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Linux系统安装Redis服务

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:Z少校 时间:2020-02-19 20:31:34 0 删除 编辑
一、配置本地yum源,用于安装redis所需要包: http://blog.itpub.net/30484956/viewspace-2675381/
二、安装redis:

准备工作:将包括redis在内的redis-3.2.8.tar.gz安装包放到指定位置(此位置可以自建,为了统一,全部放在/var/software/目录下)

(1)解压redis安装包:

[root@caiji software]# tar -xvf redis-3.2.8.tar.gz
......
......

进入解压后的文件中:

[root@caiji software]# cd redis-3.2.8
[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# ls
00-RELEASENOTES  COPYING  Makefile   redis.conf       runtest-sentinel  tests
BUGS             deps     MANIFESTO  runtest          sentinel.conf     utils
CONTRIBUTING     INSTALL  README.md  runtest-cluster  src

使用yum命令安装redis所需要的包和编译工具:

[root@caiji software]# yum -y install wget  make gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel pcre-devel kernel keyutils  patch perl

(以下为输出内容,如果有的包已经安装过的话,输出内容会有所差别,大体是一样的!)

Loaded plugins: product-id, refresh-packagekit, security, subscription-manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Setting up Install Process
Package wget-1.12-1.8.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.81-20.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package openssl-1.0.1e-15.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package kernel-2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package keyutils-1.4-4.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package patch-2.6-6.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 4:perl-5.10.1-136.el6.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package gcc.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: cpp = 4.4.7-4.el6 for package: gcc-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: cloog-ppl >= 0.15 for package: gcc-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64
---> Package gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libstdc++-devel = 4.4.7-4.el6 for package: gcc-c++-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libmpfr.so.1()(64bit) for package: gcc-c++-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64
---> Package openssl-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.1e-15.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: krb5-devel for package: openssl-devel-1.0.1e-15.el6.x86_64
---> Package pcre-devel.x86_64 0:7.8-6.el6 will be installed
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.3-29.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cloog-ppl.x86_64 0:0.15.7-1.2.el6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libppl_c.so.2()(64bit) for package: cloog-ppl-0.15.7-1.2.el6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libppl.so.7()(64bit) for package: cloog-ppl-0.15.7-1.2.el6.x86_64
---> Package cpp.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6 will be installed
---> Package krb5-devel.x86_64 0:1.10.3-10.el6_4.6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libselinux-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-10.el6_4.6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libcom_err-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-10.el6_4.6.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: keyutils-libs-devel for package: krb5-devel-1.10.3-10.el6_4.6.x86_64
---> Package libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6 will be installed
---> Package mpfr.x86_64 0:2.4.1-6.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package keyutils-libs-devel.x86_64 0:1.4-4.el6 will be installed
---> Package libcom_err-devel.x86_64 0:1.41.12-18.el6 will be installed
---> Package libselinux-devel.x86_64 0:2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libsepol-devel >= 2.0.32-1 for package: libselinux-devel-2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: pkgconfig(libsepol) for package: libselinux-devel-2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1.x86_64
---> Package ppl.x86_64 0:0.10.2-11.el6 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libsepol-devel.x86_64 0:2.0.41-4.el6 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved
================================================================================
 Package                  Arch        Version                  Repository  Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 gcc                      x86_64      4.4.7-4.el6              local       10 M
 gcc-c++                  x86_64      4.4.7-4.el6              local      4.7 M
 openssl-devel            x86_64      1.0.1e-15.el6            local      1.2 M
 pcre-devel               x86_64      7.8-6.el6                local      318 k
 zlib-devel               x86_64      1.2.3-29.el6             local       44 k
Installing for dependencies:
 cloog-ppl                x86_64      0.15.7-1.2.el6           local       93 k
 cpp                      x86_64      4.4.7-4.el6              local      3.7 M
 keyutils-libs-devel      x86_64      1.4-4.el6                local       28 k
 krb5-devel               x86_64      1.10.3-10.el6_4.6        local      495 k
 libcom_err-devel         x86_64      1.41.12-18.el6           local       32 k
 libselinux-devel         x86_64      2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1       local      136 k
 libsepol-devel           x86_64      2.0.41-4.el6             local       64 k
 libstdc++-devel          x86_64      4.4.7-4.el6              local      1.6 M
 mpfr                     x86_64      2.4.1-6.el6              local      156 k
 ppl                      x86_64      0.10.2-11.el6            local      1.3 M
Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install      15 Package(s)
Total download size: 24 M
Installed size: 59 M
