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在linux上安装oracle

原创 Linux操作系统 作者:hdoracle 时间:2013-02-17 00:16:06 0 删除 编辑
快速搭建试验机:
1.检查所需包:

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.0 and Asianux 2.0:

binutils-2.15.92.0.2-13.EL4
compat-db-4.1.25-9
compat-libstdc++-296-2.96-132.7.2
control-center-2.8.0-12
gcc-3.4.3-22.1.EL4
gcc-c++-3.4.3-22.1.EL44
glibc-2.3.4-2.9
glibc-common-2.3.4-2.9
gnome-libs-1.4.1.2.90-44.1
libstdc++-3.4.3-22.1
libstdc++-devel-3.4.3-22.1
make-3.80-5
pdksh-5.2.14-30
sysstat-5.0.5-1
xscreensaver-4.18-5.rhel4.2
setarch-1.6-1

# rpm -q package_name

2.创建组跟用户
# /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall
# /usr/sbin/groupadd dba

# /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle

# passwd oracle
3.配置内核参数
修改 /etc/sysctl.conf 文件
kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default = 1048576
net.core.rmem_max = 1048576
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 262144

4.

Setting Shell Limits for the oracle User

  1. Add the following lines in the /etc/security/limits.conf file:

    oracle           soft    nproc   2047
    oracle           hard    nproc   16384
    oracle           soft    nofile  1024
    oracle           hard    nofile  65536
    
    
  2. Add the following line to the /etc/pam.d/login file, if it does not already exist:

    session    required     /lib/security/pam_limits.so
    session    required     pam_limits.so
    
    
  3. Depending on the oracle user's default shell, make the following changes to the default shell startup file:

    • For the Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell, add the following lines in the /etc/profile file (or the /etc/profile.local file on SUSE systems):

      if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
              if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
                    ulimit -p 16384
                    ulimit -n 65536
              else
                    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
              fi
      fi
      
      
    • For the C shell, add the following lines in the /etc/csh.login file (or the /etc/csh.login.local file on SUSE systems):

      if ( $USER == "oracle" ) then
              limit maxproc 16384
              limit descriptors 65536
      endif
      5。 Creating Required Directories
    • # mkdir -p /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
      # chown -R oracle:oinstall /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
      # chmod -R 775 /mount_point/app/oracle_sw_owner
      
      6.Configuring the oracle User's Environment
    • vi .bash_profile

      增加下面的内容到文件 .bash_profile

      # Oracle Settings
      TMP=/tmp; export TMP
      TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
      
      ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
      ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
      ORACLE_SID=orcl; export ORACLE_SID
      ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
      PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin; export PATH
      LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
      CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JREORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH
      
      if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
      if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
      ulimit -p 16384
      ulimit -n 65536
      else
      ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
      fi
      fi
5.安装oracle软件
 su - root
xhost +  必须的
su - oracle
export DISPLAY=:0.0
export LANG=en_US 不加会乱码
./runInstall ok
 

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