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[20181130]control file sequential read.txt

原创 Oracle 作者:lfree 时间:2018-11-30 08:57:53 0 删除 编辑

[20181130]control file sequential read.txt


--//昨天上午探究了大量控制文件读的情况,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/267265/viewspace-2222146/

--//今天做一些细节探究:


1.环境:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ ver1


PORT_STRING                    VERSION        BANNER

------------------------------ -------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

x86_64/Linux 2.4.xx            11.2.0.4.0     Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production


--//建立执行脚本如下:

$ cat c.txt

select 'flashpct;'||trim(ceil(percent_space_used)) from V$FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA_USAGE where file_type='FLASHBACK LOG'

union all

select 'flashtime;'||to_char(OLDEST_FLASHBACK_TIME,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') from V$FLASHBACK_DATABASE_LOG;


--//session 1:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ spid

       SID    SERIAL# PROCESS                  SERVER    SPID       PID  P_SERIAL# C50

---------- ---------- ------------------------ --------- ------ ------- ---------- --------------------------------------------------

        60      26633 1442                     DEDICATED 1443       418        203 alter system kill session '60,26633' immediate;

--//记下spid=1443.


2.使用strace跟踪

--//session 2:

$ strace -p 1443 -t -e pread  -o /tmp/aa1


--//切换到session 1:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ c.txt

'FLASHPCT;'||TRIM(CEIL(PERCENT_SPACE_USED))

-------------------------------------------------

flashpct;0


--//session 2,按ctrl+c退出:

# strace -p 1443 -t -e pread  -o /tmp/aa1

Process 1443 attached - interrupt to quit

^CProcess 1443 detached


# cat /tmp/aa1

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0J\3\0\0\1\255\3338\377\377\1\4B\27\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 476741632) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0r\0\0\0\306\333\2638\377\377\1\4{Z\0\0\3\0\2\0\0\0\0\0\0\0+D"..., 16384, 475168768) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0s\0\0\0\377\254\3338\377\377\1\4u\31\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 475185152) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0i\4\0\0P<\3338\377\377\1\4(\324\0\0=\2\0\0\30\1\0\0v\0301;"..., 16384, 480395264) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0|\4\0\0\200\212\3338\377\377\1\4\25q\0\0L\2\0\0000\2\0\0Z(2;"..., 16384, 480444416) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\232\4\0\0<r\3338\377\377\1\4\345\354\0\0`\2\0\0`\4\0\0\301]3;"..., 16384, 478445568) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\301\4\0\0!{\3338\377\377\1\4\3\247\0\0\216\2\0\0\301\10\0\0r\3015;"..., 16384, 477511680) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\35\5\0\0005\254\3218\377\377\1\4\376\274\0\0\350\2\0\0\177\21\0\0\36\7\24;"..., 16384, 478756864) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0\323\1\0\00040\3338\377\377\1\4\261\306\0\0R\3650;\n\5\1\0\342\225\0\0"..., 16384, 473874432) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0T\2\0\0qD\2407\377\377\1\4\251a\0\0u\332\2047\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 475201536) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0U\2\0\0\262\342\2638\377\377\1\4U\226\0\0bracontrolfi"..., 16384, 475217920) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0X\2\0\0 \201\2708\377\377\1\4\t:\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 476184576) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384


# rev /tmp/aa1 | cut -f1 -d'=' | rev | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

950272


--//可以读的文件句柄是256,257,258.

# ls -l /proc/1443/fd | grep 25[678]

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 256 -> /dev/asm-diskf

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 257 -> /dev/asm-diskg

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 258 -> /dev/asm-diske

--//可以发现对应以上裸设备.


--//单独看两个:

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384


$ man pread

PREAD(2)  Linux Programmer's Manual                                PREAD(2)


NAME

       pread, pwrite - read from or write to a file descriptor at a given offset


SYNOPSIS

       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500

       #include

       ssize_t pread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);

       ssize_t pwrite(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);

--//第1个是句柄,第2个参数缓存地址指针,第3个是读取长度,第4个是偏移量。


473022464/1024/1024 = 451.10937500000000000000

480264192/1024/1024 = 458.01562500000000000000


--//以grid用户登录,访问asm实例:

SQL> column path format a40

SQL> select DISK_NUMBER,GROUP_NUMBER,PATH from v$asm_disk where GROUP_NUMBER=1 and DISK_NUMBER in(1,0,2) order by 1;

