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区块链教程Fabric1.0源代码分析blockfile区块文件存储2

原创 区块链 作者:兄弟连区块链入门教程 时间:2018-10-11 13:45:24 0 删除 编辑

```go

//构造blockIndex

func newBlockIndex(indexConfig *blkstorage.IndexConfig, db *leveldbhelper.DBHandle) *blockIndex 

//获取最后一个块索引(或编号),取key为"indexCheckpointKey"的值,即为最新的区块编号

func (index *blockIndex) getLastBlockIndexed() (uint64, error) 

func (index *blockIndex) indexBlock(blockIdxInfo *blockIdxInfo) error //索引区块

//根据区块哈希,获取文件区块指针

func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByHash(blockHash []byte) (*fileLocPointer, error) 

//根据区块编号,获取文件区块指针

func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByBlockNum(blockNum uint64) (*fileLocPointer, error) 

//根据交易ID,获取文件交易指针

func (index *blockIndex) getTxLoc(txID string) (*fileLocPointer, error) 

//根据交易ID,获取文件区块指针

func (index *blockIndex) getBlockLocByTxID(txID string) (*fileLocPointer, error) 

//根据区块编号和交易编号,获取文件交易指针

func (index *blockIndex) getTXLocByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum uint64, tranNum uint64) (*fileLocPointer, error) 

//根据交易ID,获取交易验证代码

func (index *blockIndex) getTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID string) (peer.TxValidationCode, error) 

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

```


补充blockIdxInfo结构体定义:块索引信息。


```

type blockIdxInfo struct {

    blockNum uint64 //区块编号

    blockHash []byte //区块哈希

    flp *fileLocPointer //文件指针

    txOffsets []*txindexInfo //交易索引信息

    metadata *common.BlockMetadata 

}

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

```


补充fileLocPointer、txindexInfo和common.BlockMetadata:


```go

type locPointer struct { //定义指针

    offset int //偏移位置

    bytesLength int //字节长度

}

type fileLocPointer struct { //定义文件指针

    fileSuffixNum int //文件后缀

    locPointer //嵌入locPointer

}

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go


type txindexInfo struct { //交易索引信息

    txID string //交易ID

    loc *locPointer //文件指针

}

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/block_serialization.go


type BlockMetadata struct {

    Metadata [][]byte `protobuf:"bytes,1,rep,name=metadata,proto3" json:"metadata,omitempty"`

}

//代码在protos/common/common.pb.go

```


func (index *blockIndex) indexBlock(blockIdxInfo *blockIdxInfo) error代码如下:


```go

flp := blockIdxInfo.flp //文件指针

txOffsets := blockIdxInfo.txOffsets //交易索引信息

txsfltr := ledgerUtil.TxValidationFlags(blockIdxInfo.metadata.Metadata[common.BlockMetadataIndex_TRANSACTIONS_FILTER]) //type TxValidationFlags []uint8

batch := leveldbhelper.NewUpdateBatch() //leveldb批量更新

flpBytes, err := flp.marshal() //文件指针序列化,含文件后缀、偏移位置、字节长度


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockHash]; ok { //使用区块哈希索引文件区块指针

    batch.Put(constructBlockHashKey(blockIdxInfo.blockHash), flpBytes) //区块哈希,blockHash:flpBytes存入leveldb

}


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockNum]; ok { //使用区块编号索引文件区块指针

    batch.Put(constructBlockNumKey(blockIdxInfo.blockNum), flpBytes) //区块编号,blockNum:flpBytes存入leveldb

}


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrTxID]; ok { //使用交易ID索引文件交易指针

    for _, txoffset := range txOffsets {

        txFlp := newFileLocationPointer(flp.fileSuffixNum, flp.offset, txoffset.loc)

        txFlpBytes, marshalErr := txFlp.marshal()

        batch.Put(constructTxIDKey(txoffset.txID), txFlpBytes) //交易ID,txID:txFlpBytes存入leveldb

    }

}


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockNumTranNum]; ok { //使用区块编号和交易编号索引文件交易指针

    for txIterator, txoffset := range txOffsets {

        txFlp := newFileLocationPointer(flp.fileSuffixNum, flp.offset, txoffset.loc)

        txFlpBytes, marshalErr := txFlp.marshal()

        batch.Put(constructBlockNumTranNumKey(blockIdxInfo.blockNum, uint64(txIterator)), txFlpBytes) //区块编号和交易编号,blockNum+txIterator:txFlpBytes

    }

}


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrBlockTxID]; ok { //使用交易ID索引文件区块指针

    for _, txoffset := range txOffsets {

        batch.Put(constructBlockTxIDKey(txoffset.txID), flpBytes) //交易ID,txID:flpBytes

    }

}


if _, ok := index.indexItemsMap[blkstorage.IndexableAttrTxValidationCode]; ok { //使用交易ID索引交易验证代码

    for idx, txoffset := range txOffsets {

        batch.Put(constructTxValidationCodeIDKey(txoffset.txID), []byte{byte(txsfltr.Flag(idx))})

    }

}


batch.Put(indexCheckpointKey, encodeBlockNum(blockIdxInfo.blockNum)) //key为"indexCheckpointKey"的值,即为最新的区块编号

err := index.db.WriteBatch(batch, true) //批量更新

}

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockindex.go

