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10G RAC RAW+ASM rhel-server-5.5-x86_64

Oracle 作者:Appleses 时间:2016-01-30 16:44:18 0 删除 编辑

由于学校老师只讲了11g的RAC安装,所以想自己试试,中间出了很多错误,借鉴了很多前辈写的文档,无抄袭之意,仅为自己学习所整理,可能有很多错误,欢迎指正
这里我会提供我安装过程中所需要的所有安装包和光盘镜像等,省的大家跟我似的苦逼呵呵找半天
虚拟机镜像:
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1dDvNcop
ASM软件:
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hGbz4
10g linux x86_64 clusterware:
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hqHvDGg
rhel-server-5.5-x86_64-dvd.iso
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1gdor2L1
10g oracle软件  for linux x86_64:
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1bn6a6qb



一.修改IP,hostname

127.0.0.1               localhost

192.168.6.103      rh1

192.168.6.104      rh1-vip

10.10.10.3             rh1-priv

 

192.168.6.105      rh2

192.168.6.106      rh2-vip

10.10.10.5             rh2-priv

 

[root@rh1 u01]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network

NETWORKING=yes

NETWORKING_IPV6=no

HOSTNAME=rh1

 

[root@rh1 u01]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0

BOOTPROTO=static

ONBOOT=yes

IPADDR=192.168.6.103

GATEWAY=192.168.6.1

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

 

[root@rh1 u01]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1

DEVICE=eth1

BOOTPROTO=static

ONBOOT=yes

IPADDR=10.10.10.3

NETMASK=255.255.255.0


二.增加交换分区

[root@rh1 u01]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/u01/swap1 bs=1024k count=2048

2048+0 records in

2048+0 records out

2147483648 bytes (2.1 GB) copied, 29.9432 seconds, 71.7 MB/s

 

[root@rh1 u01]# mkswap -c /u01/swap1

Setting up swapspace version 1, size = 2147479 kB

 

[root@rh1 u01]# swapon /u01/swap1

 

[root@rh1 u01]# vi /etc/fstab


LABEL=/                               /                           ext3          defaults        1 1
LABEL=/u01                        /u01                    ext3          defaults        1 2
tmpfs                                    /dev/shm            tmpfs      defaults,size=2g        0 0
devpts                                  /dev/pts             devpts      gid=5,mode=620  0 0
sysfs                                      /sys                      sysfs          defaults        0 0
proc                                      /proc                   proc         defaults        0 0
LABEL=SWAP-sda2           swap                    swap       defaults        0 0
/dev/sda3                           /soft                     ext3         defaults        0 0


/u01/swap1                        swap                   swap        defaults        0 0



 

[root@rh2 /]# free -m

             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached

Mem:          1341       1312         28          0          4       1062

-/+ buffers/cache:        244       1096

Swap:         4095          0       4095


三.创建用户,组和目录并赋予权限   设置oracle用户环境变量

groupadd -g 200 oinstall

groupadd -g 201 dba

useradd -u 200 -g oinstall -G dba oracle

passwd oracle

 

节点1

su - oracle

vi .bash_profile

PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin

export ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

export ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1

export ORA_CRS_HOME=/u01/crs_1

export ORACLE_SID=prod1

export PATH=.:${PATH}:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin

export PATH=${PATH}:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/bin/X11:/usr/local/bin

export PATH=${PATH}:$ORACLE_BASE/common/oracle/bin

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:$ORACLE_HOME/oracm/lib

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=${LD_LIBRARY_PATH}:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib

export EDITOR=vi

 

节点2 SID=prod2其他不变

 

创建目录

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1

mkdir -p /u01/crs_1

mkdir -p /u01/app/oraInventory

chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1

chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oraInventory/

chmod -R 775 /u01/crs_1/


四.建立用户等效性

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa):

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

32:8a:e1:8c:0d:70:86:8e:88:97:5a:3a:15:fd:a3:dd oracle@rh1

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/home/oracle/.ssh/id_dsa):

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_dsa.

