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Oracle11g RAC启动关闭情况大概总结

原创 Oracle 作者:流浪的野狼 时间:2014-01-22 16:39:56 0 删除 编辑
 

1.          [grid@RAC01 ~]$ crsctl stop database -d RACwh

数据库关闭ok后此时我们进行关闭crs服务,切忌不要直接关闭ASM实例,11g 11.2.0.2 ocr 服务的信息存放在asm 磁盘上,是依赖于asm ,所以要关闭crs 而不是直接关闭asm实例,若在此处强行关闭asm实例,很有可能造成的后果是asm磁盘损坏或者丢失,导致整个集群彻底崩溃。我在测试RAC时,曾dismount某个磁盘组后,首先关闭了数据库,接着直接关闭了asm实例,关闭时一切正常。无报错,但当启动时,发现asm无法启动crs提示CRS-0184: Cannot communicate with the CRS daemon.无论如何也是无法启动CRS的,意识到可能是表决磁盘或者OCR出现问题,随即查看asm磁盘情况:oracleasm listdisks,没有任何磁盘信息,oracleasm scandisks也是同样的情况,这下估计麻烦了。在登录到另外一个节点上,同样命令查看asm磁盘,发现磁盘正常。故此此时我也将该节点的数据库及asm实例关闭,然后重启服务器,之后悲剧的一幕想当然的发生了,两个节点都无法扫描到asm磁盘信息。整个集群破坏的很彻底,丢失数据。也许是我个人原因造成这种异常的数据丢失,但个人还是建议按照常规的顺序来关闭启动RAC

2.          [root@RAC01 bin]# ./crsctl stop crs

如果你足够细心,你可以通过下面的关闭日志看出在RACCRS关闭的过程中是一个怎样的顺序以及关闭crs的时候都会有那些服务会同时关闭。此外你可能还会发现我们的这个命令是在RAC01这个节点执行的,所以这时候应该RAC02这个节点还是可以正常使用的。强烈建议大家对下面的日志进行研究

CRS-2791: Starting shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.crsd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2790: Starting shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.FLASH.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.OCRVD.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan3.vip' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan3.vip' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.scan3.vip' on 'rac02'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'rac02'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER.lsnr' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac02'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac02'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.registry.acfs' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.FLASH.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.scan3.vip' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr' on 'rac02'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.scan2.vip' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'rac02'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.rac01.vip' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.scan1.vip' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac02'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.OCRVD.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.DATA.dg' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2672: Attempting to start 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac02'

CRS-2676: Start of 'ora.oc4j' on 'rac02' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.eons' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ons' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ons' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.net1.network' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.eons' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2792: Shutdown of Cluster Ready Services-managed resources on 'rac01' has completed

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.crsd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.evmd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.asm' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssdmonitor' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.evmd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.ctssd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.mdnsd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.drivers.acfs' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.asm' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.cssd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.cssd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gpnpd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2673: Attempting to stop 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac01'

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.gipcd' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2677: Stop of 'ora.diskmon' on 'rac01' succeeded

CRS-2793: Shutdown of Oracle High Availability Services-managed resources on 'rac01' has completed

CRS-4133: Oracle High Availability Services has been stopped.

[root@RAC01 bin]#

3.          验证关闭情况:

[root@RAC01 bin]# ./crs_stat -t -v

CRS-0184: Cannot communicate with the CRS daemon.

[root@RAC01 bin]#

4.          启动crs服务:

[root@RAC01 bin]# ./crsctl start crs-------------此处可能需要等待一段时间。

CRS-4123: Oracle High Availability Services has been started.

