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OEL安装RAC 配置DNS文档

原创 Oracle 作者:s相濡以沫y 时间:2018-12-05 10:10:37 0 删除 编辑

下边有完整的附件

完整 文档以及操作流程如下

[root@rac01 ~]# cd OracleLinux-R6-U6-Server-x86_64-dvd/

[root@rac01 OracleLinux-R6-U6-Server-x86_64-dvd]# ls

EFI         GPL               LoadBalancer  README-en.html           RELEASE-NOTES-x86_64-en.html  ResilientStorage    Server

EULA        HighAvailability  media.repo    RELEASE-NOTES-en         RELEASE-NOTES-x86-en          RPM-GPG-KEY         supportinfo

eula.en_US  images            Packages      RELEASE-NOTES-en.html    RELEASE-NOTES-x86-en.html     RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle  TRANS.TBL

eula.py     isolinux          README-en     RELEASE-NOTES-x86_64-en  repodata                      ScalableFileSystem  UEK3

[root@rac01 OracleLinux-R6-U6-Server-x86_64-dvd]# cd Packages/

 

[root@rac01 Packages]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

 

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# ls

public-yum-ol6.repo

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# rm -rf *

 

 

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# vi local.repo

 

[kingsql]

 

name=This is kingsql repo

 

baseurl=file:///rpm/

 

enabled=1

 

gpgcheck=1

 

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

 

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# mkdir -p /rpm

[root@rac01 yum.repos.d]# cd /rpm

 

[root@rac01 rpm] cp /root/OracleLinux-R6-U6-Server-x86_64-dvd/Packages/* /rpm/

 

rpm -ivh vsftpd-2.2.2-12.el6_5.1.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm

 

rpm -ivh python-deltarpm-3.5-0.5.20090913git.el6.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh libxml2-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm

 

rpm -ivh libxml2-python-2.7.6-14.el6_5.2.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh createrepo-0.9.9-22.el6.noarch.rpm

rpm -ivh ksh-20120801-21.el6.x86_64.rpm

 

[root@rac01 rpm]# createrepo ./

Spawning worker 0 with 3848 pkgs

Workers Finished

Gathering worker results

Saving Primary metadata

Saving file lists metadata

Saving other metadata

Generating sqlite DBs

Sqlite DBs complete

[root@rac01 rpm]#

 

[root@rac01 rpm]# yum clean all                        kill -9 结束进程的

[root@rac01 rpm]# yum makecache

 

[root@rac01 rpm]#yum install libXp* xterm* unixODBC* sysstat* make* libstdc++* libgomp* libgcc* libaio* kernel-headers* glibc* gcc* elfutils*  binutils* bind bind-devel bind-chroot caching-nameserver compat-libcap1* compat-libstdc++-33* openssh* xdpyinfo vi unzip

 

[root@rac01 rpm]#yum install libXp* xterm* unixODBC* sysstat* make* libstdc++* libgomp* libgcc* libaio* kernel-headers*

glibc* gcc* elfutils*  binutils* bind bind-devel bind-chroot caching-nameserver compat-libcap1* compat-libstdc++-33* openssh*

xdpyinfo vi unzip

 

yum install oracle-database-server-11gR2-preinstall -y

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

首先选择网卡是桥接网络仅主机静态的并且把 dns 网络写上

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1   编辑两个节点的 DNS 配置 两个 dns

 

vi /etc/named.conf

 

options {

        listen-on port 53 { any; };

        directory       "/var/named";

        dump-file       "/var/named/data/cache_dump.db";

        statistics-file "/var/named/data/named_stats.txt";

        memstatistics-file "/var/named/data/named_mem_stats.txt";

        allow-query     { any; };

        recursion yes;

 

        dnssec-enable yes;

        dnssec-validation yes;

 

        /* Path to ISC DLV key */

        bindkeys-file "/etc/named.iscdlv.key";

 

        managed-keys-directory "/var/named/dynamic";

};

 

logging {

        channel default_debug {

                file "data/named.run";

                severity dynamic;

        };

};

 

zone "." IN {

        type hint;

        file "/dev/null";

};

 

zone "kingsql.org" IN {

        type master;

        file "kingsql.org.zone";

};

 

zone "56.168.192.in-addr.arpa" {

        type master;

        file "192.168.56.rev";

        };

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[root@rac01 named]# cd /var/named

[root@rac01 named]# pwd

/var/named

[root@rac01 named]# vi  kingsql.org.zone

$TTL 1D

@       IN SOA  kingsql.org.       hostmaster.kingsql.org. (

                                        0       ; serial

                                        1D      ; refresh

                                        1H      ; retry

                                        1W      ; expire

                                        3H )    ; minimum

@            IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.

