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分类: Oracle

    Adrian Billington提供了一个xplan.sql在dbms_xplan.display_XXX的基础上增加了执行计划的顺序号,这个对于分析特别复杂的执行计划有时会派上用场。如果只想简单一点看一下执行计划的顺序,我们可以参考xplan.sql中build_order_map过程的排序SQL实现

查看SQL的执行计划+执行计划顺序:
with sql_plan_data as
 (select *
    from gv$sql_plan a --这里如果是awr中的可以换成dba_hist_sql_plan
   where a.sql_id = 'gf95jb9ub5zp0'
     and plan_hash_value = 3228133112),
hierarchical_sql_plan_data as
 (select *
    from sql_plan_data
   start with id = 0
  connect by prior id = parent_id
   order siblings by id desc)
select sql_id,
       plan_hash_value,
       id,
       row_number() over(order by rownum desc) as exec_ord,
       lpad(' ', 2 * (depth - 1)) || operation || options operation,
       object_name,
       cardinality,
       bytes,
       io_cost,
       cpu_cost,
       cost,
       time,
       access_predicates
  from hierarchical_sql_plan_data
 order by id;
 

 ##################################################
 
-- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Script:       xplan.sql
--
-- Author:       Adrian Billington
--               
--
-- Description:  Creates a package named XPLAN as a wrapper over DBMS_XPLAN. Provides access to
--               the following DBMS_XPLAN pipelined functions:
--
--                  1. DISPLAY;
--                  2. DISPLAY_CURSOR;
--                  3. DISPLAY_AWR (optional - see Notes section for licence implications).
--
--               The XPLAN wrapper package has one purpose: to include an "order" column in the
--               plan output to show the order in which plan operations are performed. See the
--               following example for details.
--
-- Example:      DBMS_XPLAN output (format BASIC):
--               ------------------------------------------------
--               | Id  | Operation                    | Name    |
--               ------------------------------------------------
--               |   0 | SELECT STATEMENT             |         |
--               |   1 |  MERGE JOIN                  |         |
--               |   2 |   TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| DEPT    |
--               |   3 |    INDEX FULL SCAN           | PK_DEPT |
--               |   4 |   SORT JOIN                  |         |
--               |   5 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL         | EMP     |
--               ------------------------------------------------
--
--               Equivalent XPLAN output (format BASIC):
--               --------------------------------------------------------
--               | Id  | Order | Operation                    | Name    |
--               --------------------------------------------------------
--               |   0 |     6 | SELECT STATEMENT             |         |
--               |   1 |     5 |  MERGE JOIN                  |         |
--               |   2 |     2 |   TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID| DEPT    |
--               |   3 |     1 |    INDEX FULL SCAN           | PK_DEPT |
--               |   4 |     4 |   SORT JOIN                  |         |
--               |   5 |     3 |    TABLE ACCESS FULL         | EMP     |
--               --------------------------------------------------------
--
-- Usage:        SELECT * FROM TABLE(XPLAN.DISPLAY(...));
--               SELECT * FROM TABLE(XPLAN.DISPLAY_CURSOR(...));
--               SELECT * FROM TABLE(XPLAN.DISPLAY_AWR(...));
--
--               Usage for XPLAN is exactly the same as for DBMS_XPLAN. See the DBMS_XPLAN
--               documentation for all options.
--
--               Note that the only exception to this is that XPLAN.DISPLAY does not contain
--               the FILTER_PREDS parameter available in 10.2+ versions of DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY
--               (this parameter enables us to limit the data being returned from an Explain
--               Plan but is of quite limited use).
--
--               See the Notes section for details on the licensing implications of using
--               XPLAN.DISPLAY_AWR.
--
-- Versions:     This utility will work for all versions of 10g and upwards.
--
-- Required:     1) PLAN_TABLE of at least 10.1 format
--
--               2) Either:
--                     SELECT ANY DICTIONARY
--                  Or:
--                     SELECT on V$DATABASE
--                     SELECT on V$SQL_PLAN
--                     SELECT on V$SESSION
--                     SELECT on V$MYSTAT
--                     SELECT on DBA_HIST_SQL_PLAN
--
--               3) CREATE TYPE, CREATE PROCEDURE
--
-- Notes:        *** IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ ***
--
--               1) Oracle license implications
--                  ---------------------------
--                  The AWR functionality of XPLAN accesses a DBA_HIST% view which means
--                  that it requires an Oracle Diagnostic Pack license. The XPLAN.DISPLAY_AWR
--                  pipelined function is therefore disabled by default. It can be included
--                  by modifying two substitution variables at the start of the script. Please
--                  ensure that you are licensed to use this feature: the author accepts
--                  no responsibility for any use of this functionality in an unlicensed database.
--
-- Installation: Installation requires SQL*Plus or any IDE that supports substitution
--               variables and SQL*Plus SET commands. To install, simply run the script in
--               the target schema.
--
-- Creates:      1) XPLAN_OT object type
--               2) XPLAN_NTT collection type
--               3) XPLAN package
--
-- Removal:      1) DROP PACKAGE xplan;
--               3) DROP TYPE xplan_ntt;
--               4) DROP TYPE xplan_ot;
--
--
-- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--
-- Define the "commenting-out" substitution variables for the AWR elements of this utility. The
-- default is commented out. To include the AWR functionality, change the variables to " " (i.e.
-- a single space).
--

