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MongoDB 副本集搭建

原创 NoSQL 作者:haoge0205 时间:2019-10-09 11:38:14 0 删除 编辑

搭建mongodb副本集

[root@ mongodb]#  cd /u02


[root@ u02]# mkdir -p mongodb/data_2777


[root@ u02]# mkdir -p mongodb/data_3777


[root@ u02]# mkdir -p mongodb/data_4777


[root@ mongodb]# tar mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.2.6.tgz


[root@ mongodb]# mv mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.2.6 mongodb


[root@ mongodb]# mkdir -p 2777 3777 4777


[root@ 2777]# mkdir {conf,log,keys,pid} 


[root@ 3777]# mkdir {conf,log,keys,pid} 


[root@ 4777]# mkdir {conf,log,keys,pid} 


[root@ conf]#  vi mongodb_2777.conf

systemLog:

  destination: file

  logAppend: true

  path: /u02/mongodb/mongodb/2777/log/shard1.log

storage:

  dbPath: /u02/mongodb/data_2777

  journal:

    enabled: true

  directoryPerDB: true

  engine: wiredTiger

  wiredTiger:

    engineConfig:

      cacheSizeGB: 10   # the maximum of half of physical RAM or 1 gigabyte

      directoryForIndexes: true    # mongod stores indexes and collections in separate subdirectories under the data (i.e. storage.dbPath) directory

    collectionConfig:

      blockCompressor: snappy # The default type of compression to use to compress collection data

processManagement:

  fork: true  # fork and run in background

  pidFilePath: /u02/mongodb/mongodb/2777/pid/mongodb_2777.pid  # location of pidfile

net:

  bindIp: 0.0.0.0

  port: 2777

operationProfiling:

  slowOpThresholdMs: 500

  mode: slowOp

replication:

  replSetName: shard1    #副本集的名称,副本集以此名称来识别是否属于同一个集群中

  oplogSizeMB: 512

#auditLog:

#    destination: file

#    format: JSON

#    path: /u02/mongodb/mongodb/2777/log/audit_log/audit.json

#    



启动mongodb

/u02/mongodb/mongodb/bin/mongod -f /u02/mongodb/mongodb/2777/conf/mongodb_2777.conf

/u02/mongodb/mongodb/bin/mongod -f /u02/mongodb/mongodb/3777/conf/mongodb_3777.conf

/u02/mongodb/mongodb/bin/mongod -f /u02/mongodb/mongodb/4777/conf/mongodb_4777.conf


登录2777端口mongodb

[root@ conf]# /u02/mongodb/mongodb/bin/mongo --port 2777

MongoDB shell version: 3.2.6

connecting to: 127.0.0.1:2777/test

Server has startup warnings: 

2019-10-08T19:47:35.621+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.

2019-10-08T19:47:35.621+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running on a NUMA machine.

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          We suggest launching mongod like this to avoid performance problems:

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **              numactl --interleave=all mongod [other options]

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled is 'always'.

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'.

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'

2019-10-08T19:47:35.622+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] 

shard1:PRIMARY> 


shard1:PRIMARY>conf = {_id:"shard1",members:[{_id:0,host:"127.0.0.1:2777"}]};


shard1:PRIMARY>rs.initiate(conf) ;


会显示出你的当前数据库服务实例已经加到副本集中,并且是master

shard1:PRIMARY> db.isMaster()

{

        "hosts" : [

                "127.0.0.1:2777",

                "127.0.0.1:3777",

                "127.0.0.1:4777"

        ],

        "setName" : "shard1",

        "setVersion" : 3,

        "ismaster" : true,

        "secondary" : false,

        "primary" : "127.0.0.1:2777",

        "me" : "127.0.0.1:2777",

        "electionId" : ObjectId("7fffffff0000000000000001"),

        "maxBsonObjectSize" : 16777216,

        "maxMessageSizeBytes" : 48000000,

        "maxWriteBatchSize" : 1000,

        "localTime" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:12:35.869Z"),

        "maxWireVersion" : 4,

        "minWireVersion" : 0,

        "ok" : 1

}



接着添加刚刚那2个服务实例到副本集中

shard1:PRIMARY>rs.add("127.0.0.1:3777");


shard1:PRIMARY>rs.add("127.0.0.1:4777");


