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Ambitious space plan could mean Canuck moonwalker

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:cfgfhfhbng 时间:2013-10-14 09:23:04 0 删除 编辑

MONTREAL Canada could be sending its first astronaut to the moon under an ambitious longterm plan being developed by a group of space agencies around the world.

A return to the moon within the next two decades is part of the recently updated Global Exploration Roadmap a farreaching plan developed by more than a dozen space agencies.

Canada is among the 14 space agencies participating in the International Space Exploration Coordination Group, which first started developing the strategy in 2007. The first roadmap was released in 2011 and the latest update was made public last week.

An early phase of the plan would put a new space station into orbit around the moon, and use it as a staging point to ferry astronauts back and forth.

It's part of a roadmap that lays out human and robotic missions in the solar system over the next 25 years, with the other components including a moon settlement and a proposal by NASA to capture a nearEarth asteroid.

JeanClaude Piedboeuf, the director of spaceexploration development at the Canadian Space Agency, says there's an agreement among space agencies that returning to the moon is Glover Quin Jersey White a stepping stone to a more distant target: Mars.

There would be human missions in the lunar vicinity and on its surface until 2030, at which point sights would be set on the red planet.

"You need to master how to land on a planet and the moon can be a test bed for that and how to live on the surface for a long time," said Piedboeuf, who noted that Canada is chairing the ISECG this year.

The CSA official suggested astronauts could again be moonbound in about 15 years. It would be the first human visit to the shining orb since 1972, when NASA astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmidt spent 75 hours there.

This time, there could well be Canadian visitors."We're proposing a vision where Canada could have an astronaut, effectively a Canadian who will be in lunar space, either in orbit or on the moon and could operate a Canadian rover in the same way that Canadians operate a Canadarm on the space station," Piedboeuf said.

"We can foresee in the future doing the same type of thing on the moon, with the Canadian industry building a rover and a Canadian astronaut could be the operator of this rover."

The first stop on the pathway to Mars the International Space Station will continue to Glover Quin Black Jersey be manned until at least 2020.

Canada is working to get one of its two active astronauts, David SaintJacques or Jeremy Hansen, to visit the space station between 2016 and 2019.

"For the next 10 years, we can expect that human space flight will still be in an Earth orbit," Piedboeuf told The Canadian Press.

"But then, starting maybe in 2025 that's really a guess because there's a lot of work then we can start thinking about human orbit around the moon and basically doing some activity there, Lions Glover Quin Jersey then starting back on the surface of the moon."

The plan would see a small human settlement established on the moon. Astronauts could use it to mine lunar resources while also learning how to survive away from Earth.

The scenario proposes the use of a "Deep Space Habitat," which would serve as a staging post. The habitat, a sort of minispace station, could be placed at a socalled Lagrange point near the moon.

Lagrange points are locations where gravity balances itself out and where a space station could theoretically be stationary.

"We think that around the beginning of the '20s," Piedboeuf said, "we will have the capacity to send humans into lunar space."

Piedboeuf pointed out that Canada has been working with NASA and other space agencies to develop the next generation of rovers, which would go to the moon and Mars.

"In terms of human exploration, we are building the building blocks, the capability that we need to support human exploration," he said. shuttle program was a critical moment the end of one era, and the start of the next one described in the Global Exploration Roadmap.

Now the Americans and Russians are developing longrange rockets and space capsules, like NASA's Orion spacecraft, which will be used to send astronauts beyond lowEarth orbit.

But it's unclear whether the way to Mars will actually be led by national space agencies like NASA, the CSA, the European Space Agency, and the Russian, Japanese, Indian and South Korean agencies.

Private ventures are planning to get there first.

The Inspiration Mars Foundation, an American nonprofit organization founded by multimillionaire Dennis Tito, wants to launch a flyby mission to Mars involving a malefemale couple in January 2018. Tito paid about $20 million to visit the International Space Station in 2001 aboard a Russian spacecraft.

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