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备忘_常用脚本

原创 Oracle 作者:zfnccn 时间:2011-02-23 16:19:20 0 删除 编辑

一、查索引

二、查建表或索引DDL语句
三、给表或列添加注释
四、检查是否有锁的SQL语句

五、分析表
六、根据进程号查找占用资源的sql语句

[@more@]

一、查索引
col index_name for a30 trunc
col column_name for a10 trunc
set pages 1000 lines 140
break on index_name skip 1
select index_name,column_name,column_position
from dba_ind_columns
where table_owner='USERNAME'
AND TABLE_NAME='TABLE_NAME'
ORDER BY 1,3;

二、查建表或索引DDL语句
set long 100000000
set pagesize 0
select dbms_metadata.get_ddl('对象类型','对象名','数据对象属主') from dual;

如:
set long 100000000
set pagesize 0
select dbms_metadata.get_ddl('TABLE','TABLE_NAME','USERNAME') from dual;


三、给表或列添加注释
comment on table 用户名.表名 is '注释内容';
comment on column 用户名.表名.列名 is '注释内容';
select table_name,comments from dba_tab_comments where comments is not null;
select table_name,column_name,comments from dba_col_comments where comments is not null;


四、检查是否有锁的SQL语句

select
nvl(S.USERNAME,'Internal') username,
L.SID,
nvl(S.TERMINAL,'None') terminal,
decode(command,
0,'None',decode(l.id2,0,U1.NAME||'.'||substr(T1.NAME,1,20),'None')) tab,
decode(command,
0,'BACKGROUND',
1,'Create Table',
2,'INSERT',
3,'SELECT',
4,'CREATE CLUSTER',
5,'ALTER CLUSTER',
6,'UPDATE',
7,'DELETE',
8,'DROP',
9,'CREATE INDEX',
10,'DROP INDEX',
11,'ALTER INDEX',
12,'DROP TABLE',
13,'---',
14,'---',
15,'ALTER TABLE',
16,'---',
17,'GRANT',
18,'REVOKE',
19,'CREATE SYNONYM',
20,'DROP SYNONYM',
21,'CREATE VIEW',
22,'DROP VIEW',
23,'---',
24,'---',
25,'---',
26,'LOCK TABLE',
27,'NO OPERATION',
28,'RENAME',
29,'COMMENT',
30,'AUDIT',
31,'NOAUDIT',
32,'CREATE EXTERNAL DATABASE',
33,'DROP EXTERNAL DATABASE',
34,'CREATE DATABASE',
35,'ALTER DATABASE',
36,'CREATE ROLLBACK SEGMENT',
37,'ALTER ROLLBACK SEGMENT',
38,'DROP ROLLBACK SEGMENT',
39,'CREATE TABLESPACE',
40,'ALTER TABLESPACE',
41,'DROP TABLESPACE',
42,'ALTER SESSION',
43,'ALTER USER',
44,'COMMIT',
45,'ROLLBACK',
46,'SAVEPOINT',
47,'PL/SQL EXECUTE',
48,'SET TRANSACTION',
49,'ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOG',
50,'EXPLAIN',
51,'CREATE USER',
52,'CREATE ROLE',
53,'DROP USER',
54,'DROP ROLE',
55,'SET ROLE',
56,'CREATE SCHEMA',
57,'CREATE CONTROL FILE',
58,'ALTER TRACING',
59,'CREATE TRIGGER',
60,'ALTER TRIGGER',
61,'DROP TRIGGER',
62,'ANALYZE TABLE',
63,'ANALYZE INDEX',
64,'ANALYZE CLUSTER',
65,'CREATE PROFILE',
66,'DROP PROFILE',
67,'ALTER PROFILE',
68,'DROP PROCEDURE',
70,'ALTER RESOURCE COST',
71,'CREATE SNAPSHOT LOG',
72,'ALTER SNAPSHOT LOG',
73,'DROP SNAPSHOT LOG',
74,'CREATE SNAPSHOT',
75,'ALTER SNAPSHOT',
76,'DROP SNAPSHOT',
84,'-',
85,'TRUNCATE TABLE',
86,'TRUNCATE CLUSTER',
87,'-',
88,'ALTER VIEW',
89,'-',
90,'-',
91,'CREATE FUNCTION',
92,'ALTER FUNCTION',
93,'DROP FUNCTION',
94,'CREATE PACKAGE',
95,'ALTER PACKAGE',
96,'DROP PACKAGE',
97,'CREATE PACKAGE BODY',
98,'ALTER PACKAGE BODY',
99,'DROP PACKAGE BODY',
command||' - ???') COMMAND,
decode(L.LMODE,1,'No Lock',
2,'Row Share',
3,'Row Exclusive',
4,'Share',
5,'Share Row Exclusive',
6,'Exclusive','NONE') lmode,
decode(L.REQUEST,1,'No Lock',
2,'Row Share',
3,'Row Exclusive',
4,'Share',
5,'Share Row Exclusive',
6,'Exclusive','NONE') request,
l.id1||'-'||l.id2 Laddr,
l.type||' - '||
decode(l.type,
'BL','Buffer hash table instance lock',
'CF','Cross-instance function invocation instance lock',
'CI','Control file schema global enqueue lock',
'CS','Control file schema global enqueue lock',
'DF','Data file instance lock',
'DM','Mount/startup db primary/secondary instance lock',
'DR','Distributed recovery process lock',
'DX','Distributed transaction entry lock',
'FI','SGA open-file information lock',
'FS','File set lock',
'IR','Instance recovery serialization global enqueue lock',
'IV','Library cache invalidation instance lock',
'MB','Master buffer hash table instance lock',
'MM','Mount definition gloabal enqueue lock',
'MR','Media recovery lock',
'RE','USE_ROW_ENQUEUE enforcement lock',
'RT','Redo thread global enqueue lock',
'RW','Row wait enqueue lock',
'SC','System commit number instance lock',
'SH','System commit number high water mark enqueue lock',
'SN','Sequence number instance lock',
'SQ','Sequence number enqueue lock',
'ST','Space transaction enqueue lock',
'SV','Sequence number value lock',
'TA','Generic enqueue lock',
'TD','DDL enqueue lock',
'TE','Extend-segment enqueue lock',
