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AIX,HPUX,Tru64,Solaris,Linux 命令比较(原创)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:westapple 时间:2004-10-14 16:47:53 0 删除 编辑

AIXHPUXTru64SolarisLinux 命令比较(部分)

判断操作系统版本:

Platform Operating System Version Command

---------------------------------------

AIX4.3.3 4.3.3 $ oslevel -r

AIX5.1 5.1 $ oslevel -r

HP HP-UX version 11.0 (64-bit). $ uname -a

Linux SuSE Linux Enterprise Server

7 (or SLES-7) withkernel

2.4.7, and glibc 2.2.2.

Note: In addition to this

distribution, Oracle

Corporation works with other

Linux distribution vendors

to certify Oracle products

with their default kernel

and OS utilities. $ uname -a

Solaris 32-Bit 2.6 (5.6),

7 (5.7) or 8 (5.8) $ uname -a

Solaris 64-Bit 8 (5.8) $ uname -a

Tru64 5.1 or 5.1A $ /usr/sbin/sizer -v

确定系统中得内存:

Platform Command

---------------------------------------

AIX $ /usr/sbin/lsattr -E -l sys0 -a realmem

Linux $ /usr/sbin/dmesg | grep "Physical:"

HP $ grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo

Solaris $ /usr/sbin/prtconf | grep "Memory size"

Tru64 $ /bin/vmstat -P | grep "Total Physical Memory"

查看各平台CPU

Platform Command

---------------------------------------

AIX # lsdev -Cc processor

# lsattr -El proc0

HP-UX # ioscan -knfC processor

Tru64 # psrinfo -v

Solaris # psrinfo -v

Linuix # dmesg

确定swap区:

Platform Command

---------------------------------------

AIX $ /usr/sbin/lsps -a

HP $ /usr/sbin/swapinfo -a

Linux $ /sbin/swapon -s

Tru64 $ /sbin/swapon -s

Solaris $ /usr/sbin/swap -1

确定操作系统的补丁:

Platform Command

---------------------------------------

AIX $ instfix -a -ivk APAR_number

HP $ /usr/sbin/swlist -l patch

Linux $ rpm -qa

Solaris 32-bit $ pkginfo -i package name

Solaris 64-bit $ showrev -p

Tru64 $ /usr/sbin/dupatch -track -type kit

确定操作系统的软件包:

---------------------------------------

Platform Command

AIX $ lslpp -l os_package

Solaris $ pkginfo -i os_package

Tru64 $ setld -i |grep os_package

关于cluster

Platform Command

---------------------------------------

AIX HACMP

$ /usr/bin/lssrc -ls grpsvcs

Note: Verify that the CLSTRMGR_cluster_id has number of

providers equal to the number of nodes.

PSSP 3.4

$ /usr/bin/lssrc -ls hags

Note: Verify that css has the correct number of nodes. There

should also be a local provider.

HP $ /usr/sbin/cmviewcl -v

Linux $ ps -efl | egrep ‘watchdogd|oracm’

if all of watchdogd and oracm program appears in the

process list, Oracle Cluster Management Software is running.

if all of watchdogd and oracm program does not appear

in the process list, restart the Oracle Cluster Management Software.

Solaris $ ps -ef | grep clustd

if the clustd program appears in the process list, clustd is running.

if the clustd program does not appear in the process list,

restart the Cluster Membership Monitor.

Tru64 $ /usr/sbin/clu_get_info

Note: Verify that the correct number of cluster members are

configured. Member state for all nodes should be "up".

#asemgr (菜单式)

各平台使用CD-ROM

---------------------------------------

Platform Command

AIX # lsdev -Cc cdrom

# mkdir /cdrom

# mount -rv cdrfs /dev/cd0 /cdrom

# umount /cdrom

HP-UX $ ioscan -fun -C disk

example:

disk 10 10/12/5.2.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE TOSHIBA CD-ROM XM-5701TA /dev/dsk/c4t2d0 /dev/rdsk/c4t2d0

vi /etc/pfs_fstab file,add item "device_file mount_point filesystem_type translation_method"

example : "/dev/dsk/c4t2d0 /SD_CDROM pfs-rrip xlat=unix 1 0"

# nohup /usr/sbin/pfs_mountd &

# nohup /usr/sbin/pfsd &

# /usr/sbin/pfs_mount /SD_CDROM

# /usr/sbin/pfs_umount /SD_CDROM

Linuix # ps -aux | grep automount

# eject

# vi /etc/auto.master

# su root

# mkdir /cdrom

# mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /cdrom

# umount /cdrom

Solaris # cd /

# eject

# mkdir /cdrom

# mount -r -F hsfs /dev/dsk/c0t6d0s0 /cdrom

# umount /cdrom

Tru64 # ls -l /dev/disk/cdrom*c

# mkdir /cdrom

# mount -t cdfs -r -o nodefperm,noversion,rrip /dev/disk/cdrom0c /cdrom

# umount /cdrom

安装oracle时设置oracle用户的PATH变量:

Platform Paths

---------------------------------------

AIX $ORACLE_HOME/bin,/usr/bin,/etc,/usr/lbin,/usr/bin/X11,and /usr/local/bin, if it exists

HP $ORACLE_HOME/bin,/usr/bin,/etc,/usr/bin/X11,and /usr/local/bin, if it exists

Linux $ORACLE_HOME/bin,/usr/bin,/bin,/usr/bin/X11/,and /usr/local/bin, if it exists

Solaris $ORACLE_HOME/bin,/usr/ccs/bin,/usr/bin,/etc,/usr/openwin/bin, and /usr/local/bin,if it exists

Tru64 $ORACLE_HOME/bin, /usr/bin,/etc, /usr/bin/X11, and /usr/local/bin, if it exists

各平台错误日志

---------------------------------------

platform 文件名

AIX

HP-UX

Solaris

Tru64

Linux

磁带的使用

---------------------------------------

platform 磁带设备文件(回卷) 磁带设备文件(不回卷)

AIX

HP-UX

Solaris

Tru64

Linux

磁盘及卷管理

未完待续。

[@more@]

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