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ORACLE 19C RAC FOR RHEL7 打补丁报错OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

原创 Oracle 作者:清风艾艾 时间:2020-06-30 22:53:36 0 删除 编辑

    6月15号,在做oracle 19c for rhel7.6安装及打补丁时,遭遇了Unable to create patchObject和oui-patch.xml 

(权限不够)报错。这里记录一下问题分析处理过程,备忘!

    集群环境的基本信息:

    1、两节点的rac

    2、操作系统版本rhel7.6

    3、数据库版本19.3.0

    4、应用补丁包p30899722_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip 

    问题场景:

    p30899722_190000_Linux-x86-64.zip 在两个节点的GI应用成功,在第一节点的DB应用成功,第二节点出现报错。

    报错信息如下:

[root@myrac2 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/

OPatchauto session is initiated at Tue Jun 15 13:26:41 2020

System initialization log file is /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-15_01-26-47PM.log.

会话日志文件是/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-15_01-27-03PM.log

此会话的 ID 为 WLFG

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Patch applicability verification failed on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

未能执行 [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] 补丁程序操作, 有关详细信息, 请查看日志。故障:

Patch Target : myrac2->/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 类型 [rac]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1, host: myrac2.

Command failed:  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto  apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 -target_type rac_database -binary -invPtrLoc /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1//oraInst.loc -jre /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_analyze_myrac2_rac_2.ser -analyze -online -prepare_home

Command failure output: 

==Following patches FAILED in analysis for apply:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30894985

Log: 

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk. OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist.

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869156

Log: 

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist. 

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败。

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败, 返回代码为 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 有关详细资料, 请查看日志。

OPatchAuto 失败。

OPatchauto session completed at Tue Jun 15 13:27:17 2020

Time taken to complete the session 0 minute, 37 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42

[root@myrac2 ~]#

    此时,回滚该补丁包会失败,报错依然是config必要文件缺失。

[root@myrac2 psu]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto rollback /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/

OPatchauto session is initiated at Tue Jun 15 13:40:42 2020

System initialization log file is /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-15_01-40-44PM.log.

会话日志文件是/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-15_01-40-55PM.log

此会话的 ID 为 SDAD

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Patch applicability verification failed on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

未能执行 [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] 补丁程序操作, 有关详细信息, 请查看日志。故障:

Patch Target : myrac2->/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 类型 [rac]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1, host: myrac2.

Command failed:  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto  rollback /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 -target_type rac_database -binary -invPtrLoc /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1//oraInst.loc -jre /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_analyze_myrac2_rac_2.ser -analyze -online -prepare_home

Command failure output: 

==Following patches FAILED in analysis for rollback:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30894985

Log: 

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk. OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist.

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869156

Log: 

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist. 

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败。

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败, 返回代码为 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 有关详细资料, 请查看日志。

OPatchAuto 失败。

OPatchauto session completed at Tue Jun 15 13:41:09 2020

Time taken to complete the session 0 minute, 27 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42

[root@myrac2 psu]#

    根据提示,查看/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs目录下相关文件确实有缺失。

[root@myrac2 psu]# cd /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ls

29517242  29585399

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# 

    因为第一节点的DB_HOME成功应用了补丁,查看一节点的补丁相关文件是存在的。

[oracle@myrac1 ~]$ cd /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$ ls

29517242  29585399  30869156  30894985

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$

    尝试将一节点 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0下的30869156  30894985传输二节点。

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$ scp -r 30869156 myrac2:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0/

inventory.xml                                                                                                                                                  100%  224KB   8.6MB/s   00:00    

actions.xml                                                                                                                                                    100% 2100KB  30.4MB/s   00:00    

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$ scp -r 30894985 myrac2:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0/

inventory.xml                                                                                                                                                  100%   55KB   2.2MB/s   00:00    

actions.xml                                                                                                                                                    100%   95KB   5.6MB/s   00:00    

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ll

总用量 0

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:02 29517242

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:01 29585399

drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall  6 6月  15 13:50 30869156

drwxr-xr-x 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 13:48 30894985

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]#

    然后,在节点2继续应用补丁,竟然报错:FileNotFoundException: /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml (权限不够)

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/

OPatchauto session is initiated at Tue Jun 15 13:50:41 2020

System initialization log file is /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-15_01-50-47PM.log.

