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ORA-27102: out of memory解决办法

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:Ice-Spring 时间:2013-07-01 11:12:36 0 删除 编辑

数据库运行一定时间后,性能调优就显得很重要了,其中一项就是调整SGA区域。

一个朋友在测试机上练习增大SGA动作。发出如下命令:

更改系统的sga大小
alter system set sga_max_size=4g scope=spfile;
alter system set pga_aggregate_target=2G;
alter system set sga_target=4g scope=spfile;
shutdown immediate
startup

系统直接报错:SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup
ORA-27102: out of memory

程序测试人员要用数据库,如何恢复?

解决办法如下:

[hqmss@topup dbs]$ sqlplus /nolog

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Jul 1 10:45:58 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> create pfile from spfile;

在当前系统下生产pfile文件,修改参数文件的内存信息。

[hqmss@topup dbs]$ vi initHQMSS.ora

HQMSS.__db_cache_size=1660944384
HQMSS.__java_pool_size=33554432
HQMSS.__large_pool_size=16777216
HQMSS.__shared_pool_size=419430400
HQMSS.__streams_pool_size=0
*.audit_file_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/adump'
*.background_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/bdump'
*.compatible='10.2.0.1.0'
*.control_files='/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control01.ctl','/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control02.ctl','/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control03.ctl'
*.core_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/cdump'
*.db_block_size=8192
*.db_domain=''
*.db_file_multiblock_read_count=8
*.db_name='HQMSS'
*.DB_UNIQUE_NAME='stanDB'
*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=HQMSSXDB)'
*.FAL_CLIENT='primDB'
*.FAL_SERVER='stanDB'
*.job_queue_processes=10
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='DG_CONFIG=(primDB,stanDB)'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1='LOCATION=/opt/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HQMSS/onlinelog/

VALID_FOR=(ALL_LOGFILES,ALL_ROLES) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=stanDB'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='SERVICE=primDB LGWR ASYNC

VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=primDB'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1='ENABLE'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2='ENABLE'
*.open_cursors=300
*.pga_aggregate_target=2147483648
*.processes=750
*.REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE='EXCLUSIVE'
*.sessions=830
*.sga_max_size=4294967296
*.sga_target=4294967296

*.STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT='AUTO'
*.undo_management='AUTO'
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
*.user_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/udump'
~

 

修改后的文件如下:

[hqmss@topup dbs]$ vi initHQMSS.ora

HQMSS.__db_cache_size=1660944384
HQMSS.__java_pool_size=33554432
HQMSS.__large_pool_size=16777216
HQMSS.__shared_pool_size=419430400
HQMSS.__streams_pool_size=0
*.audit_file_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/adump'
*.background_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/bdump'
*.compatible='10.2.0.1.0'
*.control_files='/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control01.ctl','/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control02.ctl','/opt/oracle/oradata/HQMSS/control03.ctl'
*.core_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/cdump'
*.db_block_size=8192
*.db_domain=''
*.db_file_multiblock_read_count=8
*.db_name='HQMSS'
*.DB_UNIQUE_NAME='stanDB'
*.dispatchers='(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=HQMSSXDB)'
*.FAL_CLIENT='primDB'
*.FAL_SERVER='stanDB'
*.job_queue_processes=10
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='DG_CONFIG=(primDB,stanDB)'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1='LOCATION=/opt/oracle/flash_recovery_area/HQMSS/onlinelog/

VALID_FOR=(ALL_LOGFILES,ALL_ROLES) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=stanDB'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='SERVICE=primDB LGWR ASYNC

VALID_FOR=(ONLINE_LOGFILES,PRIMARY_ROLE) DB_UNIQUE_NAME=primDB'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_1='ENABLE'
*.LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2='ENABLE'
*.open_cursors=300
*.pga_aggregate_target=343597384
*.processes=750
*.REMOTE_LOGIN_PASSWORDFILE='EXCLUSIVE'
*.sessions=830
*.sga_max_size=2147483648
*.sga_target=2147483648

*.STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT='AUTO'
*.undo_management='AUTO'
*.undo_tablespace='UNDOTBS1'
*.user_dump_dest='/opt/oracle/admin/HQMSS/udump'

启动数据库:

SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> startup pfile='/opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db/dbs/initHQMSS.ora';
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2147483648 bytes
Fixed Size                  1220460 bytes
Variable Size             469762196 bytes
Database Buffers         1660944384 bytes
Redo Buffers               15556608 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> create spfile from pfile;

File created.

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