# SQL面试题3：获取平均工资最高的三个部门

SQL面试题3：获取平均工资最高的三个部门

1 创建表格并输入数据

create table company(id int, name varchar2(10), salary number, deptno int);

insert into company values(101, 'Zheng', 5000, 1);

insert into company values(102, 'Zhang', 6000, 1);

insert into company values(103, 'Lin', 7000, 2);

insert into company values(104, 'Li', 8000, 2);

insert into company values(105, 'Chen', 9000, 3);

insert into company values(106, 'Gao', 4000, 3);

insert into company values(107, 'Liu', 3500, 4);

insert into company values(108, 'Chen', 10000, 4);

insert into company values(109, 'Sun', 15000, 5);

insert into company values(110, 'Huang', 25000, 5);

commi;

2 按部门排列平均工资

select deptno, avg(salary) from company group by deptno order by avg(salary) desc;

DEPTNO AVG(SALARY)

---------- -----------

5   20000

2     7500

4     6750

3     6500

1     5500

3 选取前三名

select * from (select deptno, avg(salary) from company group by deptno order by avg(salary) desc) where rownum<=3;

DEPTNO AVG(SALARY)

---------- -----------

5   20000

2     7500

4     6750

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