会话日志文件是/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-15_01-51-04PM.log

此会话的 ID 为 BRA8

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Patch applicability verified successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Verifying SQL patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

"/bin/sh -c 'cd /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1; ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 ORACLE_SID=orcl2 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/datapatch -prereq -verbose'" command failed with errors. Please refer to logs for more details. SQL changes, if any, can be analyzed by manually retrying the same command.

SQL patch applicability verified successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Preparing to bring down database service on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Successfully prepared home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 to bring down database service

Bringing down database service on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Database service successfully brought down on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Performing prepatch operation on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Perpatch operation completed successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Start applying binary patch on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Failed while applying binary patches on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

未能执行 [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] 补丁程序操作, 有关详细信息, 请查看日志。故障:

Patch Target : myrac2->/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 类型 [rac]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1, host: myrac2.

Command failed:  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto  apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 -target_type rac_database -binary -invPtrLoc /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1//oraInst.loc -jre /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_myrac2_rac_2.ser -analyzedresult /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_analyze_myrac2_rac_2.ser

Command failure output: 

==Following patches FAILED in apply:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869156

Log: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-15_13-51-31下午_1.log

Reason: Failed during Patching: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: ApplySession 在系统修改阶段失败... 'ApplySession::apply failed: java.io. IOException: oracle.sysman.oui.patch.PatchException: java.io.FileNotFoundException: /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml (权限不够)' 

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败。

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败, 返回代码为 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 有关详细资料, 请查看日志。

OPatchAuto 失败。

OPatchauto session completed at Tue Jun 15 13:53:44 2020

Time taken to complete the session 3 minutes, 4 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]#

    于是,对比两个节点/u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml 文件的权限。

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ll /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

-rw-r--r-- 1 grid oinstall 174 6月  15 13:13 /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]#

[root@myrac1 diag]# ll /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

-rw-rw---- 1 grid oinstall 174 6月  15 13:19 /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

[root@myrac1 diag]# 

    处理措施是将节点2的/u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml修改成660权限。

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# chmod 660 /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ll /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

-rw-rw---- 1 grid oinstall 174 6月  15 13:13 /u01/app/oraInventory/ContentsXML/oui-patch.xml

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]#

    然后,在节点2上继续应用补丁,竟然又提示:30894985、30869156缺失

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/

OPatchauto session is initiated at Tue Jun 15 13:54:28 2020

System initialization log file is /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-15_01-54-35PM.log.

会话日志文件是/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-15_01-54-49PM.log

此会话的 ID 为 27ZL

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Patch applicability verification failed on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

未能执行 [OPatchAutoBinaryAction] 补丁程序操作, 有关详细信息, 请查看日志。故障:

Patch Target : myrac2->/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 类型 [rac]

Details: [

---------------------------Patching Failed---------------------------------

Command execution failed during patching in home: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1, host: myrac2.

Command failed:  /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto  apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 -target_type rac_database -binary -invPtrLoc /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1//oraInst.loc -jre /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/jre -persistresult /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/opatchautocfg/db/sessioninfo/sessionresult_analyze_myrac2_rac_2.ser -analyze -online -prepare_home

Command failure output: 

==Following patches FAILED in analysis for apply:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30894985

Log: 

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist.

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869156

Reason: Failed during listing in Analysis: java.lang.Exception: oracle.opatch.opatchsdk.OPatchException: Unable to create patchObject

Possible causes are:

   ORACLE_HOME/inventory/oneoffs/30869156 is corrupted. PatchObject constructor: Input file "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/actions" or "/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/inventory/oneoffs/30869156/etc/config/inventory" does not exist. 

