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HP-UX 11.31安装bash环境

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:迷倪小魏 时间:2017-10-22 10:50:53 0 删除 编辑


之前一直接触的Linux环境比较多,所以已经习惯了Linux默认的bash环境,忽然接触HP-UX系统,一下子不适应sh shell命令方式.相信很多初次接触HP-UX都会感觉有点不适应。下面就这几天学习HP-UX而了解到的bashsh做一个对比分析:

 

bash默认:

1)有命令历史记忆功能,可以使用上下键切换命令;

2)命令输入为文件格式,进退简单,符合人的习惯;

3)可以使用TAB键补全命令或目录;

4bash是以人为体验为中心设计;

 

sh默认:

1)默认没有历史记忆功能,但可以通过配置环境变量达到.

2)命令输入为vi模式,输入命令时,就像我们使用vi编辑,i是插入,x是删除,u撤销等,

3)没有命令补齐功能.可以使用ECS键补齐目录.

4)在功能设计上却有独到之处.

 

习惯了bash环境,下面我们就在HP-UX上安装bash环境做一个详细的安装,步骤如下所示:

 

1、检查HP_UX的版本

 

root@rx2660 [/]uname -a

HP-UX rx2660 B.11.31 U ia64 1544395069 unlimited-user license

 

2、下载相应的软件包

 

软件包下载地址:

http://hpux.connect.org.uk/hppd/cgi-bin/search?package=on&description=on&term=bash

 

看到有一个简介Run-time dependencies: gettext、libiconv、libunistring、readline、termcap是bash环境运行的依赖包,全部下载下来。

 

3、通过FTP上传到HP-UX操作系统的/bash文件夹下

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]ll

total 111440

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        10557440 Jan 11 02:29 bash-4.4.012-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        26501120 Jan 11 02:29 gettext-0.19.8.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        3450880 Jan 11 02:29 libiconv-1.15-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        10414080 Jan 11 02:29 libunistring-0.9.7-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys         550089 Jan 11 02:59 make-4.2.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        3481600 Jan 11 02:29 readline-7.0.003-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

-rw-r-----   1 root       sys        2078720 Jan 11 02:29 termcap-1.3.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

 

4、安装

 

安装下面的顺序依次进行安装,需要注意的是安装的路径必须是绝对路径,不能使用相对路径;如果是相对路径,就会出现下面报错信息:

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s make-4.2.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:00:39 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0011)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

ERROR:   Could not contact host "make-4.2.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz".

         Make sure the hostname is correct and an absolute pathname is

         specified (beginning with "/").

       * Source connection failed for

         "make-4.2.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz:/var/spool/sw".

WARNING: More information may be found in the daemon logfile on this

         target (default location is

         make-4.2.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz:/var/adm/sw/swagentd.log).

       * Selection had errors.

        

        

 

=======  01/11/98 03:00:39 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0011)

 

 

正确的安装方法:

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/gettext-0.19.8.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 02:56:17 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0009)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/gettext-0.19.8.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             gettext.gettext-MAN,r=0.19.8.1,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

             gettext.gettext-RUN,r=0.19.8.1,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

 

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0009 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 02:56:43 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0009)

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/termcap-1.3.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:04:02 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0014)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/termcap-1.3.1-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             termcap.termcap-RUN,r=1.3.1,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0014 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 03:04:06 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0014)

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/libiconv-1.15-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:04:36 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0015)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/libiconv-1.15-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             libiconv.libiconv-MAN,r=1.15,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

             libiconv.libiconv-RUN,r=1.15,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0015 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 03:04:39 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0015)

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/libunistring-0.9.7-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:05:22 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0016)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/libunistring-0.9.7-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             libunistring.libunistring-INC,r=0.9.7,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

             libunistring.libunistring-RUN,r=0.9.7,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0016 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 03:05:27 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0016)

