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SAP Retail Listing – How does it work (中英文对照版)

翻译 ERP 作者:dicksonjyl560101 时间:2021-09-01 22:00:13 0 删除 编辑

SAP Retail Listing – How does it work?

如何使用SAP零售系统中的LISTING?





A. Prerequisites – SAP standard VS SAP IS Retail. 预备知识 – SAP 标准系统 Vs SAP 零售行业解决方案


1.  In SAP standard, you need  plant view  definition to process PO or movement of the article on the plant (like good receipt, good issue). Plant data on the article master data need to be maintained.

1.在SAP标准版里,我们需要工厂视图来定义某个工厂里的物料的采购订单处理以及货物移动(比如收货,发货等),因此我们需要在物料主数据里维护其工厂数据。

Technical point of view: 技术角度来看:

MARC – Article / Plant 商品的工厂视图

MARD – Article / Plant / Storage location 商品的工厂/存储地点视图



2.  In SAP Retail, plant view is not sufficient. Article  listing  is needed. 在SAP零售系统里,仅仅工厂视图是不够的,因此需要商品列表(Listing)功能。

Listing is the operation that links the article to the assortment. Listing就是一个操作,将商品和分类(Assortment)关联起来。

What is an Assortment? 那什么是分类(Assortment)?

SAP definition: “An assortment is a SAP Retail object to which materials are assigned (a process known as “listing”).” SAP定义:分类是SAP零售系统里的一个对象,很多物料会被分配给这个对象(这个分配过程就是所谓的Listing)。

Actually, an Assortment is a group of articles assigned to a group of sites. But it is not necessary true. 能不能这么理解:一个分类就是分配给一组Site的一组商品? 事实并非如此。

Why not true? Because, each plant has his own assortment also. 为啥呢?因为每一个Site也能有自己的分类。

The real assortment definition depends on the client organization. It can be a group of articles like “PASTRY ARTICLE” or a group of sites like “LUXURIOUS SITE”. So we need to come back to the SAP definition: “An assortment is a SAP Retail object to which materials are assigned (a process known as “listing”).” – the true SAP definition, assortment is just an object to link different other objects. 事实上,Assortment(分类)的定义取决于客户的组织结构。它可以是一组商品比如‘PASTRY ARTICLE’(糕点制品), 或者是一组Site比如“LUXURIOUS SITE”(奢侈品店)。因此我们需要回到SAP系统里它的定义:一个Assortment就是SAP零售系统里的一个对象,物料会被分配给这个对象。在SAP定义里面,分类只是一个与其它对象有关联的对象,仅此而已。


Technical point of view: 从技术角度来看:

MARC – Article / Plant 商品工厂视图

MARD – Article / Plant / Storage location 商品的工厂/存储位置

WLK1 – Article / Assortment 商品/分类分配关系

WRSZ – Site / Assortment 站点/分类分配关系

WRS1 – Assortment 分类





B. Listing 列表


The listing operation is the creation of a link between an article and an assortment (creation of WLK1 line). Listing就是在商品和分类之间创建关联关系(创建WLK1这条线)。

To create an assortment, use the transaction WSOA1. Trough the transaction you can assign a site to the assortment. WSOA2 – to add a site to the assortment. 使用事务代码WSOA1创建分类,可以将Site分配给分类。通过事务代码WSOA2可以将Site加入到一个已经创建好的分类中。

To list an article, use the transaction MM42 / Listing view. For mass listing use WSM3. 要将商品执行Listing,可以使用事务代码MM42, 进入Listing View,选择一个分类即可。如果要批量处理则使用事务代码WSM3。



Assortment as “Site group”: 分类可以是Site组。


Case 1: 场景1:

· Let assume the Retail Company have two kinds of distribution site, small site and big site. 假定某零售公司有两种不同的分销站点,小型站点和大型站点。

· Let assume there are articles sold only in a big site and that all articles sold in a small site are available in a big site too. 假定一些商品只在大型站点里销售,所有在小型站点销售的商品也能在大型站点里销售。

You need to create two assortments, ALL_SITE and BIG_SITE via the transaction WSOA1.

这时候你需要创建两个分类,ALL_SITE和BIG_SITE, 通过事务代码WSOA1.

Next step is to assign all sites to the assortment ALL_SITE via WSOA1 or WSOA2 and to assign big sites to the assortment BIG_SITE.

