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Oracle Debug ---- oradebug

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:tolywang 时间:2007-05-12 00:00:00 0 删除 编辑

SQL> oradebug help


ORADEBUG
ORADEBUG is an undocumented debugging utility supplied with Oracle
For more general information see ORADEBUG introduction
In Oracle 9.2 commands include
HELP
SETMYPID
SETORAPID
SETOSPID
TRACEFILE_NAME
UNLIMIT
FLUSH
CLOSE_TRACE
SUSPEND
RESUME
WAKEUP
DUMPLIST
DUMP
EVENT
SESSION_EVENT
DUMPSGA
DUMPVAR
PEEK
POKE
IPC
Dumping the SGA

HELP command
The ORADEBUG HELP command lists the commands available within ORADEBUG

These vary by release and platform. Commands appearing in this help do not necessarily work for the release/platform on which the database is running

For example in Oracle 9.2.0.1 (Windows 2000) the command

ORADEBUG HELP

SETMYPID command
Before using ORADEBUG commands, a process must be selected. Depending on the commands to be issued, this can either be the current process or another process

Once a process has been selected, this will be used as the ORADEBUG process until another process is selected
The SETMYPID command selects the current process as the ORADEBUG process

For example

ORADEBUG SETMYPID
ORADEBUG SETMYPID can be used to select the current process to run systemwide commands such as dumps

Do not use ORADEBUG SETMYPID if you intend to use the ORADEBUG SUSPEND command

SETORAPID command
Before using ORADEBUG commands, a process must be selected. Depending on the commands to be issued, this can either be the current process or another process

Once a process has been selected, this will be used as the ORADEBUG process until another process is selected

The SETORAPID command selects another process using the Oracle PID as the ORADEBUG process

The syntax is

ORADEBUG SETORAPID pid

where pid is the Oracle process ID of the target process For example
ORADEBUG SETORAPID 9
The Oracle process id for a process can be found in V$PROCESS.PID

To obtain the Oracle process ID for a foreground process use

SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$session WHERE sid = DBMS_SUPPORT.MYSID );
Alternatively, if the DBMS_SUPPORT package is not available use
SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$session WHERE sid = ( SELECT sid FROM v$mystat WHERE ROWNUM = 1 ) );
To obtain the process ID for a background process e.g. SMON use
SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$bgprocess WHERE name = 'SMON' );
To obtain the process ID for a dispatcher process e.g. D000 use
SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$dispatcher WHERE name = 'D000' );
To obtain the process ID for a shared server process e.g. S000 use
SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$shared_server WHERE name = 'S000' );
To obtain the process ID for a job queue process e.g. job 21 use
SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$session WHERE sid = ( SELECT sid FROM dba_jobs_running WHERE job = 21 ) );
To obtain the process ID for a parallel execution slave e.g. P000 use
SELECT pid FROM v$px_process WHERE server_name = 'P000';
SETOSPID command
Before using ORADEBUG commands, a process must be selected. Depending on the commands to be issued, this can either be the current process or another process

Once a process has been selected, this will be used as the ORADEBUG process until another process is selected

The SETOSPID command selects the another process using the operating system PID as the ORADEBUG process

The syntax is

ORADEBUG SETOSPID pid

where pid is the operating system process ID of the target process For example
ORADEBUG SETOSPID 34345
The operating system process ID is the PID on Unix systems and the thread number on Windows NT/2000 systems

On Unix the PID of interest may have been identified using a top or ps command

TRACEFILE_NAME command
This command prints the name of the current trace file e.g.

ORADEBUG TRACEFILE_NAME
For example

/export/home/admin/SS92003/udump/ss92003_ora_14917.trc
This command does not work on Windows 2000 (Oracle 9.2)

UNLIMIT command
In Oracle 8.1.5 and below the maximum size of the trace file is restricted by default. This means that large dumps (LIBRARY_CACHE, BUFFERS) may fail.

To remove the limitation on the size of the trace file use

ORADEBUG UNLIMIT
In Oracle 8.1.6 and above the maximum size of the trace file defaults to UNLIMITED

FLUSH command
To flush the current contents of the trace buffer to the trace file use

ORADEBUG FLUSH
CLOSE_TRACE command
To close the current trace file use

ORADEBUG CLOSE_TRACE
SUSPEND command
This command suspends the current process

First select a process using SETORAPID or SETOSPID

Do not use SETMYPID as the current ORADEBUG process will hang and cannot be resumed even from another ORADEBUG process

For example the command

ORADEBUG SUSPEND
suspends the current process
The command

ORADEBUG RESUME
resumes the current process
While the process is suspended ORADEBUG can be used to take dumps of the current process state e.g. global area, heap, subheaps etc.

