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源码包方式安装Percona server

原创 MySQL 作者:jx_yu 时间:2016-05-04 16:07:31 0 删除 编辑

Installing Percona Server from a Source Tarball

1 下载源码tar

2 安装Cmake

下载cmake

]# tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.9.tar.gz

]# cd cmake-2.8.9

#查看帮助

]# cat Readme.txt

$ ./bootstrap; make; make install

]# ./bootstrap

]# make

]# make install

3 创建相关目录

#basedir

~]# mkdir -p /app/mysql

#datadir

~]# mkdir -p /data/percona/mysql/data

~]# chown mysql:mysql /app/mysql/ -R

~]# chown mysql:mysql /data/percona/mysql/ -R

4 解压

]# tar -zxvf percona-server-5.6.29-76.2.tar.gz

]# cd percona-server-5.6.29-76.2

5 编译安装

1 使用cmake配置bulid

]#cmake . -LH

]#cmake .  \

-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/app/mysql \ #设置程序安装路径

-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/percona/mysql/data \ #设置数据存放路径

-DSYSCONFDIR=/app/mysql \ #配置文件路径,由于当前有别的mysql实例运行,没有指定/etc

-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \ #启用MYISAM存储引擎

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1  \

-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/data/percona/mysql/mysqld.sock \ #设置套接字存放位置

-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=6603  \ #设置开放端口

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1  \ #设置读取本地文件

-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \ #默认字符串

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci #默认检验规则

 

附,如果cmake错误,需要重新cmake,需要清除之前的cmake信息:

]# make clean

]# rm –f CMakeCache.txt

2 使用make编译

#-j后面是逻辑CPU的个数,可以根据实际情况来指定

]#make -j `grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l`

3 使用make install安装

]#make install

6 创建配置文件

]# cat /app/mysql/my.cnf

[mysqld]

basedir=/app/mysql

datadir=/data/percona/mysql/data

socket=/data/percona/mysql/mysql.sock

log-error=/data/percona/mysql/mysqld.log

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 128M

port=6603

7 初始化db

]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --defaults-file=/app/mysql/my.cnf

8 启动percona mysql

#注意,如果使用的root账户初始化db,生成的文件都是root拥有,而mysqld是以mysql用户运行的,对默认生成的文件没权限,可能无法正常start,如报错:

26803 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.

/app/mysql/bin/mysqld: Can't find file: './mysql/plugin.frm' (errno: 13 - Permission denied)

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] InnoDB: ./ibdata1 can't be opened in read-write mode

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] InnoDB: The system tablespace must be writable!

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] Unknown/unsupported storage engine: InnoDB

2016-05-04 14:40:21 26803 [ERROR] Aborting

#此时,修改basedirdatadir下的文件的所有者和所属组为mysql

]# chown mysql:mysql /data/percona/mysql/ -R

]# chown mysql:mysql /app/mysql/ -R

#再启动mysql

]# /data/percona/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/tmp/my.cnf  &

160504 10:37:02 mysqld_safe Adding '/data/percona/mysql/lib/mysql/libjemalloc.so.1' to LD_PRELOAD for mysqld

160504 10:37:02 mysqld_safe Logging to '/data/percona/mysql/mysqld.log'.

160504 10:37:02 mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /data/percona/mysql/data

9 查看进程

]# netstat -antpl|grep mysqld

tcp        0      0 :::6603                     :::*                     LISTEN      27166/mysqld  #percona mysql    

tcp        0      0 :::3306                     :::*                     LISTEN      23233/mysqld  #默认运行的mysql

10 查看log

]# tail -f /data/percona/mysql/mysqld.log

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] InnoDB:  Percona XtraDB () 5.6.29-76.2 started; log sequence number 1626426

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Warning] No existing UUID has been found, so we assume that this is the first time that this server has been started. Generating a new UUID: 4eeaade7-11c3-11e6-86b0-782bcb6aa29a.

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '*'; port: 6603

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] IPv6 is available.

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note]   - '::' resolves to '::';

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'.

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] Event Scheduler: Loaded 0 events

2016-05-04 14:42:02 27166 [Note] /app/mysql/bin/mysqld: ready for connections.

Version: '5.6.29-76.2'  socket: '/data/percona/mysql/mysql.sock'  port: 6603  Source distribution

11 卸载percona server

a.Stop percona mysql server

b.rm –rf basedir && rm –rf datadir



参考:

http://blog.itpub.net/27000195/viewspace-2093534/   rpm包方式安装
http://blog.itpub.net/27000195/viewspace-2093561/   二进制tar包方式安装
http://blog.itpub.net/27000195/viewspace-2093563/   源码方式安装

来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/27000195/viewspace-2093563/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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