DISK_NUMBER GROUP_NUMBER PATH

----------- ------------ ----------------------------------------

          0            1 /dev/asm-diske

          1            1 /dev/asm-diskf

          2            1 /dev/asm-diskg


SQL> SELECT disk_kffxp, au_kffxp, xnum_kffxp,GROUP_KFFXP,NUMBER_KFFXP  FROM x$kffxp  WHERE (au_kffxp=451 or  au_kffxp=458) and disk_kffxp=2;

DISK_KFFXP   AU_KFFXP XNUM_KFFXP GROUP_KFFXP NUMBER_KFFXP

---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- ------------

         2        458          0           1          260

         2        451          4           1          261


--//NUMBER_KFFXP对应的是260,261.

--//使用asmcmd查看:


$ rlwrap asmcmd -p

ASMCMD [+] > ls -l data/xxxxx/controlfile

Type         Redund  Striped  Time                  Sys  Name

CONTROLFILE  UNPROT  FINE     2018/08/20 01:00:00                Y    Current.260.931438443

CONTROLFILE  UNPROT  FINE     2018/08/20 01:00:00                Y    Current.261.931438443


--//如下查询:


SQL> column type format a12

SQL> select * from v$asm_file where TYPE='CONTROLFILE' order by type;

GROUP_NUMBER FILE_NUMBER COMPOUND_INDEX INCARNATION BLOCK_SIZE     BLOCKS      BYTES      SPACE TYPE         REDUND STRIPE CREATION_ MODIFICAT R PERMISSIONS      USER_NUMBER USER_INCARNATION USERGROUP_NUMBER USERGROUP_INCARNATION PRIM MIRR  HOT_READS HOT_WRITES HOT_BYTES_READ HOT_BYTES_WRITTEN COLD_READS COLD_WRITES COLD_BYTES_READ COLD_BYTES_WRITTEN

------------ ----------- -------------- ----------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ ------ ------ --------- --------- - ---------------- ----------- ---------------- ---------------- --------------------- ---- ---- ---------- ---------- -------------- ----------------- ---------- ----------- --------------- ------------------

           1         260       16777476   931438443      16384       1837   30097408   33554432 CONTROLFILE  UNPROT FINE   24-DEC-16 20-AUG-18 U rw-rw-rw-                  0                0                0                     0 COLD COLD          0          0            0                  0     3146179    13420526      5.1548E+10         2.1988E+11

           1         261       16777477   931438443      16384       1837   30097408   33554432 CONTROLFILE  UNPROT FINE   24-DEC-16 20-AUG-18 U rw-rw-rw-                  0                0                0                     0 COLD COLD          0          0            0                  0   283440487    13420559      1.9953E+13         2.1988E+11


--//再次证明读取的是控制文件.


3.疑问:

# rev /tmp/aa1 | cut -f1 -d'=' | rev | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

950272


--//我跟踪看到的读950272.950272/1024 = 928K.


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50          0        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51          0        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55          0        714


SYS@xxxxx1> @ c.txt

'FLASHPCT;'||TRIM(CEIL(PERCENT_SPACE_USED))

-------------------------------------------------

flashpct;0


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50         73        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51         15        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55   13828096        714


--//13828096/1024/1024 = 13.1875M,为什么呢?

# wc /tmp/aa1

  58  422 7310 /tmp/aa1


--//我重复使用strace做了跟踪:

# strace -p 24584 -t  -o /tmp/aa2

# strace -p 24584 -t  -c

Process 24584 attached - interrupt to quit

^CProcess 24584 detached

% time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall

------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------

  -nan    0.000000           0         4           read

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           write

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           open

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           close

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           mmap

  -nan    0.000000           0        58           pread

  -nan    0.000000           0         4           semctl

  -nan    0.000000           0        20           getrusage

  -nan    0.000000           0        16           times

  -nan    0.000000           0        16           io_getevents

  -nan    0.000000           0        15           io_submit

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           semtimedop

------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------

100.00    0.000000                   143           total


--//可以看到io_submit异步IO操作.等于15,正好和physical read total multi block requests的数值一致.

--//pread=58(与wc /tmp/aa1看到一致),io_submit=15,相加正好与physical read total IO requests=73一致.不知道是否是巧合.我对异步io操作的函数不熟悉.


16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 8, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, 

                                        {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258},

{0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256},

{0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 8


--//猜测里面的256,257,258对应文件句柄.