Your public key has been saved in /home/oracle/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

d8:88:23:9b:6f:cd:74:81:8f:f9:13:16:98:5f:8a:8f oracle@rh1

节点2执行相同操作

[oracle@rh2 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t rsa

[oracle@rh2 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t dsa

 

节点1

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ cat .ssh/id_dsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ ssh rh2 cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys  这一步是将节点2的id_rsa.pub追加写入到节点1的authorized_keys文件里

oracle@rh2's password:

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ ssh rh2 cat .ssh/id_dsa.pub >> .ssh/authorized_keys

oracle@rh2's password:

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ scp .ssh/authorized_keys rh2:~/.ssh  将写有节点1和节点2密码文件的authorized_keys拷贝到节点2,两边就都拥有密钥了

oracle@rh2's password:

authorized_keys 100% 1988 1.9KB/s 00:00


验证信任关系

ssh rh1 date

ssh rh1-priv date

ssh rh2 date

ssh rh2-priv date

两个节点都要验证


五.修改系统参数

[root@rh1:/root]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf   在最后添加下面的参数

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576

fs.file-max = 6815744

kernel.shmall = 2097152

kernel.shmmax = 536870912

kernel.shmmni = 4096

kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

net.core.rmem_default = 262144

net.core.rmem_max = 4194304

net.core.wmem_default = 262144

net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

[root@rh1:/root]# sysctl -p  立即生效

 

[root@rh1:/root]# vi /etc/security/limits.conf               限制用户访问的CPU和内存资源

oracle  soft    nproc   2047

oracle  hard    nproc   16384

oracle  soft    nofile  1024

oracle  hard    nofile  65536

oracle  soft    stack   10240

 

 

[root@rh1:/root]# vi /etc/pam.d/login         linux操作系统的登陆配置文件 

添加

session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so           当用户登陆以后自动启用上面的限制

 

[root@rh1:/root]# vi /etc/profile

添加

 

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then

        if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then

                ulimit -p 16384

                ulimit -n 65536

        else

                ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536

        fi

fi


六.时间同步

用ntp

vi /etc/ntp.conf

节点1做服务端

broadcastclient

driftfile /var/lib/ntp/drift

server 127.127.1.0

节点2为客户端

driftfile /var/lib/ntp/drift

server 192.168.6.103      节点1的IP

 

使NTP服务可以在系统引导的时候自动启动,执行    

# chkconfig ntpd on   

启动/关闭/重启NTP的命令:   

# /etc/init.d/ntpd start   

# /etc/init.d/ntpd stop   

# /etc/init.d/ntpd restart   

#service ntpd restart

将同步好的时间写到CMOS里   

vi /etc/sysconfig/ntpd   

SYNC_HWCLOCK=yes   

 

每次修改了配置文件后都需要重新启动服务来使配置生效。

可以使用下面的命令来检查NTP服务是否启动,你应该可以得到一个进程ID号:   

# pgrep ntpd   

使用下面的命令检查时间服务器同步的状态:   

# ntpq -p   

用ntpstat 也可以查看一些同步状态,用netstat -ntlup查看端口使用情况! 

 

安装完毕客户端需过5-10分钟才能从服务器端更新时间!  

 

一些补充和拾遗(挺重要)

 

1. 配置文件中的driftfile是什么?

我们每一个system clock的频率都有小小的误差,这个就是为什么机器运行一段时间后会不精确. NTP会自动来监测我们时钟的误差值并予以调整.但问题是这是一个冗长的过程,所以它会把记录下来的误差先写入driftfile.这样即使你重新开机以后之前的计算结果也就不会丢失了

 

2. 如何同步硬件时钟?

NTP一般只会同步system clock. 但是如果我们也要同步RTC(hwclock)的话那么只需要把下面的选项打开就可以了

代码:

# vi /etc/sysconfig/ntpd

SYNC_HWCLOCK=yes


七.格式化分区

 

ocr 我们要划分成2个100M,分别来存放ocr配置文件,votingdisk我们要分成3个100M的。 Asm4data 要分成两个,10G 存放数据文件,5G 用在flashback上。 Backup 我们分成一个区。

在一个结点执行格式化就可以了,因为他们是共享的。

[root@rh1 soft]# fdisk /dev/sdc

Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel

Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,

until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous

content won't be recoverable.

 

 

The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 2610.