SET DEFINE ON
DEFINE _awr_start = "/*"
DEFINE _awr_end   = "*/"

--
-- Supporting types for the pipelined functions...
--

CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE xplan_ot AS OBJECT( plan_table_output VARCHAR2(300) );
/

CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE xplan_ntt AS  TABLE OF xplan_ot;
/

--
-- Xplan package...
--

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE xplan AS

   FUNCTION display( p_table_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'PLAN_TABLE',
                     p_statement_id IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
                     p_format       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED;

   FUNCTION display_cursor( p_sql_id          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
                            p_cursor_child_no IN INTEGER  DEFAULT 0,
                            p_format          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED;

&&_awr_start
   FUNCTION display_awr( p_sql_id          IN VARCHAR2,
                         p_plan_hash_value IN INTEGER  DEFAULT NULL,
                         p_db_id           IN INTEGER  DEFAULT NULL,
                         p_format          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED;
&&_awr_end
      
END xplan;
/

CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY xplan AS

   TYPE ntt_order_map_binds IS TABLE OF VARCHAR2(100);

   TYPE aat_order_map IS TABLE OF PLS_INTEGER
      INDEX BY PLS_INTEGER;

   g_map  aat_order_map;
   g_hdrs PLS_INTEGER;
   g_len  PLS_INTEGER;
   g_pad  VARCHAR2(300);

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   PROCEDURE reset_state IS
   BEGIN
      g_hdrs := 0;
      g_len  := 0;
      g_pad  := NULL;
      g_map.DELETE;
   END reset_state;

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   PROCEDURE build_order_map( p_sql   IN VARCHAR2,
                              p_binds IN ntt_order_map_binds ) IS

      TYPE rt_id_data IS RECORD
      ( id  PLS_INTEGER
      , ord PLS_INTEGER );

      TYPE aat_id_data IS TABLE OF rt_id_data
         INDEX BY PLS_INTEGER;

      aa_ids   aat_id_data;
      v_cursor SYS_REFCURSOR;
      v_sql    VARCHAR2(32767);

   BEGIN

      -- Build SQL template...
      -- ---------------------
      v_sql := 'WITH sql_plan_data AS ( ' ||
                        p_sql || '
                        )
                ,    hierarchical_sql_plan_data AS (
                        SELECT id
                        FROM   sql_plan_data
                        START WITH id = 0
                        CONNECT BY PRIOR id = parent_id
                        ORDER SIBLINGS BY id DESC
                        )
                SELECT id
                ,      ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY ROWNUM DESC) AS ord
                FROM   hierarchical_sql_plan_data';

      -- Binds will differ according to plan type...
      -- -------------------------------------------
      CASE p_binds.COUNT
         WHEN 0
         THEN
            OPEN v_cursor FOR v_sql;
         WHEN 1
         THEN
            OPEN v_cursor FOR v_sql USING p_binds(1);
         WHEN 2
         THEN
            OPEN v_cursor FOR v_sql USING p_binds(1),
                                          TO_NUMBER(p_binds(2));
         WHEN 3
         THEN
            OPEN v_cursor FOR v_sql USING p_binds(1),
                                          TO_NUMBER(p_binds(2)),
                                          TO_NUMBER(p_binds(3));            
      END CASE;

      -- Fetch the ID and order data...
      -- ------------------------------
      FETCH v_cursor BULK COLLECT INTO aa_ids;
      CLOSE v_cursor;

      -- Populate the order map...
      -- -------------------------
      FOR i IN 1 .. aa_ids.COUNT LOOP      
         g_map(aa_ids(i).id) := aa_ids(i).ord;
      END LOOP;