# man io_submit

IO_SUBMIT(2)               Linux Programmer's Manual              IO_SUBMIT(2)


NAME

       io_submit - submit asynchronous I/O blocks for processing


SYNOPSIS

       #include <libaio.h>


       int io_submit(aio_context_t ctx_id, long nr, struct iocb **iocbpp);


       Link with -laio.


DESCRIPTION

  io_submit() queues nr I/O request blocks for processing in the AIO context ctx_id.  iocbpp should be an array of

  nr AIO control blocks, which will be submitted to context ctx_id.


# man io_getevents

IO_GETEVENTS(2)            Linux Programmer's Manual           IO_GETEVENTS(2)


NAME

       io_getevents - read asynchronous I/O events from the completion queue


SYNOPSIS

       #include <linux/time.h>

       #include <libaio.h>


       int io_getevents(aio_context_t ctx_id, long min_nr, long nr,

                        struct io_event *events, struct timespec *timeout);


       Link with -laio.


DESCRIPTION

  io_getevents()  attempts  to read at least min_nr events and up to nr events from the completion queue of the AIO

  context specified by ctx_id.  timeout specifies the amount of time to wait for events, where a NULL timeout waits

  until at least min_nr events have been seen.  Note that timeout is relative and will be updated if not NULL and

  the operation blocks.

  


# egrep 'io_submit|io_getevents' /tmp/aa2

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 8, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 8

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 5, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 5

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 5, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 5

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}}, {0, 0}) = 1

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}}, {0, 0}) = 1

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 3, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 3

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 3, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 3

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 3, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 3

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 3, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 3

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 6, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 6

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 6, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 6

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 7, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 7

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 7, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 7

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9


--//我的感觉把io_getevents 函数里面的16384,131072加起来就是读取的字节总数.


# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

12877824


--//12877824+950272 = 13828096

--//^_^.正好和如下看到的一致.佩服一下自己..^_^.


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50         73        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51         15        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55   13828096        714


---//简单说明一下以上命令.# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

1. grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 --//过滤出来io_getevents函数.

2. sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g'           --//将{替换为回车,^J在linux下先输入ctrl+v在按ctrl+enter就可以了,前面的\避免转义.

3. grep "^0x"                   --//过滤0x开头的行.

# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | head -1

0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0},


4.cut -f3 -d,                   --//以,为分隔符,取第3个字段.也就是里面16384.输出.

5.sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'--//在每行结尾加入+,最后一行删除+号.


# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g' | tail -5

 81920+

 131072+

 131072+

 131072+

 131072


6.xargs echo                   --//也就是把多行变成一行,这里注意命令行缓存大小,一般情况下不会溢出的.

7.bc -l                        --//也就是计算.


--//顺便说一下bash shell编程一般不考虑执行效率,仅仅考虑快速编程,完成对应的工作.估计awk也许更好.


4.总结:

--//写这篇blog我参考以前遇到的问题,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/267265/viewspace-751787/,当时我应该看到读取调用函数是pread.

--//这个函数应该不支持异步IO.仅仅io_submit,io_getevents才表明系统执行异步IO.


--//也就是讲实际上就算是asm系统,实际上有1部分读取使用pread函数.而不是全部使用异步IO.

[20181130]control file sequential read.txt


--//昨天上午探究了大量控制文件读的情况,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/267265/viewspace-2222146/

--//今天做一些细节探究:


1.环境:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ ver1


PORT_STRING                    VERSION        BANNER

------------------------------ -------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

x86_64/Linux 2.4.xx            11.2.0.4.0     Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production


--//建立执行脚本如下:

$ cat c.txt

select 'flashpct;'||trim(ceil(percent_space_used)) from V$FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA_USAGE where file_type='FLASHBACK LOG'

union all

select 'flashtime;'||to_char(OLDEST_FLASHBACK_TIME,'yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss') from V$FLASHBACK_DATABASE_LOG;


--//session 1:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ spid

       SID    SERIAL# PROCESS                  SERVER    SPID       PID  P_SERIAL# C50

---------- ---------- ------------------------ --------- ------ ------- ---------- --------------------------------------------------

        60      26633 1442                     DEDICATED 1443       418        203 alter system kill session '60,26633' immediate;

--//记下spid=1443.