然后你可以将所有site分配给ALL_SITE,通过WSOA1/WSOA2。然后将大型站点分配给BIG_SITE。

To assign an article to all the sites, go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment ALL_SITE. 对于在所有站点销售的商品,使用事务代码MM42(Listing view)或者事务代码WSM3来指派分类,此时选择分类ALL_SITE。

To assign an article only to the big sites, go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment BIG_SITE. 将只在大型站点销售的商品,使用事务代码MM42或者WSM3来指派分类,此时选择分类BIG_SITE.



Case 2: 场景2:


· Let assume the Retail Company have two distribution brands, Catering brand (XCatering) and Retail Food brand (XFood). 假定某零售公司有两种分销品牌,Catering brand(餐饮品牌, XCatering)和Retail Food brand(零售食品品牌,XFood).

· Let assume there are articles sold only in XCatering sites, articles sold only in XFood sites and articles sold in both. 假定一些商品只在XCatering站点里销售,一些商品只在XFood站点里销售,其他商品同时在XCatering站点以及XFood站点里销售。

You need to create two assortments, CATERING and FOOD via the transaction WSOA1. Next step is to assign all XCATERING sites to the assortment CATERING via WSOA1 or WSOA2 and to assign XFOOD sites to the assortment FOOD. 此时你需要创建2个分类,CATERING和FOOD,通过事务代码WSOA1。然后使用事务代码WSOA2/WSOA1将所有的CATERING站点分配给CATERING这个分类,将XFOOD站点分配给FOOD这个分类。


To assign an article sold only in a XCatering site (like Sandwich), go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment CATERING. 对于那些只在XCatering站点销售的商品(比如三明治),执行事务代码MM42(Listing view)或者WSW3来指派分类, 此时选择分类CATERING。


To assign an article sold only in a XFood site (like chips), go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment FOOD. 对于那些只在XFOOD 站点销售的商品(比如Chips),执行事务代码MM42(Listi view)或者WSM3来指派分类,此时选择FOOD这个分类。


To assign an article sold in both site brand (like soda), go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the both assortment CATERING and FOOD. 对于在两种站点里销售的商品(比如Soda), 执行事务代码MM42(Listi view)或者WSM3来指派分类,此时选择CATERING和FOOD两个分类。






Assortment as “Article group”: 分类‘Article group’


Case 3: 场景3:

· Let assume the Retail Company have different sites, all sites sell the same core articles, some sites sell pastry articles, some site sell wine articles. 假定某零售公司有不同的站点, 所有的站点都销售核心商品,一些站点销售pastry articles(糕点),一些站点销售wine articles(酒类商品)。

You need to create three assortments, CORE, PASTRY and WINE via the transaction WSOA1. 此时你需要创建三个不同的分类,CORE ,PASTRY和WINE,通过事务代码WSOA1。


Next step is:下一步是:

– To assign all sites to the assortment CORE via WSOA1 or WSOA2 (as we define, all sites sold article from the core assortment) 将所有的site分配给CORE这个分类,通过事务代码WSOA1/WSOA2。

– To assign sites with Pastry department to the assortment PASTRY. 将销售Pastry的站点分配给PASTRY这个分类。

– To assign sites with Wine department to the assortment WINE. 将销售酒类商品的site分配给WINE这个分类。

To assign a core article to all sites, go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment CORE. 将核心商品分配给所有site,通过事务代码MM42(Listing view)或者WSM3,选择CORE这个分类。

To assign a pastry article to sites with pastry department, go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment PASTRY. 将糕点类商品分配给只销售糕点类商品的site,通过事务代码MM42(Listing view)或者WSM3, 选择PASTRY这个分类。

To assign a wine article to sites with wine department, go on MM42 (listing view) or on WSM3 and choose the assortment WINE. 将酒类商品分配给只销售酒类商品的site,通过事务代码MM42(Listing view)或者WSM3, 选择WINE这个分类。






相关的报表


WSLA / WSOA3 – Sites in the assortment 根据分类查询SITE.

WSL10 – Listing by material group selection 根据物料组查询Listing数据

WSL11 – Listing by article selection 根据商品查询Listing数据



英文原文地址:
https://blogs.sap.com/2014/01/28/listing-how-does-it-work/


来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/29829936/viewspace-2789954/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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