      -- Use the map to determine padding needed to slot in our order column...
      -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------
      IF g_map.COUNT > 0 THEN
         g_len := LEAST(LENGTH(g_map.LAST) + 7, 8);
         g_pad := LPAD('-', g_len, '-');
      END IF;

   END build_order_map;

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   FUNCTION prepare_row( p_curr IN VARCHAR2,
                         p_next IN VARCHAR2 ) RETURN xplan_ot IS

      v_id  PLS_INTEGER;
      v_row VARCHAR2(4000);
      v_hdr VARCHAR2(64) := '%|%Id%|%Operation%|%';

   BEGIN

      -- Intercept the plan section to include a new column for the
      -- the operation order that we mapped earlier. The plan output
      -- itself will be bound by the 2nd, 3rd and 4th dashed lines.
      -- We need to add in additional dashes, the order column heading
      -- and the order value itself...
      -- -------------------------------------------------------------

      IF p_curr LIKE '---%' THEN
 
         IF p_next LIKE v_hdr THEN
            g_hdrs := 1;
            v_row := g_pad || p_curr;
         ELSIF g_hdrs BETWEEN 1 AND 3 THEN
            g_hdrs := g_hdrs + 1;
            v_row := g_pad || p_curr;
         ELSE
            v_row := p_curr;
         END IF;

      ELSIF p_curr LIKE v_hdr THEN

         v_row := REGEXP_REPLACE(
                     p_curr, '\|',
                     RPAD('|', GREATEST(g_len-7, 2)) || 'Order |',
                     1, 2
                     );

      ELSIF REGEXP_LIKE(p_curr, '^\|[\* 0-9]+\|') THEN

         v_id := REGEXP_SUBSTR(p_curr, '[0-9]+');
         v_row := REGEXP_REPLACE(
                     p_curr, '\|',
                     '|' || LPAD(g_map(v_id), GREATEST(g_len-8, 6)) || ' |',
                     1, 2
                     );
      ELSE
         v_row := p_curr;
      END IF;

      RETURN xplan_ot(v_row);

   END prepare_row;

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   FUNCTION display( p_table_name   IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'PLAN_TABLE',
                     p_statement_id IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
                     p_format       IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED IS

      v_plan_table   VARCHAR2(128) := NVL(p_table_name, 'PLAN_TABLE');
      v_sql          VARCHAR2(512);
      v_binds        ntt_order_map_binds := ntt_order_map_binds();

   BEGIN
   
      reset_state();

      -- Prepare the inputs for the order map...
      -- ---------------------------------------
      v_sql := 'SELECT id, parent_id
                FROM   ' || v_plan_table || '
                WHERE  plan_id = (SELECT MAX(plan_id)
                                  FROM   ' || v_plan_table || '
                                  WHERE  id = 0 %bind%)
                ORDER  BY id';

      IF p_statement_id IS NULL THEN
         v_sql := REPLACE(v_sql, '%bind%');
      ELSE
         v_sql := REPLACE(v_sql, '%bind%', 'AND statement_id = :bv_statement_id');
         v_binds := ntt_order_map_binds(p_statement_id);
      END IF;
      
      -- Build the order map...
      -- --------------------------------------------------
      build_order_map(v_sql, v_binds);

      -- Now we can call DBMS_XPLAN to output the plan...
      -- ------------------------------------------------
      FOR r_plan IN ( SELECT plan_table_output AS p
                      ,      LEAD(plan_table_output) OVER (ORDER BY ROWNUM) AS np
                      FROM   TABLE(
                                DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY(
                                   v_plan_table, p_statement_id, p_format
                                   ))
                      ORDER  BY
                             ROWNUM)
      LOOP
         IF g_map.COUNT > 0 THEN
            PIPE ROW (prepare_row(r_plan.p, r_plan.np));
         ELSE
            PIPE ROW (xplan_ot(r_plan.p));
         END IF;
      END LOOP;

      reset_state();
      RETURN;

   END display;

   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   FUNCTION display_cursor( p_sql_id          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
                            p_cursor_child_no IN INTEGER  DEFAULT 0,
                            p_format          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED IS

      v_sql_id   v$sql_plan.sql_id%TYPE;
      v_child_no v$sql_plan.child_number%TYPE;
      v_sql      VARCHAR2(256);
      v_binds    ntt_order_map_binds := ntt_order_map_binds();