2.使用strace跟踪

--//session 2:

$ strace -p 1443 -t -e pread  -o /tmp/aa1


--//切换到session 1:

SYS@xxxxx1> @ c.txt

'FLASHPCT;'||TRIM(CEIL(PERCENT_SPACE_USED))

-------------------------------------------------

flashpct;0


--//session 2,按ctrl+c退出:

# strace -p 1443 -t -e pread  -o /tmp/aa1

Process 1443 attached - interrupt to quit

^CProcess 1443 detached


# cat /tmp/aa1

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0J\3\0\0\1\255\3338\377\377\1\4B\27\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 476741632) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0r\0\0\0\306\333\2638\377\377\1\4{Z\0\0\3\0\2\0\0\0\0\0\0\0+D"..., 16384, 475168768) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0s\0\0\0\377\254\3338\377\377\1\4u\31\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 475185152) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0i\4\0\0P<\3338\377\377\1\4(\324\0\0=\2\0\0\30\1\0\0v\0301;"..., 16384, 480395264) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0|\4\0\0\200\212\3338\377\377\1\4\25q\0\0L\2\0\0000\2\0\0Z(2;"..., 16384, 480444416) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\232\4\0\0<r\3338\377\377\1\4\345\354\0\0`\2\0\0`\4\0\0\301]3;"..., 16384, 478445568) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\301\4\0\0!{\3338\377\377\1\4\3\247\0\0\216\2\0\0\301\10\0\0r\3015;"..., 16384, 477511680) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\35\5\0\0005\254\3218\377\377\1\4\376\274\0\0\350\2\0\0\177\21\0\0\36\7\24;"..., 16384, 478756864) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0\323\1\0\00040\3338\377\377\1\4\261\306\0\0R\3650;\n\5\1\0\342\225\0\0"..., 16384, 473874432) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0T\2\0\0qD\2407\377\377\1\4\251a\0\0u\332\2047\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 475201536) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0U\2\0\0\262\342\2638\377\377\1\4U\226\0\0bracontrolfi"..., 16384, 475217920) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0X\2\0\0 \201\2708\377\377\1\4\t:\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 476184576) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(256, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 472924160) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0)\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4\365\343\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0k\237\2047"..., 16384, 473972736) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(258, "\25\302\0\0000\3\0\0B\261\3338\377\377\1\4[\r\0\0\30\0\f\0\340\7\0\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 477626368) = 16384


# rev /tmp/aa1 | cut -f1 -d'=' | rev | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

950272


--//可以读的文件句柄是256,257,258.

# ls -l /proc/1443/fd | grep 25[678]

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 256 -> /dev/asm-diskf

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 257 -> /dev/asm-diskg

lrwx------ 1 root root 64 2018-11-29 16:10:11 258 -> /dev/asm-diske

--//可以发现对应以上裸设备.


--//单独看两个:

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0'\0\0\0J\261\3338\377\377\1\4}O\0\0\0\0P\0\0\0\200\0\0\0\0\0"..., 16384, 473022464) = 16384

16:10:10 pread(257, "\25\302\0\0\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\1\4\355\376\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\4 \v+^\3665"..., 16384, 480264192) = 16384


$ man pread

PREAD(2)  Linux Programmer's Manual                                PREAD(2)


NAME

       pread, pwrite - read from or write to a file descriptor at a given offset


SYNOPSIS

       #define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500

       #include

       ssize_t pread(int fd, void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);

       ssize_t pwrite(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count, off_t offset);

--//第1个是句柄,第2个参数缓存地址指针,第3个是读取长度,第4个是偏移量。


473022464/1024/1024 = 451.10937500000000000000

480264192/1024/1024 = 458.01562500000000000000


--//以grid用户登录,访问asm实例:

SQL> column path format a40

SQL> select DISK_NUMBER,GROUP_NUMBER,PATH from v$asm_disk where GROUP_NUMBER=1 and DISK_NUMBER in(1,0,2) order by 1;

DISK_NUMBER GROUP_NUMBER PATH

----------- ------------ ----------------------------------------

          0            1 /dev/asm-diske

          1            1 /dev/asm-diskf

          2            1 /dev/asm-diskg


SQL> SELECT disk_kffxp, au_kffxp, xnum_kffxp,GROUP_KFFXP,NUMBER_KFFXP  FROM x$kffxp  WHERE (au_kffxp=451 or  au_kffxp=458) and disk_kffxp=2;

DISK_KFFXP   AU_KFFXP XNUM_KFFXP GROUP_KFFXP NUMBER_KFFXP

---------- ---------- ---------- ----------- ------------

         2        458          0           1          260

         2        451          4           1          261


--//NUMBER_KFFXP对应的是260,261.