There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,

and could in certain setups cause problems with:

1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)

2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs

   (e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)

Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

 

Command (m for help): n

Command action

   e   extended

   p   primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 1

First cylinder (1-2610, default 1):

Using default value 1

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2610, default 2610): +100m

 

Command (m for help): n

Command action

   e   extended

   p   primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 2

First cylinder (14-2610, default 14):

Using default value 14

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (14-2610, default 2610): +100m

 

Command (m for help): n

Command action

   e   extended

   p   primary partition (1-4)

p

Partition number (1-4): 3

First cylinder (27-2610, default 27):

Using default value 27

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (27-2610, default 2610): +100m

 

Command (m for help): n

Command action

   e   extended

   p   primary partition (1-4)

e

Selected partition 4

First cylinder (40-2610, default 40):

Using default value 40

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (40-2610, default 2610):

Using default value 2610

 

Command (m for help): n

First cylinder (40-2610, default 40):

Using default value 40

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (40-2610, default 2610): +100m

 

Command (m for help): n

First cylinder (53-2610, default 53):

Using default value 53

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (53-2610, default 2610): +100m

 

Command (m for help): n

First cylinder (66-2610, default 66):

Using default value 66

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (66-2610, default 2610): +10g

 

Command (m for help): n

First cylinder (1283-2610, default 1283):

Using default value 1283

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1283-2610, default 2610): +5g

 

Command (m for help): n

First cylinder (1892-2610, default 1892):

Using default value 1892

Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1892-2610, default 2610):

Using default value 2610

 

Command (m for help): p

 

Disk /dev/sdc: 21.4 GB, 21474836480 bytes

255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2610 cylinders

Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

 

   Device Boot      Start        End        Blocks            Id    System

/dev/sdc1               1             13        104391             83    Linux

/dev/sdc2              14           26        104422+           83    Linux

/dev/sdc3              27           39        104422+           83    Linux

/dev/sdc4              40         2610        20651557+    5    Extended

/dev/sdc5              40           52        104391            83    Linux

/dev/sdc6              53          65        104391             83    Linux

/dev/sdc7              66        1282        9775521        83    Linux

/dev/sdc8            1283     1891        4891761        83    Linux

/dev/sdc9            1892     2610        5775336        83    Linux


八.配置raw 设备

 

   所谓raw 设备,就是通过字符方式访问的设备,也就是读写设备不需要缓冲区。 在Linux 下,对磁盘值提供了块方式的访问。要想通过字符方式访问,必须配置raw 设备服务,并且Oracle 用户对这些raw 设备必须有访问的权限。

 

在2个节点上做如下操作:

 

1.修改/etc/udev/rules.d/60-raw.rules 文件

 

root@rh1 soft]# vi /etc/udev/rules.d/60-raw.rules

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc1",RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw1 %N"

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc2",RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw2 %N"

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc3",RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw3 %N"

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc5",RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw4 %N"

ACTION=="add", KERNEL=="sdc6",RUN+="/bin/raw /dev/raw/raw5 %N"

ACTION=="add",KERNEL=="raw[1-5]", OWNER="oracle", GROUP="oinstall", MODE="660"

 

2. 重启服务:

[root@rac1 ~]# start_udev

Starting udev:         [  OK  ]

 

3. 查看raw设备:

 

[root@rh1 soft]# ls -lrt /dev/raw

total 0

crw-rw---- 1 oracle oinstall 162, 5 May 17 15:02 raw5

crw-rw---- 1 oracle oinstall 162, 3 May 17 15:02 raw3

crw-rw---- 1 oracle oinstall 162, 2 May 17 15:02 raw2

crw-rw---- 1 oracle oinstall 162, 1 May 17 15:02 raw1

crw-rw---- 1 oracle oinstall 162, 4 May 17 15:02 raw4


九.安装ASM软件
这里附一下ASM软件,我下了很多次,安装后总是configure失败,最后找到一个可以用的,应该是之前的版本不对
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1bnthLYB

两个节点都要安

[root@rh2 asm]# rpm -ivh *

warning: oracleasm-2.6.18-194.el5-2.0.5-1.el5.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 1e5e0159

Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]

   1:oracleasm-support      ########################################### [ 20%]

   2:oracleasm-2.6.18-194.el########################################### [ 40%]

   3:oracleasm-2.6.18-194.el########################################### [ 60%]

   4:oracleasm-2.6.18-194.el########################################### [ 80%]

   5:oracleasmlib           ########################################### [100%]

安装后在各个节点都要configure    oracle dba y y

[root@rh2 asm]# service oracleasm configure

Configuring the Oracle ASM library driver.