```


## 7、blocksItr结构体及方法


```go

type blocksItr struct {

    mgr *blockfileMgr //blockfileMgr

    maxBlockNumAvailable uint64 //最大的区块编号

    blockNumToRetrieve uint64 //起始区块编号

    stream *blockStream //blockStream

    closeMarker bool

    closeMarkerLock *sync.Mutex

}


func newBlockItr(mgr *blockfileMgr, startBlockNum uint64) *blocksItr //构造blocksItr

func (itr *blocksItr) waitForBlock(blockNum uint64) uint64 

func (itr *blocksItr) initStream() error 

func (itr *blocksItr) shouldClose() bool 

func (itr *blocksItr) Next() (ledger.QueryResult, error) 

func (itr *blocksItr) Close() 

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blocks_itr.go

```


## 8、blockfileMgr结构体定义及方法


blockfileMgr结构体定义:


```go

type blockfileMgr struct {

    rootDir string //ledger文件存储目录,如/var/hyperledger/production/ledgersData/chains/chains/mychannel

    conf *Conf //即type Conf struct,存放路径和区块文件大小

    db *leveldbhelper.DBHandle //用于操作index

    index index //type index interface,其实现为blockIndex结构体

    cpInfo *checkpointInfo //type checkpointInfo struct

    cpInfoCond *sync.Cond //定期唤醒锁

    currentFileWriter *blockfileWriter //type blockfileWriter struct

    bcInfo atomic.Value //原子操作

}

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

