ITPub博客

首页 > Linux操作系统 > Linux操作系统 > .NET Framework 不同版本共存

.NET Framework 不同版本共存

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:Kenniu 时间:2019-03-07 15:06:06 0 删除 编辑

Versions of the .NET Framework and the IIS6 Application Pools

 

When a new version of any technology appears, there are always new rules to be considered.


 

As part of my job as a Web Administrator, I used to test the new web technologies on Testing Environment before applying it on the real one. Microsoft has made the .NET Framework starting with Version 1.0 followed by v1.1 and now there are new releases v2.0 and v3.0. Microsoft gave them the ability to run together on the same server at the same time.

 

Concepts

 

The same site can only run under one version of the .NET Framework. But if we have more than one Virtual Directory on that site, we can choose for each one of them to run on a different version of the .NET Framework.

 

IIS 6.0 uses the IIS 6.0 process model (w3wp.exe) and uses an isolation feature called application pooling. Application pooling enables applications to run together in one or more processes, as long as they share the same pool designation.


 

Applications that are assigned different application pools never run in the same process.

 

The Web Administrator can put the site and it's Virtual Directories in the same Application Pool.


 

He can also put each Virtual Directory in a different one.


 

When there is more than one version of the .NET Framework run on your server, they cannot be together on the same process. Every application pool have its own worker possess or/Processes. So every .NET Framework version must run on a different Application Pool.


 

 All of those concepts will lead to one rule:

The Rule 


 

You cannot run more than one version of the framework in the same application pool.


 

If you try to do so you will see this error appears:

Server Application Unavailable


The web application you are attempting to access on this web server is currently unavailable.  Please hit the "Refresh" button in your web browser to retry your request.


Take a look at your event viewer and you will receive Event ID 1062 that says:

"It is not possible to run two different versions of ASP.NET in the same IIS process. Please use the IIS Administration Tool to reconfigure your server to run the application in a separate process."


 

How to make your Application Available again


 

When you need to run a different version of the .NET Framework on a different Virtual Directories inside the site, you need to create a different Application Pool and assign for each Virtual Directory one of the Application Pools that you have created. Then you can make each one of this Virtual Directory run on a different version of the .NET Framework.


 

Note: To reduce overhead and resource consumption. Just have a separate pool for each version of the Framework and run all like Virtual Directories in the same pool


 

In this example we have one site with two Virtual Directories and we need to run each one of them on a different version of the .NET Framework and assign for each one a different application pool.


 

Create Two New Application Pools

  • Start Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.
  • Expand the Application Pools Node - Right-click the Node, - New > Application Pool.
  • In the Add New Application Pool dialog box, type "AppPoolName" in the Application Pool ID text box. Leave the Use default settings for new application pool option selected, and click OK. Your new "AppPoolName" will be created.


Application Pool 1:


 

Application Pool 2:


Assign for each Virtual Directory a different application pool.

 

Virtual Directory VD1:


 

1. Right-click VD1 Virtual Directory > Properties

2. On Directory Tab > Choose the VD1AppPool from the DropDownList in the Application Pool section.

 

 

 

 Do the same for the VD2 Virtual Directory.


 

 


 

Choose for each Virtual Directory to run under different versions of the .NET Framework.


 

  1. Right-click VD1 Virtual Directory > Properties
  2. On ASP.NET Tab > Choose the .NET Framework 1.1 from the DropDownList in the ASP.NET Version section.


 


 

Do the same for the VD2 Virtual Directory.


 


 

Now your applications on each Virtual Directory will run successfully under different Versions of the .NET Framework.


 

Important Note:

In the example I have just assumed that we have just two Virtual Directories ...But if we have 10 Virtual Directories and we need to have a separate pool for each version of the .NET Framework, We will run all like Virtual Directories in the same pool.

If there are 5 Virtual Directories on .Net 1.1 and another 5 Virtual Directories are on .Net 2.0

there will be just two Application Pools:

"
AppPoolFor1.1"

"
AppPoolFor2.0"


All 5 .Net 1.1 Virtual Directories (Applications) are in "AppPoolFor1.1" and all the .Net 2.0 Virtual Directories (Applications) are in the "AppPoolFor2.0".

 

From http://dotnetqpearl.net/blogs/securesign/archive/2007/03/31/Versions-of-the-.NET-Framework-and-the-IIS6-Application-Pools.aspx

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/30193/viewspace-607213/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

请登录后发表评论 登录
全部评论

注册时间:2002-11-29

  • 博文量
    51
  • 访问量
    35885