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Solaris 2.6 Installation Cookbook

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:vongates 时间:2019-05-14 11:33:04 0 删除 编辑
This document will walk you through the steps involved in installing Solaris 2.6 on the Sparc architecture.

You will need the following information before you can begin installation:

  • The fully qualified hostname
  • IP address of the system
  • Netmask (if applicable)
  • IP address of your gateway router
  • The name of the ethernet interface that will be used
  • The location of the "stop" key on your keyboard

If you have any questions or need assistance, please call OIIT Customer Services at 1-888-875-3697.

Power up the system. Insert the Solaris 2.6 Install CD. Once you see the inital banner of system information, the machine should begin checking memory. During the memory check, press stop-a (the stop key and the "a" key at the same time.) If you don't have a stop key, please contact OIIT support at the number above.

You should see a prompt that looks like this:
At that prompt, type:
boot cdrom
If this fails, you may need to enter the entire hardware path to your cdrom. Please call OIIT support for help in discerning this path.

The machine will begin booting off the CD-ROM. This may take several minutes depending upon the speed of the hardware. Once the machine has booted, you will be presented with the following prompts.

StepsWindow/Screen TitlesAction
Step 1Select Language and LocaleSelect English and USA (ASCII only).
Step 2The Solaris Installation ProgramRead and choose Continue.
Step 3Identify This SystemRead and choose Continue.
Step 4Host NameEnter the hostname for your system.
We recommend that you use only the node-name of the machine, rather than the fully qualified domain name. Example: ABC rather than ABC.MySchool.PeachNet.EDU.
Step 5Network ConnectivityChoose Yes (default) and choose Continue.

Important Note:
Due to security concerns, please do not postpone or neglect any of the procedures outlined in this document including the post-installation instructions. It is very important that your machine be removed from the network should you be unable to complete the post-installation instructions.
Step 6Primary Network InterfaceChoose the name of your ethernet adapter and choose Continue.
Step 7IP AddressEnter the IP address of the system and choose Continue.
Step 8Confirm InformationVerify the information and choose Continue.
Step 9Name ServiceSelect Other and choose Continue.
Step 10Confirm InformationVerify the information and choose Continue.
Step 11SubnetsChoose the answer that is appropriate for your network (if you have a subnet-mask, you should choose Yes) and choose Continue.
Step 12NetmaskEnter the appropriate netmask information for your host and choose Continue. Note: This step will not appear if you answered No to the previous step.
Step 13Time ZoneChoose Geographic Region (default) and Set...
Step 14Geographic RegionSelect United States (default) and Eastern (default) and choose Continue.
Step 15Date and TimeEnter the correct date and time and choose Continue.
Step 16Confirm InformationVerify the information and choose Continue. Depening upon the speed of your machine, there may be a long pause before the next screen appears.
Step 17Solaris Interactive InstallationRead and choose Continue.
Step 18Allocate Client Services?Choose Continue.
Step 19Select SoftwareChoose Developer System Support and choose Customize.
Step 20Customize SoftwareChoose System Accounting, De-Select Power Management OW Utilities and Power Management Software and OK
Step 21Select SoftwareChoose Continue
Step 22Select DisksSelect the disk(s) you wish to use during this installation and choose Continue.
Step 22aOptional: Preserve Data?If you choose Continue any data on the disk(s) you've selected in the previous step will be lost.
Step 23Automatically Layout File Systems?Choose Manual Layout

These recommendations are based on a two (2) gigabyte system drive. If your drive is larger, feel free to adjust these sizes to your needs.

We recommend 1.5x the machine's physical RAM with a minimum of 200M for swap space.

Historically, a physical, disk-based /tmp filesystem was created. We recommend against creating a disk-based /tmp filesystem. Solaris is configured to use tempfs which is a special filesystem that uses Virtual Memory (physical RAM + Swap) rather than using a disk. The result is less I/O and a faster system. The risk in using tempfs is that, if improperly configured, any user can write files to /tmp and fill up Virtual Memory. The OIIT Solaris Suppliment that you install following this installation will ask you the size limit for /tmp so that this problem can be avoided.
If your system has very little physical RAM (<32M) you may wish to create a swap partition during this step.

2GB System Disk
/ 200MB
/usr 800MB
/var 250MB
swap 350MB
/usr/local 400MB
9GB System Disk
/ 200MB
/usr 800MB
/var 400MB
/opt 400MB
swap 350MB
/usr/local 400MB

We recommend that /opt , /home and /www live on a disk other than the system disk if the machine is going to be used as a web/mail server and has a 2GB system disk. If you need help migrating these filesystems to an alternate disk, please contact TSS via the helpdesk at 1-888-875-3697.

If your system will be used as a mail server and you wish to deliver mail to /var/spool/mail please size /var accordingly, or create a partition for /var/spool/. If you wish to deliver mail to user's home directories, size that/those partition(s) accordingly.

If you feel your system is heavily taxed in terms of I/O (campus-wide e-mail server, campus-wide web server, banner server, etc.) we recommend that you split up the "system" partitions across disks.

If your disk is larger than 2GB, please note that some filesystems do not need to increase in size. Such filesystems are / and /usr/local.

Solaris uses slice 2 as a special slice/partition that represents the whole disk. We strongly recommend that you not place filesystems on slice 2 and that you leave the configuration for slice 2 at the default values.
Step 24File System and Disk LayoutChoose Customize.

CHANGE: Insert our disk recommendations here.
Step 24aOptional: Unused Disk SpaceChoose OK.
Step 25Mount Remote File Systems?Choose Continue.
Step 26ProfileVerify and choose Continue.
Step 27Optional: WarningChoose OK (unused disk space again).

The last prompt you will see will ask you if you wish to auto-reboot or manually reboot, the choice is yours.

Once the machine reboots, you will be prompted to set your root password. After setting the root password, you may be asked about using power management features. OIIT does not recommend the use of Solaris' power management features.

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