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RAC--oracle 10G RAC之VIP探讨(zt)

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:vongates 时间:2019-07-17 18:54:02 0 删除 编辑
做過了9i RAC For Linux 用于生產的,自己玩了10G RAC For WINDOWS的,10G RAC For Linux的測試的時候有問題,現在都有些不記得了。看來過年后要再加點油了 下面轉帖了 shimu 的關于<>留著備用。。哈哈

http://www.itpub.net/242350.html

oracle 10G RAC之VIP探讨,抛砖引玉!

我探讨侧重于系统方面,希望大家继续对应用方面研究!成为一篇完美的研究!

1.测试环境

two nodes RAC in vmware gsx2.1 for linux
系统环境:Redhat Enterprise Linux AD 3 Update 2(kernel:2.4.21-15.EL)
oracle环境: oracle 10.0.2 for linux x86
网络环境:
node public network private network VIP network

node1 192.168.0.61 192.168.1.1 192.168.0.60

node2 192.168.0.62 192.168.1.2 192.168.0.59

节点 hosts files
#cat /etc/hosts

# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.0.61 DB1PUB DB1PUB.SHIMU.COM.CN
192.168.0.62 DB2PUB DB2PUB.SHIMU.COM.CN
192.168.0.60 VIPDB.SHIMU.COM.CN
192.168.0.59 VIPDB2.SHIMU.COM.CN
192.168.1.1 DB1
192.168.1.2 DB2

instance: RAC1 ,RAC2
service : RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN

2.网络环境研究

正常的两nodes的10G RAC网络环境应该是有6个ip(除了loopback),每个机器包括3个ip其正常的运行环境的网络环境
通过ifconfig 得到网络环境
node1:
[root@DB1PUB root]# ifconfig -a
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:7A
inet addr:192.168.0.61 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:43817 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:38627 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:23218286 (22.1 Mb) TX bytes:21836943 (20.8 Mb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth0:1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:7A
inet addr:192.168.0.60 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:26861 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:24224 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:12344753 (11.7 Mb) TX bytes:17367061 (16.5 Mb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:7B
inet addr:192.168.1.1 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:26861 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:24224 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:12344753 (11.7 Mb) TX bytes:17367061 (16.5 Mb)
Interrupt:14 Base address:0x10e0

lo Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
RX packets:23128 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:23128 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:2611715 (2.4 Mb) TX bytes:2611715 (2.4 Mb)

node2:
[root@DB2PUB root]# ifconfig -a
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5B
inet addr:192.168.0.62 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:46454 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:36730 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:24482851 (23.3 Mb) TX bytes:20281527 (19.3 Mb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth0:1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5B
inet addr:192.168.0.59 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:31258 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:19194 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:19952760 (19.0 Mb) TX bytes:9559431 (9.1 Mb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5C
inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:31258 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:19194 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:19952760 (19.0 Mb) TX bytes:9559431 (9.1 Mb)
Interrupt:14 Base address:0x10e0
2.listener研究
10G的listener也做了改动参见如下:
# listener.ora.db2pub Network Configuration File: /oracle/10g2/network/admin/listener.ora.db2pub
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

LISTENER_DB1PUB =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.61)(PORT = 1521))
)
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.60)(PORT = 1521))
)
)
)

SID_LIST_LISTENER_DB2PUB =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)
(ORACLE_HOME = /oracle/10g2)
(PROGRAM = extproc)
)
)

此时oracle系统的监听器是同时监听public,和vip地址一下是listener的node1的监听信息

[oracle@DB1PUB oracle]$ lsnrctl statu DB1PUB

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on 12-JUL-2004 20:51:21

Copyright (c) 1991, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connecting to

(DESCRIPTION=(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=DB1PUB.SHIMU.COM.CN))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.0.61)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias LISTENER_DB1PUB
Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date 12-JUL-2004 19:40:28
Uptime 0 days 1 hr. 10 min. 53 sec
Trace Level off
Security ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP OFF
Listener Parameter File /oracle/10g2/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File /oracle/10g2/network/log/listener_db1pub.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.0.60)(PORT=1521)))
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.0.61)(PORT=1521)))
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=DB1PUB)(PORT=8080))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=DB1PUB)(PORT=2100))(Presentation=FTP)(Session=RAW))
Services Summary...
Service "PLSExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "PLSExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN" has 2 instance(s).
Instance "RAC1", status READY, has 2 handler(s) for this service...
Instance "RAC2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "RACXDB.SHIMU.COM.CN" has 2 instance(s).
Instance "RAC1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Instance "RAC2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

其中多了监听8080和2100起具体作用还值得研究

3.tnsnames的研究
以下时服务RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN的tnsnames的配置
# tnsnames.ora.db2pub Network Configuration File: /oracle/10g2/network/admin/tnsnames.ora.db2pub
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

RAC =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.158.0.60)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.59)(PORT = 1521))
(LOAD_BALANCE = yes)
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN)
)
)

LISTENERS_RAC =
(ADDRESS_LIST =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.60)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.59)(PORT = 1521))
)

RAC2 =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.0.59)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN)
(INSTANCE_NAME = RAC2)
)
)

RAC1 =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = VIPDB.SHIMU.COM.CN)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = RAC.SHIMU.COM.CN)
(INSTANCE_NAME = RAC1)
)
)

哈哈,终于发现秘密了,所有cluster的listener和service都是监听VIP的地址。。。
呵呵。等着好戏吧。。。
4.故障测试

停掉node1,此时所有的连接都正常工作,检测node2的网络装况,呵呵,果不出所然:
[root@DB2PUB root]# ifconfig -a
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5B
inet addr:192.168.0.62 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:960 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:70 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:284407 (277.7 Kb) TX bytes:4017 (3.9 Kb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth0:1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5B
inet addr:192.168.0.59 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:734 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:227 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:268965 (262.6 Kb) TX bytes:9534 (9.3 Kb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth0:2 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5B
inet addr:192.168.0.60 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:734 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:227 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:268965 (262.6 Kb) TX bytes:9534 (9.3 Kb)
Interrupt:9 Base address:0x10c0

eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:56:40:00:5C
inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:734 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:227 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:268965 (262.6 Kb) TX bytes:9534 (9.3 Kb)
Interrupt:14 Base address:0x10e0

此时node2立即接管node1的VIP网络地址,所有的连接透明的连到了后台!!

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/29987/viewspace-51676/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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