'TM','DML enqueue lock',
'TT','Temporary table enqueue lock',
'TX','Transaction enqueue lock',
'UL','User supplied lock',
'UN','User name lock',
'WL','Being-written redo log instance lock',
'WS','Write-atomic-log-switch global enqueue lock',
'TS',decode(l.id2,0,'Temporary segment enqueue lock (ID2=0)',
'New block allocation enqueue lock (ID2=1)'),
'LA','Library cache lock instance lock (A=namespace)',
'LB','Library cache lock instance lock (B=namespace)',
'LC','Library cache lock instance lock (C=namespace)',
'LD','Library cache lock instance lock (D=namespace)',
'LE','Library cache lock instance lock (E=namespace)',
'LF','Library cache lock instance lock (F=namespace)',
'LG','Library cache lock instance lock (G=namespace)',
'LH','Library cache lock instance lock (H=namespace)',
'LI','Library cache lock instance lock (I=namespace)',
'LJ','Library cache lock instance lock (J=namespace)',
'LK','Library cache lock instance lock (K=namespace)',
'LL','Library cache lock instance lock (L=namespace)',
'LM','Library cache lock instance lock (M=namespace)',
'LN','Library cache lock instance lock (N=namespace)',
'LO','Library cache lock instance lock (O=namespace)',
'LP','Library cache lock instance lock (P=namespace)',
'LS','Log start/log switch enqueue lock',
'PA','Library cache pin instance lock (A=namespace)',
'PB','Library cache pin instance lock (B=namespace)',
'PC','Library cache pin instance lock (C=namespace)',
'PD','Library cache pin instance lock (D=namespace)',
'PE','Library cache pin instance lock (E=namespace)',
'PF','Library cache pin instance lock (F=namespace)',
'PG','Library cache pin instance lock (G=namespace)',
'PH','Library cache pin instance lock (H=namespace)',
'PI','Library cache pin instance lock (I=namespace)',
'PJ','Library cache pin instance lock (J=namespace)',
'PL','Library cache pin instance lock (K=namespace)',
'PK','Library cache pin instance lock (L=namespace)',
'PM','Library cache pin instance lock (M=namespace)',
'PN','Library cache pin instance lock (N=namespace)',
'PO','Library cache pin instance lock (O=namespace)',
'PP','Library cache pin instance lock (P=namespace)',
'PQ','Library cache pin instance lock (Q=namespace)',
'PR','Library cache pin instance lock (R=namespace)',
'PS','Library cache pin instance lock (S=namespace)',
'PT','Library cache pin instance lock (T=namespace)',
'PU','Library cache pin instance lock (U=namespace)',
'PV','Library cache pin instance lock (V=namespace)',
'PW','Library cache pin instance lock (W=namespace)',
'PX','Library cache pin instance lock (X=namespace)',
'PY','Library cache pin instance lock (Y=namespace)',
'PZ','Library cache pin instance lock (Z=namespace)',
'QA','Row cache instance lock (A=cache)',
'QB','Row cache instance lock (B=cache)',
'QC','Row cache instance lock (C=cache)',
'QD','Row cache instance lock (D=cache)',
'QE','Row cache instance lock (E=cache)',
'QF','Row cache instance lock (F=cache)',
'QG','Row cache instance lock (G=cache)',
'QH','Row cache instance lock (H=cache)',
'QI','Row cache instance lock (I=cache)',
'QJ','Row cache instance lock (J=cache)',
'QL','Row cache instance lock (K=cache)',
'QK','Row cache instance lock (L=cache)',
'QM','Row cache instance lock (M=cache)',
'QN','Row cache instance lock (N=cache)',
'QO','Row cache instance lock (O=cache)',
'QP','Row cache instance lock (P=cache)',
'QQ','Row cache instance lock (Q=cache)',
'QR','Row cache instance lock (R=cache)',
'QS','Row cache instance lock (S=cache)',
'QT','Row cache instance lock (T=cache)',
'QU','Row cache instance lock (U=cache)',
'QV','Row cache instance lock (V=cache)',
'QW','Row cache instance lock (W=cache)',
'QX','Row cache instance lock (X=cache)',
'QY','Row cache instance lock (Y=cache)',
'QZ','Row cache instance lock (Z=cache)','????') Lockt
from V$LOCK L,
V$SESSION S,
SYS.USER$ U1,
SYS.OBJ$ T1
where L.SID = S.SID
and T1.OBJ# = decode(L.ID2,0,L.ID1,1)
and U1.USER# = T1.OWNER#
and S.TYPE != 'BACKGROUND'
order by 1,2,5
;


五、分析表
用sysdba用户执行分析表exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats('USERNAME','表名')


六、根据进程号查找占用资源的sql语句
set linesize 200;
select sess.username,sql1.sql_text
from v$session sess,v$sqltext sql1,v$process pro
where sess.sql_address=sql1.address
and pro.addr=sess.paddr
and pro.spid='&1'
order by sql1.piece;

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