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数据库重启以后报ORA-01122 ORA-01110 ORA-01207错误

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:cgloveyou 时间:2012-04-18 17:33:15 0 删除 编辑
数据库重启以后报ORA-01122 ORA-01110 ORA-01207错误

数据库重启以后报
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 3340451840 bytes
Fixed Size                  2232960 bytes
Variable Size            1845497216 bytes
Database Buffers         1476395008 bytes
Redo Buffers               16326656 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01122: database file 1 failed verification check
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/data/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than control file - old control file

解决办法
备份控制文件信息
----先查看数据库侦听状态是否正常
[oracle@localhost ~]$ lsnrctl status
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 18-APR-2012 15:27:22
Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=EXTPROC1)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                18-APR-2012 13:33:10
Uptime                    0 days 1 hr. 54 min. 12 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "PLSExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "PLSExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "myorcl" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "myorcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "myorclXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "myorcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "myorcl_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "myorcl", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

----侦听正常后用sys用户进入
[oracle@localhost ~]$ sqlplus '/as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on Wed Apr 18 15:28:15 2012
Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
SQL>
---进入启动的mount 状态
sql>startup mount
----去备份数据库控制文件放在指定的位置上,主要看从startup nomount 开始到'CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK',
----这段拷贝出来以备下一步用处
sql>alter database backup controlfile to trace as '/home/oracle/tracecontrol.trc';
--查看备份的控制文件内容
[root@localhost oracle]# more tracecontrol.trc
-- The following are current System-scope REDO Log Archival related
-- parameters and can be included in the database initialization file.
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST=''
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DUPLEX_DEST=''
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_FORMAT=%t_%s_%r.dbf
--
-- DB_UNIQUE_NAME="myorcl"
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_CONFIG='SEND, RECEIVE, NODG_CONFIG'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_MAX_PROCESSES=2
-- STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT=MANUAL
-- STANDBY_ARCHIVE_DEST=?/dbs/arch
-- FAL_CLIENT=''
-- FAL_SERVER=''
--
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='LOCATION=/opt/oracle/arch1'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='OPTIONAL REOPEN=300 NODELAY'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='ARCH NOAFFIRM NOEXPEDITE NOVERIFY SYNC'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='REGISTER NOALTERNATE NODEPENDENCY'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='NOMAX_FAILURE NOQUOTA_SIZE NOQUOTA_USED NODB_UNIQUE_NAME'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2='VALID_FOR=(PRIMARY_ROLE,ONLINE_LOGFILES)'
-- LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_STATE_2=ENABLE
--
-- Below are two sets of SQL statements, each of which creates a new
-- control file and uses it to open the database. The first set opens
-- the database with the NORESETLOGS option and should be used only if
-- the current versions of all online logs are available. The second
-- set opens the database with the RESETLOGS option and should be used
-- if online logs are unavailable.
-- The appropriate set of statements can be copied from the trace into
-- a script. file, edited as necessary, and executed when there is a
-- need to re-create the control file.
--
--     Set #1. NORESETLOGS case
--
-- The following commands will create a new control file and use it
-- to open the database.
-- Data used by Recovery Manager will be lost.
-- Additional logs may be required for media recovery of offline
-- Use this only if the current versions of all online logs are
-- available.
-- After mounting the created controlfile, the following SQL
-- statement will place the database in the appropriate
-- protection mode:
--  ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE
STARTUP NOMOUNT
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "MYORCL" NORESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/system01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/undotbs01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/users01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/example01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/wins_data.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/wins_log.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/data.dbf'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK
;
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 1
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP','ON');
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 2
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('RETENTION POLICY','TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS');
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 3
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE','DISK TO ''/opt//CTL_%F''');
-- Commands to re-create incarnation table
-- Below log names MUST be changed to existing filenames on
-- disk. Any one log file from each branch can be used to
-- re-create incarnation records.
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/opt/oracle/arch11_1_562360180.dbf';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/opt/oracle/arch11_1_753901461.dbf';
-- Recovery is required if any of the datafiles are restored backups,
-- or if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate.
RECOVER DATABASE
-- All logs need archiving and a log switch is needed.
ALTER SYSTEM ARCHIVE LOG ALL;
-- Database can now be opened normally.
ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
-- Commands to add tempfiles to temporary tablespaces.
-- Online tempfiles have complete space information.
-- Other tempfiles may require adjustment.
ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/temp01.dbf' REUSE;
-- End of tempfile additions.
--
--     Set #2. RESETLOGS case
--
-- The following commands will create a new control file and use it
-- to open the database.
-- Data used by Recovery Manager will be lost.
-- The contents of online logs will be lost and all backups will
-- be invalidated. Use this only if online logs are damaged.
-- After mounting the created controlfile, the following SQL
-- statement will place the database in the appropriate
-- protection mode:
--  ALTER DATABASE SET STANDBY DATABASE TO MAXIMIZE PERFORMANCE
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 1
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP','ON');
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 2
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('RETENTION POLICY','TO RECOVERY WINDOW OF 7 DAYS');
-- Configure RMAN configuration record 3
VARIABLE RECNO NUMBER;
EXECUTE :RECNO := SYS.DBMS_BACKUP_RESTORE.SETCONFIG('CONTROLFILE AUTOBACKUP FORMAT FOR DEVICE TYPE','DISK TO ''/opt//CTL_%F''');
-- Commands to re-create incarnation table
-- Below log names MUST be changed to existing filenames on
-- disk. Any one log file from each branch can be used to
-- re-create incarnation records.
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/opt/oracle/arch11_1_562360180.dbf';
-- ALTER DATABASE REGISTER LOGFILE '/opt/oracle/arch11_1_753901461.dbf';
-- Recovery is required if any of the datafiles are restored backups,
-- or if the last shutdown was not normal or immediate.
RECOVER DATABASE USING BACKUP CONTROLFILE
-- Database can now be opened zeroing the online logs.
ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS;
-- Commands to add tempfiles to temporary tablespaces.
-- Online tempfiles have complete space information.
-- Other tempfiles may require adjustment.
ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP ADD TEMPFILE '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/temp01.dbf' REUSE;
-- End of tempfile additions.
 
-----再关闭数据库进入nomount状态
sql>shutdown immediate
sql>STARTUP NOMOUNT
-----从以上的拷贝的文件内容去执行
sql>CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "MYORCL" NORESETLOGS  ARCHIVELOG
    MAXLOGFILES 16
    MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
    MAXDATAFILES 100
    MAXINSTANCES 8
    MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
  GROUP 1 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo01.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 2 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo02.log'  SIZE 50M,
  GROUP 3 '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/redo03.log'  SIZE 50M
-- STANDBY LOGFILE
DATAFILE
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/system01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/undotbs01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/sysaux01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/users01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/example01.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/wins_data.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/wins_log.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/oradata/myorcl/data.dbf'
CHARACTER SET ZHS16GBK;
----恢复数据库
sql>RECOVER DATABASE
----打开数据库
sql>ALTER DATABASE OPEN;
---再关闭数据库启动数据库看是否正常,正常就是已经恢复数据库控制文件
sql>shutdown immediate
sql>startup
 

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