Downloading Packages:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                            48 MB/s |  24 MB     00:00     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : mpfr-2.4.1-6.el6.x86_64                                     1/15 
  Installing : cpp-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                      2/15 
  Installing : ppl-0.10.2-11.el6.x86_64                                    3/15 
  Installing : cloog-ppl-0.15.7-1.2.el6.x86_64                             4/15 
  Installing : gcc-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                      5/15 
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64                              6/15 
  Installing : libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-18.el6.x86_64                      7/15 
  Installing : keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-4.el6.x86_64                        8/15 
  Installing : libsepol-devel-2.0.41-4.el6.x86_64                          9/15 
  Installing : libselinux-devel-2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1.x86_64                 10/15 
  Installing : krb5-devel-1.10.3-10.el6_4.6.x86_64                        11/15 
  Installing : libstdc++-devel-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                         12/15 
  Installing : gcc-c++-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                 13/15 
  Installing : openssl-devel-1.0.1e-15.el6.x86_64                         14/15 
  Installing : pcre-devel-7.8-6.el6.x86_64                                15/15 
local/productid                                          | 1.7 kB     00:00 ... 
  Verifying  : pcre-devel-7.8-6.el6.x86_64                                 1/15 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-devel-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                          2/15 
  Verifying  : libsepol-devel-2.0.41-4.el6.x86_64                          3/15 
  Verifying  : keyutils-libs-devel-1.4-4.el6.x86_64                        4/15 
  Verifying  : cpp-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                      5/15 
  Verifying  : libcom_err-devel-1.41.12-18.el6.x86_64                      6/15 
  Verifying  : openssl-devel-1.0.1e-15.el6.x86_64                          7/15 
  Verifying  : libselinux-devel-2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1.x86_64                  8/15 
  Verifying  : mpfr-2.4.1-6.el6.x86_64                                     9/15 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64                             10/15 
  Verifying  : gcc-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                     11/15 
  Verifying  : krb5-devel-1.10.3-10.el6_4.6.x86_64                        12/15 
  Verifying  : gcc-c++-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64                                 13/15 
  Verifying  : ppl-0.10.2-11.el6.x86_64                                   14/15 
  Verifying  : cloog-ppl-0.15.7-1.2.el6.x86_64                            15/15 
Installed:
  gcc.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6                   gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6       
  openssl-devel.x86_64 0:1.0.1e-15.el6       pcre-devel.x86_64 0:7.8-6.el6      
  zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.3-29.el6          
Dependency Installed:
  cloog-ppl.x86_64 0:0.15.7-1.2.el6                                             
  cpp.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6                                                      
  keyutils-libs-devel.x86_64 0:1.4-4.el6                                        
  krb5-devel.x86_64 0:1.10.3-10.el6_4.6                                         
  libcom_err-devel.x86_64 0:1.41.12-18.el6                                      
  libselinux-devel.x86_64 0:2.0.94-5.3.el6_4.1                                  
  libsepol-devel.x86_64 0:2.0.41-4.el6                                          
  libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.4.7-4.el6                                          
  mpfr.x86_64 0:2.4.1-6.el6                                                     
  ppl.x86_64 0:0.10.2-11.el6                                                    
Complete!

(以上输出表示包和编译工具安装成功!)

安装成功后在进入redis解压的目录中执行make命令:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# make
(以下是命令输出)
cd src && make all
make[1]: Entering directory `/var/software/redis-3.2.8/src'
rm -rf redis-server redis-sentinel redis-cli redis-benchmark redis-check-rdb redis-check-aof *.o *.gcda *.gcno *.gcov redis.info lcov-html
(cd ../deps && make distclean)
make[2]: Entering directory `/var/software/redis-3.2.8/deps'
(cd hiredis && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd linenoise && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd lua && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd geohash-int && make clean) > /dev/null || true
(cd jemalloc && [ -f Makefile ] && make distclean) > /dev/null || true
..........
省略部分输出。。。。。
..........
    CC crc16.o
    CC endianconv.o
    CC slowlog.o
    CC scripting.o
    CC bio.o
    CC rio.o
    CC rand.o
    CC memtest.o
    CC crc64.o
    CC bitops.o
    CC sentinel.o
    CC notify.o
    CC setproctitle.o
    CC blocked.o
    CC hyperloglog.o
    CC latency.o
    CC sparkline.o
    CC redis-check-rdb.o
    CC geo.o
    LINK redis-server
    INSTALL redis-sentinel
    CC redis-cli.o
    LINK redis-cli
    CC redis-benchmark.o
    LINK redis-benchmark
    INSTALL redis-check-rdb
    CC redis-check-aof.o
    LINK redis-check-aof
Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)
make[1]: Leaving directory `/var/software/redis-3.2.8/src'

(自此执行make成功!)