ns1          IN A 192.168.56.101                                             自己实际网络

ns2          IN A 192.168.56.101  

cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.156

cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.157

cluster-scan IN A 192.168.56.158

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[root@rac01 named]# vi  192.168.56.rev

$TTL 1D

@       IN SOA  kingsql.org.       hostmaster.kingsql.org. (

                                        0       ; serial

                                        1D      ; refresh

                                        1H      ; retry

                                        1W      ; expire

                                        3H )    ; minimum

@            IN NS ns1.kingsql.org.

ns1          IN A 192.168.56.101

ns2          IN A 192.168.56.101  

156          IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.

157          IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.

158          IN PTR cluster-scan.kingsql.org.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

service network restart

cat /etc/resolv.conf

chkconfig named on

service named start

 

nslookup cluster-scan.kingsql.org

nslookup 192.168.56.156

nslookup 192.168.56.157

nslookup 192.168.56.158

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------    不配 DNS 一下

 

[root@rac01 ~]#  chkconfig iptables off

[root@rac01 ~]#  service iptables stop

 

[root@rac01 ~]#  vi /etc/selinux/config

  

groupadd -g 1000 oinstall  

groupadd -g 1200 asmadmin  

groupadd -g 1201 asmdba  

groupadd -g 1202 asmoper

groupadd -g 1300 dba  

groupadd -g 1301 oper  

useradd -m -u 1100 -g oinstall -G asmadmin,asmdba,asmoper,dba -d /home/grid -s /bin/bash -c "Grid Infrastructure Owner" grid

useradd -m -u 1101 -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmdba -d /home/oracle -s /bin/bash -c "Oracle Software Owner" oracle  

passwd grid

passwd oracle

mkdir -p /u01/app/grid

mkdir -p /u01/app/11.2.4/grid

chown -R grid:oinstall /u01

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle

chown oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle

chmod -R 775 /u01

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

su - oracle

 

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile

# .bash_profile

 

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

        . ~/.bashrc

fi

 

# User specific environment and startup programs

 

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

 

export PATH

 

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1

export ORACLE_SID=kingsql

export ORACLE_TERM=xterm

export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH

export PATH=/u01/app/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/u01/app/ogg:$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib

export NLS_DATE_FORMAT="yyyy-mm-dd HH24:MI:SS"

export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8

export

export ORACLE_UNQNAME=kingsql

 

 

if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then

        if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

         ulimit -p 16384

              ulimit -n 65536

        else

              ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

        fi

        umask 022

fi

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

su - grid

 

[grid@rac1 ~]$ vi .bash_profile

# .bash_profile

 

# Get the aliases and functions

if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then

        . ~/.bashrc

fi

 

# User specific environment and startup programs

 

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

 

export PATH

 

 

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/grid

export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/11.2.4/grid

export ORACLE_SID=+ASM1

export PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH

export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib

export  CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib

 

if [ $USER = "oracle" ] || [ $USER = "grid" ]; then

        if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

            ulimit -p 16384

              ulimit -n 65536

  else

   ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

      fi

    umask 022

fi

export

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

su - root

 

vi /etc/sysctl.conf

 

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576

fs.file-max = 6815744

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

 

[root@rac01 ~]# /sbin/sysctl -p

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf

 

grid                soft    nproc   2047

grid                hard    nproc   16384

grid                soft    nofile  1024

grid                hard    nofile  65536

oracle              soft    nproc   2047

oracle              hard    nproc   16384

oracle              soft    nofile  1024

oracle              hard    nofile  65536

 

 

[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/pam.d/login

 

session    required     pam_limits.so

 

root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

 

192.168.56.101 rac01

192.168.56.102 rac02

 

192.168.56.111 rac01-vip

192.168.56.112 rac02-vip

 

192.168.1.222 rac01-priv

192.168.1.231 rac02-priv

 

192.168.56.158 cluster-scan

192.168.56.158 rac-cluster-scan                      以上网址自己根据自己网址更改

 

[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4

::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6

 

192.168.56.105 rac01

192.168.56.106 rac02

192.168.56.111 rac01-vip

192.168.56.112 rac02-vip

192.168.1.221 rac01-priv

192.168.1.238 rac02-priv

192.168.56.158 cluster-scan                               以上网址自己根据自己网址更改

 

 

[root@rac1 ~]# service ntpd stop  

关闭 ntpd :                                                 [ 失败 ]

