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Centos 7安装iscsi

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:dmcatding 时间:2019-05-12 21:12:58 0 删除 编辑

搭建数据库RAC环境,使用ISCSI服务模拟存储服务器,之前使用的是Linux 6系列所以发现7不同,特此记录:

服务器安装targetcli

# yum -y install targetcli


启动target服务

# systemctl start target


设置开机启动服务

# systemctl enable target


开始创建

进入targetcli

#targetcli


步骤1:建立一个块存储

注意:server1.disk(名称server1可自定义),/dev/sdb1为上面新建的分区名称。

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_ocr1 /dev/sdb

Created block storage object disk_ocr1 using /dev/sdb.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_ocr2 /dev/sdc

Created block storage object disk_ocr2 using /dev/sdc.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_ocr3 /dev/sdd

Created block storage object disk_ocr3 using /dev/sde.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_data1 /dev/sde

Created block storage object disk_data1 using /dev/sde.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_data2 /dev/sdf

Created block storage object disk_data2 using /dev/sdf.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_data3 /dev/sdg

Created block storage object disk_data3 using /dev/sdg.

/backstores/fileio> /backstores/block create disk_data4 /dev/sdh

Created block storage object disk_data4 using /dev/sdh.



步骤2:配置ISCSITarget命名

注意:命名在同一子网内确保是唯一的,命名格式为:iqn.yyyy-mm.<主机名反写>:自定义名称(自定义名称内不能有下划线)


/backstores/fileio> /iscsi create iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server

Created target iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server.

Created TPG 1.

Global pref auto_add_default_portal=true

Created default portal listening on all IPs (0.0.0.0), port 3260.


步骤3:创建ACL允许ISCSI客户机连接

注意:iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server:client1为客户机ISCSI名称。


/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/acls create iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

Created Node ACL for iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing


步骤4:创建lun(target块设备的逻辑单元)

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_ocr1

Created LUN 0.

Created LUN 0->0 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_ocr2

Created LUN 1.

Created LUN 1->1 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_ocr3

Created LUN 2.

Created LUN 2->2 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_data1

Created LUN 3.

Created LUN 3->3 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_data2

Created LUN 4.

Created LUN 4->4 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_data3

Created LUN 5.

Created LUN 5->5 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

/backstores/fileio> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/luns create/backstores/block/disk_data4

Created LUN 6.

Created LUN 6->6 mapping in node ACL iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing



步骤5:创建ip与端口

/> /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/portals create 192.168.8.88

/>cd /iscsi/iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server/tpg1/portals

/>create 192.168.8.88:3260

注:192.168.8.88为服务器IP;不指定端口默认为3260


步骤6:配置验证用户名和密码(这里可以省略)

/>cd

/iscsi/iqn.2017-05.com.mwdserver:iscsimwd1/tpg1/acls/iqn.2017-05.com.mwdinit:initmwd1

/>set auth userid=test

/>set auth password=test


步骤7:配置完成后查看配置信息,并退出。

/>cd /

/>ls

/>exit


客户端:

安装:

# yum -y install iscsi-initiator-utils


注:Ubuntu下比较方便好用的initiator是open iscsi:

apt-get install -y open-iscsi

启动iscsi服务:


# systemctl start iscsi

设置为开机自启动服务:


# systemctl enable iscsi

配置ISCSIInitiator名称(此处InitiatorName须与服务端配置的ACL允许ISCSI客户机连接的名称一致):


# vi /etc/iscsi/initiatorname.iscsi

InitiatorName=iqn.1994-05.com.redhat:d36e6c6eb661

修改为:

InitiatorName=iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:beijing

此处定义的Initiator名字要和在存储节点中定义ACL时使用的主机名字一致。


#vi /etc/iscsi/iscsid.conf

# line 57: 取消注释

node.session.auth.authmethod = CHAP

# line 61,62: 取消注释 and specify the username and password you set on the iSCSI target server

node.session.auth.username = username

node.session.auth.password = password


# 发现target

[root@rac18c1 ~]# iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p 192.168.8.88

