MB;

SQL> exit;

$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl2

$ sqlplus “/ as sysdba”

SQL> startup

SQL> exit;

 

 

 

l        Patch Oracle 10G Standard Edition for TAF

 

Shutdown all instances (orcl1 and orcl2).

Shutdown ASM instance by run /u01/crs/oracle/product/10.1.2/crs/bin/crs_stop –all.

Download patch 2617419 and 3549731 from metalink.

    $ cd /tmp

    $ unzip p2617419_10102_GENERIC.zip

    $ cp –r OPatch $ORACLE_HOME

    $ unzip p3549731_10102_LINUX.zip

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