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【DB宝12】在Docker中只需2步即可拥有Oracle 12cR2(12.2.0.1)企业版环境

原创 Oracle 作者:lhrbest 时间:2020-07-11 20:40:56 0 删除 编辑
[TOC]

一、从Docker Hub或阿里云镜像下载小麦苗上传的镜像文件

  • 小麦苗的Docker Hub的地址: https://hub.docker.com/u/lhrbest
  • 小麦苗的Oracle 12cR2(12.2.0.1)的Docker Hub地址: https://hub.docker.com/r/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1/tags
    # 从Docker hub下载,网络不好时,一般比较慢
    docker pull lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    # 推荐从阿里云下载
    docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    # 从阿里云下载后可以tag成如下形式
    docker tag registry.cn-registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0  lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    
    镜像大概4.79G左右,解压后大约15G左右,所以请保留充足的空间。执行过程如下:
    [root
    @lhrdocker ~]# docker search 12cR2 --no-trunc 
    NAME                                   DESCRIPTION                                                                                            STARS               OFFICIAL            AUTOMATED
    lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1   Oracle 12cR2 企业版, 12.2.0.1 ,QQ:646634621,微信公众号:DB宝,CentOS 7.6,包含一个cdb,sid为lhrcdb1,一个非cdb,sid为lhrsdb    0                                       
    [root
    @lhrdocker ~]# docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    1.0: Pulling from lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1
    ac9208207ada: Already exists 
    3f87d8dbb1ef: Already exists 
    512a15c4c83e: Already exists 
    ce417a4cad38: Pull complete 
    Digest: sha256:5b2924030665688c2dbd5722b0bf21fbf4fcc69efbac8f113dd43c43b6241341
    Status: Downloaded newer image for registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    [root
    @lhrdocker ~]# docker tag registry.cn-registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0  lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0
    [root
    @lhrdocker ~]# docker images | grep 12.2
    lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1                                     1.0                 c9a76e991b46        27 hours ago        14.8GB
    registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1   1.0                 c9a76e991b46        27 hours ago        14.8GB
    

二、创建容器并启动数据库

# 创建镜像
docker run -itd --name lhrora1221 -h lhrora1221 --privileged=true -p 1521:1521 -p 222:22 -p 5500:5500 -p 5501:5501  lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0 init
# 进入容器
docker exec -it lhrora1221 bash
# 启动数据库和监听
su - oracle
lsnrctl start
sqlplus / as sysdba
startup
exit
ORACLE_SID=lhrsdb
sas
startup

运行过程:

[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker run -itd --name lhrora1221 -h lhrora1221 --privileged=true -p 1521:1521 -p 222:22 -p 5500:5500 -p 5501:5501  lhrbest/oracle_12cr2_ee_lhr_12.2.0.1:1.0 init
e46fc8ff1a9bb4dd905d08de3515036695a8267a2e0f30b553d05dc16f38005e
[root@lhrdocker ~]# docker exec -it lhrora1221 bash
[root@lhrora1221 /]# su - oracle
Last login: Fri Jul 10 16:36:50 CST 2020 on pts/0
[oracle@lhrora1221 ~]$ lsnrctl start
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production on 11-JUL-2020 20:00:05
Copyright (c) 1991, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...
TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production
System parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/lhrora1221/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=1521)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date                11-JUL-2020 20:00:05
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/lhrora1221/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully
[oracle@lhrora1221 ~]$ sas
SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Jul 11 20:00:17 2020
Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.
SYS@lhrcdb1> startup 
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  805306368 bytes
Fixed Size                  8797928 bytes
Variable Size             583008536 bytes
Database Buffers          205520896 bytes
Redo Buffers                7979008 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SYS@lhrcdb1> show pdbs
    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 LHRPDB1                        MOUNTED
SYS@lhrcdb1> alter pluggable database lhrpdb1 open;
Pluggable database altered.
SYS@lhrcdb1> show pdbs
    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 LHRPDB1                        READ WRITE NO
SYS@lhrcdb1> alter pluggable database all save state;
Pluggable database altered.
SYS@lhrcdb1> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
[oracle@lhrora1221 ~]$ ORACLE_SID=lhrsdb
[oracle@lhrora1221 ~]$ sas
SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Jul 11 20:02:10 2020
Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.
SYS@lhrsdb> startup 
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area  805306368 bytes
Fixed Size                  8625856 bytes
Variable Size             578814272 bytes
Database Buffers          209715200 bytes
Redo Buffers                8151040 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SYS@lhrsdb>