```


涉及方法如下:


```go

//构建blockfileMgr

func newBlockfileMgr(id string, conf *Conf, indexConfig *blkstorage.IndexConfig, indexStore *leveldbhelper.DBHandle) *blockfileMgr

func syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir string, cpInfo *checkpointInfo) //从文件系统中更新检查点信息

func deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir string, suffixNum int) string //构造Blockfile路径

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) close() //关闭blockfileWriter

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) moveToNextFile() //转至下个新区块文件,打开新文件、并更新检查点信息

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) addBlock(block *common.Block) error //添加区块,区块写入文件,索引区块

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) syncIndex() error //同步区块索引

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) getBlockchainInfo() *common.BlockchainInfo //获取 BlockchainInfo

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) updateCheckpoint(cpInfo *checkpointInfo) //更新检查点信息

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) updateBlockchainInfo(latestBlockHash []byte, latestBlock *common.Block) //更新BlockchainInfo

//按区块哈希获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByHash(blockHash),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByHash(blockHash []byte) (*common.Block, error) 

//按区块编号获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByBlockNum(blockNum),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByNumber(blockNum uint64) (*common.Block, error) 

//按交易ID获取块,mgr.index.getBlockLocByTxID(txID),mgr.fetchBlock(loc)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockByTxID(txID string) (*common.Block, error) 

//按交易ID获取交易验证代码,mgr.index.getTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTxValidationCodeByTxID(txID string) (peer.TxValidationCode, error) 

//按区块编号获取BlockHeader:按区块编号从索引中取文件区块指针,按文件指针取区块Bytes,按区块Bytes构建serializedBlockInfo,取serializedBlockInfo.blockHeader

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlockHeaderByNumber(blockNum uint64) (*common.BlockHeader, error)

//构造blocksItr

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveBlocks(startNum uint64) (*blocksItr, error)

//按交易ID获取交易,mgr.index.getTxLoc(txID),mgr.fetchTransactionEnvelope(loc)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTransactionByID(txID string) (*common.Envelope, error)

//按区块编号和交易编号获取交易,mgr.index.getTXLocByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum, tranNum),mgr.fetchTransactionEnvelope(loc)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) retrieveTransactionByBlockNumTranNum(blockNum uint64, tranNum uint64) (*common.Envelope, error) 

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchBlock(lp *fileLocPointer) (*common.Block, error) //获取下一个块

//获取交易

//type Envelope struct {

//  Payload []byte

//  Signature []byte

//}

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchTransactionEnvelope(lp *fileLocPointer) (*common.Envelope, error) 

//按文件指针获取区块Bytes

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchBlockBytes(lp *fileLocPointer) ([]byte, error)

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) fetchRawBytes(lp *fileLocPointer) ([]byte, error) //按文件指针获取原始字节

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) loadCurrentInfo() (*checkpointInfo, error) //获取存储在index库中最新检查点信息,key为"blkMgrInfo"

func (mgr *blockfileMgr) saveCurrentInfo(i *checkpointInfo, sync bool) error //将最新检查点信息,序列化后存入index库

//扫描给定的块文件并检测文件中的最后完整块,返回最后一个块字节、文件最新偏移量、块数

func scanForLastCompleteBlock(rootDir string, fileNum int, startingOffset int64) ([]byte, int64, int, error) {

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

```


func newBlockfileMgr(id string, conf *Conf, indexConfig *blkstorage.IndexConfig, indexStore *leveldbhelper.DBHandle) *blockfileMgr实现如下:构建blockfileMgr。


```go

rootDir := conf.getLedgerBlockDir(id) //如/var/hyperledger/production/ledgersData/chains/chains/mychannel

_, err := util.CreateDirIfMissing(rootDir) //检查rootDir是否存在,如不存在则创建

mgr := &blockfileMgr{rootDir: rootDir, conf: conf, db: indexStore} //构造blockfileMgr,包括ledger路径、块文件大小、index目录leveldb句柄

cpInfo, err := mgr.loadCurrentInfo() //获取存储在index库中最新检查点信息,key为"blkMgrInfo"

if cpInfo == nil { //找不到,第一次创建ledger或index被删除

    //扫描最新的blockfile,并重新构造检查点信息

    cpInfo, err = constructCheckpointInfoFromBlockFiles(rootDir)

} else {

    syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir, cpInfo) //从文件系统中更新检查点信息

}

err = mgr.saveCurrentInfo(cpInfo, true) //将最新检查点信息,序列化后存入index库

currentFileWriter, err := newBlockfileWriter(deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum))

err = currentFileWriter.truncateFile(cpInfo.latestFileChunksize) //按最新的区块文件大小截取文件

mgr.index = newBlockIndex(indexConfig, indexStore) 构造blockIndex

mgr.cpInfo = cpInfo

mgr.cpInfoCond = sync.NewCond(&sync.Mutex{})

mgr.syncIndex()


bcInfo := &common.BlockchainInfo{

    Height: 0,

    CurrentBlockHash: nil,

    PreviousBlockHash: nil}

if !cpInfo.isChainEmpty { //如果不是空链

    lastBlockHeader, err := mgr.retrieveBlockHeaderByNumber(cpInfo.lastBlockNumber) //获取最后一个块的Header

    lastBlockHash := lastBlockHeader.Hash() //最后一个块的哈希

    previousBlockHash := lastBlockHeader.PreviousHash //前一个块的哈希

    bcInfo = &common.BlockchainInfo{ //构造区块链信息

        Height: cpInfo.lastBlockNumber + 1,

        CurrentBlockHash: lastBlockHash,

        PreviousBlockHash: previousBlockHash}

}

mgr.bcInfo.Store(bcInfo) //bcInfo赋值给mgr.bcInfo

return mgr

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