After fixing the cause of failure Run opatchauto resume

]

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败。

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 业务流程引擎失败, 返回代码为 1

OPATCHAUTO-68061: 有关详细资料, 请查看日志。

OPatchAuto 失败。

OPatchauto session completed at Tue Jun 15 13:55:03 2020

Time taken to complete the session 0 minute, 35 seconds

 opatchauto failed with error code 42

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# 

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ll

总用量 0

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:02 29517242

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:01 29585399

drwxr-xr-x 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 13:48 30894985

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# 

    再次从一节点将30869156传递到二节点。

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$ scp -r 30894985 myrac2:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0/

inventory.xml                                                                                                                                                  100%   55KB   2.2MB/s   00:00    

actions.xml                                                                                                                                                    100%   95KB   5.6MB/s   00:00    

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]$ scp -r  30869156 myrac2:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.3.0/db_1/inventory/19.0/

inventory.xml                                                                                                                                                  100%  224KB   8.6MB/s   00:00    

actions.xml                                                                                                                                                    100% 2100KB  30.4MB/s   00:00    

[oracle@myrac1 19.0]

    在二节点继续应用补丁成功!

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# ll

总用量 0

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:02 29517242

drwxr-x--- 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 12:01 29585399

drwxr-xr-x 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 13:55 30869156

drwxr-xr-x 4 oracle oinstall 29 6月  15 13:48 30894985

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]# /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/opatchauto apply /u01/soft/psu/30899722/ -oh /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/

OPatchauto session is initiated at Tue Jun 15 13:56:13 2020

System initialization log file is /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchautodb/systemconfig2020-06-15_01-56-16PM.log.

会话日志文件是/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/opatchauto2020-06-15_01-56-29PM.log

此会话的 ID 为 

Executing OPatch prereq operations to verify patch applicability on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Patch applicability verified successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Verifying

"/bin/sh -c 'cd /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1; ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 ORACLE_SID=orcl2 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/datapatch -prereq -verbose'" command failed with errors. Please refer to logs for more details. SQL changes, if any, can be analyzed by manually retrying the same command.

SQL patch applicability verified successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Preparing to bring down database service on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Successfully prepared home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 to bring down database service

Bringing down database service on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Database service successfully brought down on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Performing prepatch operation on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Perpatch operation completed successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Start applying binary patch on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Binary patch applied successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Performing postpatch operation on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Postpatch operation completed successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Starting database service on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Database service successfully started on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Preparing home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 after database service restarted

No step execution required.........

Trying to apply SQL patch on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

"/bin/sh -c 'cd /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1;ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1 ORACLE_SID=orcl2 /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/OPatch/datapatch -verbose'" command failed with errors. Please refer to logs for more details. SQL changes, if any, can be applied by manually retrying the same command.

SQL patch applied successfully on home /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

OPatchAuto 成功。

--------------------------------Summary--------------------------------

Patching is completed successfully. Please find the summary as follows:

Host:myrac2

RAC Home:/u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1

Version:19.0.0.0.0

Summary:

==Following patches were SKIPPED:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869304

Reason: This patch is not applicable to this specified target type - "rac_database"

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30898856

Reason: This patch is not applicable to this specified target type - "rac_database"

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30869156

Reason: This patch is already been applied, so not going to apply again.

==Following patches were SUCCESSFULLY applied:

Patch: /u01/soft/psu/30899722/30894985

Log: /u01/app/oracle/product/19.0/db_1/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/core/opatch/opatch2020-06-15_13-56-53下午_1.log

OPatchauto session completed at Tue Jun 15 13:57:30 2020

Time taken to complete the session 1 minute, 17 seconds

[root@myrac2 oneoffs]#








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个人喜欢IT行业,目前从事数据库工作,包括Oracle、mysql、mongodb、sqlserver等数据库的维护,喜欢专研开发技术,尤其对java程序的开发感兴趣。工作经历上,在中国联通系统集成公司、中公网医疗信息技术有限公司做过数据库技术支持;目前在海量数据,负责华东区oracle、mysql、mongodb的维护工作。

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