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Solaris 8 Installation Cookbook

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:vongates 时间:2019-04-24 20:48:05 0 删除 编辑
This document will walk you through the steps involved in installing Solaris 8 on the Sparc architecture.

You will need the following information before you can begin installation:

  • The fully qualified hostname
  • IP address of the system
  • Netmask (if applicable)
  • IP address of your gateway router
  • The name of the ethernet interface that will be used
  • The location of the "stop" key on your keyboard

If you have any questions or need assistance, please call OIIT Customer Services at 1-888-875-3697.

Power up the system. Insert the Solaris 8 Software 1 of 2 CD. Once you see the inital banner of system information, the machine should begin checking memory. During the memory check, press stop-a (the stop key and the "a" key at the same time.) If you don't have a stop key, please contact OIIT support at the number above.

You should see a prompt that looks like this:
At that prompt, type:
boot cdrom
If this fails, you may need to enter the entire hardware path to your cdrom. Please call OIIT support for help in discerning this path.

The machine will begin booting off the CD-ROM. This may take several minutes depending upon the speed of the hardware. Once the machine has booted, you will be presented with the following prompts.

StepsWindow/Screen TitlesAction
Step 1Select a LanguageEnglish is 0
Step 2Select a LocaleEnglish is 0
Step 2aOptional
What type of terminal are you using?
vt100 is 3
Step 3The Solaris Installation ProgramChoose Continue
Step 4Identify This SystemChoose Continue
Step 5Network ConnectivityYes and choose Continue
Step 6DHCPNo and choose Continue
Step 7Primary Netowrk Interface (Optional)Choose the primary interface for this machine and Choose Continue Change
Step 8Host NameEnter the hostname for your system.

We recommend that you use only the node-name of the machine, rather than the fully qualified domain name. Example: ABC rather than ABC.MySchool.PeachNet.EDU.
Step 9IP AddressEnter your IP address and choose Continue
Step 10IPv6Choose No and choose Continue.
Step 11Confirm InformationRead and choose Continue.
Step 12Configure Security PolicyKerberos is a network authentication system based on a key distribution model. The Kerberos system is not in wide use on USG campuses. If your school uses Kerberos, Select Yes here and consult with your kerberos administrator for help with the installer's questions with regard to Kerberos.
Most schools can safely:

Select No and choose Continue.
Step 13Confirm InformationRead and choose Continue.
Step 14Name ServiceChoose DNS and choose Continue.
Step 15Domain NameEnter your domain name and choose Continue.
Step 16DNS Server AdressesEnter your DNS servers IP addresses and choose Continue
Step 17DNS Search ListDo NOT enter any search domains. There is a bug in the Solaris 8 installer. If you wish to add search domains, please do so after the install.
Step 18Confirm InformationRead and choose Continue.
Step 19SubnetsChoose Yes and choose Continue.
Step 20NetmaskEnter your netmask and choose Continue.
Step 21Time ZoneChoose Geographic Region and Set...
Step 22Time ZoneChoose United States (default) and choose Continue. Choose Eastern and choose Continue.
Step 23Date and TimeEnter the correct date and time and choose Continue.
Step 24Confirm InformationRead and choose Continue.
Step 25Solaris Interactive InstallationInitial (f4) and choose Continue.
Step 26Solaris Interactive InstallationChoose Continue.
Step 27Select Geographic RegionsChoose Continue.
Step 28Select SoftwareChoose Developer System Support 64-bit and choose Continue.
Step 29Select DisksChoose your boot disk and choose Continue.
Step 29aOPTIONAL: Preserve DataChoose Continue.
Step 30Automatically Layout File Systems?Choose Manual Layout and choose Continue.
Step 31File System and Disk LayoutChoose Customize.
Step 32Customize Disk: [disk ID]These recommendations are based on a two (2) gigabyte system drive. If your drive is larger, you will need to adjust these sizes to your needs. 2GB is the absolute minimum for installing Solaris 8.

We recommend 1.5 times the machine's physical RAM with a minimum of 350M for swap space.

Historically, a physical, disk-based /tmp filesystem was created. We recommend against creating a disk-based /tmp filesystem. Solaris is configured to use tempfs which is a special filesystem that uses Virtual Memory (physical RAM + Swap) rather than using a disk. The result is less I/O and a faster system. The risk in using tempfs is that, if improperly configured, any user can write files to /tmp and fill up Virtual Memory. The OIIT Solaris Suppliment that you install following this installation will ask you the size limit for /tmp so that this problem can be avoided.
If your system has very little physical RAM (<32M) you may wish to create a swap partition during this step.

2GB System Disk
/ 200MB
/usr 800MB
/var 250MB
swap 350MB
/usr/local 400MB
9GB System Disk
/ 200MB
/usr 800MB
/var 400MB
/opt 400MB
swap 350MB
/usr/local 400MB

We recommend that /opt , /home and /www live on a disk other than the system disk if the machine is going to be used as a web/mail server and has a 2GB system disk. If you need help migrating these filesystems to an alternate disk, please contact TSS via the helpdesk at 1-888-875-3697.

If your system will be used as a mail server and you wish to deliver mail to /var/spool/mail please size /var accordingly, or create a partition for /var/spool/. If you wish to deliver mail to user's home directories, size that/those partition(s) accordingly.

If you feel your system is heavily taxed in terms of I/O (campus-wide e-mail server, campus-wide web server, banner server, etc.) we recommend that you split up the "system" partitions across disks.

If your disk is larger than 2GB, please note that some filesystems do not need to increase in size. Such filesystems are / and /usr/local.

Solaris uses slice 2 as a special slice/partition that represents the whole disk. We strongly recommend that you not place filesystems on slice 2 and that you leave the configuration for slice 2 at the default values.
Step 33File System and Disk LayoutRead and choose Continue.
Step 34Mount Remote File Systems?Choose Continue.
Step 35ProfileRead and choose Continue.
Step 35aOPTIONAL: WarningIf you've left any unused space on your disk, you might see a warning message. Read and choose Continue.
Step 36Reboot After Installation?Select your desired method and Begin Installation.
Step 37Once the machine reboots, enter your root password when prompted.
Step 38MediaChoose CD and choose Continue.
Step 39The CD-ROM will eject the current media and you'll be prompted for Solaris Software Disk 2 of 2. Place Software Disk 2 in the drive and press enter/return.
Step 40Installation details:Choose 2 (default) and choose Continue.

The cd will eject when the software installation is complete. Press enter/return to reboot the system.

Once the machine reboots, you will be prompted to set your root password. After setting the root password, you may be asked about using power management features. OIIT does not recommend the use of Solaris' power management features.

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