```


func syncCPInfoFromFS(rootDir string, cpInfo *checkpointInfo)代码如下://从文件系统中更新检查点信息。


```go

filePath := deriveBlockfilePath(rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum) //最新区块文件路径

exists, size, err := util.FileExists(filePath)

_, endOffsetLastBlock, numBlocks, err := scanForLastCompleteBlock( //扫描最后一个完整块

    rootDir, cpInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum, int64(cpInfo.latestFileChunksize))

cpInfo.latestFileChunksize = int(endOffsetLastBlock) //最新的区块文件大小

if cpInfo.isChainEmpty { //空链

    cpInfo.lastBlockNumber = uint64(numBlocks - 1) //最新的区块编号

} else {

    cpInfo.lastBlockNumber += uint64(numBlocks)

}

cpInfo.isChainEmpty = false //不再是空链

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

```


func (mgr *blockfileMgr) addBlock(block *common.Block) error代码如下:添加区块,区块写入文件,索引区块。


```go

//序列化区块,返回序列化后字节,以及serializedBlockInfo(含BlockHeader和交易索引信息)

blockBytes, info, err := serializeBlock(block)

blockHash := block.Header.Hash() //blockHash

txOffsets := info.txOffsets //交易索引信息

currentOffset := mgr.cpInfo.latestFileChunksize //最新的区块文件大小

blockBytesLen := len(blockBytes)

blockBytesEncodedLen := proto.EncodeVarint(uint64(blockBytesLen)) //blockBytesLen

totalBytesToAppend := blockBytesLen + len(blockBytesEncodedLen) //blockBytesLen + blockBytesEncodedLen


if currentOffset+totalBytesToAppend > mgr.conf.maxBlockfileSize { //超出文件大小限定,创建新文件

    mgr.moveToNextFile()

    currentOffset = 0

}

err = mgr.currentFileWriter.append(blockBytesEncodedLen, false) //追加写入blockBytesLen

if err == nil {

    err = mgr.currentFileWriter.append(blockBytes, true) //追加写入blockBytes

}

if err != nil { //追加写入失败,回滚按原大小截取文件

        truncateErr := mgr.currentFileWriter.truncateFile(mgr.cpInfo.latestFileChunksize)

        return fmt.Errorf("Error while appending block to file: %s", err)

}


currentCPInfo := mgr.cpInfo

newCPInfo := &checkpointInfo{

    latestFileChunkSuffixNum: currentCPInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum,

    latestFileChunksize: currentCPInfo.latestFileChunksize + totalBytesToAppend,

    isChainEmpty: false,

    lastBlockNumber: block.Header.Number}

if err = mgr.saveCurrentInfo(newCPInfo, false); err != nil { //更新检查点信息

    truncateErr := mgr.currentFileWriter.truncateFile(currentCPInfo.latestFileChunksize) //更新失败,回滚按原大小截取文件

    return fmt.Errorf("Error while saving current file info to db: %s", err)

}


blockFLP := &fileLocPointer{fileSuffixNum: newCPInfo.latestFileChunkSuffixNum}

blockFLP.offset = currentOffset

for _, txOffset := range txOffsets {

    txOffset.loc.offset += len(blockBytesEncodedLen) //更新文件交易指针

}

mgr.index.indexBlock(&blockIdxInfo{ //索引区块

    blockNum: block.Header.Number, blockHash: blockHash,

    flp: blockFLP, txOffsets: txOffsets, metadata: block.Metadata})


mgr.updateCheckpoint(newCPInfo) //更新检查点信息

mgr.updateBlockchainInfo(blockHash, block) //更新BlockchainInfo

return nil

//代码在common/ledger/blkstorage/fsblkstorage/blockfile_mgr.go

```


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