 

This will configure the on-boot properties of the Oracle ASM library

driver.  The following questions will determine whether the driver is

loaded on boot and what permissions it will have.  The current values

will be shown in brackets ('[]').  Hitting <ENTER> without typing an

answer will keep that current value.  Ctrl-C will abort.

 

Default user to own the driver interface [oracle]:

Default group to own the driver interface [dba]:

Start Oracle ASM library driver on boot (y/n) [y]:

Scan for Oracle ASM disks on boot (y/n) [y]:

Writing Oracle ASM library driver configuration: done

Initializing the Oracle ASMLib driver:                     [  OK  ]

Scanning the system for Oracle ASMLib disks:      [  OK  ]

                                                          

创建ASM磁盘

节点1创建

[root@rh1 asm]# service oracleasm createdisk ASM_DATA1 /dev/sdc7

Marking disk "ASM_DATA1" as an ASM disk:                   [  OK  ]

[root@rh1 asm]# service oracleasm createdisk ASM_DATA2 /dev/sdc8

Marking disk "ASM_DATA2" as an ASM disk:                   [  OK  ]

[root@rh1 asm]# service oracleasm listdisks

ASM_DATA1

ASM_DATA2

 

节点2要scan一下

[root@rh2 asm]# service oracleasm listdisks

[root@rh2 asm]# service oracleasm scandisks

Scanning the system for Oracle ASMLib disks:               [  OK  ]

[root@rh2 asm]# service oracleasm listdisks

ASM_DATA1

ASM_DATA2

十.安装clusterware
http://download.oracle.com/otn/linux/oracle10g/10201/10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz

因为Oracle10发行的时候还不支持rh5,修改安装目录里面oraparam.ini文件redhat-4直接改成5(可以用find -name oraparam.ini ),或者/etc/redhat-release 改成4

 

Has 'rootpre.sh' been run by root? [y/n] (n)

[root@rh1 rootpre]# sh rootpre.sh

No OraCM running

这里我们跑rootpre提示这个

网上说可以忽略

 

进行安装前的校验时又出现

[oracle@rh1 cluvfy]$ ./runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n rh1,rh2 -verbose

ERROR:

Could not find a suitable set of interfaces for VIPs.

网上说可以忽略,之后跑vipca即可

目录要和我们创建的一样





这里默认只显示一个节点,需要手工添加



指定网卡类型,这里系统把所有可用的网卡都扫描进来,而我们实际需要用到的只有eth0跟eth1而已,手动屏蔽没用的网卡,注意还要将eth0改成public!














以root用户跑脚本,俩节点都跑,跑完一个在跑下一个
orainstROOT.sh

Changing permissions of /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory to 770.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oracle/oraInventory to oinstall.

The execution of the script is complete

 

root.sh

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Checking to see if Oracle CRS stack is already configured

/etc/oracle does not exist. Creating it now.

 

Setting the permissions on OCR backup directory

Setting up NS directories

Oracle Cluster Registry configuration upgraded successfully

WARNING: directory '/u01' is not owned by root

Successfully accumulated necessary OCR keys.

Using ports: CSS=49895 CRS=49896 EVMC=49898 and EVMR=49897.

node <nodenumber>: <nodename> <private interconnect name> <hostname>

node 1: rh1 rh1-priv rh1

node 2: rh2 rh2-priv rh2

Creating OCR keys for user 'root', privgrp 'root'..

Operation successful.

Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw3

Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw4

Now formatting voting device: /dev/raw/raw5

Format of 3 voting devices complete.

Startup will be queued to init within 90 seconds.

Adding daemons to inittab

Expecting the CRS daemons to be up within 600 seconds.

CSS is active on these nodes.

rh1

CSS is inactive on these nodes.

rh2

Local node checking complete.

Run root.sh on remaining nodes to start CRS daemons.