查看副本集:

shard1:PRIMARY> rs.status()

{

        "set" : "shard1",

        "date" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:14:04.786Z"),

        "myState" : 1,

        "term" : NumberLong(1),

        "heartbeatIntervalMillis" : NumberLong(2000),

        "members" : [

                {

                        "_id" : 0,

                        "name" : "127.0.0.1:2777",

                        "health" : 1,

                        "state" : 1,

                        "stateStr" : "PRIMARY",

                        "uptime" : 1589,

                        "optime" : {

                                "ts" : Timestamp(1570536146, 1),

                                "t" : NumberLong(1)

                        },

                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:02:26Z"),

                        "electionTime" : Timestamp(1570536062, 2),

                        "electionDate" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:01:02Z"),

                        "configVersion" : 3,

                        "self" : true

                },

                {

                        "_id" : 1,

                        "name" : "127.0.0.1:3777",

                        "health" : 1,

                        "state" : 2,

                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",

                        "uptime" : 706,

                        "optime" : {

                                "ts" : Timestamp(1570536146, 1),

                                "t" : NumberLong(1)

                        },

                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:02:26Z"),

                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:14:04.654Z"),

                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:14:03.533Z"),

                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),

                        "syncingTo" : "127.0.0.1:2777",

                        "configVersion" : 3

                },

                {

                        "_id" : 2,

                        "name" : "127.0.0.1:4777",

                        "health" : 1,

                        "state" : 2,

                        "stateStr" : "SECONDARY",

                        "uptime" : 698,

                        "optime" : {

                                "ts" : Timestamp(1570536146, 1),

                                "t" : NumberLong(1)

                        },

                        "optimeDate" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:02:26Z"),

                        "lastHeartbeat" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:14:04.654Z"),

                        "lastHeartbeatRecv" : ISODate("2019-10-08T12:14:03.414Z"),

                        "pingMs" : NumberLong(0),

                        "configVersion" : 3

                }

        ],

        "ok" : 1

}


rs.status()

"health" : 1, #代表机器正常 

"stateStr" : "PRIMARY",  #代表是主节点,可读写,其中有以下几下状态  

1. STARTUP:刚加入到复制集中,配置还未加载  

2. STARTUP2:配置已加载完,初始化;  

3. RECOVERING:正在恢复,不适用读  

4. ARBITER: 仲裁者  

5. DOWN:节点不可到达  

6. UNKNOWN:未获取其他节点状态而不知是什么状态,一般发生在只有两个成员的架构 

7. REMOVED:移除复制集  

8. ROLLBACK:数据回滚,在回滚结束时,转移到RECOVERING或SECONDARY状态  

9. FATAL:出错。查看日志grep “replSet FATAL”找出错原因,重新做同步  

10. PRIMARY:主节点  

11. SECONDARY:备份节点  



创建数据库:

shard1:PRIMARY> use yoon


查看当前数据库:

shard1:PRIMARY> db

yoon


插入数据:

shard1:PRIMARY> db.movie.insert({"name":"hank"});

WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })


查看当前库下的表:

shard1:PRIMARY> show collections

movie


查看表中数据:

shard1:PRIMARY> db.movie.find()

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5d9c7ee9d7a8df8fd023d6ed"), "name" : "hank" }



登录3777端口查看表movie:

[root@ conf]# /u02/mongodb/mongodb/bin/mongo --port 3777

注意:新建的slave是不能读和写的,当在从服务器上读时会出现errmsg:not master and slaveOk=flase code:13435 错误,需要执行:rs.slaveOk()来开启读功能


shard1:SECONDARY> rs.slaveOk()


shard1:SECONDARY> show dbs

local  0.000GB

yoon   0.000GB

shard1:SECONDARY> use yoon

switched to db yoon

shard1:SECONDARY> show collections

movie

shard1:SECONDARY> db.movie.find()

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5d9c7ee9d7a8df8fd023d6ed"), "name" : "hank" }



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