[root@rac1 ~]# chkconfig ntpd off

[root@rac1 ~]# mv /etc/ntp.conf /etc/ntp.conf.original  

[root@rac1 ~]# rm -rf /var/run/ntpd.pid

[root@rac01 ~]# shutdown -h now   关机 虚拟机创建磁盘 (磁盘设置成共享模式)

一个  12g    一个 30g   两块磁盘

 

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 

[root@rac01 ~]# fdisk -l

                

查磁盘号

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdb

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdc

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdd

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBc894130b-2f10eef0

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sde

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB58f6ed82-b0dc76dc

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdf

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB0e0cbf34-6238f247

[root@rac1 ~]# /sbin/scsi_id -u -g /dev/sdg

1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB98788216-29530089

 

rac1 编写文件然后 copy 到其他节点

/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

[root@rac01 ~]# vi /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

 

KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="", NAME="asm-disk1",  OWNER="grid",  GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="", NAME="asm-disk2",  OWNER="grid",  GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

 

KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name",RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VB1274608b-98003b66",NAME="asm-disk1",  OWNER="grid",  GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

KERNEL=="sd*", SUBSYSTEM=="block", PROGRAM=="/sbin/scsi_id --whitelisted --replace-whitespace --device=/dev/$name", RESULT=="1ATA_VBOX_HARDDISK_VBbf237514-f3435ff0", SYMLINK+="asm-disk2",  OWNER="grid",  GROUP="asmadmin", MODE="0660"

 

// 这里是用 2 种方式绑定的 UDEV ,可以选择其中一个即可,不要完全照抄

 

[root@rac1 ~]# scp /etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules rac02:/etc/udev/rules.d/99-oracle-asmdevices.rules

 

[root@rac01 ~]# start_udev

Starting udev: [  OK  ]

 

[root@rac01 ~]# ls -l /dev/asm*

brw-rw---- 1 grid asmadmin 8, 16 5 月   17 12:09 /dev/asm-diskb

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root         3 5 月   17 12:09 /dev/asm-diskc -> sdc

 

[root@rac01 ~]# mv p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip /home/grid/

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

su - grid

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@rac01 ~]$ unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_3of7.zip

[grid@rac01 ~]$ cd grid/

[grid@rac01 grid]$ ls

install      response  runInstaller  sshsetup  welcome.html

readme.html  rpm       runcluvfy.sh  stage

[grid@rac01 grid]$ cd rpm/

[grid@rac01 rpm]$ ls

cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[grid@rac01 rpm]$ su root

Password:

 

 

[root@rac1 ~]# rpm -ivh /home/grid/grid/rpm/cvuqdisk-1.0.9-1.rpm

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

Using default group oinstall to install package

   1:cvuqdisk               ########################################### [100%]

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

su - grid

[grid@rac01 grid]$ ./runInstaller

 

脚本二运行时间较长

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh                          执行脚本  需要在 rac01 执行完 第一条脚本后,在 rac02 在执行第一个脚本

[root@rac02 ~]# /opt/ora11g/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh

 

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid/root.sh                                         执行脚本  需要在 rac01 执行完 第二条脚本后,在 rac02 在执行第二个脚本

[root@rac02 ~]# /opt/ora11g/11.2.4/grid/root.sh

 

 

[root@rac01 ~]# su - grid

[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t

 

[grid@rac01 ~]$ ping cluster-scan

 

[root@rac01 ~]# ping rac01-vip

 

 

[grid@rac01 grid]$  asmca    创建磁盘组

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[root@rac01 ~]# su - oracle

[oracle@rac01 ~]$

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ ls

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip  p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip

[oracle@rac01 ~]$ unzip p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[oracle@rac01 database]$ ./runInstaller

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

[root@rac01 ~]# /opt/ora11g/oracle/product/11.2.4/dbhome_1/root.sh

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

[oracle@rac01 ~]$  dbca

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[

 

[grid@rac01 ~]$ crsctl status res -t

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NAME           TARGET  STATE        SERVER                   STATE_DETAILS       

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Local Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.LISTENER.lsnr

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.OCR.dg

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.asm

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                    Started             

ora.gsd

               OFFLINE OFFLINE      rac01                                        

ora.net1.network

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.ons

               ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cluster Resources

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.cvu

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.kingsql.db

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                    Open                

ora.oc4j

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.rac01.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.scan1.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.scan2.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                                        

ora.scan3.vip

      1        ONLINE  ONLINE       rac01                 

 

 

[grid@rac01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Tue May 15 00:59:29 2018

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production

With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

 

SQL> show parameter db_unique

 

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

db_unique_name                       string      +ASM

SQL> select instance_name from v$instance;

 

INSTANCE_NAME

----------------

+ASM1

 

SQL> quit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

OEL安装DNS文档1.docx


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