 

节点2跑root.sh报错了

Running vipca(silent) for configuring nodeapps

/u01/crs_1/jdk/jre//bin/java: error while loading shared libraries: libpthread.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

 

解决这个问题,需要三个步骤来完成:

1、在每个节点上,修改$CRS_HOME/bin目录下的srvctl和vipca文件,在vipca文件ARGUMENTS=""行之前和srvctl文件的export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL行之后增加 unset LD_ASSUME_KERNEL 语句

2、使用$CRS_HOME/bin目录下的oifcfg工具配置pub ip和pri ip

3、在任意一个节点上,用root用户,手动运行vipca,配置完正确的prvip和vip 信息之后,crs就可以安装完成,操作过程如下:


1.1、修改vipca文件,增加标记为红色的那一行

[root@rh2 ~]# cd /u01/crs_1/
[root@rh2 crs_1]# cd bin/
[root@rh2 bin]# cp vipca vipca.bak
[root@rh2 bin]# vi vipca


#!/bin/sh
#
# $Header: vipca.sbs 10-dec-2004.15:30:55 khsingh Exp $
#
# vipca
#
# Copyright (c) 2001, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.
#
# NAME
# vipca - Node Apps and VIPs Configuration Assistant
#
# DESCRIPTION
# Oracle Cluster Node Applications Configuration Assistant is
# used to configure the Node Applications and the virtual IPs.
#
# MODIFIED (MM/DD/YY)
# khsingh 12/10/04 - fix LINUX workaround for bug 4054430
# khsingh 11/22/04 - remove obsolete files
# rxkumar 11/29/04 - fix bug4024708
# khsingh 10/07/04 - add workaround for bug (3937317)
# khsingh 09/27/04 - changes for PLE (3914991)
# khsingh 09/13/04 - add orahome arg back
# khsingh 08/16/04 - remove orahome arg
# khsingh 12/07/03 - change oembase to oemlt
# khsingh 10/31/03 - fix ice browser
# khsingh 10/29/03 - add jewt var
# khsingh 08/08/03 - fix ==
# jtellez 06/10/03 - change to srvm_trace
# rdasari 06/02/03 - set LD_LIBRARY_PATH appropriately for 32 and 64 bit solaris platforms
# jtellez 11/15/02 - change SRVM_DEFS to SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS
# jtellez 11/04/02 - Add srvm_defs
# jtellez 10/10/02 - fix srvmhas
# jtellez 10/04/02 - srvmhas to jlib
# jtellez 09/24/02 - add tracing
# jtellez 09/09/02 - add versions to jars
# rdasari 08/07/02 - use java instead of jre
# jtellez 08/08/02 - enhance comment
# jtellez 08/06/02 - add GUI jars
# rdasari 08/01/02 - use jdk131
# jtellez 07/26/02 - add srvmhas.jar to classpath
# jtellez 07/29/02 - add gui jars
# jtellez 07/24/02 - jtellez_vipca
# jtellez 7/24/02 - creation
#
#!/bin/sh


# Properties to pass directly to java
if [ "X$SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS" = "X" ]
then
SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS=""
fi


# Check for tracing
if [ "X$SRVM_TRACE" != "X" ]
then
SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS="$SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS -DTRACING.ENABLED=true -DTRACING.LEVEL=2"
fi


# External Directory Variables set by the Installer
JREDIR=/u01/crs/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs/jdk/jre/
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/crs/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs
export ORACLE_HOME;
/export
EMBASE_FILE=oemlt-10_1_0.jar


# GUI jars
EWTJAR=$JLIBDIR/$EWT_FILE
JEWTJAR=$JLIBDIR/$JEWT_FILE
ICEJAR=$JLIBDIR/$ICE_BROWSER5_FILE
EMBASEJAR=$JLIBDIR/$EMBASE_FILE
SHAREJAR=$JLIBDIR/$SHARE_FILE
HELPJAR=$JLIBDIR/$HELP_FILE
GUIJARS=$EWTJAR:$JEWTJAR:$SHAREJAR:$EMBASEJAR:$HELPJAR:$ICEJAR


