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分类: Oracle

在Oracle的11g版本中提供了统计数据自动收集的功能。在部署安装11g Oracle软件过程中,其中有一个步骤便是提示是否启动这个功能(默认是启用这个功能)。

一、查看自动收集统计信息的任务及状态:

SQL> select client_name,status from dba_autotask_client;

CLIENT_NAME                                                      STATUS
---------------------------------------------------------------- --------
auto optimizer stats collection                                  ENABLED
auto space advisor                                               ENABLED
sql tuning advisor                                               DISABLED

SQL>



二、禁止自动收集统计信息的任务

SQL> exec DBMS_AUTO_TASK_ADMIN.DISABLE(client_name => 'auto optimizer stats collection',operation => NULL,window_name => NULL);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select client_name,status from dba_autotask_client;

CLIENT_NAME                                                      STATUS
---------------------------------------------------------------- --------
auto optimizer stats collection                                  DISABLED
auto space advisor                                               ENABLED
sql tuning advisor                                               DISABLED


三、启用自动收集统计信息的任务

SQL> exec DBMS_AUTO_TASK_ADMIN.ENABLE(client_name => 'auto optimizer stats collection',operation => NULL,window_name => NULL);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select client_name,status from dba_autotask_client;

CLIENT_NAME                                                      STATUS
---------------------------------------------------------------- --------
auto optimizer stats collection                                  ENABLED
auto space advisor                                               ENABLED
sql tuning advisor                                               DISABLED



四、获得当前自动收集统计信息的执行时间:

SQL> col WINDOW_NAME format a20
SQL> col REPEAT_INTERVAL format a70
SQL> col DURATION format a20
SQL> set line 180
SQL> select t1.window_name,t1.repeat_interval,t1.duration
    from dba_scheduler_windows t1,dba_scheduler_wingroup_members t2
    where t1.window_name=t2.window_name and t2.window_group_name in ('MAINTENANCE_WINDOW_GROUP','BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_SCHED');

WINDOW_NAME          REPEAT_INTERVAL                                                        DURATION
-------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------
WEDNESDAY_WINDOW     freq=daily;byday=WED;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
SATURDAY_WINDOW      freq=daily;byday=SAT;byhour=6;byminute=0; bysecond=0                   +000 20:00:00
THURSDAY_WINDOW      freq=daily;byday=THU;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
TUESDAY_WINDOW       freq=daily;byday=TUE;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
SUNDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=SUN;byhour=6;byminute=0; bysecond=0                   +000 20:00:00
MONDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=MON;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
FRIDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=FRI;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00

7 rows selected.


其中:WINDOW_NAME:任务名       REPEAT_INTERVAL:任务重复间隔时间      DURATION:持续时间

五.修改统计信息执行的时间:

1.停止任务:
SQL> BEGIN
      DBMS_SCHEDULER.DISABLE(
      name => '"SYS"."THURSDAY_WINDOW"',
      force => TRUE);  --停止任务是true
    END;
    /

SQL>


2.修改任务的持续时间,单位是分钟:
SQL> BEGIN
      DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE(
      name => '"SYS"."THURSDAY_WINDOW"',
      attribute => 'DURATION',
      value => numtodsinterval(60,'minute'));
    END;
    /


3.开始执行时间,BYHOUR=2,表示2点开始执行:
SQL> BEGIN
      DBMS_SCHEDULER.SET_ATTRIBUTE(
      name => '"SYS"."THURSDAY_WINDOW"',
      attribute => 'REPEAT_INTERVAL',
      value => 'freq=daily;byday=THU;byhour=10;byminute=40;bysecond=0');
    END;
    /


4.开启任务:
SQL> BEGIN
     DBMS_SCHEDULER.ENABLE(
     name => '"SYS"."THURSDAY_WINDOW"');
   END;
   /


5.查看修改后的情况:

SQL> select t1.window_name,t1.repeat_interval,t1.duration
    from dba_scheduler_windows t1,dba_scheduler_wingroup_members t2
    where t1.window_name=t2.window_name and t2.window_group_name in ('MAINTENANCE_WINDOW_GROUP','BSLN_MAINTAIN_STATS_SCHED');

WINDOW_NAME          REPEAT_INTERVAL                                                        DURATION
-------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------
WEDNESDAY_WINDOW     freq=daily;byday=WED;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
SATURDAY_WINDOW      freq=daily;byday=SAT;byhour=6;byminute=0; bysecond=0                   +000 20:00:00
THURSDAY_WINDOW      freq=daily;byday=THU;byhour=10;byminute=40;bysecond=0                  +000 01:00:00
TUESDAY_WINDOW       freq=daily;byday=TUE;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
SUNDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=SUN;byhour=6;byminute=0; bysecond=0                   +000 20:00:00
MONDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=MON;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00
FRIDAY_WINDOW        freq=daily;byday=FRI;byhour=22;byminute=0; bysecond=0                  +000 04:00:00



六.查看统计信息执行的历史记录

--维护窗口组
select * from dba_scheduler_window_groups;

--维护窗口组对应窗口
select * from dba_scheduler_wingroup_members

--维护窗口历史信息
select* from dba_scheduler_windows

--查询自动收集任务正在执行的job
select * from DBA_AUTOTASK_CLIENT_JOB;

--查询自动收集任务历史执行状态
select * from DBA_AUTOTASK_JOB_HISTORY;
select * from DBA_AUTOTASK_CLIENT_HISTORY;
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