三、尽情使用吧

3.1 数据库使用

该镜像包括一个cdb(sid为lhrcdb1)和一个非cdb(sid为lhrsdb),可以直接使用:

[oracle@lhrora1221 ~]$ lsnrctl status
LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production on 11-JUL-2020 20:06:02
Copyright (c) 1991, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date                11-JUL-2020 20:00:05
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 5 min. 57 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/oracle/product/12.2.0.1/dbhome_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/lhrora1221/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=5500))(Security=(my_wallet_directory=/u01/app/oracle/admin/lhrcdb1/xdb_wallet))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=5501))(Security=(my_wallet_directory=/u01/app/oracle/admin/lhrsdb/xdb_wallet))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
Services Summary...
Service "aa133779e7bf28e8e053090011ac3234" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrcdb1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "lhrcdb1" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrcdb1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "lhrcdb1XDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrcdb1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "lhrpdb1" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrcdb1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "lhrsdb" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrsdb", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "lhrsdbXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "lhrsdb", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

3.2 创建数据库

我们也可以自己创建自己需要的数据库,如下所示:

# 静默创建一个cdb的库
dbca -silent -ignorePreReqs  -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -responseFile NO_VALUE \
-gdbname lhrcdb1  -sid lhrcdb1 \
-createAsContainerDatabase TRUE \
-numberOfPDBs 1 \
-pdbName lhrpdb1 \
-pdbAdminPassword lhr \
-sysPassword lhr -systemPassword lhr -dbsnmpPassword lhr \
-datafileDestination '/u01/app/oracle/oradata' -recoveryAreaDestination '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area' \
-storageType FS \
-characterset AL32UTF8 \
-sampleSchema true \
-totalMemory 1024 \
-databaseType MULTIPURPOSE \
-emConfiguration NONE
# 静默创建一个非cdb的库
dbca -silent -ignorePreReqs  -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -responseFile NO_VALUE \
-gdbname lhrsdb  -sid lhrsdb \
-createAsContainerDatabase FALSE \
-sysPassword lhr -systemPassword lhr -dbsnmpPassword lhr \
-datafileDestination '/u01/app/oracle/oradata' -recoveryAreaDestination '/u01/app/oracle/flash_recovery_area' \
-storageType FS \
-characterset ZHS16GBK \
-sampleSchema true \
-totalMemory 1024 \
-databaseType MULTIPURPOSE \
-emConfiguration NONE

3.3 EMDE的使用

该镜像已经配置好EMDE(Enterprise Manager Database Express)了,可以直接使用,端口号分别为5500和5501,5500端口为cdb的em端口号,5501为非cdb的em端口号:

  • CDB数据库lhrcdb1的EM访问地址: https://192.168.59.220:5500/em
  • 非CDB数据库lhrsdb的EM访问地址: https://192.168.59.220:5501/em
    [oracle
    @lhrora1221 ~]$ lsnrctl status | grep tcps
    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=5500))(Security=(my_wallet_directory=/u01/app/oracle/admin/lhrcdb1/xdb_wallet))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcps)(HOST=lhrora1221)(PORT=5501))(Security=(my_wallet_directory=/u01/app/oracle/admin/lhrsdb/xdb_wallet))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
    [oracle
    @lhrora1221 ~]$
    

3.4 使用ssh连接到容器内

C:\Users\lhrxxt>ssh root@192.168.59.220 -p222
The authenticity of host '[192.168.59.220]:222 ([192.168.59.220]:222)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:ccSyRCHeeBDxZ29MPE47TA+c+d875ldU4PyM6Avv7vw.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '[192.168.59.220]:222' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root@192.168.59.220's password:
Last login: Fri Jul 10 16:23:29 2020
[root@lhrora1221 ~]# ps -ef|grep pmon
oracle      202      0  0 20:00 ?        00:00:00 ora_pmon_lhrcdb1
oracle      930      0  0 20:02 ?        00:00:00 ora_pmon_lhrsdb
root       4194   4165  0 20:24 pts/2    00:00:00 grep --color=auto pmon
[root@lhrora1221 ~]#

3.5 外部客户端连接容器内的数据库

C:\Users\lhrxxt>sqlplus sys/lhr@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrcdb1 as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Sat Jul 11 20:24:46 2020
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
SYS@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrcdb1> show pdbs
    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 LHRPDB1                        READ WRITE NO
SYS@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrcdb1> conn sys/lhr@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrsdb as sysdba
Connected.
SYS@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrsdb> show pdbs
SYS@192.168.59.220:1521/lhrsdb>

如果使用PLSQL Developer也是可以连接的,如下:

怎么样,是不是很爽,是不是非常方便呢,文末记得点赞哈。

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