This example demonstrates how to take a heap dump during a large (sorting) query

This example requires two sessions, session 1 logged on SYS AS SYSDBA and session 2 which executes the query. In session 2 identify the PID using

SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr IN ( SELECT paddr FROM v$session WHERE sid = dbms_support.mysid );
In this example the PID was 12

In session 1 set the Oracle PID using

ORADEBUG SETORAPID 12
In session 2 start the query

SELECT ... FROM t1 ORDER BY ....
In session 1 suspend session 2

ORADEBUG SUSPEND
The query in session 2 will be suspended

In session 1 run the heap dump

ORADEBUG DUMP HEAPDUMP 1
The heapdump will show the memory structures allocated for the sort. At this point further dumps e.g. subheap dumps can be taken.

In session 1 resume session 2

ORADEBUG RESUME
The query in session 2 will resume execution

RESUME command
This command resumes the current process

First select a process using SETORAPID or SETOSPID

Do not use SETMYPID as the current ORADEBUG process will hang and cannot be resumed even from another ORADEBUG process

For example the command

ORADEBUG SUSPEND
suspends the current process
The command

ORADEBUG RESUME
resumes the current process
While the process is suspended ORADEBUG can be used to take dumps of the current process state e.g. global area, heap, subheaps etc.

See SUSPEND for an example of use of the SUSPEND and RESUME commands

WAKEUP command
To wake up a process use

ORADEBUG WAKEUP pid

For example to wake up SMON, first obtain the PID using

SELECT pid FROM v$process WHERE addr = ( SELECT paddr FROM v$bgprocess WHERE name = 'SMON' );
If the PID is 6 then send a wakeup call using

ORADEBUG WAKEUP 6
DUMPLIST command
To list the dumps available in ORADEBUG use

ORADEBUG DUMPLIST pid

For example in Oracle 9.2 (Windows 2000) this command returns the following


Dump Name
EVENTS
TRACE_BUFFER_ON
TRACE_BUFFER_OFF
HANGANALYZE
LATCHES
PROCESSSTATE
SYSTEMSTATE
INSTANTIATIONSTATE
REFRESH_OS_STATS
CROSSIC
CONTEXTAREA
HEAPDUMP
HEAPDUMP_ADDR
POKE_ADDRESS
POKE_LENGTH
POKE_VALUE
POKE_VALUE0
GLOBAL_AREA
MEMORY_LOG
REALFREEDUMP
ERRORSTACK
HANGANALYZE_PROC
TEST_STACK_DUMP
BG_MESSAGES
ENQUEUES
SIMULATE_EOV
KSFQP_LIMIT
KSKDUMPTRACE
DBSCHEDULER
GRANULELIST
GRANULELISTCHK
SCOREBOARD
GES_STATE
ADJUST_SCN
NEXT_SCN_WRAP
CONTROLF
FULL_DUMPS
BUFFERS
RECOVERY
SET_TSN_P1
BUFFER
PIN_BUFFER
BC_SANITY_CHECK
FLUSH_CACHE
LOGHIST
ARCHIVE_ERROR
REDOHDR
LOGERROR
OPEN_FILES
DATA_ERR_ON
DATA_ERR_OFF
BLK0_FMTCHG
TR_SET_BLOCK
TR_SET_ALL_BLOCKS
TR_SET_SIDE
TR_CRASH_AFTER_WRITE
TR_READ_ONE_SIDE
TR_CORRUPT_ONE_SIDE
TR_RESET_NORMAL
TEST_DB_ROBUSTNESS
LOCKS
GC_ELEMENTS
FILE_HDRS
KRB_CORRUPT_INTERVAL
KRB_CORRUPT_SIZE
KRB_PIECE_FAIL
KRB_OPTIONS
KRB_SIMULATE_NODE_AFFINITY
KRB_TRACE
KRB_BSET_DAYS
DROP_SEGMENTS
TREEDUMP
LONGF_CREATE
ROW_CACHE
LIBRARY_CACHE
SHARED_SERVER_STATE
KXFPCLEARSTATS
KXFPDUMPTRACE
KXFPBLATCHTEST
KXFXSLAVESTATE
KXFXCURSORSTATE
WORKAREATAB_DUMP
OBJECT_CACHE
SAVEPOINTS
OLAP_DUMP