--//使用asmcmd查看:


$ rlwrap asmcmd -p

ASMCMD [+] > ls -l data/xxxxx/controlfile

Type         Redund  Striped  Time                  Sys  Name

CONTROLFILE  UNPROT  FINE     2018/08/20 01:00:00                Y    Current.260.931438443

CONTROLFILE  UNPROT  FINE     2018/08/20 01:00:00                Y    Current.261.931438443


--//如下查询:


SQL> column type format a12

SQL> select * from v$asm_file where TYPE='CONTROLFILE' order by type;

GROUP_NUMBER FILE_NUMBER COMPOUND_INDEX INCARNATION BLOCK_SIZE     BLOCKS      BYTES      SPACE TYPE         REDUND STRIPE CREATION_ MODIFICAT R PERMISSIONS      USER_NUMBER USER_INCARNATION USERGROUP_NUMBER USERGROUP_INCARNATION PRIM MIRR  HOT_READS HOT_WRITES HOT_BYTES_READ HOT_BYTES_WRITTEN COLD_READS COLD_WRITES COLD_BYTES_READ COLD_BYTES_WRITTEN

------------ ----------- -------------- ----------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ------------ ------ ------ --------- --------- - ---------------- ----------- ---------------- ---------------- --------------------- ---- ---- ---------- ---------- -------------- ----------------- ---------- ----------- --------------- ------------------

           1         260       16777476   931438443      16384       1837   30097408   33554432 CONTROLFILE  UNPROT FINE   24-DEC-16 20-AUG-18 U rw-rw-rw-                  0                0                0                     0 COLD COLD          0          0            0                  0     3146179    13420526      5.1548E+10         2.1988E+11

           1         261       16777477   931438443      16384       1837   30097408   33554432 CONTROLFILE  UNPROT FINE   24-DEC-16 20-AUG-18 U rw-rw-rw-                  0                0                0                     0 COLD COLD          0          0            0                  0   283440487    13420559      1.9953E+13         2.1988E+11


--//再次证明读取的是控制文件.


3.疑问:

# rev /tmp/aa1 | cut -f1 -d'=' | rev | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

950272


--//我跟踪看到的读950272.950272/1024 = 928K.


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50          0        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51          0        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55          0        714


SYS@xxxxx1> @ c.txt

'FLASHPCT;'||TRIM(CEIL(PERCENT_SPACE_USED))

-------------------------------------------------

flashpct;0


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50         73        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51         15        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55   13828096        714


--//13828096/1024/1024 = 13.1875M,为什么呢?

# wc /tmp/aa1

  58  422 7310 /tmp/aa1


--//我重复使用strace做了跟踪:

# strace -p 24584 -t  -o /tmp/aa2

# strace -p 24584 -t  -c

Process 24584 attached - interrupt to quit

^CProcess 24584 detached

% time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall

------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------

  -nan    0.000000           0         4           read

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           write

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           open

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           close

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           mmap

  -nan    0.000000           0        58           pread

  -nan    0.000000           0         4           semctl

  -nan    0.000000           0        20           getrusage

  -nan    0.000000           0        16           times

  -nan    0.000000           0        16           io_getevents

  -nan    0.000000           0        15           io_submit

  -nan    0.000000           0         2           semtimedop

------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------

100.00    0.000000                   143           total


--//可以看到io_submit异步IO操作.等于15,正好和physical read total multi block requests的数值一致.

--//pread=58(与wc /tmp/aa1看到一致),io_submit=15,相加正好与physical read total IO requests=73一致.不知道是否是巧合.我对异步io操作的函数不熟悉.


16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 8, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, 

                                        {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258},

{0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256},

{0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 8


--//猜测里面的256,257,258对应文件句柄.


# man io_submit

IO_SUBMIT(2)               Linux Programmer's Manual              IO_SUBMIT(2)


NAME

       io_submit - submit asynchronous I/O blocks for processing


SYNOPSIS

       #include <libaio.h>


       int io_submit(aio_context_t ctx_id, long nr, struct iocb **iocbpp);


       Link with -laio.