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/bash-4.4.012-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:06:23 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0017)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/bash-4.4.012-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             bash.bash-RUN,r=4.4.012,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0017 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 03:06:25 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0017)

 

 

附带swinstall安装界面步骤:http://www.thegeekstuff.com/2010/06/install-remove-depot-packages/

 

 

5、查看软件包的安装情况

 

root@rx2660 [/bash]swlist

# Initializing...

# Contacting target "rx2660"...

#

# Target:  rx2660:/

#

……(此处省略N行记录)

#

# Product(s) not contained in a Bundle:

#

 

  OnlineJFS                             B.11.31        Online features of the VxFS File System

  bash                                  4.4.012        bash          

  gettext                               0.19.8.1       gettext       

  libiconv                              1.15           libiconv      

  libunistring                          0.9.7          libunistring  

  termcap                               1.3.1          termcap     

 

 

6、修改环境变量

 

root@rx2660 [/]chmod 744 .profile

root@rx2660 [/]vi .profile

".profile" 50 lines, 975 characters

# @(#)B.11.31_LR

 

# Default (example of) super-user's .profile file

 

 

# Do not put "." in PATH; it is a potential security breach.

# Do not put "/usr/local/bin" in PATH; it is a potential security breach.

# Example assumes /home/root exists.

        set +u

 

        PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH:/sbin:/home/root

 

# Be sure that VUE does not invoke tty commands

 

   if [ ! "$VUE" ]; then

 

   # Set up the terminal:

        if [ "$TERM" = "" ]

        then

                eval ` tset -s -Q -m ':?hp' `

        else

                eval ` tset -s -Q `

        fi

        stty erase "^H" kill "^U" intr "^C" eof "^D"

        stty hupcl ixon ixoff

        tabs

 

        echo

        echo "Value of TERM has been set to \"$TERM\". "

        export TERM

".profile" 50 lines, 975 characters

 

 

# Set up shell environment:

 

        set -u                                  # error if undefined variable.

        trap "echo 'logout root'" 0             # what to do on exit.

 

 

# Set up shell variables:

 

        MAIL=/var/mail/root

        # don't export, so only login shell checks.

 

        echo "WARNING:  YOU ARE SUPERUSER !!\n"

umask 027

 

#增加下面一句

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin

 

 

7、退出会话,重新登录检查bash是否可用

 

root@rx2660 [/]bash

/usr/lib/hpux64/dld.so: Unable to find library 'libhistory.so'.

Killed

 

运行bash,出现上面的报错信息:是由于缺少依赖的包

 

解决方法:

root@rx2660 [/bash]swinstall -s /bash/readline-7.0.003-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz \*

 

=======  01/11/98 03:21:11 EAT  BEGIN swinstall SESSION

         (non-interactive) (jobid=rx2660-0019)

 

       * Session started for user "root@rx2660".

        

       * Beginning Selection

       * Target connection succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Source:

         /bash/readline-7.0.003-ia64_64-11.31.depot.gz

       * Targets:                rx2660:/

       * Software selections:

             readline.readline-INC,r=7.0.003,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

             readline.readline-RUN,r=7.0.003,a=HP-UX_B.11.31_64

       * Selection succeeded.

        

        

       * Beginning Analysis and Execution

       * Session selections have been saved in the file

         "/.sw/sessions/swinstall.last".

       * The analysis phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * The execution phase succeeded for "rx2660:/".

       * Analysis and Execution succeeded.

        

        

NOTE:    More information may be found in the agent logfile using the

         command "swjob -a log rx2660-0019 @ rx2660:/".

 

=======  01/11/98 03:21:15 EAT  END swinstall SESSION (non-interactive)

         (jobid=rx2660-0019)

 

再次运行bash成功,这样就可以使用tab键补全指令信息

root@rx2660 [/]bash

bash-4.4#

bash-4.4#

 


作者:SEian.G(苦练七十二变,笑对八十一难)

 


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