192.168.8.88:3260,1 iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server


[root@rac18c1 ~]# iscsiadm -m node -o show

# BEGIN RECORD 6.2.0.874-10

node.name = iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server

node.tpgt = 1

node.startup = automatic

node.leading_login = No

iface.hwaddress = <empty>

iface.ipaddress = <empty>

iface.iscsi_ifacename = default

iface.net_ifacename = <empty>

iface.gateway = <empty>

iface.subnet_mask = <empty>

iface.transport_name = tcp

iface.initiatorname = <empty>

iface.state = <empty>

iface.vlan_id = 0

iface.vlan_priority = 0

iface.vlan_state = <empty>

iface.iface_num = 0

iface.mtu = 0

iface.port = 0

iface.bootproto = <empty>

iface.dhcp_alt_client_id_state = <empty>

iface.dhcp_alt_client_id = <empty>

iface.dhcp_dns = <empty>

iface.dhcp_learn_iqn = <empty>

iface.dhcp_req_vendor_id_state = <empty>

iface.dhcp_vendor_id_state = <empty>

iface.dhcp_vendor_id = <empty>

iface.dhcp_slp_da = <empty>

iface.fragmentation = <empty>

iface.gratuitous_arp = <empty>

iface.incoming_forwarding = <empty>

iface.tos_state = <empty>

iface.tos = 0

iface.ttl = 0

iface.delayed_ack = <empty>

iface.tcp_nagle = <empty>

iface.tcp_wsf_state = <empty>

iface.tcp_wsf = 0

iface.tcp_timer_scale = 0

iface.tcp_timestamp = <empty>

iface.redirect = <empty>

iface.def_task_mgmt_timeout = 0

iface.header_digest = <empty>

iface.data_digest = <empty>

iface.immediate_data = <empty>

iface.initial_r2t = <empty>

iface.data_seq_inorder = <empty>

iface.data_pdu_inorder = <empty>

iface.erl = 0

iface.max_receive_data_len = 0

iface.first_burst_len = 0

iface.max_outstanding_r2t = 0

iface.max_burst_len = 0

iface.chap_auth = <empty>

iface.bidi_chap = <empty>

iface.strict_login_compliance = <empty>

iface.discovery_auth = <empty>

iface.discovery_logout = <empty>

node.discovery_address = 192.168.8.88

node.discovery_port = 3260

node.discovery_type = send_targets

node.session.initial_cmdsn = 0

node.session.initial_login_retry_max = 8

node.session.xmit_thread_priority = -20

node.session.cmds_max = 128

node.session.queue_depth = 32

node.session.nr_sessions = 1

node.session.auth.authmethod = CHAP

node.session.auth.username = <empty>

node.session.auth.password = <empty>

node.session.auth.username_in = <empty>

node.session.auth.password_in = <empty>

node.session.timeo.replacement_timeout = 120

node.session.err_timeo.abort_timeout = 15

node.session.err_timeo.lu_reset_timeout = 30

node.session.err_timeo.tgt_reset_timeout = 30

node.session.err_timeo.host_reset_timeout = 60

node.session.iscsi.FastAbort = Yes

node.session.iscsi.InitialR2T = No

node.session.iscsi.ImmediateData = Yes

node.session.iscsi.FirstBurstLength = 262144

node.session.iscsi.MaxBurstLength = 16776192

node.session.iscsi.DefaultTime2Retain = 0

node.session.iscsi.DefaultTime2Wait = 2

node.session.iscsi.MaxConnections = 1

node.session.iscsi.MaxOutstandingR2T = 1

node.session.iscsi.ERL = 0

node.session.scan = auto

node.conn[0].address = 192.168.8.88

node.conn[0].port = 3260

node.conn[0].startup = manual

node.conn[0].tcp.window_size = 524288

node.conn[0].tcp.type_of_service = 0

node.conn[0].timeo.logout_timeout = 15

node.conn[0].timeo.login_timeout = 15

node.conn[0].timeo.auth_timeout = 45

node.conn[0].timeo.noop_out_interval = 5

node.conn[0].timeo.noop_out_timeout = 5

node.conn[0].iscsi.MaxXmitDataSegmentLength = 0

node.conn[0].iscsi.MaxRecvDataSegmentLength = 262144

node.conn[0].iscsi.HeaderDigest = None

node.conn[0].iscsi.IFMarker = No

node.conn[0].iscsi.OFMarker = No

# END RECORD


连接ISCSI设备:

 iscsiadm -m node --login

 # cat /proc/partitions 

# iscsiadm --mode node --targetname iqn.2019-04.com.rac18cc:server --portal 192.168.8.88 --login


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