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expdp ORA-01555(一)

原创 Oracle 作者:chenoracle 时间:2018-10-31 11:12:41 0 删除 编辑

expdp ORA-01555(一)


环境信息:

DB:Oracle 11.2.0.1.0

OS:Windows Server 2012

---敏感数据已替换


问题:

expdp导出一张含有BLOG字段的大表(20G)时,报错ORA-01555

---expdp_log

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PROCEDURE/ALTER_PROCEDURE

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/VIEW/VIEW

Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS

ORA-31693: Table data object "CHENJCH"."T_XXX_XXXXX" failed to load/unload and is being skipped due to error:

ORA-02354: error in exporting/importing data

ORA-01555: snapshot too old: rollback segment number 10 with name "_SYSSMU10_XXXXXXXXX$" too small

---alert_XXX.log

Tue Oct 30 12:05:20 2018

Archived Log entry 6560 added for thread 1 sequence 46359 ID 0x7262bbad dest 1:

Tue Oct 30 13:19:12 2018

ORA-01555 caused by SQL statement below (SQL ID: 88tquba1dj6s0, SCN: 0x0000.47dd74a2):

SELECT * FROM RELATIONAL("CHENJCH"."T_XXX_XXXXX")

Tue Oct 30 13:29:42 2018


问题分析:

ORA-01555问题一般有两个原因:

(1)UNDO表空间不足

(2)undo_retention时间太小

---查看UNDO表空间还有很大剩余

SQL> select bytes / 1024 / 1024 / 1024,

            tablespace_name,

            autoextensible,

            maxbytes / 1024 / 1024 / 1024

       from dba_data_files a

      where tablespace_name = 'UNDOTBS1';

BYTES/1024/1024/1024 TABLESPACE_NAME                AUTOEXTENSIBLE MAXBYTES/1024/1024/1024

-------------------- ------------------------------ -------------- -----------------------

        1.4306640625 UNDOTBS1                       YES                   31.9999847412109


SQL> select segment_name,

       tablespace_name,

       r.status,

       (initial_extent / 1024) InitialExtent,

       (next_extent / 1024) NextExtent,

       max_extents,

       v.curext CurExtent

  From dba_rollback_segs r, v$rollstat v

 Where r.segment_id = v.usn(+)

   and segment_name = '_SYSSMU10_XXXXXXXXX$';

SEGMENT_NAME                   TABLESPACE_NAME                STATUS           INITIALEXTENT NEXTEXTENT MAX_EXTENTS  CUREXTENT

------------------------------ ------------------------------ ---------------- ------------- ---------- ----------- ----------

_SYSSMU10_XXXXXXXXX$           UNDOTBS1                       ONLINE                     128         64       32765          3


---查看undo_retention为默认值900秒

SQL> show parameter undo

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

undo_management                      string      AUTO

undo_retention                       integer     900

undo_tablespace                      string      UNDOTBS1

 

---查看retention为默认值900秒,PCTVERSION为空

SQL> select column_name, pctversion, retention

       from dba_lobs

      where table_name = 'T_XXX_XXXXX'

        and owner = 'CHENJCH';

COLUMN_NAME      PCTVERSION  RETENTION

---------------- ---------- ----------

FFILE                           900


---查看当前使用retention还是PCTVERSION

select decode(bitand(flags, 32), 32, 'Retention', 'Pctversion') ||

       ' policy used'

  from lob$

 where lobj# in

       (select object_id

          from dba_objects

         where object_name in (select segment_name

                                 from dba_lobs

                                where table_name in ('T_XXX_XXXXX')

                                  and owner = 'CHENJCH'));

DECODE(BITAND(FLAGS,32),32,'RE

------------------------------

Retention policy used

     

SQL> select max(maxquerylen) from v$undostat;

MAX(MAXQUERYLEN)

----------------

            1939  


解决方案:调大 RETENTION 

SQL> ALTER SYSTEM SET UNDO_RETENTION = 3600 scope=both;   

SQL> SHow parameter undo

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE

------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------

undo_management                      string      AUTO

undo_retention                       integer     3600

undo_tablespace                      string      UNDOTBS1


---lob字段使用的retention还是900

SQL> select column_name, pctversion, retention

       from dba_lobs

      where table_name = 'T_XXX_XXXXX'

        and owner = 'CHENJCH';

COLUMN_NAME      PCTVERSION  RETENTION

---------------- ---------- ----------

FFILE                           900

---lob字段使用的retention需要在执行一次

SQL> alter table CHENJCH.T_XXX_XXXXX modify lob(FFILE) (retention);  

---ORA-00054: 资源正忙, 但指定以 NOWAIT 方式获取资源, 或者超时失效

---等一会在执行

Table altered

---alter table CHENJCH.T_XXX_XXXXX modify lob(FFILE) (pctversion 5);


SQL> select column_name, pctversion, retention

       from dba_lobs

      where table_name = 'T_XXX_XXXXX'

        and owner = 'CHENJCH';  

COLUMN_NAME      PCTVERSION  RETENTION

---------------- ---------- ----------

FFILE                           3600


---回退操作

---ALTER SYSTEM SET UNDO_RETENTION = 900 scope=both;

---alter table CHENJCH.T_XXX_XXXXX modify lob(FFILE) (retention);

参考:

Data Pump Export Fails With ORA-31693 ORA-02354 and ORA-01555 Errors And No LOB Corruption (文档 ID 1507116.1)

https://support.oracle.com/epmos/faces/SearchDocDisplay?_afrLoop=337135896307291&_afrWindowMode=0&_adf.ctrl-state=1bqt29sg65_4

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