# Set Classpath for Net Configuration Assistant
CLASSPATH=$JREJAR:$JRECLASSES:$OPSMJAR:$SRVMHASJAR:$VIPCAJAR:$GUIJARS


#Used for specifying any platforms specific Java options
JRE_OPTIONS=""


# Set the shared library path for JNI shared libraries
# A few platforms use an environment variable other than LD_LIBRARY_PATH
PLATFORM=`uname`
case $PLATFORM in
HP-UX) SHLIB_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib32:$SHLIB_PATH
export SHLIB_PATH
;;
AIX) LIBPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib32:$LIBPATH
export LIBPATH
;;
Linux) LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH


#Remove this workaround when the bug 3937317 is fixed
arch=`uname -m`
if [ "$arch" = "i686" -o "$arch" = "ia64" ]
121 LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.19
122 export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL
123 fi
124 #End workaround
125 ;;
126 SunOS) MACH_HARDWARE=`/bin/uname -i`
127 case $MACH_HARDWARE in
128 i86pc)
129 LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
130 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
131 ;;
132 *)
133 LD_LIBRARY_PATH_64=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH_64
134 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH_64
135 JRE_OPTIONS="-d64"
136 ;;
137 esac
138 ;;
139 OSF1) LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
140 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
141 ;;
142 
143 Darwin) DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH
144 export DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH 
145 ;; 
146 *) if [ -d $ORACLE_HOME/lib32 ];
147 then
148 LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib32:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
149 else
150 LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
151 fi
152 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
153 ;;
154 esac
155 
156 unset LD_ASSUME_KERNEL
157 
158 ARGUMENTS=""
159 NUMBER_OF_ARGUMENTS=$#
160 if [ $NUMBER_OF_ARGUMENTS -gt 0 ]; then
161 ARGUMENTS=$*
162 fi
163 
164 # Run Vipca
165 exec $JRE $JRE_OPTIONS $SRVM_PROPERTY_DEFS -classpath $CLASSPATH oracle.ops.vipca.VipCA -orahome $ORACLE_HOME $ARGUME NTS
"vipca" 167L, 5034C written


1.2、修改srvctl文件,增加标记为红色的那一行


[root@rh2 bin]# cp srvctl srvctl.bak

[root@rh2 bin]# vi srvctl

 

#!/bin/sh

#

# $Header: srvctl.sbs 29-nov-2004.11:56:24 rxkumar Exp $

#

# srvctl

#

# Copyright (c) 2000, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

#

# NAME

# srvctl - Oracle Server Control Utility

#

# DESCRIPTION

# Oracle Server Control Utility can be used to administer a RAC database,

# i.e., to modify the configuration information of a RAC

# database server as well as to do start/stop/status operations on the

# instances of the server.

#

# MODIFIED (MM/DD/YY)

# rxkumar 11/29/04 - fix bug4024708

# dliu 11/18/04 - replace OH

# khsingh 10/07/04 - add workaround for bug (3937317)

# khsingh 09/27/04 - update case statement (3914991)

# gdyoung 09/17/04 - ;;

# gdyoung 08/20/04 - ple/st script merging

# dliu 08/04/04 - get them work on linux

# dliu 11/20/03 - support for trace

# dliu 11/12/03 - unset ORA_CRSDEBUG

# bhamadan 09/18/03 - replacing s_jre131Location with s_jreLocation

# khsingh 06/25/03 - remove policy file

# rxkumar 06/03/03 - add srvmasm.jar

# rdasari 06/02/03 - set LD_LIBRARY_PATH appropriately for 32 and 64 bit solaris platforms

# dliu 02/21/03 - add i18n.jar

# dliu 11/13/02 - use ORA_CRS_UI_FMT to turn on output capture

# dliu 10/17/02 - turn on output capture

# jtellez 10/04/02 - make policy ==

# surchatt 09/06/02 - puttint policy file location

# rdasari 08/07/02 - use java instead of jre

# rdasari 08/01/02 - use jdk131

# jtellez 07/26/02 - add srvmhas.jar to classpath

# rdasari 05/09/01 - changing the header information

# rdasari 03/22/01 - changing to ops to srv.

# dliu 03/02/01 - use "$@" for argument list. this iscritical for correct interpretation of arguments with spaces in them..