DUMP command
To perform a dump use

ORADEBUG DUMP dumpname level

For example for a level 4 dump of the library cache use

ORADEBUG SETMYPID ORADEBUG DUMP LIBRARY_CACHE 4

EVENT command
To set an event in a process use

ORADEBUG EVENT event TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL level

For example to set event 10046, level 12 in Oracle process 8 use

ORADEBUG SETORAPID 8 ORADEBUG EVENT 10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 12
SESSION_EVENT command
To set an event in a session use

ORADEBUG SESSION_EVENT event TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL level

For example

ORADEBUG SESSION_EVENT 10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 12
DUMPSGA
To dump the fixed SGA use

ORADEBUG DUMPSGA
DUMPVAR
To dump an SGA variable use

ORADEBUG DUMPVAR SGA variable_name

e.g.

ORADEBUG DUMPVAR SGA kcbnhb
which returns the number of hash buckets in the buffer cache

The names of SGA variables can be found in X$KSMFSV.KSMFSNAM. Variables in this view are suffixed with an underscore e.g.

kcbnhb_
PEEK
To peek memory locations use

ORADEBUG PEEK address length

where address can be decimal or hexadecimal and length is in bytes

For example

ORADEBUG PEEK 0x20005F0C 12
returns 12 bytes starting at location 0x20005f0c

POKE
To poke memory locations use

ORADEBUG POKE address length value

where address and value can be decimal or hexadecimal and length is in bytes

For Example

ORADEBUG POKE 0x20005F0C 4 0x46495845 ORADEBUG POKE 0x20005F10 4 0x44205349 ORADEBUG POKE 0x20005F14 2 0x5A45
WARNING Do not use the POKE command on a production system

IPC
To dump information about operating system shared memory and semaphores configuration use the command

ORADEBUG IPC
This command does not work on Windows NT or Windows 2000 (Oracle 9.2)

On Solaris, similar information can be obtained using the operating system command

ipcs -b
Dumping the SGA
In some versions it is possible to dump the entire SGA to a file

Freeze the instance using

ORADEBUG FFBEGIN
Dump the SGA to a file using

ORADEBUG SGATOFILE directory

Unfreeze the instance using

ORADEBUG FFRESUMEINST
This works in Oracle 9.0.1 and 9.2.0 on Solaris, but fails in both versions in Windows 2000
Oracle Documents :
========================================

Using ORADEBUG Utility

ORADEBUG utility is a debugging tool that sends debug commands through SQL*Plus to an Oracle process. It is primarily for use by developers and Oracle Support Services personnel. Use this utility only when instructed to do so by Oracle Support Services. You must have database administrator privileges to use ORADEBUG utility.

To start ORADEBUG utility:

  1. Start SQL*Plus from the command prompt:
    C:> sqlplus / NOLOG
    
    
  2. Connect to Oracle9i database as SYSDBA:
    SQL> CONNECT / AS SYSDBA
    
    
  3. Enter the following at the SQL*Plus prompt:
    SQL> ORADEBUG
    
    

    ORADEBUG utility runs and prompts you for parameters. To obtain a list of these parameters, enter the following at the SQL*Plus prompt:

    SQL> ORADEBUG HELP
    
    

    Output from most debug commands is written to a trace file. Trace files are created in the directory specified by initialization parameters BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST and USER_DUMP_DEST. By default, these parameters are set to ORACLE_BASEADMINdb_namebdump and ORACLE_BASEADMINdb_nameudump, respectively. To find the location of your trace file, enter the following at the SQL*Plus prompt:

    SQL> ORADEBUG TRACEFILE_NAME
    
    

    If output from a debug command produces more than one line of output, then the result is sent to a trace file, and a message indicating that the command has completed is relayed to SQL*Plus. If output from a debug command produces only one line of output, then the output is relayed directly to SQL*Plus.


    Note:

    There is currently a limitation when using ORADEBUG utility. If you attempt to debug a thread that is blocking on I/O, ORADEBUG can cause SQL*Plus to hang until that I/O completes.


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