DESCRIPTION

  io_submit() queues nr I/O request blocks for processing in the AIO context ctx_id.  iocbpp should be an array of

  nr AIO control blocks, which will be submitted to context ctx_id.


# man io_getevents

IO_GETEVENTS(2)            Linux Programmer's Manual           IO_GETEVENTS(2)


NAME

       io_getevents - read asynchronous I/O events from the completion queue


SYNOPSIS

       #include <linux/time.h>

       #include <libaio.h>


       int io_getevents(aio_context_t ctx_id, long min_nr, long nr,

                        struct io_event *events, struct timespec *timeout);


       Link with -laio.


DESCRIPTION

  io_getevents()  attempts  to read at least min_nr events and up to nr events from the completion queue of the AIO

  context specified by ctx_id.  timeout specifies the amount of time to wait for events, where a NULL timeout waits

  until at least min_nr events have been seen.  Note that timeout is relative and will be updated if not NULL and

  the operation blocks.

  


# egrep 'io_submit|io_getevents' /tmp/aa2

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 8, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 8

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 5, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 5

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 5, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 5

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}}, {0, 0}) = 1

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}}, {0, 0}) = 1

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 8, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 8

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 3, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 3

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 3, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 3

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 3, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 3

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 3, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 3

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 6, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 6

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 6, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 6

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 257}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 114688, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 7, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}}) = 7

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 7, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 16384, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 7

16:45:26 io_submit(140402112221184, 9, {{0x7fb1e81f8210, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0, 0, 0, 256}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0, 0, 0, 258}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0, 0, 0, 257}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0, 0, 0, 256}}) = 9

16:45:26 io_getevents(140402112221184, 9, 128, {{0x7fb1e81f86f0, 0x7fb1e81f86f0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 49152, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8480, 0x7fb1e81f8480, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8e40, 0x7fb1e81f8e40, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9590, 0x7fb1e81f9590, 81920, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 0x7fb1e81f8bd0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f9320, 0x7fb1e81f9320, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f90b0, 0x7fb1e81f90b0, 131072, 0}, {0x7fb1e81f8960, 0x7fb1e81f8960, 131072, 0}}, {600, 0}) = 9


--//我的感觉把io_getevents 函数里面的16384,131072加起来就是读取的字节总数.


# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

12877824


--//12877824+950272 = 13828096

--//^_^.正好和如下看到的一致.佩服一下自己..^_^.


SYS@xxxxx1> @ viewsess 'physical read total'

NAME                                                                   STATISTIC#      VALUE        SID

---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ---------- ----------

physical read total IO requests                                                50         73        714

physical read total multi block requests                                       51         15        714

physical read total bytes optimized                                            53          0        714

physical read total bytes                                                      55   13828096        714


---//简单说明一下以上命令.# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'| xargs echo| bc -l

1. grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 --//过滤出来io_getevents函数.

2. sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g'           --//将{替换为回车,^J在linux下先输入ctrl+v在按ctrl+enter就可以了,前面的\避免转义.

3. grep "^0x"                   --//过滤0x开头的行.

# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | head -1

0x7fb1e81f8210, 0x7fb1e81f8210, 16384, 0},


4.cut -f3 -d,                   --//以,为分隔符,取第3个字段.也就是里面16384.输出.

5.sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g'--//在每行结尾加入+,最后一行删除+号.


# grep 'io_getevents' /tmp/aa2 | sed '1,$s/{/\^J/g' | grep "^0x" | cut -f3 -d, | sed -e 's/$/+/g' -e '$s/+$//g' | tail -5

 81920+

 131072+

 131072+

 131072+

 131072


6.xargs echo                   --//也就是把多行变成一行,这里注意命令行缓存大小,一般情况下不会溢出的.

7.bc -l                        --//也就是计算.


--//顺便说一下bash shell编程一般不考虑执行效率,仅仅考虑快速编程,完成对应的工作.估计awk也许更好.


4.总结:

--//写这篇blog我参考以前遇到的问题,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/267265/viewspace-751787/,当时我应该看到读取调用函数是pread.

--//这个函数应该不支持异步IO.仅仅io_submit,io_getevents才表明系统执行异步IO.


--//也就是讲实际上就算是asm系统,实际上有1部分读取使用pread函数.而不是全部使用异步IO.


来自 “ ITPUB博客 ” ,链接:http://blog.itpub.net/267265/viewspace-2222208/,如需转载,请注明出处,否则将追究法律责任。

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