[root@RAC01 bin]#

5.          查看启动情况:

[grid@RAC02 ~]$ crs_stat -t -v

Name           Type           R/RA   F/FT   Target    State     Host

----------------------------------------------------------------------

ora.DATA.dg    ora....up.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.FLASH.dg   ora....up.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora....ER.lsnr ora....er.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora....N1.lsnr ora....er.type 0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora....N2.lsnr ora....er.type 0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora....N3.lsnr ora....er.type 0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora....N4.lsnr ora....er.type 0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.OCRVD.dg   ora....up.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.asm        ora.asm.type   0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.eons       ora.eons.type  0/3    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.gsd        ora.gsd.type   0/5    0/     OFFLINE   OFFLINE

ora....network ora....rk.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.oc4j       ora.oc4j.type  0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.ons        ora.ons.type   0/3    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora....SM1.asm application    0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora....01.lsnr application    0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.rac01.gsd  application    0/5    0/0    OFFLINE   OFFLINE

ora.rac01.ons  application    0/3    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.rac01.vip  ora....t1.type 0/0    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora....SM2.asm application    0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora....02.lsnr application    0/5    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.rac02.gsd  application    0/5    0/0    OFFLINE   OFFLINE

ora.rac02.ons  application    0/3    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.rac02.vip  ora....t1.type 0/0    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.racwh.db   ora....se.type 0/2    0/1    OFFLINE   OFFLINE

ora....f01.svc ora....ce.type 0/0    1/0    OFFLINE   OFFLINE-----------我个人添加的STAF服务。

ora....f02.svc ora....ce.type 0/0    0/0    OFFLINE   OFFLINE-----------我个人添加的STAF服务。

ora....ry.acfs ora....fs.type 0/5    0/     ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.scan1.vip  ora....ip.type 0/0    1/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac01

ora.scan2.vip  ora....ip.type 0/0    1/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.scan3.vip  ora....ip.type 0/0    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

ora.scan4.vip  ora....ip.type 0/0    0/0    ONLINE    ONLINE    rac02

[grid@RAC02 ~]$

6.          启动数据库:

[grid@RAC02 ~]$ srvctl start database -d RACwh

PRCR-1079 : Failed to start resource ora.racwh.db

ORA-16038: log 3 sequence# 41 cannot be archived

ORA-19504: failed to create file ""

ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 2: '+DATA/racwh/redo03.log'

CRS-2674: Start of 'ora.racwh.db' on 'rac01' failed

CRS-2632: There are no more servers to try to place resource 'ora.racwh.db' on that would satisfy its placement policy

[grid@RAC02 ~]$

        针对上述的报错,经查看原来是归档日志所在的asm未能mount所致,执行该磁盘的mount后重新执行数据库启动即可。

此外给大家推荐几个日常的启动关闭命令:

其他管理维护指南

.通过srvctl管理

1.关闭RAC数据库服务顺序

[oracle@dbp ~] $ srvctl stop   database    -d RACwh

[oracle@dbp ~] $ srvctl stop   asm         -n RAC01

[oracle@dbp ~] $ srvctl stop   asm         -n RAC02

[oracle@dbp ~] $ srvctl stop   nodeapps    -n RAC01

[oracle@dbp ~] $ srvctl stop   nodeapps    -n RAC02

2.启动RAC数据库服务顺序

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  nodeapps    -n RAC01

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  nodeapps    -n RAC02

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  asm         -n RAC01

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  asm         -n RAC02

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  database    -d RACwh

3.其他命令

实例管理

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl status instance    -d RACwh  -i RACwh1

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl stop   instance    -d RACwh  -i RACwh1

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  instance    -d RACwh  -i RACwh1

监听管理

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl status listener    -n RAC01

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl stop   listener    -n RAC01

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ srvctl start  listener    -n RAC01

.通过crsctl工具管理

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ crs_stat -t

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ crs_stat

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ crs_start -all

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ crs_stop -all

[oracle@RAC01 ~] $ crs_stop "ora. RACwh.db"

Crs_stat命令在oracle11g后逐渐趋于废弃,如下即可明白:

[grid@RAC02 ~]$ crs_stat -h

This command is deprecated and has been replaced by 'crsctl status resource'

This command remains for backward compatibility only

Usage:  crs_stat [resource_name [...]] [-v] [-l] [-q] [-c cluster_member]

        crs_stat [resource_name [...]] -t [-v] [-q] [-c cluster_member]

        crs_stat -p [resource_name [...]] [-q]

        crs_stat [-a] application -g

        crs_stat [-a] application -r [-c cluster_member]

        crs_stat -f [resource_name [...]] [-q] [-c cluster_member]

        crs_stat -ls [resource_name [...]] [-q]

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