PS: 注意如果make显示错误,按照以下方法解决: 如果提示couldn’t execute tcl : no such file or
dicrectory,请自行安装tcl; 如果提示

请执行make distclean,然后再make

make成功之后,会在/var/software/redis-3.2.8/src目录下多出一些文件,如下:

然后执行make install:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# make install
cd src && make install
make[1]: Entering directory `/var/software/redis-3.2.8/src'
Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
make[1]: Leaving directory `/var/software/redis-3.2.8/src'

执行完make install后会在目录/usr/local/bin下生成以下文件:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# ll /usr/local/bin
total 26344
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 5578239 May  5 11:01 redis-benchmark
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root   22185 May  5 11:01 redis-check-aof
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7827882 May  5 11:01 redis-check-rdb
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 5707107 May  5 11:01 redis-cli
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    12 May  5 11:01 redis-sentinel -> redis-server
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7827882 May  5 11:01 redis-server

查看redis版本号:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# /usr/local/bin/redis-server -v
Redis server v=3.2.8 sha=00000000:0 malloc=jemalloc-4.0.3 bits=64 build=1882e7b0ae5da5a3

(自此redis安装完成)

配置redis:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# ./utils/install_server.sh 
Welcome to the redis service installer
This script will help you easily set up a running redis server
Please select the redis port for this instance: [6379]            ----直接默认下一步,端口号默认为6379
Selecting default: 6379
Please select the redis config file name [/etc/redis/6379.conf]    ----默认下一步,此处配置文件名和位置
Selected default - /etc/redis/6379.conf
Please select the redis log file name [/var/log/redis_6379.log]    ----默认下一步,此处日志名和位置
Selected default - /var/log/redis_6379.log
Please select the data directory for this instance [/var/lib/redis/6379]   ----默认下一步,数据文件存放位置
Selected default - /var/lib/redis/6379
Please select the redis executable path [/usr/local/bin/redis-server]     ----默认下一步,redis服务路径位置 
Selected config:
Port           : 6379
Config file    : /etc/redis/6379.conf
Log file       : /var/log/redis_6379.log
Data dir       : /var/lib/redis/6379
Executable     : /usr/local/bin/redis-server
Cli Executable : /usr/local/bin/redis-cli
Is this ok? Then press ENTER to go on or Ctrl-C to abort.
Copied /tmp/6379.conf => /etc/init.d/redis_6379
Installing service...
Successfully added to chkconfig!
Successfully added to runlevels 345!
Starting Redis server...
Installation successful!

(自此redis配置成功,并且为开机启动方式)

然后根据要求对redis的配置文件进行修改:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# vim /etc/redis/6379.conf

修改项看截图,根据截图找到修改项,修改成截图中的值:

在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

配置文件修改完毕后将redis服务停止:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# /etc/init.d/redis_6379 stop
Stopping ...
Waiting for Redis to shutdown ...
Redis stopped

然后重新启动:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# /etc/init.d/redis_6379 start
Starting Redis server...

查看进程无误,表示修改成功:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# ps -ef | grep redis
root     32106     1  0 11:31 ?        00:00:00 /usr/local/bin/redis-server 0.0.0.0:6379        
root     32111  3030  0 11:31 pts/0    00:00:00 grep redis

(自此redis安装配置完毕,并且是启动状态!)

三、Redis服务查看、开启、关闭:

1.通过ps -ef|grep redis命令查看Redis进程:

[root@caiji redis-3.2.8]# ps -ef | grep redis
root     32106     1  0 11:31 ?        00:00:00 /usr/local/bin/redis-server 0.0.0.0:6379        
root     32111  3030  0 11:31 pts/0    00:00:00 grep redis

2.开启Redis服务操作通过/etc/init.d/redis_6379 start命令,也可通过:service redis_6379 start

3.关闭Redis服务操作通过/etc/init.d/redis_6379 stop命令,也可通过:service redis_6379 stop


来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/30484956/viewspace-2676286/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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