   BEGIN

      reset_state();

      -- Set a SQL_ID if default parameters passed...
      -- --------------------------------------------
      IF p_sql_id IS NULL THEN
         SELECT prev_sql_id, prev_child_number
         INTO   v_sql_id, v_child_no
         FROM   v$session
         WHERE  sid = (SELECT m.sid FROM v$mystat m WHERE ROWNUM = 1)
         AND    username IS NOT NULL
         AND    prev_hash_value <> 0;
      ELSE
         v_sql_id := p_sql_id;
         v_child_no := p_cursor_child_no;
      END IF;

      -- Prepare the inputs for the order mapping...
      -- -------------------------------------------
      v_sql := 'SELECT id, parent_id
                FROM   v$sql_plan
                WHERE  sql_id = :bv_sql_id
                AND    child_number = :bv_child_no';

      v_binds := ntt_order_map_binds(v_sql_id, v_child_no);
      
      -- Build the plan order map from the SQL...
      -- ----------------------------------------
      build_order_map(v_sql, v_binds);

      -- Now we can call DBMS_XPLAN to output the plan...
      -- ------------------------------------------------
      FOR r_plan IN ( SELECT plan_table_output AS p
                      ,      LEAD(plan_table_output) OVER (ORDER BY ROWNUM) AS np
                      FROM   TABLE(
                                DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY_CURSOR(
                                   v_sql_id, v_child_no, p_format
                                   ))
                      ORDER  BY
                             ROWNUM)
      LOOP
         IF g_map.COUNT > 0 THEN
            PIPE ROW (prepare_row(r_plan.p, r_plan.np));
         ELSE
            PIPE ROW (xplan_ot(r_plan.p));
         END IF;
      END LOOP;

      reset_state();
      RETURN;

   END display_cursor;

&_awr_start
   ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
   FUNCTION display_awr( p_sql_id          IN VARCHAR2,
                         p_plan_hash_value IN INTEGER  DEFAULT NULL,
                         p_db_id           IN INTEGER  DEFAULT NULL,
                         p_format          IN VARCHAR2 DEFAULT 'TYPICAL' )
      RETURN xplan_ntt PIPELINED IS
      
      v_sql      VARCHAR2(256);
      v_binds    ntt_order_map_binds := ntt_order_map_binds();

   BEGIN
   
      reset_state();

      -- Prepare the SQL for the order mapping...
      -- ----------------------------------------
      v_sql := 'SELECT id, parent_id
                FROM   dba_hist_sql_plan
                WHERE  sql_id = :bv_sql_id
                AND    plan_hash_value = :bv_plan_hash_value
                AND    dbid = :bv_dbid';

      -- Determine all plans for the sql_id...
      -- -------------------------------------      
      FOR r_awr IN (SELECT DISTINCT
                           sql_id
                    ,      plan_hash_value
                    ,      dbid
                    FROM   dba_hist_sql_plan
                    WHERE  sql_id = p_sql_id
                    AND    plan_hash_value = NVL(p_plan_hash_value, plan_hash_value)
                    AND    dbid = NVL(p_db_id, (SELECT dbid FROM v$database))
                    ORDER  BY
                           plan_hash_value)
      LOOP
      
         -- Prepare the binds and build the order map...
         -- --------------------------------------------
         v_binds := ntt_order_map_binds(r_awr.sql_id,
                                        r_awr.plan_hash_value,
                                        r_awr.dbid);
                                       
         -- Build the plan order map from the SQL...
         -- ----------------------------------------
         build_order_map(v_sql, v_binds);

         -- Now we can call DBMS_XPLAN to output the plan...
         -- ------------------------------------------------
         FOR r_plan IN ( SELECT plan_table_output AS p
                         ,      LEAD(plan_table_output) OVER (ORDER BY ROWNUM) AS np
                         FROM   TABLE(
                                   DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY_AWR(
                                      r_awr.sql_id, r_awr.plan_hash_value,
                                      r_awr.dbid, p_format
                                      ))
                         ORDER  BY
                                ROWNUM)
         LOOP
            IF g_map.COUNT > 0 THEN
               PIPE ROW (prepare_row(r_plan.p, r_plan.np));
            ELSE
               PIPE ROW (xplan_ot(r_plan.p));
            END IF;
         END LOOP;

      END LOOP;

      reset_state();
      RETURN;
      
   END display_awr;
&_awr_end

END xplan;
/

UNDEFINE _awr_start
UNDEFINE _awr_end



 

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