# dliu 02/26/01 - fix bug #1656127: SHLIB_PATH change.

# dliu 02/23/01 - replace $ORACLE_HOME in classpath with an install variable..

# jcreight 11/08/00 - define OPSMJAR, not OPSJAR

"srvctl" 171L, 5554C

126 JRE_OPTIONS="-d64"

127 ;;

128 esac

129 ;;

130 OSF1) LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

131 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

132 ;;

133 Darwin)

134 DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH

135 export DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH

136 ;;

137 *) if [ -d $ORACLE_HOME/lib32 ];

138 then

139 LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib32:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib32:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

140 else

141 LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$ORACLE_HOME/srvm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

142 fi

143 export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

144 ;;

145 esac

146 

147 

148 # turn off crs debug flag that would otherwise interfere with crs profile

149 # modification

150 ORA_CRSDEBUG=0

151 export ORA_CRSDEBUG

152 

153 # environment variable to turn on trace: set SRVM_TRACE to turn it on.

154 if [ "X$SRVM_TRACE" != "X" ]

155 then

156 TRACE="-DTRACING.ENABLED=true -DTRACING.LEVEL=2"

157 else

158 TRACE=

159 fi

160 

161 if [ "X$SRVM_TRACE" != "X" ]

162 then

163 echo $JRE $JRE_OPTIONS -classpath $CLASSPATH $TRACE oracle.ops.opsctl.OPSCTLDriver "$@"

164 fi

165 

166 #Remove this workaround when the bug 3937317 is fixed

167 LD_ASSUME_KERNEL=2.4.19

168 export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

169 unset LD_ASSUME_KERNEL

170 

171 # Run ops control utility

"srvctl" 173L, 5578C written

 

 

2、在任意一个节点上使用oifcfg配置public和vip网络

[root@rh2 bin]# ./oifcfg setif -global eth0/192.168.6.0:public

[root@rh2 bin]# ./oifcfg setif -global eth1/10.10.10.0:cluster_interconnect

[root@rh2 bin]# ./oifcfg getif

eth0  192.168.6.0  global  public

eth1  10.10.10.0  global  cluster_interconnect

-- 注意这里最后一个是0. 代表一个网段。 在一个节点设置之后,其他节点也能看到。 

[root@rh1 bin]# ./oifcfg getif

eth0  192.168.6.0  global  public

eth1  10.10.10.0  global  cluster_interconnect



这时候没有必要再返回重新执行root.sh了,需要我们手工执行vipca命令来为两个节点添加一些必要的进程,至于在哪个节点上运行,这个就无所谓了,这里我是在RAC2上(root用户)执行vipca命令:




在空白处填写各节点对应的vip名称以及IP地址(其实只要填写RAC1的vip名称,再点其他空白处,就自动获取出来了),点击“next”








这个地方安装完之后就可以点击“ok”退出了。这里我们手工运行完vipca之后,如果成功,那么相当于RAC2的root.sh也顺利完成使命,下一步需要做的就是返回到RAC1节点,执行剩下的步骤,如下图所示:

点击OK

开始安装后的检验


这里有一个小插曲,在node1跑orainstRoot.sh由于疏忽使用了oracle用户,虽然之后又用root用跑了一次,但在最后第三项检测时还是失败了,这是由于/etc/oraInst.loc的权限不对,无法读取,更正后retry成功

 

[root@rh1 etc]# ls -l |grep -i ora

drwxr-xr-x  3 root oinstall   4096 May 18 12:56 oracle

-rwxr-x---  1 root root         63 May 18 12:56 oraInst.loc

[root@rh1 etc]# chmod 644 /etc/oraInst.loc

[root@rh1 etc]# ls -l |grep -i ora

drwxr-xr-x  3 root oinstall   4096 May 18 12:56 oracle

-rw-r--r--  1 root root         63 May 18 12:56 oraInst.loc


最后修改一下root用户环境变量
vi .bash_profile
PATH里添加ORA_CRS_HOME/bin

使用crs_stat -t 查看一下

至此clusterware安装结束!



十.安装Oracle 10gR2 database

1. 检查Oracle 的相关包。Oracle 10g 需要如下包

binutils-2.15.92.0.2-10.EL4

compat-db-4.1.25-9

control-center-2.8.0-12

gcc-3.4.3-9.EL4

gcc-c++-3.4.3-9.EL4

glibc-2.3.4-2

glibc-common-2.3.4-2

gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-44.1

libstdc++-3.4.3-9.EL4

libstdc++-devel-3.4.3-9.EL4

make-3.80-5

pdksh-5.2.14-30

sysstat-5.0.5-1

xscreensaver-4.18-5.rhel4.2

libaio-0.3.96

 

To see which versions of these packages are installed on your system, run the following command:

rpm -q binutils compat-db control-center gcc gcc-c++ glibc glibc-common gnome-libs libstdc++ libstdc++-devel make pdksh sysstat xscreensaver libaio openmotif21



建立yum软件仓库,通过yum来安装,yum install -y 包名

[root@rh1 u01]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

[root@rh1 yum.repos.d]# ls

rhel-debuginfo.repo

[root@rh1 yum.repos.d]# cp rhel-debuginfo.repo yum.repo

[root@rh1 yum.repos.d]# vi yum.repo

[Base]

name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux

baseurl=file:///media/Server

enabled=1

gpgcheck=0

gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release







在“warning”和“not executed”的小方框里面打勾,点击“next”



只装软件




以root用户跑脚本,俩节点都跑,跑完一个在跑下一个

[root@rh1 database]# /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/root.sh

Running Oracle10 root.sh script...

 

The following environment variables are set as:

    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle

    ORACLE_HOME=  /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1

 

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:

   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...

 

 

Creating /etc/oratab file...

Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by

Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created

Finished running generic part of root.sh script.

Now product-specific root actions will be performed.





十一.配置监听

数据库软件安装完成之后,接下来要做的是给两个节点配置listener,也就是监听。监听在ORACLE RAC中的地位非常重要,如果监听没有配置好,后期使用RAC方式建立实例就会出问题,下面在RAC1节点上以oracle身份登陆,运行netca,打开网络配置,来完成监听过程的全过程。

通过oracle运行netca,打开网络配置界面,选择cluster配置方式,点击“next”














运行命令crs_stat -t,可以看到刚配置好的两个监听进程已经启动

十二.创建ASM 实例

1. 运行DBCA 命令


2. 选择 configure Automatic Storage Management, 来创建ASM 实例




3. 选择所有结点



4. 输入密码。RAC 的spfile 必须放在共享目录下。  参数文件我们选择第一个initialization parameter。 也可以放在我们建的裸设备上。

这里密码设为oracle









5.    ASM 实例创建完后,用Create New 来创建ASM 磁盘组。 我们用ASM_DATA1来创建一个DATA 组, ASM_DATA2 创建FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA组




Redundancy 一般选external 就是也就是不考虑冗余,假如选normal 则是mirror, 至少要一个FailGroup选High 就是triple mirror,3倍镜像,需要三个FailGroup 








继续create





6. 创建完成后,能看到组的状态是Mount, ASM 组必须mount之后才能使用。

 



十三.DBCA建库

dbca















选择ASM 来存储, 分别选择我们刚创建的DATA 和RCY












这里可以手工添加删除一些指定的表空间、控制文件、日志文件等,我选择系统默认,然后点击“next



改一下字符集





剩下都next

开始安装了





安完了检查一下

[root@rh1 database]# crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host       

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.prod.db    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....d1.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....d2.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora....SM1.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....H1.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.gsd    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.ons    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.vip    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora....H2.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.gsd    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.ons    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.vip    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2    

 

[root@rh2 bin]# ./crs_stat -t

Name           Type           Target    State     Host       

------------------------------------------------------------

ora.prod.db    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....d1.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....d2.inst application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora....SM1.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....H1.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.gsd    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.ons    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora.rh1.vip    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh1        

ora....SM2.asm application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora....H2.lsnr application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.gsd    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.ons    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2        

ora.rh2.vip    application    ONLINE    ONLINE    rh2     

 

 

[oracle@rh1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Sun May 18 16:22:57 2014

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP and Data Mining options

 

SQL> select status from gv$instance;

 

STATUS

------------

OPEN

OPEN


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